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Full text of "Report of the Librarian of Congress"

HI 




V 

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



REPORT OF THE 

LIBRARIAN OF CONGRESS 



AND 



REPORT OF THE 

SUPERINTENDENT OF THE LIBRARY 
BUILDING AND GROUNDS 

FOR THE FISCAL YEAR 
ENDING JUNE 30 

1916 



WASHINGTON 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 
1916 



This volume is for sale by the 

SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS 

Government Printing Office 

Washington, D. C. 

Price, 40 cts. 






TABLE OF CONTENTS 



Page 

Form of gift or bequest to the Library of Congress . . . ; 4 

List of officers 5 

Report of the Librarian 7 

Report of the Superintendent of the Library Building and Grounds. 153 

Appendix la. Appropriations and expenditures (tables) 167 

Ib. Appropriation acts, 1916-17 171 

II. Report of the Register of Copyrights 177 

III. Manuscripts and Broadsides: List of Acces- 
sions, 1915-16 211 



ILLUSTRATIONS 



The Library of Congress. Exterior view Frontispiece 

Plan of the cellar Facing page 6 

Plan of the basement Facing page 6 

Plan of the first or main floor Facing page 6 

Plan of the second floor Facing page 6 

Plan of the attic Facing page 6 

3 



FORM OF GIFT OR BEQUEST TO THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

"To THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, TO BE PLACED IN THE 
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS AND ADMINISTERED THEREIN BY THE 
AUTHORITIES THEREOF." 



LIST OF OFFICERS 



LIBRARIANS SINCE THE INCEPTION OF THE LIBRARY 

1802-1807 John Beckley, Clerk of the House of Representatives and 

Librarian 
180^-1815 ^Patrick Magruder, Clerk of the House of Representatives 

and Librarian 

1815-1829 George Watterston 
1820-1861 John Silva Meehan 
1861-1864 John G. Stephenson 
1864-1897 (June 30) Ains worth Rand Spofford 
1897 (J u h i}~ January 17, 1899 John Russell Young 
1899 (April 5) Herbert Putnam 

LIBRARY STAFF 

GENERAL ADMINISTRATION 

HERBERT PUTNAM Librarian of Congress 

APPLETON PRENTISS CLARK GRIFFIN Chief Assistant Librarian 

Allen Richards Boyd Chief Clerk 

Jessica Louise Farnum Secretary 

DIVISIONS 

Reading Room Frederick William Ashley, Superintendent ; Hugh 
Alexander Morrison, John Graham Morrison, chief assistants 

Division of Bibliography Herman Henry Bernard Meyer, Chief 

Card Division Charles Harris Hastings, Chief 

Catalogue Division Charles Martel, Chief; Clarence W. Perley, chief 
classifier 

Division of Documents Henry John Harris, Chief 

Legislative Reference James David Thompson, in charge 

Division of Maruscripts Gail lard Hunt, Chief 

Division of Maps and Charts Philip Lee Phillips, Chief 

Division of Music Oscar George Theodore Sonneck, Chief 

Order Division Theodore Wesley Koch, Chief 

Division of Periodicals William Adams Slade, Chief 

Division of Prints Richard Austin Rice, Acting Chief 

Semitic Division Israel Schapiro, in charge 

Smithsonian Deposit Paul Brockett, Custodian (office at Smithsonian 
Institution); Francis Henry Parsons, assistant in charge 

Law Library James David Thompson, Law Librarian 



6 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

COPYRIGHT OFFICE 

THORVALD SOLBERG Register of Copyrights 
ARTHUR CRISFIELD Assistant Register of Copyrights 

LIBRARY BRANCH, GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

Printing James H. Brodnax, foreman 
Binding R. C. Lohmeyer, foreman 

LIBRARY BUILDING AND GROUNDS 

FRANK LLOYD AVERILL Superintendent 

Wade H. Rabbitt Chief Clerk 

Charles Benjamin Titlow Chief Engineer 

Damon Warren Harding Electrician 

John Vanderbilt Wiirdemann Captain of the watch 



REPORT 

OF 

THE LIBRARIAN OF CONGRESS 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 
Washington, D. C., December 4, 1916 

SIR: I have the honor to submit herewith my report as 
Librarian of Congress for the year ending June 30, 1916. 
The report of the Superintendent of the Library Building 
and Grounds (and Disbursing Officer) follows, beginning at 
page 153. That of the Register of Copyrights is, as usuaj, 
attached as Appendix II. 

It had been my purpose to devote the (customary) intro- 
ductory paragraphs to a consideration of the present state 
of our collections; i. e., an estimate of our resources in ma- 
terial as compared with the total to which we owe a duty. 
To be significant, however, and truly instructive, such an 
estimate must involve considerable detail ; and the inclusion 
of it, added to the necessary statements of routine, would, it 
was found, add unduly to the bulk of the report. I therefore 
reserve it for a later occasion. In its stead I insert a some- 
what full analysis of the operations of the Legislative Ref- 
erence Service, which in completing its second year has com- 
pleted also the period* (a long, added to a short, session) 
which seemed necessary as a test of its utility. But I rele- 
gate this to the end of the report, so that the customary 
statistics of routine may be encountered promptly. 

C4394 16 2 



8 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

SERVICE 

/ 

There have been no new appointments to important posi- 
tions. The return, however, of Mr. J. David Thompson, who 
was able to resume his work in the Legislative Reference 
Division at the opening of the session, assured to the conduct 
of that Division the qualities I had noted in my last Report 
as so invaluable. Upon his recommendation the work itself 
was more definitely subdivided, questions involving law, to 
which he has given particular oversight, being assigned to 
one group of investigators, and the rest to another. Among 
the higher assistants in the Division the only important 
change has been the substitution of Dr. P. A. Speek for 
Dr. J. G. Ohsol, who resigned in January to accept a higher 
salary with the Federal Trade Commission. 

I must note, however, as a loss to one branch of the work 
the indexing the death, last May, of Mrs. A. M. Munson. 
She was no longer directly in our service, but the qualities 
which she had shown in it the specific work she had done 
in it had left her in effect a continuing part of its structure. 
And her interest and good will were such that we should have 
had recourse to her in any problem requiring outside counsel. 
The combination in her of a thorough preliminary education, 
a specialized training, a free and flexible intelligence, a power 
of close application, and a precision in detail, was notably 
adapted to work such as this. And her death is a severe 
deprivation to the scientific treatment of the problems which 
it presents. 

The death in November last of the Chief of our Division 
of Prints, Mr. A. J. Parsons, was followed within a few 
weeks by that of one of his three chief assistants, Miss Lucy 
Ogden, who had been many years in- the Division; a woman 
of cultivation, refined and rendered definite by foreign 
travel, an intelligent and loyal worker, and with the pleas- 
antest of dispositions toward her associates and the public. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 9 

For the conduct of the Division the Library fortunately 
did not have to go outside to seek a successor to Mr. 
Parsons, for in Prof. Richard A. Rice it had at hand an 
expert perfectly equipped who was willing to bridge over 
the exigency. He is now, therefore, Acting Chief of the 
Division, and as such extends to its operations as a whole 
the counsel and direction that for some years past he has 
rendered to its development in certain branches. 

The Chief Cataloguer, referring to resignations, makes 
appreciative mention of the service of two of his assist- 
ants Mrs. A. F\ Stevens and Miss Julia Gregory who for 
years have been a main reliance in the higher technical 
work of that Division. I heartily concur in the apprecia- 
tion the more because it is not merely in itself just, but 
recognizes a type of service little obvious to the general 
public but, in a research library, fundamental and far- 
reaching in its consequences ; for while a question answered 
at the Issue Desk may have but a single and momentary 
importance, a specification given in a catalogue contains 
a direction which is permanent, and in our catalogue 
cards, which become part of the apparatus of over 2,000 
libraries, becomes also widely influential. 

The call upon the National Guard for active service at 
the border drew from our staff at the outset no less than 17 
employees. Twelve were retained in active service and 
their places in the Library are being held for them. Of the 
twelve, seven were from the Copyright Office. 

Among other changes (merely regrading) in the Copyright 
Office, some were incidental to the departure from our Service, 
on May 6, of Ernest Bruncken, who, since November i, 1909, 
had occupied the position of Assistant Register except for 
the period of the second session of the Sixty-third Congress 
(through June, 1915), when he was temporarily assigned to 
the Legislative Reference Division. His place has been 



io Report of the Librarian of Congress 

filled as it had been during that period by the promotion 
of Arthur Crisfield, a veteran employee of the Office. 

In my estimates submitted last October I again recom- 
mended attention to the injustice of the salaries paid in our 
lower grades, particularly from $900 down (to $360). Over 
half of our staff were still receiving under $800 per annum, 
and of these practically all from $600 upward are adults. 
In the ensuing appropriation bill (for the year now current) 
the recommendation was recognized by the increase of $60 
(per annum) each in the salaries from $720 to $900, inclusive. 
Small as it is, this increase affecting no less than no posi- 
tions is a decided encouragement. As shown below, there 
remain still recommendations for further or different 
advances, to which I shall ask the attention of Congress at 
the next opportunity. 

NOTE. Since the above was written the resignation has 
been presented of Dr. E. M. Borchard, who leaves us on 
November i to assume a responsible legal position with the 
National City Bank of New York. His duties with us will 
for the present be assumed by Dr. Thompson, who is familiar 
with them from a previous experience. 

I have also to note two significant accessions to our staff, 
viz, of Mr. Theodore W. Koch, recently librarian of the Uni- 
versity of Michigan, who comes to take charge of our Order 
Division, and of Dr. A. Palmieri, who comes to us from the 
Harvard Library, to assist in systematizing and perfecting 
our collection of Slavic literature. 

FINANCE 

The following table exhibits the appropriations and ex- 
penditures of the Library proper and of the Copyright Office 
for the fiscal year, and the appropriations for the preceding 
fiscal year and the year now current. Included also are 
the appropriations for the equipment and care of the build- 
ing and ground?, expended by the Superintendent. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 



i i 



Object cf appropriations 


Appropria- 
tions 1915 


Appropria- 
tions 1916 


Expendi- 
tures 1916 


Appropria- 
tions 1917 


Library and Copyright Office: 











Salaries- 










General service 


$264, 1 20- oo 


$264, 1 20-00 


$262,063.08 


$270,660.00 


Special service 


2,000.00 


2,000. oo 


1,954-26 


2,000.00 


Sunday service 


10,000.00 


10,000.00 


9)991-75 


10,000-00 


Distribution of card indexes 


34, 968. 33 


o 40, 709. 86 


a 40, 302. 42 


43,000. oo 


Legislative reference 


25,000.00 


25.000- oo 


24,886.54 


25,000.00 


Carrier service 


960. oo 


960.00 


951-49 


960. oo 


Copyright Office 


102,580.00 


102,580-00 


7102,552.47 


104,440-00 


Increase of Library 


98,000.00 


9 98, ooo. oo 


98, ooo. oo 


98,000-00 


Contingent expenses 


6 7,305-95 


b 7.- 307- 79 


7,254.06 


7,300-00 


Total Library and Copyright 










Office 


544.934-28 


550,677.65 


547,956.07 


561,360.00 


Building and grounds: 










Care and maintenance, includ- 










ing Sunday service 


80,205.00 


79,645.00 


79 459- 83 


83, 245.00 


Fuel, light, and miscellaneous . . 


16,000.00 


14,000. oo 


e 13,960.35 


20,000.00 


Furniture and shelving 


10,000.00 


17,000.00 


e 16,991 -85 


10,000.00 


Resurfacing west driveway and 










repairs to stone curb 


1 






4, ooo. oo 


Refitting boiler room and coal 










vaults . 








2, 500. OO 












Total Building and grounds. . 


106, 205:00 


110,645.00 


110,412. 03 


119,745.00 


Grand total 


651,139.28 


661,322.65 


658,368-10 


681, 105-00 


Printing and binding (allotment 










not appropriation) 


c 200,629. 24 


C 200, 518.49 


200,312. 17 


200,000-00 


Bequest of Gertrude M. Hubbard 










(interest account) 


d 1,902.55 


d 2,702.55 


530- 10 


d 2, 972. 45 



a Appropriations 1915 includes credits of $1,468.33 on account of sales of cards to Govern- 
ment institutions. Appropriation 1916 includes $1,120.66 credits en account of sales tf 
cards to Government institutions and $89.20 yet to be credited. Expenditures 1916 
($40,302.42) offset by subscriptions covered into the Treasury ($69,504.92). 

b Appropriations 1915 includes credits 65 cents on account of sales of photoduplications 
to Government institutions and credit of $5.30 through return of photostat spools. 
Appropriations 1916 includes credits of $1.30 on account of sales of photoduplications to 
Government institutions and a credit of $5.85 through return of photostat spools. In- 
cludes also a credit of $0.64 on account of refund of defaulting contractor. 

c Allotment 1915 includes credits of $629.24 on account of sales of cards to Government 
institutions. Allotment 1916 includes credits of $480.26 on account of sales of cards to 
Government institutions and $38.23 yet to be credited. Allotment 1916 does not 
include $9,000 provided in deficiency act approved September 8, 1916. 

d Includes balance from preceding year in addition to appropriation of $800. 

< Expenditures include outstanding indebtedness. 

/Offset by fees covered into the Treasury ($112,986.85). 

Q Exclusive of $2 ,000 to be expended by the marshal of the Supreme Court for new books 
of reference for that body. 



12 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

The appropriations for 1915-16 varied from those in the 
preceding year in the following particulars : 
Legislative Reference :< The item made to read: 

To enable the librarian of Congress to employ com- 
petent persons to gather, classify, and make available, 
in translations, indexes, digests, compilations, and 
bulletins, and otherwise, data for or bearing upon legis- 
lation, and to render such data serviceable to Congress 
and committees and Members thereof, $25,000. 

Card Indexes: Appropriation increased from $33,500 to 
$395oo- The item made to read : 

For service in connection with distribution of card 
indexes and other publications of the Library, including 
the following salaries now authorized and being paid: 
Chief of division, $3,000; chief assistant, $1,800; 
assistants one $1,600, three at $1,500 e'ach, three at 
$1,400 each, three at $1,200 each, two at $1,100 each, 
three at $1,000 each; and for services of assistants at 
salaries less than $1,000 per annum and for piecework 
and work by the hour, $15,600, including not exceeding 
$500 for freight charges, expressage, traveling expenses 
connected with such distribution, and expenses con- 
nected with such distribution, and expenses of attend- 
ance at meetings when incurred on the written authority 
and direction of the Librarian, $39,500. 

Increase of the Library of Congress: The item made to 
read : 

For purchase of books for the Library, and for freight, 
commissions, and traveling expenses, and all other 
expenses incidental to the acquisition of books by pur- 
chase, gift, bequest, or exchange, to continue available 
during the fiscal year nineteen hundred and seventeen, 
$90,000, together with the unexpended balance of the 
sum appropriated for this object for the fiscal year 
nineteen hundred and fifteen; 

For purchase of books and for periodicals for the law 
library, under the direction of the Chief Justice, $3,000; 

For purchase of new books of reference for the 
Supreme Court, to be a part of the Library of Congress, 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 13 

and purchased by (he marshal of the Supreme Court, 
under the direction of the Chief Justice, $2,000; 

For purchase of miscellaneous periodicals and news- 
papers, $5,000; 

In all, $100,000. 

The appropriations for 1916-17 include the following 
changes and additional provisions: 

General Administration: The salary of i stenographer 
and typewriter increased, $780 to $840. 

Bibliography Division: The following salaries increased: 
i stenographer and typewriter, $900 to $960; i assistant, 
$780 to $840. 

Binding Division: The salary of i assistant increased, 
$900 to $960. 

Catalogue Division: The following salaries increased: 4 
assistants, $860 to $920; 13 assistants, $780 to $840. 

Congressional Reference Library: The following salaries 
increased: i assistant, $900 to $960; i assistant, $780 
to $840. 

Document Division: The following salaries increased: i 
stenographer and typewriter, $900 to $960; i assistant, 
$780 to $840. 

Mail and Delivery Division: i additional assistant at 
$600; salary of i assistant increased, $720 to $780. 

Map Division: The salary of i assistant increased, 
$780 to $840. 

Music Division: The following salaries increased: 2 
assistants, $780 to $840. 

Order Division: The following salaries increased: 2 assist- 
ants, $780 to $840. 

Periodical Division: The following salaries increased: i 
stenographer and typewriter, $900 to $960; 5 assistants, 
$780 to. $840. 



14 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Reading Room: 2 additional assistants at $600 each. 
The following salaries increased: 25 assistants, $780 to 
$840; i attendant Senate Reading Room, $900 to $960; i 
attendant Representatives' Reading Room, $780 to $840; 
2 attendants cloak rooms, $720 to $780; i attendant Toner 
Library, $900 to $960; i attendant Washington Library, 
$900 to $960; 2 watchmen, $720 to $780; 5 assistants, 
$900 to $960. 

Smithsonian Deposit: The salary of i messenger increased, 
$720 to $780. 

Copyright Office: The following salaries increased: 18 
clerks, $900 to $960; 2 clerks, $800 to $860; 10 clerks, $720 
to $780; i porter, $720 to $780. 

Card Indexes: 2 additional assistants, i at $1,100 and i 
at $1,000. 

The appropriation for services of assistants at salaries less 
than $1,000 per annum and for piecework and work by the 
hour, increased from $15,600 to $17,000; 

A total increase for the Card Index Service of $3,500 
($39>5 to $43>ooo). 

Increase of the Library of Congress: The item made to 
read "For purchase of books for the Library, including 
payment in advance for subscription books and society pub- 
lications," etc. 

Library Building and Grounds: 4 additional positions: i 
property clerk, $900; 2 watchmen at $900 each; i car- 
penter at $900. 

For Fuel, Lights, Repairs, etc. : The item made to include 
the following: "$4,000 for waterproofing parts of east 
driveway over machinery, and $2,000 for temporary 
repairs and painting of roof." Increased from $14,000 
to $20,000. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 15 

The following additional provisions : 

For resurfacing west driveway and repairs to stone curb in 
Library grounds, $4,000. 

For refitting of boiler room and coal vaults, $2,500. 

Library estimates, 1916-17: The following positions asked 
for in the estimates for 1916-17 were not granted: 
Semitic Division: Two assistants, at $900 each $i, 800 

Increases of salary recommended, not granted : 

Library proper: 

5 assistants from $900 to $ i , 200 ; granted to $960 . . $ i , 200 

9 assistants from $1,000 to $1,080; not granted . . 720 

30 assistants from $960 to $i ,080; not granted .... 3, 600 

1 attendant (Senate Reading Room) from $900 to 

$1,080; granted to $960 120 

2 assistants from $900 to $ i, 080; granted to $960. . 240 

1 messenger from $840 to $900; not granted .... 60 
53 assistants from $780 to $900; granted to $840. . 3, 180 

2 assistants from $720 to $900; granted to $780. . 240 
2 watchmen (reading room) from $720 to $900; 

granted to $780 240 

i telephone operator (reading room) from $660 to 

$900; not granted 240 

i assistant from $580 to $600; not granted 20 

8 assistants from $540 to $600; not granted 480 

28 junior messengers from $420 to $480; not 

granted i, 680 



14$ positions 12, 020 

Copyright Office: 

10 clerks from $1,000 to $1,080; not granted 800 

18 clerks from $900 to $1,080; granted to $960 . . 2, 160 

2 clerks from $800 to $900; granted to $860 .... 80 

10 clerks from $720 to $900; granted to $780 .... i, 200 

2 clerks from $480 to $600; not granted 240 

5 junior messengers from $360 to $480; not 

granted 600 



47 positions 5, 080 



190 positions in total 17,100 

Increase of Library of Congress- (purchase of books) : 
$100,000 recommended $90,000 granted. 



1 6 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

COPYRIGHT OFFICE 

The report of the Register of Copyrights appears in full 
as Appendix II, and is also separately printed by the Copy- 
right Office. 

The principal statistics of the business done during the 
year are as follows : 



Fees received and applied 


Fiscal year 
1915-16 


Registrations ($i ), including certificates 
Registrations (50 cents), photographs, no certificates 
Registrations (50 cents), renewals 
For copies of record 


$105,454-00 
4,442.50 
814.00 


For assignments and copies of same 
For notices of user 


i, 556. oo 


For indexing transfers of proprietorship 




For searches 


i 6 

4 5 






Total 








Total number of deposits received (material of all classes, including dupli- 
cates) 




Total number of registrations 








Total communications received, including parcels, but excluding deposits 
noted above 




Total communications se^ out (including letters written) 


150,353 



The fees from copyrights are covered into the Treasury 
and not applied directly to the maintenance of the Copy- 
right Office. They form a regular revenue of the Govern- 
ment, however, and a net revenue over the direct expenses 
of the office, as appears from the comparison following : 

COPYRIGHT OF RECEIPTS 

FICE: 

Receipts and ex- Fees covered in during the fiscal year 1915-16, as above. . $112, 986. 85 
{>enses 

EXPENSES 



Salaries, as stated $102, 552. 47 

Stationery and sundries i, 064. 63 



Net cash earnings. 



103. 617. 10 
Q,3 6 9- 75 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 17 

The amount expended for salaries ($102,552.47) includes 
the sum of $4,680 paid in salaries to certain employees who 
have been classifying and crediting the old deposits received 
prior to 1897. This expenditure is chargeable to arrears. 
The current expenses of the Office are therefore considerably 
more than met by the current receipts. 

The above statement includes all disbursements except the 
cost of furniture, of printing, and of binding, but only cash 
receipts. In addition to cash fees, the copyright business 
brings each year to the government, in articles deposited, 
property to the value of many thousands of dollars. During 
the past fiscal year 201,802 such articles were received. 
The value of those drawn up into the collections of the 
Library far exceeded the amount of net cash earnings. 

The work of the Copyright Office is divided into two 
parts: (i) The current business, covering applications re- 
ceived since the reorganization of the Office under the 
Register in 1897; ( 2 ) The arrears, the classification, credit- 
ing, and indexing of the entries and deposits prior to 1897 
(i. e., from 1870, when the copyright business was first 
placed under the Librarian of Congress). 

On the xoth day of July, 1916, when the report of the Current c t>y 

right business 

Copyright Office was submitted, the remittances received 
up to the third mail of the day had been recorded and 
acknowledged; the account books of the bookkeeping divi- 
sion were written up and posted to June 30, and the accounts 
rendered to the Treasury Department were settled up to 
and including the month of June, while earned fees to June 
30, inclusive, had been paid into the Treasury. All copy- 
right applications received up to and including June 30 had 
been passed upon and refunds made. 

The total unfinished business for the full 19 years from 
July i, 1897, to June 30, 1916, amounts to but $1,383.27, 
against a total completed business for the same period of 
$1,649,776.15. 



1 8 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

At the close of business on July 10, 1916, the works 
deposited for copyright registration up to and including 
June 30 had all been recorded, as well as a large part of the 
publications received since that date. 

The Catalogue of Copyright Entries, which since the trans- 
fer of its publication from the Treasury Department to the 
Library of Congress has been issued in four separate parts, 
was continued in five annual volumes properly indexed. 
Copyright busi- During the fiscal year about 2,150 articles received prior 

ness prior to July 

i, 1897 to July i , 1897, were examined preparatory to being credited 

to their respective entries, and 1,037 were duly credited. 

During the past 19 years the business done by the Office 
was as follows: 

Total number of entries 2, 051, 541 

Total number of articles deposited 3, 642, 856 

Total amount of fees received and applied $i, 649, 776. 15 

Total expenditure for service $i, 409, 087. 75 

Net receipts above expenses for service $240, 688. 40 

During the 45 years since the copyright work became a 
business of the Library of Congress the total number of en- 
tries has been 2,932,397. 
Elimination of Under authority of sections 59 and 60 of the Copyright 

copyright deposits 

act of 1909, 18,357 volumes have been transferred to the 
Library from the deposits in the Copyright Office during the 
fiscal year; 5,452 books have been deposited in governmental 
libraries in the District of Columbia, and 59,256 articles 
have been returned to copyright claimants, including 12,177 
books, 19 photographs, 13,753 prints, 8,642 periodicals, 13 
dramatic or musical compositions, and 9,917 motion-picture 
films. 

^Panama-Pacific Under the act of Congress approved September 18, 1913, 
Branch Copyright f or the protection of foreign exhibitors at the Panama- 

Office 

Pacific Exposition, of articles within the domain of patent 
and copyright, a branch office was duly opened at San 
Francisco for the registration of such articles. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 9 

This branch office went out of existence by operation of 
law on December 4, 1915, with the closing of the Panama- 
Pacific International Exposition, on that date. Only a few 
registrations were finally made. The total expenses in- 
volved amounted to but $7.25, and the unexpended balance 
of the $15,000 appropriated ($14,992.75) reverted to the 
Treasury on December 31, 1915. 

INCREASE OK THE LIBRARY: PRINTED MATERIAL* 

(From the report of the Order Division, Mr. Ashley in general 
supervision until October 15, 1916) 

Adopting the count of printed books and pamphlets made Contents of the 

Library June 30, 

in Tune, 1902, as accurate, the total contents of the Library, 191 5, and June 30, 

1916 
inclusive of the Law Library, at the close of the past two 

fiscal years, were as follows : 



Contents of the Library 



Description 


1915 


1916 


Gain 


Books . 


2,363,873 


2,45^974 

154,200 
770, 248 
392, 95 


88, 101 


Manuscripts (a numerical state- 


Maps and charts (pieces) 
Music (volumes and pieces) 
Prints (pieces) 


M7, 553 

727, 808 

385,757 


6,647 

42,440 
7,148 




Description 


Net accessions 


1915 


1916 


Printed books and pamphlets 




110,564 


88, 101 


Manuscripts (a numerical stateme 
Maps and charts (volumes and p 
Music (volumes and pieces) 


nt not feasible) 
eces) 


5, 336 
23,853 
8,945 


6,647 

42, 440 
7,148 






Prints (pieces) . 





* For Manuscripts, Maps, Music, and Prints see under those headings infra. 



2O Report of the Librarian of Congress 

ACCESSIONS: xhe accessions of books and pamphlets during the past 

Books and pam- 
phlets, by sources two years, in detail, classified by source, were as follows: 



How acquired 


1915 


1916 


By purchase . . 


?O 74.7 




By gift. . , 


Q 82Q 


10 881 


By transfer from United States Government 
libraries . . 


j i 060 


21 860 


From the Public Printer by virtue of law 
From the American Printing House for the 
Blind 


5,979 
66 


4,906 


By International Exchange (from foreign 
Governments) 


7, 612 


14, 850 


Gifts of the United States Government in all 
its branches . 


4164 


42 1 6 


Gifts from State governments . 


96^4 


Q, 6l< 


Gifts from local governments 
Gifts from corporations and associations 
By copyright 


i, 3*3 
559 

14, 780 


3,573 
I ,37 

& I=C, 7Q2 


By Smithsonian 
By exchange (piece for piece) 
By priced exchange 


5,783 
3^5 

CQQ 


3,473 
3,9 2 5 

A73 


Library of Congress publications (specially 
bound) 


22? 


7AO 


Gain of volumes by separation in binding and 
by binding of books and periodicals pre- 
viously uncounted or uncounted in their 
present form 


6,824 


8, 531 








Total added books, pamphlets, and 
pieces 


1^2, 2 CO 


123, 337 








DEDUCTIONS 
By consolidation in binding 


4e CQ 


97Q4 


Duplicates sent in exchange . . 


o, 306 


14, 588 


Returns of college and library catalogues 


7,839 


10, 854 




21,695 


35, 2 36 


Net accessions 


no, 564 


88, i oi' 









This includes 145 volumes added to the reserve collections. 
b This includes 311 volumes added to the reserve collections. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 2 1 

These tables indicate a considerable decrease in the net 
accessions as compared with the preceding year, to be 
accounted for in part by the practical closing of the sources 
of supply in continental Europe and in part by unusually 
large deductions of material through consolidation in 
binding and through exchanges, transfers, and returns. The 
eliminations, however, though considerably above the 
average of recent years, were greatly exceeded in 1906, 
1908, and 1909. 

While no considerable collection of books was received by Gifts 
gift, the aggregate of gifts from thousands of sources 
private, corporate, and official reached the considerable 
total of 28,285 volumes. Among these may be mentioned 
"The collection of arms and armor of Rutherfurd Stuy- 
vesant, 1843-1909, by Bashford Dean," one of 300 copies 
printed, the gift of Mrs. Rutherfurd Stuyvesant. 

Mrs. Whitelaw Reid gave a copy of: 

The Royal commission on the losses and services of 
American loyalists, 1783 to 1785, being the notes of Mr. 
Daniel Parker Cokel M. P., one of the commissioners 
during that period ; ed. by Hugh Edward Egerton . . . 
Oxford, Printed for presentation to the members of the 
Roxburghe club [by H. Hart, at the University press] 



" Dedicated and presented to the president and mem- 
bers of the Roxburghe club in memory of His excellency 
the Hon. Whitelaw Reid." 

One of the reprints made to replace a part of the origi- 
nal edition, lost when the "Arabic" was sunk. cf. slip 
inserted. 

The artist Jan V. Chelminski presented a fine copy of his 
work entitled : 

" Iv'armee du duche de Varsovie, par Jan V. Chel- 
minski; texte par le commandant A. Malibran" . . . 
Paris, J. Leroy et cie, 1913. 

Mr. H. Yamawaki, Commissioner General of Japan to 
the Panama-Pacific Exposition, presented a set of "Japanese 



22 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

temples and their treasures," three portfolios of plates of 
architectural monuments, sculpture, painting, and allied 
arts, with text. 

The following letter is a gratifying evidence of interest 
in the Library taken by a resident of India, who gives a 
number of bool^s in the Hindi language : 

RETREAT, MUSSOORIE 

ist Sbrawan 1973 
The LIBRARIAN, PUBLIC LIBRARY 
(read Library of Congress) 

Washington, D. C., U. S. A. 

DEAR SIR : While on a world tour last year I had the 
good fortune of spending some months in your beautiful 
country, when I visited your world famous Library as 
well. 

Though greatly struck with the variety and richness 
of the "literary treasures stored in your institution, I 
must confess I discovered with something like a shock 
the total absence of any books in the living languages 
of India. In order to introduce at least one of these 
languages to the vast numbers of your readers, I am 
taking this opportunity of presenting, on behalf of the 
Nagri Pracharni Sabha, a literary research society in 
Benares, a set of their publications, as well as a few 
books on my own behalf. 

I hope that you would be good enough to accept these 
books and place them in a prominent position in your 
Library in order to attract the attention of, and create 
interest in, your various visitors. 

My desire is to introduce this language in your land 
through your Library. It is essential that I should men- 
tion here that the get-up and binding of the books are 
not up to your mark. A poor land like ours can not 
afford to sell literature in costly prints and bindings. 
Moreover, allow me to remind you of the famous words 
of the still more famous Swami Vivekananda : " The 
East carries diamonds wrapped in rags," and I do not 
doubt that competent scholars would discover rare gems 
in these books. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 23 

I would further state that the books are all in the 
Hindi language, which is well known as one of the most 
ancient of the living languages of the world. It is a lan- 
guage spoken by about 1 25,000,000 people, and is unsur- 
passed for beauty of expression and depth of thought. 

I might mention here that one of the sets sent 
' 'Prithvi Raj Raso" in three volumes, dates from the 
thirteenth century Vikrama i. e., twelfth century after 
Christ while others date from the various centuries 
after that up to the present time. 

When I find any indication of some interest in these 
books taken by yourself and other friends, I shall be glad 
to induce other publishers of Hindi books to send you 
their publications as well. 

Inclosed please find the bill of lading of the case of 
books sent through Messrs. Balmer, Lawrie & Co. 

Meanwhile, I remain 
Yours truly 

SHIVA PRASAD GUPTEE 
Naudan Saluis St., Benares City, U. P. India 

American importing publishers gave some 83 imported 
works, including 43 from the John Lane Company, 23 from 
the Frederick A. Stokes Company, and 8 from the Funk 
and Wagnalls Company. 

Mr. P. Lee Phillips, Chief of the Division of Maps and 
Charts, gave a valuable supplement to Cushing's "Initials 
and pseudonyms," in five folio manuscript volumes, the 
results of many years of research by the giver. 

My report for 1914-15, in reviewing the growth of our PURCHASES: 
East Asiatic collections, made briefest mention of an under- collection* 
taking then in progress to supplement and symmetrize the 
collections, an obligation not merely to American scholar- 
ship and in particular to the immediate needs of the scientific 
bureaus of the government but also to the development of 
American influence in the Orient. For both the project 
and its execution in detail the Library is indebted to the 
interest and enterprise of Dr. Walter T. Swingle, of the 
Bureau of Plant Industry, in the practical benefits of whose 

64394 16 3 



24 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

visit to the Far East in the spring and summer of 1915 on 
behalf of the Department of Agriculture we were permitted 
to share. 

Dr. Swingle has long been actively concerned in the 
development of our collections and well acquainted with 
their contents; he took with him a photographic catalogue 
of the oriental works in the libraries of Washington and 
Chicago. To his own impressions of oriental literature he 
brought the advice and counsel of native scholars in China 
and Japan. His commission to purchase for us resulted in 
adding to our shelves 271 Chinese works in 13,061 chiian 
(books) bound in 4,945 volumes, 1 76 Japanese works bound 
in 770 volumes, 3 Korean works bound in 7 volumes; 2 sets 
of Chinese and 9 sets of Japanese periodicals (2,169 num- 
bers) bound in 170 volumes; making a total of 5,892 
volumes (1,409 volumes received between March 20 and 
June 30, 1915, and 4,481 volumes received since July i, 



The endeavor was to supplement our existing resources 
along lines likely to prove important in the near future. 
The more significant groups embraced in the present 
acquisition were these : 

( a ) Barly printed books. Block printing was practiced 
in China centuries before the introduction of the art into 
Europe, but the Library of Congress has hitherto pos- 
sessed but few early specimens. In spite of the extreme 
rarity of such books Dr. Swingle obtained enough 
very ancient Chinese imprints to make our collection 
notable, to be ranked among the best in Western 
countries. 

(6) Chinese historical and descriptive works published 
during the fourteenth, fifteenth, and early sixteenth 
centuries, covering the period of first contacts with 
Europeans. These works are rare and very expensive, 
but a considerable number covering the early part of 
the Ming dynasty were secured, including at least one 
very important work supposed in China to have been 
lost. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 25 

(c) Early Chinese dictionaries and encyclopedias. 
Such works are of great value in tracing the introduc- 
tion of plants, animals, arts, and industries into China 
from Western Asia, Europe, and America. A few 
printed prior to the discovery of printing in Europe 
were obtained, and a very good collection of fifteenth 
and sixteenth century reprints, the whole making a 
collection of great value for historical and philological 
investigations, probably the equal of any in Europe. 

(d) Chinese works on natural history and pharma- 
copoeias. These works are of the greatest importance 
in tracing the introduction of European and American 
plants and animals into China. Those secured, together 
with those already in the Library of Congress and in the 
Library of the Department of Agriculture, make the 
Washington collection easily the best in America, and 
probably better than any in Europe. Many of these 
works are early editions, including some very early 
imprints not included in any European collection. 

(<?) Chinese geographical works. The already large 
collection of these important works possessed by the 
Library of Congress was increased by a number of 
important items until at present the Library contains 
about 418 such works. As the John Crerar Library 
contains about 260 items of this class, the number 
available in America is, excluding duplicates, probably 
about 640, a number approached in Western countries 
only in France, where the Paris Library has about 600 
such works. 

(/) Ts'ung shu or collection of reprints, individual 
collections of the works of famous writers and works of 
erudition by famous scholars. Many valuable additions 
to these classes were secured. These works are highly 
prized by the Chinese themselves, but a considerable 
number of items were secured, some old editions dating 
from the Ming dynasty or even earlier. Four of the 
Ts'ung shu or general collections that were secured 
included no fewer than 3,740 books, bound in 592 
volumes. With this notable addition the Library of 
Congress, already enriched by the purchases of 1913-14, 
attains a prominent place among the repositories of 
this most important class of Chinese literature. 



26 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

(<7) Writings of the great Sung dynasty philosopher 
and critic, Chu Hsi (Chu fu tzu or Chufucius), 1130- 
1200 A. D. A rather full collection was made of the 
works of this famous man, second only to Confucius 
in his influence on the Chinese mind. Several very old 
editions of his works were secured besides representa- 
tive modern reprints, the whole constituting a very 
good collection of the works of this scholar, undoubtedly 
the best in America. 

Japanese liter a- Q^ Examples of ancient Japanese printing and old 

Japanese works serving to elucidate Chinese works, or 
written in the same general style. 

(i) A few very valuable early Japanese imprints were 
purchased, including a good copy of the oldest Japanese 
printed work extant, probably dating from the begin- 
ning of the thirteenth century. 

(/) Writings of Kaibara (Kaibara Ekken), 1630 
1714 A. D. A large collection was made of the works 
of this popular philosopher, who occupies in Japan 
much the same place as Franklin in America. Kaibara 
was selected as a typical Japanese philosopher, critic, 
and teacher, just as Chu Hsi was selected as typical of 
the Chinese. Many of Kaibara's works were secured in 
the original editions, some in later editions, and a com- 
plete set of his writings in a modern Japanese reprint 
was purchased. No such collection exists elsewhere 
outside of Japan. 

(k) Several sets of modern scientific or philosophic 
Japanese journals, complete or nearly complete, were 
purchased at very low prices. 

Upon Dr. Swingle's detailed reports are based the following 
references to some of the more notable items acquired by 
him: 
Ancient Chi- Ancient Chinese books of the Sung and Yuan dynasties, 

nese books . f ^ . - 

printed long before the European invention 01 printing. 

A number of rare old Chinese lexicographic works were 
secured, some of them editions supposed up to now to have 
been lost in China. 

The Ch'ung pien kai ping wu yin pien is a phonetic dic- 
tionary arranged according to a new and peculiar system 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 27 

and is considered to be one of the most noteworthy 
Chinese lexicographic works of the thirteenth century. 
It is one of the few important original works published 
under the short-lived Kin dynasty of Tartars. The first 
edition was published in the eighth year of the Emperor 
T'ai Ho, 1208 A. D. The copy secured for the Library 
of Congress is likewise a Kin edition, dated in the sixth 
year of the Emperor Cheng Ta, 1229 A. D. This edi- 
tion seems to be unknown to Chinese bibliographers, 
though a later, Yuan dynasty edition is listed among the 
treasures of the private library of the Manchu Emperor 
Chien Lung. The copy secured for the Library of Congress 
is of especial interest, as it contains impressions of seals 
showing that it was once contained in the palace library of 
the Ming emperors. It afterwards came into the posses- 
sion of the famous scholar Li T'ien-fu, prime minister of 
the Manchu Emperor K'ang Hsi from 1692-1699 A. D. The 
fact that seal impressions of this character were placed in 
the work shows that it was considered to be of great inter- 
est and value by Chinese scholars. 

The Tseng hsiu lu chu li pu yun lueh is a revision of a 
famous rhyming dictionary first published about 1190 
A. D. It was adopted by the Board of Ceremonies as the 
standard for use in the State examinations. A single 
volume of the Yuan dynasty edition, the second of the five, 
published in 1361 A. D., was secured in Japan. No complete 
set of this edition is known in China, the Fan family has 
the third volume, and the Tin family the fourth, and now 
the Library of Congress possesses the second volume, 
while the first and fifth are not known to exist in any 
library. Fortunately a complete facsimile reprint of this 
edition, made in Japan, probably about the end of the 
fourteenth century, was secured for the Library of Congress, 
together with the single volume of the Chinese original. 

An attempt was made to secure good early editions of the 
works of the great Sung dynasty philosopher and schoolman 
Chu Hsi, commonly called Chu tzu or Chu fu tzu (Chufu- 
cius) , who was born 1 130 and died 1 200 A. D. He was one of 
the last and easily the greatest of the manv brilliant Sung 



28 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

philosophers. Wylie says : ' ' The bold conception of the latter 
(Chu Hsi) and the popularity of his style, have secured for 
his writings a wonderful influence over the native mind. The 
classics and histories passed under his revision and exposi- 
tion, and his theory of the universe was destined henceforth 
to mould the national belief ..." It is no exaggeration to say 
that for the past 750 years his influence over the Chinese 
people has been exceeded only by that of Confucius, and to 
a considerable degree he made the now prevalent modern 
Chinese interpretation of Confucius himself. 

Two very ancient posthumous works by Chu Hsi were 
obtained, consisting of supplementary collections of letters 
and dispatches written by him but omitted from the earlier 
collection probably published shortly after his death in 1 200 
A. D. One volume is dated 124.5 in the preface; the other 
1265. These books are apparently not now known in the 
original edition and are of much bibliographic interest as 
there has been a dispute of long standing in China as to 
the number of books comprised in these works, a dispute 
which can perhaps be settled definitely by the aid of these 
ancient and perhaps original editions. 

Another work by Chu Hsi, of which the early editions seem 
to have been lost in China, is an Imperial Ming edition of 
his commentary on the Shih Ching or Book of Odes dated 
1447. The set secured is a fine sample of Ming printing, 
with large black characters on white paper. It lacks one 
of the six volumes, but in view of the importance of the 
author and the fact that no copies of this edition were 
known to the compilers of the Imperial Catalogue, it is a 
find of unusual interest and value. 

The pre-Columbian Chinese editions of herbals or Pen 
ts'ao are of great interest in a study of the history of agri- 
culture in the Orient, as they were printed before the possi- 
bility of confusion through plants brought by the Portu- 
guese to Macao or by the Spaniards to the Philippines. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 29 

A copy of what seems to be an ancient edition of the 
Tang i pen ts'ao, published by Wang Hao-ku in 1306, was 
secured. It shows all the characteristics of a Yuan 
dynasty printed book as to paper, type of characters, etc. 
Another item of unusual interest is a very old illustrated 
edition of the Cheng lei pen ts'ao of T'ang Shen-wei, dated 
1302, but probably a Ming reprint as yet but imperfectly 
known to bibliographers. This work was originally 
published in 1108 and for five hundred years was the most 
important treatise on materia medica in China, Korea, 
and Japan. Numerous editions were published, but the 
earlier ones are no longer extant. Bretschneider, who for 
many years studied this class of work in China, never saw 
a copy of it (Botanicon Sinicum i, p. 47). There is only a 
very imperfect copy of the edition of 1469 in the Biblio- 
theque Nationale at Paris. Another old edition of it 
published in 1552 and a Japanese reprint of 1775 were also 
secured while the Library of Congress already had two 
other editions, one of about 1620 and the other a recent 
facsimile reprint of the Sung edition of 1195. The 
copy in the John Crerar Library in Chicago (1587) and 
the one in Dr. Laufers personal library at the Field 
Museum (1523) differ from any of the five in the Library of 
Congress, so that American students have at hand no fewer 
than seven different editions of this most important work. 
Dr. Laufer after a thorough study of Chinese bibliographic 
works lists 13 editions, but the Library of Congress now has 
no fewer than 4 not appearing in his list. As an illustrated 
pre-Columbian work on natural history it is of the very 
highest interest in any study of the history of agriculture 
in the Pacific area. A critical study of this work can now 
be undertaken with some degree of assurance in America, 
with a wealth of ancient texts at hand, in striking contrast 
to the single imperfect copy in the Paris library. 



30 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

In addition to these ancient editions of Pen ts'ao numer- 
ous Chinese and Japanese works of the same class, 
though of later date, were also purchased. A rough count 
shows over 30 such works, which together with the very 
good collections already in the Library of Congress and in 
the Library of the Department of Agriculture, make the 
Washington collection equal to or superior to any in 
Europe. 

In addition to the Sung and Yuan dynasties works large 
numbers of early Ming dynasty works were secured. Only 
a few of them can be noticed here. 

A work reported in the Imperial Catalogue as lost is the 
third enlarged edition of the Ta ming hui lien (Organization 
of the Ming government) published in 1576. A copy was 
secured in Japan, where doubtless the work had escaped 
destruction. Some 20 out of the 228 books are missing, 
but have been supplied so cleverly in manuscript that a 
careful inspection is needed to detect the fact that they are 
not printed. A copy of the original edition of this impor- 
tant work on the machinery of governments in China 
during the early part of the Ming dynasty, published in 
1511, was also secured. These works are very interesting 
because the first edition was finished before the Portuguese 
reached the coast of China, while the second was printed 
after the Europeans had already begun to exert an influence 
on China. Another work of similar scope is Ta ming chi li, 
a treatise on the constitution of the Ming dynasty, con- 
sisting of 53 books bound in 36 volumes, with a preface 
dated 1520. Several other works bearing on this important 
part of Chinese history were secured. Kuo chao ming 
shih lei yuan, a biographical compendium in 46 books 
bound in 24 volumes, Huang yu k'ao, a work on the 
Imperial Ming territories in 10 books bound in 4 volumes, 
and Ching chi lei pien, a cyclopedia of political economy in 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 31 

100 books bound in 36 volumes, all three published during 
the Ming dynasty, deserve mention in this connection. 

By the help of Dr. H. K. Fung it was possible to complete Chinese 
the Library of Congress set of the great Chinese encyclo- 
pedia, T'u shu chi ch'eng. The missing 10 volumes were 
obtained in the now very rare original edition published in 
1728 and show the great seal of the Emperor, Ch'ien Lung, 
doubtless having been once a part of his library. 

It was another bit of good fortune to secure 2 volumes of 
the great Ming encyclopedia, Yung lo ta tien, of which the 
only remaining set was destroyed by fire during the siege of 
the foreign quarter of Peking in June, 1900. Of this mag- 
nificent work that originally consisted of some 22,000 volumes 
there now remain only some few stray volumes that were 
out of the Hanlin College at the time of the fire. 

A work on the Chinese painters and their work prepared 
under the direction of the famous Manchu Emperor, K'ang 
Hsi, and furnished with a preface from his pen, was secured; 
it is Pei wen chai shu hua pen. Wylie does not mention it, 
but it seems to be a very full and valuable work. It consists 
of 100 books bound in 64 volumes. Mendes Silva, in a 
history of Chinese art published in the Journal Oriente, 
Macao (vol. i, p. 93, March, 1915), says that numerous 
Chinese treatises give the history of the two allied arts, 
painting and calligraphy, among them perhaps the most 
important being a great encyclopedia which the Emperor 
K'ang Hsi ordered compiled in 1705 and which was pub- 
lished in 1708 under the title Pei -wen chai shu hua Pu. 

Among the more important books printed in Japan, the Andent jat>- 
following may be noted: A copy of the oldest Japanese n 
printed book extant, Senjaku-shu by Honen-Shonin (Genku). 
This Buddhistic work, written in Chinese about 1196 by 
Honen-Shonin, the founder of the J6d6 sect of Buddhists, 
was so repugnant to the older sects that the Hieizan priests 
in 1206 requested and obtained permission to destroy all the 



32 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

copies of the book they could lay their hands on, together 
with the blocks from which it had been printed. A second 
edition was printed in 1211 or 1212, and a third in 12^0 or 

Ancient Japa- 
nese books 1249. According to Ernest Satow, "On the Early History 

of Printing in Japan," (in Transactions of the Asiatic Society 
of Japan, vol. 10, pt. i, p. 51, May, 1882), this work is the 
earliest Japanese printed book of which copies have been 
preserved, the earliest known printed work having been 
issued in 1 172, only a few years before, but of this no copies 
are known. The present work is in two volumes and is 
made up in a most unusual style, each sheet, printed on one 
side only and including two printed pages, being folded and 
pasted half to the back of the second page of the preceding 
sheet, half to the first page of the succeeding sheet, so that 
the resulting volume seems to be composed of pages printed 
on both sides but held together on the inner edges without 
binding of any kind. This style of book is called Koya- 
tsuzuri, after the ancient Koya-san monastery. The paper 
is very lustrous and the characters are engraved with heavy 
lines and printed with very black ink. Satow describes 
another Buddhistic work, "The Ten Means of Salvation," 
published in 1248, doubtless very similar to this, in the 
following terms : "The volume is printed on both sides of the 
leaf, on a peculiar lustrous paper which differs in appearance 
from the ordinary Japanese material, and the sheets instead 
of being sewn as usual were originally pasted together at 
their inner margins." Satow (id., p. 53). 

It seems possible that the copy of the Senjaku^shu pur- 
chased by Dr. Swingle is of the early thirteenth century and 
may even be the original edition. At any rate, it is a copy 
of the oldest printed book known in Japan and is printed in 
the style of characters, on the quality of paper, and is bound 
in the style of the period. It is doubtless the oldest Jap- 
anese book in America, and if, as seems possible, it is one 
of the few copies of the first edition that escaped destruc- 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 33 

tion by the Hieizan monks in 1206, it is the oldest Jap- 
anese printed book extant. The copy is in the original 
covers and in good condition, except that it lacks two pages 
supplied in manuscript. 

Apparently the next oldest book printed in Japan secured 
by Dr. Swingle is a reprint of a Chinese rhyming dictionary, 
Tseng hsiu hu chu li pu yunlueh, originally printed in China 
in 1 162. The Japanese reprint, which, like all early Japanese 
books, is wholly in Chinese characters, has the date 1162 at 
the end of the preface. 

Another Japanese reprint of an old Chinese rhyming dic- 
tionary of the Yuan dynasty is the Yun fu chu'un yu, orig- 
inally published in 1334, and according to Satow reprinted 
in Japan about 1400. Wylie says that it seems to be the 
oldest work extant with Liu Yuan's system of finals which 
has been very generally followed since the middle of the 
thirteenth century. The copy secured was found in the 
possession of the San'en-zan Keisho^in Buddhist temple in 
Tokyo, and each of the 10 volumes bears a label stating that 
it is not to be removed outside the temple gate. The case in 
which this work was kept was also secured. 

Another item of interest among the Japanese books is a 
very early copy of a work printed from movable type. vSuch 
works are said to have been known in China during the Sung 
dynasty and in 1403 a Korean Emperor had copper movable 
type engraved for use in printing Chinese classics. Accord- 
ing to Satow, movable type were introduced into Japan from 
Korea and the first book printed from them in 1 596. Maribyo 
kuwaishun is a reprint of a Chinese medical work made in 
Japan from movable types in 1607. Dr. W. N. Whitney's 
"History of medical progress in Japan" (Transactions of the 
Asiatic Society of Japan, vol. 12, p. 245, July, 1885) gives a 
very full list of Chinese and Japanese medical works, but of 
this work only an edition of 1647 is listed. It seems to have 
been the first medical work to be printed in Japan from 



34 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

movable types. It is, moreover, a work of some intrinsic 
importance, being included among the 44 most important 
Chinese and Japanese medical treatises, furnished to Whitney 
by the Japanese Bureau of Education. 

A comparatively modern Japanese work of unusual interest 
is Moshi hinbutsu dzuko, "An inquiry into the objects men- 
tioned in the She-king," with illustrations by Oka Gempo, 
published in 1785. Legge in the Prolegomena to the She- 
king (Chinese Classics, v. 4, pt. i,p. 180) says of this book: 
"This is the work of a Japanese scholar and physician . . . 
taking up first the grasses and plants, then trees, birds, 
animals, insects, and fishes. . . . The plates are, in general, 
exquisitely done and would do credit to any wood engraver 
of Europe. The book, though not containing quite all the 
objects mentioned in the She, has been of more use to me 
than all the other books of the same class together." 

The following sets of modern philosophic and scientific 
Japanese periodicals were also acquired : 

Tetsugaku Zasshi, the Philosophical Magazine, vols. i to 20, 1887 to 

March, 1915. 
Y6mei-gaku, the Journal of the Yang-ming School of Philosophy in 

Japan. 1896-1900. (No longer published.) 
Ky6do Kenkyu, the Journal of Folklore in Japan, vols. 1-3, complete, 

1913 to August, 1915. 
Fuzoku Gwah6, Illustrated Journal of Japanese Life, 1889 to February, 

I 9 I 3- 
Zinruigaku Zasshi, Journal of the Tokyo Anthropological Society, 1886 

tD February, 1914. 

Chigaku Zasshi, The Geographical Journal, 1895 to June, 1915. 
T6y6 Gakugei Zasshi, the Oriental Journal of Science and Art, 1892 

tj June, 1915. 
T6ky6 Gakushi Kaiin Zasshi, Journal of the Tokyo Academy of Science, 

vols. 1-17. (No longer published.) 

Gn>TS: Through Dr. Swingle a number of Chinese and Japanese 

Chinese and 

Japanese litera- works were presented, including the following of especial 

lure 

interest : 

An old-style examination paper for the highest grade of 
literati rescued by Rev. Gilbert Reid from the burning 
building of Hanlin College on June 23, 1900, and presented 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 35 

by him to the Library of Congress is of much interest, as it 
is of undoubted authenticity and furthermore was held 
under Hsu Tung, the president of the Hanlin College, a 
noted xenophobe and friend of the Boxers, as is certified 
by the letter from Dr. Reid accompanying the gift. 

A valuable set of the publications of the International 
Institute at Shanghai was also presented by the Director, 
Rev. Gilbert Reid. Of particular interest is the Journal of 
the Institute, containing many articles by Chinese scholars 
of all schools and China's treaties with foreign powers and 
their exposition. 

A valuable gift by Dr. King Kwei Fung is Hui k'o shu mu, 
a printed catalogue of the works comprised in the principal 
Chinese ts'ung shu or collection of reprints; and a manu- 
script card catalogue made by Dr. Fung of the ts'ung shu 
contained in the above works, the cards being arranged by 
the number of strokes in the first character of the title, 
making it very easy to refer to the printed work and find 
the works contained in any given ts'ung shu. 

The St. Joseph College, at Macao, China, presented a num- 
ber of valuable grammars and dictionaries in Chinese and 
Portuguese printed by the college. 

The Viscount Foukouba, of the Imperial household de- 
partment at Tokyo, presented a copy of his work on the 
citrus fruits of Kishu Province, Japan, one of the first mod- 
ern works on the subject published in 1881, and now ex- 
ceedingly rare. 

Purchased documentary material included the following : PURCHASKS- 

Documents 
Confederate States of America. Messages of the President. Feb. 3, 

16, 17, 19 (2 messages), 20; Apr. 16, 21, 1863 (8 pieces). 
Delaware. Journal of the House of Representatives, session of Janu- 
ary, 1796. Journals of the Senate, sessions of November, 1792; Jan- 
uary, 1793; May, 1793; January, 1794; January, 1795; November, 
1796. 

New Hampshire. Journals of the House of Representatives: Decem- 
ber, 1788; June, 1791; November, 1791; December, 1795; June, 
1799; December, 1799; June, 1800; June, 1811. Journals of the 



36 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Senate: December, 1786; December, 1788; June, 1789; June, 1790; 
November, 1791; June, 1794; December, 1795; June, 1797; June, 
1798; November, 1798. 

New Jersey. Votes and proceedings of the 2ist Assembly, 2d sitting, 
January, 1797. 

New Jersey (Colony). Provincial congress, October, 1775. Journal of 
the votes and proceedings of the Provincial congress of New-Jersey, 
held at Trenton in the month of October, 1775. 

Surveyor general. General instructions by the surveyor gen- 
eral to the deputy surveyors of the eastern division of New Jersey. 
[Trenton? 1746?] 

North Carolina. Journal of the House of Representatives, November, 
1799. 

U. S. Continental congress, 1774, Extracts from the votes and pro- 
ceedings of the American Continental congress. Containing the Bill 
of rights; a list of grievances; occasional resolves, and the particulars 
of the general association entered into by all the colonies. Pub. by 
order of the Congress, October 25, 1774. Bristol [Eng.J: Reprinted 
and sold by W. Pine. 

1774. Extracts from the votes and proceedings of the American 
Continental congress, held at Philadelphia on the 5th of September, 
1774. Containing the Bill of rights, a list of grievances, occasional 
resolves, the association, an address to the people of Great-Britain, 
and a memorial to the inhabitants of the British American colonies. 
Pub. by order of Congress. Philadelphia: Printed; Boston: Re- 
printed by Edes and Gill and T. and J. Fleet, 1774. 

1779. A circular letter from the Congress of the United States 



of America to their constituents. Philadelphia: Printed September, 
1779; Boston: Reprinted by order of the General assembly of the 
state of Massachusetts Bay [1779]. 

1779. Observations on the American revolution. Published 



according to a resolution of Congress, by their committee. For the 
consideration of those who are desirous of comparing the conduct of 
the opposed parties, and the several consequences which have flowed 
from it. Philadelphia: Printed; Providence: Reprinted and sold 
by Bennett Wheeler, 1780. 

Vermont. Journals of the General assembly, 1785, 1802, 1809. 

Virginia. Journal of the constitutional convention held at Alexandria, 

1864. 
Americana Historical material relating to the western hemisphere 

included : 

Blome, Richard. A description of the island of Jamaica, with the 
other isles and territories in America, to which the English are re- 
lated ... London, Printed by J. B. for Dorman Newman, 1678. 

Board of general proprietors of the eastern division of New Jersey. 
The case of the Proprietors of East New-Jersey, with the opinions of 
counsel on the same. Newark, Printed by W. Tuttle & co., 1825. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 37 

Church, Benjamin. The entertaining history of King Philip's war, 
which began in the month of June, 1675. As also of expeditions 
more lately made against the common enemy, and Indian rebels, 
in the eastern parts of New- England; with some account of the 
divine providence towards Col. Benjamin Church: by Thomas 
Church, esq. his son. 2d ed. Boston: printed, 1716. Newport, 
Rhode-Island, Reprinted and sold by S. Southwick, 1772. With 
two plates engraved by Paul Revere. 

Clinton, Sir Henry. Observations on Mr. Stedman's History of the 
American war. London, Printed for J. Debrett, 1794; New York, 
Reprinted, 1864. 

The Confederate States almanac, and repository of useful knowledge 
for 1865. Mobile, H. C. Clarke [1864]. 

Council of proprietors of the western division of New-Jersey. The 
petitions and memorials of the proprietors of West and East Jersey 
to the Legislature of New- Jersey. New York, Printed by S. Kollock 
[1784?]. 

Dickinson, Jonathan. God's protecting providence, man's surest help 
and defence in times of greatest difficulty and most imminent 
danger, evidences in the remarkable deliverance of Robert Barrow ... 
Faithfully related by one of the persons concerned therein, Jonathan 
Dickenson ... 6th ed. London, 1787. 
7th ed. London, 1790. 

Goddard, William. The partnership; or, The history of the rise and 
progress of the Pennsylvania chronicle . . . Philadelphia, Printed by 
William Goddard in Arch street, 1770. 

Jones, John Paul . Life of ... Giving a faithful account of the extraor- 
dinary perils, voyages, adventures, etc. London, J. Fairburn, n. d. 
ca. 1820. 

Kelly, George Fox. Eight months in Washington; or, Scenes behind 
the curtain. 1863. 

Knights of the Order of the Sons of Liberty. Original by-laws. 

Lincoln, Abraham. A letter from President Lincoln to General Joseph 
Hooker, January 26, 1863. Philadelphia. 1879. 

A narrative of affairs lately received from his Majesties Island of Ja- 
maica: viz. I. Sir Thomas Linch's speech ... II. Samuel Bernard 
. . . speech ... III. An humble address from his Majesties 
council ... IV. The governour's speech at the proroguing the 
assembly. London, Printed for Randal Taylor, 1683. 

Prince, Thomas. Extraordinary events the doings of God, and mar- 
vellous in Pious eyes, Sermon on the taking of the City of Louis- 
bourg ... Bost. Printed: Lond. Reprinted, 1746. 

[Welde, Thomas & Winthrop, John.] A short story of the rise, reign 
and ruine of the Antinomians, Familist and Libertines, that infected 
the churches of New England. Printed for Thos. Parkhurse, 1692. 

Zarati, Augustin de. Historia del descubrimiento y Conquista del 
Peru, con las cosas naturales que senaladamente alii se gallan, y los 
sucessos que la anido. Orig. ed. Anvers, 1555. 



38 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

PURCHASES: Among many books acquired for the importance of their 

Illustrated books ^ 

illustrations, the following may be noted: 

A 'Beckett, Gilbert Abbott. The comic history of England. Lon- 
don, Punch Office, 1847-8. 2 vols. ist ed. 

- George Cruikshank's Table-book. London, Punch Office, 
1845. ist. ed. 

Cousin, Jean. Livre de perspectiue. Paris, 1560. Bound by Lortic. 

Erasmus, Desiderius. Moriae encomium: or, A panegyrick upon 
folly . . . Done into English and illustrated with above fifty curious 
cuts, designed and drawn by Hans Holbeine. The second edition. 
London, Printed for Charles Rivington, at the Bible and Crown in 
St. Paul's church-yard, 1713. 

Foote, Samuel. Bon mots of Samuel Foote and Theodore Hook, 
edited by Walter Jerrold with grotesques by Aubrey Beardsley. 
London, J. M. Dent and Company, 1894. 

Fossati, Georgio. Recueil de di verses fables dessinees et gravees 
par lui; en italien et en francois. Venise, Pecora, 1744. 

Franks, Sir Augustus Wollaston. Notes on bookplates . . . No. i. 
English dated bookplates, 1574-1800. [London] Printed for private 
distribution [by A. Boot and son] 1887. (Author's autograph pre- 
sentation copy to Albert Sutton, Dec. 1888. No more issued.) 

Lamb, Charles. Bon-mots of Charles Lamb and Douglas Jerrold 
edited by Walter Jerrold with grotesques by Aubrey Beardsley. 
London, J. M. Dent and company, 1893. 

Poetry of the Anti-Jacobin: comprising the celebrated political and 
satirical poems, parodies, and Jeux-d 'esprit of George Canning, etc. 
Ed. by C. Edmonds. 26. ed. London, 1854, G. Willis. 6 etch- 
ings by Jas. Gillray. 

Posthius, Johannes. Johan. Posthii Germershemii Tetrasticha in Ovidii 
Metam. Lib. xv. qvibus accesserunt Vergilij Solis figurae elegan- 
tiss. &iam primum in lucem editae. 1569. 

Smith, Albert. The 'Struggles and adventures of Christopher Tadpole 
at home and abroad, ist ed. London, Bentley, 1848. Portrait 
of author and 32 etched plates by John Leech. 

Stowe, Harriet Elizabeth (Beecher). Uncle Tom's cabin. Twenty- 
seven illustrations by George Cruikshank. First English edition. 
London, Cassell, 1852. 

PURCHASES: Varying widely in subject matter, but having a common 

uous interest as valuable acquisitions, are the following: 

Dugdale, Sir Wm. Monasticon Anglican um: a history of the Abbies 
and other Monasteries, Hospitals, Friaries and Cathedrals and Col- 
legiate Churches, with their dependencies in England and Wales, 
ed. by J. Caley, etc. 1817-30. 6 vols. in 8. 

Heyrick, Thomas. Miscellany poems. Cambridge, Printed by John 
Hayes for the author, 1691, Bound with: The submarine voyage. 
A pindarick poem in four parts. Cambridge, Printed by John Hayes 
for the author, 1691. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 



39 



Hopkinson, Francis. Science. A poem. Philadelphia, Printed by 

William Dunlap in Market Street, 1762. 
Martialis, Marcus Valerius. Ex otio Negotium. Or, Martiall his 

epigrams translated. With sundry poems and fancies, by R. 

Fletcher . . . London, Printed by T. Mabb, for William Shears and 

are to be sold at the Bible in Bedford street in Co vent-garden, 1656. 
The Benedictional of Saint ^Ethelwold, Bishop of Winchester 963- 

984, reproduced in facsimile from the manuscript in the library of 

the Duke of Devonshire at Chatsworth and edited with text and 

introduction by George Frederic Warner and Henry Austin Wilson. 

Oxford, Privately printed for members of the Roxburghe Club, 1910. 
Gerard, John. The herball, or General historic of plantes. Gathered 

by John Gerarde . . . London, J. Norton, 1597. First edition. 
Fuller, Thomas. The history of the worthies of England. London, 

1662. 

The receipts by transfer from governmental libraries in Transfers 
the District of Columbia aggregated 21,860 volumes and 
pamphlets, 38,758 periodical numbers, and 372 maps and 
charts. 

The accessions from this source included : 





Volumes 


Pam- 
phlets 


Numbers 


Maps 


The White House 


23 < 


4.O2 


I O7Q 




U. S. Senate 


I 








U. S. House of Representatives. . . 


I 








Department of State 
Bureau of Rolls 


35 
i 


4 


10 





Department of the Treasury 


48 


14 






Bureau of the Mint 


132 


28 


70 




Hygienic Laboratory 


4 


6 






Department of War: 
Army War College 


4 OQ^ 


I tea 


7Ct 




Coast Artillery School 


6 








Surgeon-General 's Office 


i 








Bureau of Insular Affairs .... 
Post Library at Fort Adams 






37 62 





Department of Justice 


28 


















Department of the Navy 
Naval War College 


54 
jir 


I 




3 2 5 
12 


64394 16 4 











Report of the Librarian of Congress 





Volumes 


Pam- 
phlets 


Numbers 


Maps 


Department of the Interior 


2 








Patent Office 


o 
18 








Bureau of Education 


208 


SA. 


COQ 


1 


Geological Survey 


y*- 1 
39 


<J^ 

378 


o^V 
3,420 


i 


Reclamation Service 


2 


4 


41 




Bureau of Mines 


288 


1-i e 


9 4.O7 


8 


Department of Agriculture 


1,271 


OJ 


O, ^r-'o 

2,668 




Weather Bureau 


III 


96 


!,507 




Department of Commerce 


I, 07,2 


I, 4O7 


c, 7:8 


4 


Bureau of Foreign and Do- 


, yo 


3 T**/ 


0? / O 




mestic Commerce 


187 


39 


2,066 




Bureau of Standards 


285 


155 


J ,757 




Bureau of Fisheries 


64 


60 


i, 050 




Department of Labor: 










Bureau of Labor Statistics. . . 


774 


780 


4,057 




Children's Bureau 


77 


78 


36 




Miscellaneous: 


/ o 


o 


o 




Smithsonian Institution 


I, 222 


2,251 






Bureau of American Eth- 










nology. . 




7 


i 




Pan American Union 


2 


O 
I 


2 




Interstate Commerce Commis- 


O 








sion 


32O 


277 


I, 996 




Civil Service Commission. . . . 


O 
27 


O / O 

14 


, W 




Federal Reserve Board 


I 




6 so 




Federal Trade Commission . 




2 


^o 
4,i58 





Panama Canal Commission . 


26 








International (Canadian) 










Boundary Commission. . . . 








4 


Commission on Industrial 










Relations 


I 



















Copyright trans 
fers 



The number of volumes of surplus copyright deposits 
transferred this year to other governmental libraries in the 
District of Columbia was 5,589, chiefly current material. 
The volumes selected by the beneficiary libraries (not 
included in any of the foregoing statistical statements 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 41 

because they had never been incorporated in the permanent 
collections of the Library of Congress) numbered as follows : 

District of Columbia Public Library i, 713 

Department of Commerce 758 

Federal Trade Commission 647 

U. S. Engineer School 535 

Hygienic Laboratory 416 

Bureau of Education 415 

Department of Agriculture 335 

Surgeon General 's Office 290 

Patent Office 153 

U. S. Soldiers' Home 144 

Bureau of Standards 92 

Bureau of Mines 58 

Commissioner of Internal Revenue 24 

Bureau of Fisheries 8 

Interstate Commerce Commission i 

DIVISION OP MANUSCRIPTS 
(From the report of the Chief, Dr. Hunt) 

During the past year the accessions in the Manuscript 
Division have kept up well with the average of recent years, 
both in volume and importance. Speaking from the stand- 
point of their value to historical science, such collections 
as the papers of Alexander Hamilton, of General Sumter, 
of William Learned Marcy, of J. C. Bancroft Davis, of S. F. B. 
Morse, and the Taggart collection of documents relating to 
the early history of the District of Columbia, the Beaure- 
gard letter books, and the 360 log-books of 61 British war 
vessels, running from 1808 to 1840, have enriched the 
Library's stores to a noteworthy extent. 

The Lincoln documents which have been placed with the 
Library overshadow in interest any gifts of similar char- 
acter which have been made in recent years. An apprecia- 
tion of the gift is expressed in the acknowledgment of the 
Librarian to the givers printed below. 

The additions to the transcripts from foreign archives 
have flowed in steadily, and, from the archives in Spain 
especially, have assumed gratifying proportions. 



42 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Through the temporary employment of an assistant, the 
arrangement of the papers in the Division has been accele- 
rated materially; indeed, in this important particular the 
Division is now in better condition than it ever has been. 
The output from the repair section and from the bindery 
has continued satisfactorily. The proportion of collections 
finally hound is increasing rapidly. 
Hamilton pa- j n the annual report for 1915 mention was made of the 

pers 

gift to the Library, by Dr. Allan McLane Hamilton, of 
Great Barrington, Massachusetts, of an interesting legal 
paper written by his grandfather, Alexander Hamilton. 
This paper proved to be the precursor of the transfer to 
the Library of all the Alexander Hamilton papers in Dr. 
Hamilton's possession that is to say, of the most important 
group of Hamilton papers not already in the government's 
possession. In 1848 the government bought the papers of 
Alexander Hamilton from his descendants, and these have 
constituted the main source of information concerning his 
career. The intimate family and personal papers and the 
papers used in his law practice were not included in the 
purchase, however, and remained in the hands of the family 
until recently. The greater part of Hamilton's life, after 
his graduation from college, was spent as a lawyer. It was 
from this, his chosen profession, that he stole the years 
which he gave to the public service. Unlike many other 
statesmen who were his contemporaries, he had no inherited 
landed estate yielding him an income independent of his 
public employment. He earned his subsistence by his 
practice at the bar, and when he left it to accept military 
or civil office his fortunes suffered. Because of his eminence 
in public affairs, his law practice included many cases of a 
public or political nature, and the law papers which develop 
the facts of the cases and the heads of his arguments have 
historical value. This is especially true of the large num- 
ber of cases in admiralty in which he was employed as 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 43 

counsel. The Hamilton papers of a personal character re-la 1 1- 
to his efforts to establish a country estate, his building 
operations, and his family relations. Among the papers 
are the decree of the French Assembly making him a citi- 
zen of France ; a group of letters to his wife ; the final power 
of attorney, which he gave to Church in preparation for the 
fatal termination of his duel with Burr, and the two letters 
he wrote to his wife, to be delivered to her if he fell. The 
Government acquired the law papers by purchase, but the 
personal papers were a gift from Dr. Hamilton. At the 
same time Dr. Hamilton sent to the Library, Alexander 
Hamilton's writing desk, with the request that it be trans- 
ferred to the National Museum, where it now is. 

The papers of General Thomas Sumter, of South Carolina, Sumter papers 
were an unexpected discovery in that State, where they 
had lain in private hands and unknown. They had been 
brought together by General Sumter's son, Thomas Sum- 
ter, jr., minister of the United States to Portugal, and were 
acquired from Mrs. Mary Heriot Brounfield, of Summerville, 
South Carolina. They are both official and personal in 
character. The official papers date from October 6, 1780, 
with Governor John Rutledge's letter, transmitting Sumter's 
commission as brigadier general of South Carolina forces. 
Rutledge's letters are numerous and important as military 
history. There is a narrative of Sumter's campaign of 1780, 
by Colonel William Hill, which Colonel Hill gave to General 
Sumter in 1815. Letters from Generals Smallwood, Greene, 
Marion, and others; several rare election addresses and 
broadsides; and newspaper notices of General Sumter's 
death, June i, 1832, complete the collection. 

The papers of William Learned Marcy were deposited Marcy papers 
with the Library, without relinquishment of title, by his 
descendants, Mrs. Charles S. Sperry and her son, Charles S. 
Sperry. Professor Max Farrand, of Yale, acted as the in- 
termediary in the Library's behalf. Mr. Marcy held many 



44 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

public offices, from the local office of recorder of Troy, New 
York, to the national office of Secretary of State. He saw 
military sendee in the War of 1812 and later was Secretary 
of War. He was Judge of the Supreme court of New York 
and a Senator of the United States. He impressed himself 
upon every position which he held. The papers date from 
1806 to 1857, and, as they came to the Library, comprised 
58 portfolios and 4 bound volumes. Included is Mr. Marcy's 
commonplace book. It begins in 1808, when he was a 
senior at Brown University. Marcy's diary from 1831 to 
1857 is among the papers, which end with statements con- 
cerning the manner of his death. Drafts of letters and 
instructions during the Mexican War, many letters dealing 
with New York politics, newspaper clippings relating to his 
candidacy for the presidential nomination, drafts of diplo- 
matic instructions in the Koszta case, and of Presidents' 
messages which he wrote are a few of the more important 
papers in the collection. 
Bancroft Davis j o h n Chandler Bancroft Davis was the son of John Davis, 

Papers 

a Representative in Congress from Massachusetts (1824- 
1834); Governor in 1834; Senator (1835-1841); Governor 
again in 1841; and again Senator, from 1845 to 1853. 
Early in his manhood Bancroft Davis was Secretary of Lega- 
tion at London, and acted for a time as Charge d'affaires. 
He was Assistant Secretary of State when Hamilton Fish 
was Secretary of State and resigned in 1871 to act as agent 
of the United States before the Geneva Tribunal of Arbi- 
tration under the Treaty of Washington. He was Assistant 
Secretary again in 1873 and in 1881. He was American 
Minister at Berlin, Judge of the United States Court of 
Claims, and Reporter of the Supreme Court of the United 
States. He prepared the case of this government before 
the Geneva Tribunal; he was the active continuous force 
for this government's interests in the arbitration. After its 
termination he turned over the official papers to the State 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 45 

department, but he kept the semi-official and personal 
papers. They consist of four volumes of letters received, 
four volumes of the journal, three press copy letter books 
of letters sent, and four volumes of the Record. The cor- 
respondence is with Lord Tenterden, the British agent; 
Secretary Fish; the American ministers at London, Adams 
and Schenck; the Minister at Paris, Washburne, and at Ber- 
lin, George Bancroft, who was Bancroft Davis's uncle, and 
many others. The character of the volumes labeled "Rec- 
ord" is indicated by the first entry: 

December 13, 1871. "I resigned my office as -Assist- 
ant Secretary of State and left the Department. On 
the morning of the i4th I left Washington for Geneva 
to attend the Tribunal of Arbitration as Agent of the 
United States. On the i5th I took passage for Mrs. 
Davis and myself in the French steamer Washington.' 1 

Mrs. Bancroft Davis accompanied her husband on his 
mission, and its history includes a tribute to her intelligent 
management of the social life of the Tribunal. But, in addi- 
tion, she collaborated with her husband in making the valu- 
able collection and record which have preserved the history 
of the most noteworthy international arbitration of modern 
times. The transfer of these papers to the government's 
possession is due to Mrs. Davis's appreciation of the useful 
purpose they will serve in being made accessible to scholars 
in the science of which her husband was recognized as a 
master. 

The papers of Samuel Finley Breese Morse are a gift to Morse papers 
the Government from his son, Edward Lind Morse, and 
were used by him in his recent work: "Samuel F. B. Morse; 
His letters and journals," Boston and New York, 1914. Of 
course, only a part of the papers appear in Mr. Morse's 
book. The complete record of the career of the artist and 
inventor is in the collected papers, which are now deposited 
in this Division. 



46 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Tanart papers ffa papers which Hugh T. Taggart collected are the accu- 
mulations of a member of the bar of Washington, and an 
Assistant United States Attorney, whose greatest interest 
was in the history of the cities of Georgetown and Washing- 
ton, upon which he became an authority. The papers which 
he left, and which the Library has obtained from his estate, 
include Minutes of the Proceedings of the Commissioners in 
Georgetown, 1751-1789; Minutes of the Levy Court, 1835- 
1847; the letter-book of Daniel Carroll of Duddington, 1787- 
1799, and miscellaneous papers of Carroll; besides L'Enfant 
notes, and interesting correspondence of Taggart himself. 
p a - Several years ago the papers of General Pierre Gustave 



Toutant Beauregard were offered to the government by a 
dealer, who had obtained them, presumably, from General 
Beauregard 's descendants. The original papers, however, 
seemed to the holder to have such a high value in the auto- 
graph market that they could not be brought within the 
range of the very moderate sums which the government 
pays when it buys collections of papers. A part of the col- 
lection, however, comprised 51 volumes of General Beaure- 
gard's letter books, dispatch books, private letter books, 
and note books; and the holder of the papers consenting to 
separate these from the rest of the collection, the Library 
was able to acquire them. From the historical standpoint, 
they are the cream of the collection. They begin in 1844 
and come down to 1883. They embrace the whole period 
of General Beauregard's service in the Mexican war; his 
letter books from March 18, 1861 ; general orders and special 
orders from 1861 ; his miscellaneous letters from January 23, 
1 86 1, to April 27, 1865; recorded telegrams and indorse- 
ments; private letter books; rough pencil notes made for 
his Reminiscences; and scrapbooks of newspaper clippings. 
In the report for 1915 was noted the acquisition of the 
papers of Colonel and Judge Alfred Roman, of Louisiana, 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 47 

the friend and biographer of General Beauregard. It com- 
prised many important letters from General Beauregard 
concerning his military career, and forms a supplement to 
the letter books more recently acquired. 

The following correspondence, relative to the Lincoln auto- Lincoln 

graphs 

graphic documents, is given entire, without apology, for it 
must be of interest to everyone : 

2346 MASSACHUSETTS AVENUE 

Washington, D. C. 

April nth, igi6 
To the LIBRARIAN OF CONGRESS 

DEAR MR. PUTNAM : I have the pleasure of delivering 
into your custody this day the following documents in 
the handwriting of Abraham Lincoln two copies of the 
address delivered at Gettysburg, Pa., on Nov. i9th, 
1863, and the Second Inaugural Address. 

These manuscripts were owned by President Lin- 
coln's Secretary, John Hay, and are presented to the 
Government of the United States by his children, Helen 
Hay Whitney, Alice Hay Wadsworth and myself. 
Yours very sincerely 

/s/ CLARENCE L. HAY 

The Library received the following from Miss Helen 
Nicolay, the daughter of John G. Nicolay, the co-author, 
with John Hay, of the Life of Abraham Lincoln: 

THE WOODWARD 
Washington, D. C. 

April n, 1016 
Mr. HERBERT PUTNAM 

Librarian of Congress 

DEAR MR. PUTNAM: It gives me great pleasure to 
add this very characteristic Lincoln MS. the Memo- 
randum of August 23, 1864 to the treasures of the 
Manuscripts Division of the Library of Congress. 
Yours sincerely 

/s/ HELEN NICOLAY 



4& Report of the Librarian of Congress 

To these letters the following replies were sent : 

APRIL n, 1916 

DEAR MR. HAY: You have handed to me this morn- 
ing, with your note stating that you do so in behalf of 
your sisters, Mrs. Whitney and Mrs. Wadsworth, as 
well as yourself, the original draft of Abraham Lincoln's 
second inaugural address, and the two drafts, by him, 
of his address at Gettysburg. Together with the memo- 
randum (as to the improbability of his reelection) 
coincidently presented by Miss Nicolay, they are, I 
think, the most precious individual documents that have 
been entrusted to me during the seventeen years that I 
have been in charge of the Library priceless relics of 
one of the noblest figures of history and I can not 
refrain from coupling the formal acknowledgment, 
which I enclose, with a warm appreciation of the patri- 
otic action of yourself and your sisters, in making the 
Government the permanent custodian of them. 

We shall value them the more because of their asso- 
ciation with your father, in whose possession they 
remained so long treasured. 

I beg that you will communicate this appreciation to 
your sisters, with my wish that it were more adequate 
to the occasion. 

Very sincerely yours 

/s/ HERBERT PUTNAM 

Librarian 
CLARENCE L. HAY, Esq. 

2346 Massachusetts A venue 

Washington, D. C. 

APRIL n, 1916 

DEAR Miss NICOLAY: Your presentation to the 
Library, this morning, of the memorandum by President 
Lincoln, mentioned in the enclosed formal acknowledg- 
ment, coincidently with the presentation by Mr. Hay 
and his sisters of the two drafts of the Gettysburg 
address and of the original draft of the second inaugural, 
grouped into one occasion what I have expressed to 
Mr. Hay as the most precious individual documents 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 4^ 

that have been entrusted to me since I took office 
seventeen years ago. An event such as this adds to 
the office a relish upon which I need scarcely expatiate ; 
and I could not refrain from adding to the formal 
acknowledgment this more personal word of appre- 
ciation. 

# * * ' * * 

Cordially yours 

/s/ HERBERT PUTNAM 

Librarian 
Miss HELEN NICOLAY 

The Woodward 

The documents thus generously presented to the Govern- 
ment are: the two drafts of the Gettysburg Address, which 
Mr. Lincoln prepared shortly before he delivered it ; the draft 
of the second inaugural address; and the memorandum 
which he prepared, August 23, 1864, in which he stated that 
it seemed probable that he would lose the coming election, 
in which event he would cooperate with the President-elect 
to save the Union. This memorandum he sealed at the 
time, and each member of the Cabinet, at his request, 
indorsed it, without knowing what it contained. After the 
election the seal was broken, and the memorandum read to 
the Cabinet. 

Soon after these documents were given to the Library, 
another Lincoln manuscript the last words written by 
him was sent to the Library, as a deposit, by Mr. Josiah 
Hedden, of Spring Lake Beach, New Jersey, whose letter 

follows : 

26TH APRIL, 1916 
GAILLARD HUNT, Esqre 
Chief of Manuscripts 

Library oj Congress, Washington, D. C. 
DEAR SIR: The writer, a grandson of the late George 
Ashmun, of Springfield, Massachusetts, is the holder of 
the last writing and autograph of President Abraham 
Lincoln, and deeming the Library of Congress the most 
fit place for safe guarding and at the same time exhibit- 



50 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

ing it for the benefit of the public and those interested 
in such an historic record, I, as representing the grand- 
children of Mr. Ashmun, am desirous of loaning the 
autograph to your Library if you are willing to accept 
it. The facts as to how Mr. Ashmun came into posses- 
sion of the card are authentic, and are briefly stated in 
the enclosed newspaper article, which also shows a 
photograph of the original, the manner in which It is 
mounted and preserved, under glass, the frame being 
i8X" * 14", and I would state the writing, though in 
pencil, is almost as clear as on the evening it was 
written. The autograph has never been outside of our 
family, and, from its associations, we have always 
considered it a priceless relic. 

If you will advise me if your Library cares to have the 
card as above, it will afford me much pleasure to entrust 
it to your keeping, and I will forward it upon hearing 
from you. 

Very truly yours 

/s/ JOSIAH HEDDEN 

The following is an extract from the newspaper referred 
to by Mr. Hedden the Springfield (Massachusetts) Sunday 
Republican, of January 10, 1909: 

About 8 o'clock that Friday evening Mr. Ashmun 
called at the White House to see President Lincoln, and 
found him about to set out with his official party for the 
theater. Mr. Ashmun's close acquaintance with the 
President served to give him an audience even at that 
time, and when he had stated his errand Mr. Lincoln 
told him to call and see him about it at 9 o'clock the 
following morning. Mr. Ashmun assented to the ap- 
pointment, but suggested that he would have difficulty 
in gaining admittance to the President at that hour in 
the morning unless he was equipped with a special note 
of admittance. Thereupon Mr. Lincoln wrote the fol- 
lowing note, which he gave to Mr. Ashmun, and then 
started out for the theater: 

Allow Mr. Ashmun & friend to come in at 
9 a. m. to-morrow. 

A. LINCOLN. 

April 14, 1865. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 51 

Within two hours from the time the card of admission 
was written for Ashmun the derringer bullet from the 
assassin's pistol had plunged through the brain of the 
illustrious writer. 

The transcripts from British sources continue to come in Transcri 
steadily. They are from the Public Record Office (Colonial chives 
Office, Audit Office, War Office, State papers Domestic, 
and Home Office series); the British Museum, Additional 
Manuscripts (Newcastle papers) ; Fulham Palace manu- 
scripts and Lambeth Palace manuscripts. They date from 
1577 to 1783, the greater number being for the period of 
the middle of the eighteenth century. The most ancient 
documents copied in Lambeth Palace are in 1595, and relate 
to voyages and discoveries. The Lambeth Palace tran- 
scripts include an account of Porto Rico. 

The French archives received in the past year number 
some 7,000 pages, from the Archives Nationales, Colonies, 
being correspondence between the home office and colonial 
officials in Louisiana chiefly with Bienville from 1731 to 



The Spanish transcripts are all from the Archives of the 
Indies at Seville. They number about 10,000 pages, and 
pertain to the early history of the southwest. It is probable 
that the work of copying for this part of our colonial history 
will be completed during the next year, and that a considera- 
ble beginning will have been made in transcribing documents 
pertaining to the discovery, the revolution, and the admin- 
istration of other Spanish colonies which are now a part of 
the United States. The wealth of material in the Spanish 
archives forbids any prognostication of the extent of pages 
which will be covered before the work is finished, or the time 
which it will occupy. 

The various collections in the Manuscript Division were Manuscripts 

consulted 

used over 700 times during the fiscal year 1915-16. 

The miscellaneous personal papers of statesmen, soldiers: 
John Jordan Crittenden, William L. Marcy, John McLean, 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 






William Plumer, George B. McClellan, William T. Sherman, 
the Breckinridge papers, and others were used 245 times. 
Other collections were used as follows : 

Times 

Papers of the Continental Congress .............................. 68 

Washington ................................................... 59 

Jefferson ...................................................... 47 

Van Buren .................................................... 26 

Polk .......................................................... 22 

Jackson ........................................................ 16 

Madison .................................................. .... 12 

Hamilton ................................ ............... ...... 9 

John Paul Jones ...................... ..................... ... 8 

United States Navy ............................................ 10 

Economic material ............................................. 16 

Colonial material .............................................. 8 

Virginia .................................... -. .................. 25 

(And papers of other states from one to half a dozen times.) 

House of Representatives collection ............................. 12 

Journals and Diaries ............................................ 10 

British transcripts ............................................. 39 

French transcripts ............................................. 12 

Stevens' Index and Facsimiles .................................. 12 

Broadsides ..................................................... 23 

Various miscellaneous collections ............................... 23 

DIVISION OP DOCUMENTS 
(From the report of the Chief, Dr. Harris) 

During the fiscal year ending June 30, 1916, the acces- 
sions to the Library through the Division of Documents 
were as follows: 



How acquired 



Received by virtue of law 

Gifts of the Government of the 
United States in all its branches . 

Gifts of State governments 

Gifts of local governments 

Gifts of foreign Governments (inter- 
national exchange) 

Gifts of corporations and associations 

By transfer 

Total recorded. .. 



Volumes Pamphlets 



1, 880 

1,467 

2, 520 
1,673 

7,834 
2 5 6 

3,94 



534 



3,026 

2,749 
7 } 95 
i, 900 

7,016 

781 

3,693 



26, 260 



Total 



4,906 

4,216 
9,6l5 

3,573 

14, 850 
*,<>37 
7,597 



45, 794 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 



53 



How acquired 


Volumes 


Pamphlets 


Total 


By purchase, exchange, deposit, and 








transfer (counted in Order Divi- 








sion) 


2, 44.2 


9, 187 


5, 629 


By binding periodicals 


i, 700 




1,700 


Total handled 


23,676 


29,447 


53. I2 3 



In addition to the above, 961 maps and charts have been 
received by official donation. 

The total number of volumes and pamphlets handled 
during the year was 53,123, as compared with 46,043 in 
1914-15 and 42,064 in 1913-14. There has been the usual 
variation in the number of items received from different 
sources; the increase in the current year was due to special 
receipts from want lists sent to countries with which the 
United States maintains international exchange relations, 
especially South American. 

During the year special want lists were sent to the fol- 
lowing countries: Barbados, Belgium, Canada, China, Colom- 
bia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Egypt, Federated Malay states, 
France, Great Britain, Italy, New Brunswick, Newfound- 
land, New South Wales, Northwest Territory, Peru, Prince 
Edward Island, Prussia, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Western 
Pacific Islands. In addition, special want lists to complete 
the files of official gazettes and legislative journals were sent 
to: Amsterdam, Bermuda, British East Africa, British North 
Borneo, Cyprus, Dublin, Falkland Islands, Federated Malay 
States, Fiji, Gambia, Gibraltar, Gold Coast colony, Haiti, 
Hong Kong, Labuan, Leeward Islands, Mauritius, Nether- 
lands, Nederlandsch-Indie, Nigeria, Nyasaland Protecto- 
rate, Papua, Sarawak, Seychelles, Shanghai, Sierra Leone, 
Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Uganda protectorate, Weihai 
wei, Windward Islands, and Zanzibar. 



54 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

DOCUMENTS: j n addition to the regular consignments from the 92 

countries on the international exchange list, the following 
shipments of documents were received in response to special 
requests: Alberta, 16 volumes and pamphlets; Argentina, 
190 volumes and pamphlets; Bahamas, 20 volumes and 
pamphlets; Barbados, 6 volumes; Bermuda, 17 volumes; 
Bolivia, 198 volumes and pamphlets; Brazil, 133 volumes 
and pamphlets; British Columbia, 10 volumes and pam- 
phlets; British Guiana, 42 volumes; Cape of Good Hope, 129 
volumes and pamphlets; Chile, 584 volumes and pamphlets, 
and 64 maps; China, 162 volumes and pamphlets; Colom- 
bia, 130 volumes and pamphlets; Costa Rica, 365 volumes 
and pamphlets; Cuba, 196 volumes and pamphlets; Ecua- 
dor, 148 volumes and pamphlets; Fiji, 54 volumes and pam- 
phlets; France, 395 volumes and pamphlets; Italy, 42 vol- 
umes and pamphlets; India and Provinces, 2,266 volumes 
and pamphlets; Jamaica, 28 volumes and pamphlets; 
Japan, 196 volumes and pamphlets; Mexico, n volumes; 
Netherlands, 24 volumes; New South Wales, 761 volumes 
and pamphlets; Orange River Colony, 6 volumes; Panama, 
300 volumes and pamphlets; Peru, 456 volumes and pam- 
phlets; Portugal, 429 volumes and pamphlets; Quebec, 64 
volumes; Queensland, 157 volumes and pamphlets; Rhode- 
sia, 59 volumes and pamphlets; Russia, 835 volumes and 
pamphlets, and 6 maps; Scotland, 63 volumes; South 
Australia, 58 volumes and pamphlets; Spain, 293 volumes 
and pamphlets; Sudan, 14 volumes and pamphlets; Tasma- 
nia, 15 volumes; Transvaal, 37 volumes and pamphlets; 
Trinidad, 65 volumes; Union of South Africa, 77 volumes 
and pamphlets; Venezuela, 294 volumes and pamphlets; 
Victoria, 3 volumes; Weihaiwei, 12 pamphlets; and Western 
Pacific Islands, 36 pamphlets^ 

Latin-American The special feature of the activities of the Division during 
the year was an effort to complete the files of official pub- 
lications of the Latin American countries. The visit of 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 55 

Dr. E. M. Borchard to these countries offered an oppor- 
tunity to call the attention of their governments to the 
needs of the Library in this field and the results of Dr. 
Borchard's efforts were highly gratifying. The Library's 
collection of Latin American documents may now be con- 
sidered one of its important features. Among the valuable 
items secured may be mentioned the series of volumes 
containing the proceedings of the arbitration of a number 
of boundary disputes, early issues of legislative journals 
(especially those for Argentina), early volumes of official 
gazettes (particularly the Venezuela Gazette 1827 to 1869), 
long files of annual reports of ministries and a large number 
of special monographs. It is hoped that the cordial rela- 
tions established with the various South American govern- 
ment offices will also lead to larger receipts in the future. 

The number of countries on the international exchange list 
was reduced from 92 to 91, at the request of one of the gov- 
ernments which found itself, for special reasons, unable to 
provide the facilities needed for the United States publica- 
tions. Negotiations are now under way to establish a 
new exchange. 

The receipts of official publications of the states of the 
United States were about the same as for the last few years. 
The extent of the receipts since the creation of the Division 
of Documents is as follows: 



IQO2 7 


I, ego 


19101 I 


7 767 




I O2 3 


191 I 12 




IQQ4. C 




IQI2 17. . 


. . o, 481; 




? 884. 




O, 28"? 


10067 


-J, 24? 




. o, 6^4 


IQO7 8 


4 128 


101=; 16. . 


. o, 6i<c 


1008 o. . 


. 3. X4. 







The success of the Library in securing these publications 
is, of course, due to the publication of the Monthly List of 
State Publications compiled in this Division. As most of 
the state legislatures meet in the odd-numbered years, the 

64394 16 5 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 



LAW LIBRARY: 

Accessions 



point has apparently been reached when the number of 
publications received is affected by the convening of the 
legislative bodies. 

During the year 7,433 volumes were sent to the bindery. 

The number of duplicates eliminated and turned over to 
the Order Division for exchange with other libraries was 
18,417 (7,401 volumes and 11,016 pamphlets). 

LAW LIBRARY 

(From the report of the Law Librarian, Dr. Borchard) 
The accessions during the year were as follows: 



How acquired 


1914-15 


1915-16 


Main 
Library 


Conference 
Library 


Main 
Library 


Conference 
Library 


By copyright 


1,274 





I,8 9 I 





By gift and transfer 


77 2 


II 9 


*73 


*ss 


By purchase 

Total 
Total accessions 


I, 617 


555 


2,709 


383 


3,663 

4,: 

1 68, 


674 

537 
719 


6,303 

6,i 

175, 


538 
*4I 
560 


Total contents of Law Library .... 



The most noteworthy accessions have been: 

ARGENTINA. Jurisprudencia civil. Fallos y disposiciones de la 
excma. Camara de apelaciones de la capital. Buenos Aires, 1882- 
1914. 204 vols. Corrientes. Autos y sentencias del S. Tribunal de 
justicia de la excma. C. de apelaciones ... Corrientes, 1901-1906. 
14 vol. La Plata. Fallos de la Camara federal de apelacion de La 
Plata. Buenos Aires, 1902-1909. (1902-1906.) 16 vols. 

BOLIVIA. Coleccion oficial de leyes, decretos, ordenes, resoluciones 
... La Paz, 1834-1865. (1825-1863.) 23 vols. El anuario. Pu- 
blicado por Felix Reyes Ortiz ... La Paz, 1855-1914. (1855-1913.) 
43 vols. 

FRANCE. Journal des tribunaux de commerce ... Paris, 1852-1915. 
67 vols. 

PERU. Leyes y resoluciones ... Por Ricardo Aranda (and others). 
Lima, 1870-1906. (1868-1905.) 17 vols. Quiros and Nieto. Colec- 
cion de leyes, decretos y ordenes. Lima, 1831-1853. (1821-1851.) 
12 vols. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 57 

SPAIN. Coleccion legislativa ... (to complete sets). 1860-1897. 4 1 
vols. 

PERIODICALS. " El derecho, ' ' Revista de legislacion y jurisprudencia. 
Lima, 1885-1909. (1885-1909.) 14 vols. Revista de direito civil, 
commercial e criminal ... Dirigida pelo Dr. Antonio Bento de 
Faria ... Rio de Janeiro, 1906-1915. 37 vols. Revista forense. 
Doutrina, legislacao e jurisprudencia ... Bello Horizonte, 1904- 
1914. 21 vols. 

Special accessions by gift : 

COSTA RICA. Coleccion de las leyes, decretos y ordenes ... 1851- 
1913 (to complete sets). San Jose, 185 1-[ 19 14]. (Partly purchased). 
24 vols. Boletin judicial. Organo del Departamento de justicia de 
la Republica. San Jose, 1897-1910. 23 vols. Sentencias de la 
corte de casacion . . . San Jose, 1906-1915. (1906-1915.) 19 vols. 

CUBA. Coleccion legislativa. Habana, 1911-1915. (1905-1912.) 
vols. 14-37. 2 4 vols. Jurisprudencia del Tribunal supremo. Ha- 
bana, 1908-1915. (1899-1907.) 34 vols. 

PANAMA (State). Leyes espedidas por la Asamblea lejislativa del 
Estado de Panama. Panama, 1848-1903. (1848-1903.) (Title 
varies.) 17 vols. 

RUSSIA. Svod zakonov Rossiisko? Imperii (with supplements). Pet- 
rograd, 1908-1915. 31 vols. 

The plan of acquiring one copy of all session laws prior Slate Cession 

laws and reports 

to 1800, two copies from 1800 to 1839, and three copies 
from 1840 to date has been carried forward substantially 
during the year. The publication of our want list and dupli- 
cate list has contributed greatly to filling our needs, so that 
at the present moment our collections are nearly complete. 
Our aim to complete three sets of the law reports of the 
different states is also approaching fulfillment. 

The lack of adequate shelf room at the Law Library to Rearrangement 



accommodate the continual increase in the publication ofxjw ' 
legal literature of all classes has again necessitated the re- 
moval of many books from the Law Library to the collec- 
tions in the main building. Steel shelving would add 
greatly to our accommodations for books, aside from other 
advantages to be obtained from such shelving. Its need is 
becoming more evident from year to year. 

Nearly the entire collection of American and English Recataioguing 
treatises has now been recatalogued, good progress in the E^faUaw 



58 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

work having been made. On the new printed cards the 
subject headings adopted by the Library have been added, 
and, as an increasing number of law libraries is subscribing 
for our cards or using our scheme of subject headings, 
printed in 1911, our work is aiding materially in bringing 
about standardization among law-library catalogues. Dur- 
ing the coming year the effort will be made to proceed with 
the cataloguing of other parts of the collection. 

Owing to insufficiency of personnel it was found impossible 
during the year to resume the important work of cataloguing 
the colonial statutes which was begun by Mr. White and 
carried out for Connecticut and Massachusetts. By coop- 
eration with the Catalogue Division it may be found possible 
during the coming year to resume this work. 

Supreme Court Much progress has been made in the binding of the United 
States Supreme Court records and briefs into volumes follow- 
ing the order in which the decisions are printed in the United 
States reports. This has necessitated rebinding the Car- 
penter collection, in which desired briefs and records are now 
to be found only with difficulty. A large part of the work 
still remains to be done; it will be continued until completed. 

Foreign law While steady progress has been made in completing the 
session laws, codes, law reports, compilations and treatises of 
the countries of Europe and their colonies, the most note- 
worthy feature of the year has been the important additions 
which have been made to our collections of Latin American 
law. By a joint arrangement between the Department of 
Commerce and the Library of Congress, the Law Librarian 
was enabled to make a trip of five months through the 
countries of Latin America, in the course of which Argentina, 
Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Panama, 
Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela were visited. In each country 
the legal literature was considered with local lawyers and 
scholars and the most desirable material purchased or received 
as gifts. Large collections of legal material and official docu- 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 59 

ments were obtained by gift through the courtesy of various 
national librarians and the heads of different government 
departments. By reason of these accessions we possess 
substantially complete sets of the session laws, law reports, 
codes, important commentaries and treatises of the countries 
visited except for state and provincial material in Argen- 
tina, Brazil, and Venezuela and by aid of correspondence 
and the assistance of local lawyers in the other countries of 
Latin America our collections for these countries are rapidly 
being augmented. It seems appropriate that occasion be 
here taken to acknowledge the helpful service in the com- 
pletion of the collections of the following gentlemen : 

Argentina: Dr. Jose Leon Suarez, professor at the law 
school of Buenos Aires, publicist, and jurist; Sefior Felix A. 
Carrie, the Librarian of Congress; Dr. O. Staub, of the Inter- 
national exchange office; Dr. Honorio Pueyrredon, Dr. 
Estanislao Zeballos, and Dr. Luis M. Drago, jurists, and 
publicists. 

Bolivia: Sefior Agustin de Rada, Secretary of the Cham- 
ber of deputies; Manuel Ordonez Lopez, Secretary of the 
Senate; Hon. Perry Belden, Charge d'affaires of the United 
States; Dr. Bautista Saavedra, attorney at law; Dr. Manuel 
Vicente Ballivian, Chief of the Bureau of statistics and inter- 
national exchange; Dr. Alberto Cortadellas, Under-Secretary 
of foreign affairs. 

Brazil: Dr. Manoel Cicero Peregrino da Silva, Director of 
the National library; Dr. Rodrigo Octavio, professor, publi- 
cist, and jurist; and Senator Ruy Barbosa. 

Chile: Sefior Carlos Silva Cruz, Director of the National 
library; Dr. Julio Philippi, professor and attorney at law; 
Dr. Enrique Fostor, Judge of the Supreme court ; Dr. Moists 
Vargas, Under-Secretary of public works; Dr. Alejandro Al- 
varez, Counselor of the foreign office; Dr. Castro Ruiz, 
Under-Secretary of foreign affairs; and Sefior Manuel Fos- 
ter, attorney at law. 



60 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Colombia: Dr. Jose Vicente Concha, President of Colom- 
bia; Dr. Arturo Quijano, jurist; and Hon. Thaddeus Thomp- 
son, United States minister. 

Costa Rica: Dr. Luis Anderson, statesman, diplomat, and 
jurist; Dr. Leonidas Pacheco, Speaker of the House and 
attorney at law; Sefior Julio Acosta, Minister of foreign 
affairs; Sefior Carlos Pacheco, Chief of the International ex- 
change office; Dr. Edward J. Hale, Minister of the United 
States; and Dr. Manuel Aragon, professor at the university. 

Cuba: Hon. William E. Gonzales, United States minister; 
Dr. Pablo Desvernine, Minister of foreign affairs; and Dr. 
Antonio S. Bustamante, professor, publicist, and jurist. 

Panama: Hon. William Jennings Price, Minister of the 
United States; Sefior Ernesto T. Lefevre, Minister of foreign 
affairs; Sefior Juan B. Sosa, Minister of the interior; and Dr. 
Harmodio Arias, publicist, and attorney at law. 

Peru: Dr. Luis Ulloa, Director of the National library; 
Dr. Manuel V. Villardn, attorney at law; Dr. Eleodoro Ro- 
mero, Dean of the Law school; Dr. Victor M. Maurtua, pub- 
licist, diplomat, and jurist; Dr. Arturo Garcia, Librarian of 
the Ministry of foreign affairs. 

Uruguay: Dr. Manuel B. Otero, Minister of foreign affairs; 
Dr. Daniel Garcia Acevedo, publicist, and attorney at law; 
Sefior Juan Daquo, Librarian of the Faculty of law; and 
Mr. Arthur Schoenfeld, Secretary of the American legation. 

Venezuela: Hon. Preston McGoodwin, Minister of the 
United States; Dr. Manuel Segundo Sanchez, Director of the 
National library; Dr. Demetrio Lossada Dias, Chief of Bu- 
reau of the Ministry of foreign affairs; Dr. Pedro Arcaya, 
Minister of the interior; Dr. Alfredo Machado-Hernandez 
and Dr. Julio Blanco Uztariz, attorneys at law; Sefior F. 
Jimenez Arraiz, Librarian of Congress; and Dr. Santiago 
Key-Ayala, Librarian of the Ministry of foreign affairs. 
Guide to foreign At the end of 1915 the " Guide to the law and legal litera- 
ture of Spain" was published. The cooperation of Harvard 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 



61 



by granting to Mr. Thomas W. Palmer, Jr., a Sheldon fellow- 
ship for the preparation of this work has been mentioned 
in the Annual reports of 1913 and 1914. 

The Harvard Law School has promised to cooperate 
further with us in the enterprise of publishing these guides 
to foreign law by assigning another Sheldon fellowship to 
a graduate student who shall devote a year to the necessary 
study for the preparation of a "Guide to the law and legal 
literature of France." The student is to be designated by 
the University in 1917. It is proposed that he spend a por- 
tion of the year in study in the Law Division of the Library 
of Congress and complete his studies in France, thereupon 
undertaking the preparation of the Guide under the direc- 
tion of the Law Librarian on the order of the Guides for 
Germany and Spain previously published. 

On the basis of the studies made in South America and 
the material acquired a "Guide to the law and legal litera- 
ture of Argentina, Brazil, and Chile" is now in course of 
preparation. It is hoped that the guide will be published 
before the end of the fiscal year. 

DIVISION OF MAPS AND CHARTS 
(From the report of the Chief, Mr. Phillips) 

The following tables, A and B, respectively show the 
number of accessions for the year and the total number of 
pieces in the Map Division: 

A Accessions, July I, 1915, to June jo, 1916 



MAPS AND 

CHARTS: 
Accessions 



Description 


Copyright 


Purchase 


Gift 


Transfer 


Exchange 


Total 


Maps 


2, 7IQ 


I, QZ-I 


I. 647 


8qi 


4. 


6,276 


Atlases 
Manuscript 


103 


83 
16 


14 


6 

22 


3 


209 
^8 


Views 


76 


47 


I 






124 
















Total 


2,898 


I, 199 


1,662 


88 1 


7 


6,647 



62 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

TABLE B Total number of pieces in Map Division, June jo, igi6 



Description 


June 30, 

1915 


Acces- 
sions, 19 1 6 


Total 


Sheet maps including pocket maps 


I-JQ 271 


6 276 


I4.tr 64.7 


Atlases 


4,608 


2OQ 


4, 8l7 


Manuscripts 
Views 


949 

1,4-28 


38 
124 


987 
I, ^62 










Total 


146, 366 


6,647 


1^, OI^ 











These tables do not include the total number of sheets 
in the Sanborn insurance collection, the British Ordnance 
survey, and the Egyptian survey, which number as follows: 



Description 


Accessions, 
1915-16 


Total 


Maps 


Sheets 


Maps 


Sheets 


Sanborn insurance maps 
Ordnance survey 
Egyptian survey 


874 


8, 141 


26, 641 


244, 520 
17,217 
22, 660 






Total 













284, 397 





Accessions Since the publication of volume 3 of "A list of geographical 

atlases," in 1914, 730 atlases, in 916 volumes, have been 
added to the collection, making a total of 4,817 complete 
atlases in 5,881 volumes. All these additions have been 
catalogued and may eventually be printed as volume 4 to the 
"List of geographical atlases." 

The following are the most important accessions: 

Aa, P. van der. Nouvel atlas. 1714. 

Arnout, J. Paris, vues et monuments [1855?] 

Atlantic Neptunes. (2 copies, i5th and i6th) 

Atlas Catalan. 1375. Facsimile by J. A. C. Buchon & J. Tastu. 

Bodenehr, G. Supplement ... zu dem atlas ctirieux [1738?] 

Boyer, A. The draughts of the most remarkable fortified towns of 

Europe. 1701. 
Braun, G. Theatre des cites du monde. 6 vols. in 2. [1564-1620] 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 63 

Brouckner, I. Der erste preussische seeatlas. 1749. Reprint. 1912. 

Burr, D. H. American atlas. 1839. 

Carey, H. C. and Lea, I. Complete historical, chronological and geo- 

graphical American atlas. 1823. 
Carey, M. American pocket atlas. 1813. 

- General atlas. 1817. 

- Picturesque views of American scenery. 1820. 
Cellarius, A. Harmonia macrocosmica. 1708. 
Chiquet, J. Nouveau atlas francois. 1719. 

Cluver, P. Introductio in universam geographicam. 1641. 

- Same. 1659. 

- Same. 1697. 

Collins, G. Great Britain's coasting pilot. 1723. 

- Same. 1744. 

Delarochette, L. S. d'A. South America. 1818. 

Eight original water color sketches in Guadeloupe. 1820. ms. 

Fay, T. S. Views of New York and environs. 1831. 

Fer, N. de. Theatre de la guerre ... aux environs du Rhein. 1705. 

Goos, P. Lighting colomne, or sea-mirrour. 1660-61.. 

Great Britain. India Office. [Indian atlas] 2 vols. 1827-1862. 

Homann heirs. Maior atlas scholastic us. 1752-1773. 

Husson, P. Variae tabulae geographicae. [1709] 

Jefferys, T. West India islands. 1795. 

Kitchin, T. General atlas. 1777- 

- Same. [1790] 

Lane, M., Cook, J., and others. Pilote de Terre Neuve. 1784. 
Laurie, R., and Whittle, J. Complete East India pilot. 1803. 

- Same. 1810. 

Loon, J. van, and Voogt, C. J. Nieuwe groote lichtende zeefackel. 



Martini, M. Novus atlas Sinensis. fr. ed. [1655] 
Mercator, G. Atlas minor. 1608. 

- Historia mundi. 1637. 

Milbert, J. G. Itineraire pittoresque du fleuve Hudson. [1828-29] 
Moll, H. Atlas minor. 1763? 

- Set of thirty-two maps of Europe. [1727?] 
Nolin, J. B. Atlas general. 1783. 

Norman, J. American pilot. 1794. 

Ottens, R. Atlas maior. [1729?] 7 vols. 

Ptolemy, C. Geographia. Nuremberg, 1514. 

Quad, M. Europae totius orbis terrarum partis praestantissimae. 

1592. 

Robert de Vaugondy, D. Atlas universel. 1757- 
Roux, J. Recueil des principaux plans des ports ... de la mer Medi- 

terranee. 1764. 
Sanson, N. Cartes generates. 1658. 

- Afrique en plusieurs cartes. 1656. 

Schenk, P., and Valck, G. Atlantis sylloge compendiosa. 1709. 



64 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Seller, J. Atlas maritimus. [1670?] 

Same. [1671?] 

Same. [1672?] 

Same. 1675. 

Simpson, W. Seat of war in the East. 2 vols. 1855-56. 

Smyth, H. [Views of the most remarkable places in the gulf of St. 

Lawrence. 1760] 
Tavernier, M. Carte d'Alemagne. 1635. 

Atlas geographique de France. 1638. 

Waghenaer, L. J. Spieghel der zeevaerdt. 1585. 
Wells, E. New sett of maps. [1738?] 

Wytfliet, C. Histoire universelle des Indes Occidentales et Orientales. 

1611. 
Zeiler, M. Topographia Helvetiae. 1654. 

Topographia electorata Brandeburgici. 1652? 

Topographia Italiae. 1688. 

Among the above, one especially to be noted is: 

Ottens, Reiner. Atlas maior cvm generates omnivm totivs 
orbis ... Amstelaedami, apud viduam ac filios loachimi Ottens [and] 
Reinervm et losvam Ottens. [no date] 

This atlas is not dated, but after a careful examination of 
each map, in volume i there is found a map of Norway 
dated 1729, which is probably the date of the compilation. 
This work which was evidently the monumental work of 
these publishers, contains a total of 907 maps. They are 
maps by the most distinguished cartographers of the various 
countries of the world, such as Blaeu, Visscher, Delisle, 
Jaillot, Nolin, Fer, Homann, Allard, and many others, 
gathered together and published in these seven volumes. 
Volume 7 contains the American material and has the Ottens 
view of the city of New York, which in itself sells as a sepa- 
rate for one-third of the amount given for the whole collec- 
tion. All these maps are colored by hand, and form a col- 
lection which is most interesting and valuable. The only 
other example of the work known is mentioned by P. A. 
Tiele in his Nederlandsche Bibliographic, as being in the Uni- 
versity Library at Amsterdam. 

Copyright maps The clippings f rom the copyright bulletin relating to maps 
and atlases now number 35,295 cards. This important work 
gives an up-to-date list of all copyrighted maps and atlases 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 65 

from 1897 to the present date. The old copyrighted maps, 
which comprise many thousands, issued previous to 1897, 
are still being overhauled, and our labors this year have been 
rewarded by finding 735 maps which had never been turned 
in to this Division. 

Letters are still being forwarded to county surveyors, County maps 
requesting information relating to county maps and atlases. 
From the information received in answer to these circulars, 
the Library of Congress has purchased 154 maps and 3 
atlases; 143 maps have been received as gifts. In all, 1,226 
answers have been made to these requests. Every effort 
has been made to add to our already rich collection of such 
material, which is being continually consulted by the various 
departments of the government. 

A number of maps both in original and' photostat copies E*fitio** 
were exhibited at the Panama-Pacific International Expo- 
sition, 1915, San Francisco, and at the Panama National 
Exposition, 1915-16, Panama. These exhibits created con- 
siderable interest. 

Only one publication has gone forth from this Division Publications 
during the past year. It is entitled ' ' Notes on the cataloging, 
care, and classification of maps and atlases, including a list 
of the publications compiled in the Division of Maps and 
Charts." This little pamphlet, which has been distributed 
generally to the various libraries throughout the country, 
has not only given information to the rapidly increasing 
interest in map classification, but has also supplied in a con- 
venient form an answer to the numerous correspondents 
requesting such information. 

Two papers are now ready to go to press, which, although Cali f ornia list 
containing local titles, are of national interest. The first is 
entitled "A descriptive list of maps of California and San 
Francisco to 1865 inclusive." While this list describes only 
the maps which carry the name of California, it incidentally 
touches on maps pertaining to the early explorations of the 



66 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

western coast. The second list "A descriptive list of maps 
Washington list and views of Washington and District of Columbia, including 
Mount Vernon," which describes all the maps and views of 
the national capital, in its manuscript form has been used by 
the government in many of its local land cases, and will be 
of greater usefulness when printed. 

European -war Efforts haVC beCI1 made tO add tO the Collection the best 

maps 

maps relating to the present European war. While the 
various departments of the government have made extensive 
use of the material, our requests for these maps from readers 
have been few. This is probably due to the excellent maps 
published in the daily papers, and to the wide selection 
exhibited in the Periodical Division. 
MAPS: The following is a list of the noteworthy map accessions 

Noteworthy ac- 

cesshms added to our collection, mostly by purchase, during the 

past year: 

Map of Yazoo co., South Carolina. 1791. By A. Moultrie. ms. 
Map on parchment covering Hudson river to Fort Kdwards. Drawn 

by William Harper, ms. 

Ms. map made by general P G. T. Beauregard, relating to Mexico. 
Baltimore harbor. 1816? By J. Johnson, ms. 
San Francisco, California. 1849. By W. M. Eddy. ms. 
Nine ms. views of Washington, D. C. 
Large colored map ot New Orleans, ms. 
View of New Orleans, 1852. Pub. by D. W. Moody. Drawn by J. W. 

Hill and Smith. 
View of Fort Monroe, Old Point Comfort and Hygeia hotel. 1861. 

By E. Sachse. 
Views of the Hudson river. Published by Henry I. Megarey. (20 

views) ca.i825- 
Plan oi Charlestown, S. C. 1704. Edw d . Crisp. 

1671. Jos. Samson. 

1790? J. Lodge, sculp. Jos. Samson, scribe. 
Charlestown with its entrenchments and those made during the siege 

by the English. 1780. 
Mapp of ye improved part of Pensilvania in America. 1681. By 

Tho: Holme. 
Correct map of Connecticut. Engraved by Amos Doolittle for dr. 

Trumbull's history. of Connecticut. 1797. 
Maiorca Minorca Regno di Napoli Constantinople and vicinity 

Rheinstrom. To complete Lafrery's atlas. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 67 

New York and New Jersey with part of Pennsylvania drawn by major 

Holland, engraved by Hen. Contgen. Frankfort, H. L. Broenner, 

1777. 

Carte d'Amerique. 1776. By A. Clouet. 
General map of the British Colonies in America. 1755. By Lewis 

Evans. 

Map of the state of Virginia. 1864. Pub. by West and Johnston. 
Map of the military division of the West. 1864. (General P. G. T. 

Beauregard, commander) 

Lloyd's official map of the state of Tennessee. 1862. By J. T. Lloyd. 
Map of eastern Virginia, compiled from the best authorities and printed 

at the Coast Survey Office. 1862. 
Map of the Confederate lines from Fort Gregg to Mrs. Price's. Made 

under the direction of brig. -gen. W. H. Stevens. 
Map of the United States. 1834. By Amos Lay. 
Sketch of the positions of the British and American forces during the 

operations against New Orleans. 1815. By John Peddie. 
Map of the state of Louisiana. 1838. By Catesby Graham. 
Map of the United States. 1820. By John Melish. 
Map of the United States. 1829. By James Whitelan. 
Map of New York, Pennsylvania and New Jersey. 1830. By E. 

Hutchinson. 
Map of Massachusetts, Connecticut and Rhode Island. 1829. By E. 

Ruggles. 

Collection of 30 maps (incl. 22 ms.) relating to Mexico. 
Territory of Orleans. 1805. By B. Lafon. 
Map of the Morris purchase of Western Geneseo ... exhibiting the 

several tracts of land purchased by the Holland land company, 1804. 
Large ms. map of the Northwest territory. 1851. By "T. De Smet. 

Soc. jes." 

A number of maps which are of great interest to this Noteworthy re- 
Division are found in other libraries, and efforts have been 
made to secure photographic copies of them. A list of such 
additions is given below: 

Fleuve St. Louis ci-devant Mississippi releve ... par le sieur Diron 1'an 
1719, depuis la Nouvelle-Orleans ... jusqu'au village Cahokia. Origi- 
nal in Bibliutheque nationale, Paris. 

Carte nouvelle et tres exacte d'une partie de la Louisianne et de 1'isle 
de Cuba en 1718. Original in Depart, de la marine, Paris. 

Plan de la baye de St. Joseph tir par Jean Beranger, le i er may, 1718. 
Original in Depart, de la marine, Paris. 

Carte du golfe de Mexique et des isles de Barlovento ... par Juan las 
Caiz a la Vera Cruz, 1718. Original in Depart, de la marine, Paris. 

Plan de Pensacola et des deux forts espagnols pris par 1 'escadre de 
mr. de Chamelin, le 9 de septembre, 1719. Original in D6part. de 
la marine, Paris. 



68 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Partie de la coste de la Floride ou se trouve 1 'embouchure de la riviere 

de Missisipi ... Paris, Moullart-Sanson, 1719. Original in Biblio. 

nationale, Paris. 
Carte de la cote de la Louisiane depuis 1 'embouchure du Mississippi 

jusqu'a la baye de S. Joseph, 1719-1720. Original in Depart, de la 

marine, Paris. 
Carte nouvelle de la partie de 1'ouest de la province de la Louisiane, 

sur les observations et decouvertes du sieur Benard de la Harpe, 

1720. Original in Depart, de la marine, Paris. 
Carte de la coste de la Louisiane depuis la baye de St. Louis ... jusqu'a 

celle de St. Joseph, 1719-1720, par Devin. Original in Biblio. 

nationale, Paris. 
Carte reduite des isles de I'Amerique et du golfe du Mexique ... par 

Philippe Buache, 1724. Original in Depart, de la marine, Paris. 
Map of East and West Florida ... par Charles Cloard, 1739. Original 

in Depart, de la marine, Paris. 
Plan de la ville et port St. Augustine. [1742?] Original in Depart. 

de la marine, Paris. 
East of St. Augustine, town, castle and forces before it. [1743?] 

Original in British Museum. 

Part of Florida. [1743?] Original in British Museum. 
Piano de la nueva colonia de S. Luis Potosi. [1750?] Original in 

British Museum. 
Port de Pensacola dans le golfe du Mexique. [1760] Original in 

Depart, de la marine, Paris. 
Carte des environs du fort Louis et de Pensacola. [1762 ?] Original in 

Depart, de la marine, Paris. 
Plan de la partie de la province de la Louisiane ... [1762?] Original 

in Depart, de la marine, Paris. 
Piano geografico ... de la America Septentrional espanola por don 

Joseph Antonio Alzate y Ramirez, 1775. Original in British 

Museum. 
Piano general de la mission y puebla de Arispe. Manuel Augustin 

Mascaro. 1780. Original in British Museum. 
Mapa de la frontera de Sonora ... 1780. Geronimo de la Rocha y 

Figueroa. Original in British Museum. 
Mapa geog. de la pt e de la America sep 1 ... pr d? Jose Cortes. 1799- 

Original in British Museum. 
Carte du Golfe du Mexique et des Antilles, 1696. Juan Bisente. 

Original in Depart, de la marine, Paris. 
Plan de la cote et des environs du Mississippi, 1699. Original in 

Depart, de la marine, Paris. 
Carte de la cote et des environs du fleuve Mississippi, 1699. Original 

in Depart, de la marine, Paris. 
Partie de rAmerique septentrionale ou est comprise la Nouvelle 

France ... par Jean Baptiste Louis Franquelin. 1699. Original in 

Depart, de la marine, Paris. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 69 

Carte de 1'Amerique septentrionale entre les 25 et 65 degr6s de latitude 
et ... 24 jusqu'aux 34 de longit. par Jean Baptiste Louis Franque- 
lin. 1699. Original in Depart, de la marine, Paris. 

Plan de 1'entree de la baye de Pensacola de Sainte Marie de Galue, 
habitee par les espagnoles (1699). Original in Depart, de la 
marine, Paris. 

Plan de la coste de la Floride depuis la riviere de indios iusques aux 
isles de Saint diegue. 1699. Original in Depart, de la marine, Paris. 

Carte de I'Amerique du Nord depuis les grands lacs jusqu 'au golfe du 
Mexique. [1700?] Original in Depart, de la marine, Paris. 

Pensacolay bay. Copie par D. Laisnd fils. 1705. Original in Depart, 
de la marine, Paris. 

Accurate map of the state and province of New Hampshire taken from 
actual surveys, by col. I. Blanchard and mr. S. Langdon; eng. by T. 
Jefferys, 1784. Original in Harvard university library. 

Map of the head of Chesapeake bay and Susquehanna river, with a 
plan of Havre de Grace, by C. P. Hauducoeur. 1799. Original in 
Harvard university library. 

Map of the northwest parts of the U. S. of America by John Fitch, 1785. 
Original in Massachusetts historical society, and in the possession of 
Dr. A. S. W. Rosenbach, Philadelphia. 

Map of Virginia. First ed. 1807 . By J. Madison. Original in Harvard 
university library. 

Map of Virginia and Maryland. 1673. A. Herrman. Only known 
copy in British Museum. 

Mapp of the bay of Chesepeack. 1735. By W. Hoxton. Original in 
Maryland historical society. 

Map of the United States. 1783. By A. Buell. Original in Ameri- 
can geographical society, New York. 

Carte de 1'Amerique septentrionale. 1689. By Raudin. Original in 
John Carter Brown library. 

Allen, I. Map to accompany his History of Vermont. 1789. Original 
in New York public library. 

Map of Virginia. 1751. By J. Fry and P. Jefferson. First ed. Origi- 
nal in New York public library. 

Map of Maryland. 1813. 2d ed. By D. Griffith. Original in Har- 
vard university library. 

In the Library of Parliament of Canada there are a number 
of manuscript reproductions of maps relating to the early 
history of North America, collected from the originals for 
the use of the Library by P. L. Morin; these are of such 
interest that photographic copies were requested. The re- 
productions 97 in number are now in our collection. 

We have also secured photographic reproductions of 67 
early maps and plans of which the originals are in the King 
George the Third collection, in the British Museum. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 



DIVISION OF MUSIC 
(From the report of the Chief, Mr. Sonneck) 
Accessions of the Music Division for the fiscal year ending June 30, 





Copy- 
right 


Gift 


Pur- 
chase 


Ex- 
change 


Trans- 
fer 


Other 


Total 


Music 


19. 5 10 


47 8 


1,834 


6 


I98l3 


4 


41, 645 


Literature of music. 


286 


228 


288 


2 


494 


10 


1,308 


Instruction 


790 


IS 


40 


I 


X 3 




859 


Total 


20, 586 


721 


2, l62 




2O, 320 


14 


43, 812 



















The total (41,645) includes 17,973 pieces of Reserve 
storage and 1,771 Second copies of Class C (of years 1905- 
1908) and transferred from the Copyright Office between 
October, 1915, and May, 1916, and 8,227 pieces of Reserve 
storage and 252 Second copies of Class B of the current 
issue 1915-16. 

Contents of the Music Division at the close of the fiscal year, June 30, igi6 

Music : 

The Division contained up to June 30, 1915, vol- 
umes and pieces 676, 094 

Accessions during the fiscal year numbered, vol- 
umes and pieces 41, 645 

Total on June 30, 1916 717, 739 

Literature of Music : 

The Division contained up to June 30, 1915, vol- 
umes and pamphlets 32, 540 

Accessions during the fiscal year numbered i, 308 



Total on June 30, 1916 

Instruction : 

The Division contained up to June 30, 1915, vol- 
umes and pieces 19, 174 

Accessions during the fiscal year numbered 859 



33; 



20, 033 



Total on June 30, 1916 

Grand total, volumes, pamphlets, etc 771, 620 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 71 

The Music Division now contains (estimated) 771,620 V ol- MuMC DIVIS10W: 
times, pamphlets, and pieces. (Music: 717,739; Literature 
of Music: 33,848, including librettos; Musical instruction: 
20,033, including teaching pieces, etudes, and other music 
of an instructive type.) 

For the same reasons as last year the growth of the col- Accessions 
lection by foreign copyright deposits has been far below 
normal. A detailed report on the purchases of music and 
books on music in Europe during the last year is not feasi- 
ble, since very few of the orders have reached us so far. 
But even without this material (which is considerable) the 
year has seen many a valuable addition to our collections 
by way of purchase or gift. 

Among the purchases may be mentioned a considerable 
number of libretti of such rarity as, for instance, that of 
Weber's Freischiitz, Stuttgart, 1822 (with three musical 
supplements) or the Relation du Grand Ballet du Roy, 
Paris, 1619; Arne's Masque of Alfred (ist ed. of 83 p., 1756?); 
Balbastre's Pieces de clavecin, premier livre, Paris [1759]; 
Beethoven's Abschiedsgesang an Wiens Burger, 1796 (isted.) ; 
Bishop's Twelve original English glees, London (ca. 1810); 
Marquis of Blandford's Twelve glees, London, 1798; three 
autograph compositions by Ole Bull; Caccini's L'Euridice, 
1615 (Transcript); Canales' Six quartettes, op. 3, London, 
[ca. 1775]; Couperin's Senates en pieces de clavecin, oeuvre 
II, [1713?, signed by composer]; Dumont's Cinq messes, 
1711 (5th ed.); The German Erato, Berlin, 1800 (3d ed.); 
P. C. Guglielmi's La scelta dello sposo and La serva bizarra 
(Transcripts); Johnson's The Scots Musical Museum, v. 
I-II [1787-1788]; Joh. Krieger's Anmuthige clavier-ubung, 
1699; Kusser's Arien aus der oper Erindo, Hamburg, 1695, 
and Heliconische Musenlust, Stuttgart, 1700 (Transcripts); 
Lully's Les nopces de Pele et de Thesis (Transcript) ; Mer- 
curius musicus for the harpsichord (Jan., July, Aug., 1708); 

64394 16 6 



72 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

The Opera miscellany, London, [1730?]; Pergolesi's La serva 
padrona, London, Bremner, 1777; Philidor's Le diable a 
quatre, 175-; Playford's Brief introduction, 1667; Purcell's 
Tempest, London, Longman and Broderip, [1790?]; Luigi 
Rossi's II Palazzo incantato (Transcript) ; Rutherford's Com- 
plete collection of 1 1 2 of the most celebrated minuets, Lon- 
don, [175-]; John Stafford Smith's glee In vain we fill the 
sparkling bowl (1796. Autograph); John Stanley's Collec- 
tion of twelve English songs, London, 1741; Sternhold and 
Hopkins' Whole book of Psalms, London, 1640; A supple- 
ment of new catches for the second book of the Pleasant 
Musical Companion, London, 1702; Thesaurus Musicus, 
vols. 1-2 (1744, 1746. First eds.); The Universal musician 
or Songster's delight, London, [1737?]; Autograph album 
leaf in Richard Wagner's hand of date Zurich, May 18, 20, 
22, 1853, also the full scores of his Lohengrin, Paris, Durand 
and Schoenewerk, Tannhaeuser, Paris, Durand, Le vais- 
seau fantome, Paris, Durand; Walond's Ode on St. Cecilia's 
Day, London [ca. 1759]. 

Tt is a curious coincidence that in the same year that 
purchases of European material threatened to drop below 
normal, those of early musical Americana exceeded all expec- 
tations. Until about 1 830 American music publishers made 
no consistent effort to copyright their publications. Hence, 
the Library of Congress is obliged to acquire such noncopy- 
righted music in competition with other institutions. Often 
this music is of very little value esthetically, but it illus- 
trates in every case the pioneer period of the now impressive 
American music publishing industry and is collected by us 
for this, if for no other, historical reason. Music of this 
period, whether sacred or secular, is becoming very scarce. 
It is only by cooperation with private collectors that the 
Library of Congress gradually can build up a collection 
with but few negligible gaps. This year we drew heavily 
on the private collection of Mr. Thurlow W. Parker of 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 73 

Brooklyn. From this and other sources early American 
sheet music alone from about 1790 to 1830 accrued to us 
to the number of more than five hundred items. An increase 
like this is unlikely to occur again. Together with the acqui- 
sition of an even larger number of pieces published in 
America after 1830, but not copyrighted, hence not depos- 
ited in the Library of Congress, it definitely placed our col- 
lection of such early musical Americana hors concours, as it 
should be. 

Space forbids going into details except to mention a 
few of the more important Americana, sacred and secular, 
acquired by purchase: The Athenaeum collection of hymns 
and tunes, New York, 1863; Atwill's The New York and 
Vermont collection, Albany [1804]; The Battle of the 
Wabash [and] Fort McHenry or The Star Spangled Banner 
[1814?]; G. F. Bristow's The Great Republic (complete auto- 
graph score); Josiah Flagg's Sixteen anthems, Boston, 
[1766]; French's Harmony of harmony, 1802; The Favorite 
new federal song [Hail Columbia, 1798, Carr's issue with 
American eagle instead of G. Washington's portrait]; A. 
Law's Select number of plain tunes [1775?] and Select har- 
mony, [1778?]; New Yankee Doodle, New York, J. Hewitt 
[1798. With the mounted portrait of George Washington 
after Joseph Wright]; Alex. Reinagle's Chorus sung before 
Gen. Washington, Philadelphia [1789], Collection of favorite 
songs, Philadelphia [179-?], and Twelve favorite pieces ar- 
ranged for the pianoforte, Philadelphia [180-?]; Stickney's 
Gentleman ard lady's musical companion, Newburg-Port, 
n. d.; Tansur's The American harmony or Royal melody 
complete, 1771; Terrill's Vocal harmony, Newhaven [1805]; 
Thomas Walter's Grounds and rules, Boston, Mecom [175-]; 
A. Williams' American harmony or Universal psalmodist, 
1769. 

The acquisition of Americana by gift, too, exceeded our 
expectations. Since occasional gifts, such as a copy of 



74 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

J. H. Vaill's privately printed " History of the Litchfield 
county choral union" from Mr. Carl Stoeckel, a copy of 
John Parry's British harmony [ca. 1800] from Dr. Allan 
McLane Hamilton, a copy of sundry of his noncopyrighted 
violoncello compositions from Mr. Paul Th. Miersch, a 
miscellaneous lot of nineteenth century American music, 
sundry items from Dr. Fielding H. Garrison, a valuable 
manuscript collection of airs popular in America [ca. 1800] 
from Mr. Geo. D. Mitchell, a similar collection (Daniel 
Robart's Note Book, 1800) from Mr. Arthur Tregina, a 
copy of Lowell Mason's The Choir, Boston, 1832 (first ed., 
with first appearance in print of "America") from Mr, 
Hubert P. Main, a set of volumes of Der Kirchenchor, The 
Choir Herald, The Choir Leader from the Lorenz Publishing 
Co. are duly acknowledged in each case at the time of pres- 
entation, attention may here be centered on those gifts 
that help to vitalize one of the favorite projects of this, the 
national library: to assemble under our custody the 
original manuscript scores of compositions by American 
composers. 

Occasionally the narrow local or even personal prevails 
against the larger national point of view and defeats the 
project in spots; but, as a rule and for obvious reasons, 
the American composer and American music publisher 
are beginning to prefer the national to a local library as 
the permanent custodian of manuscript scores. This year 
we record with satisfaction the promise of gifts of auto- 
graph scores by various American composers and the 
receipt of Charles Wakefield Cadman's song "From the 
land of the sky-blue water" and his Sonata for pianoforte, 
op. 58, and W. H. Humiston's "Iphigeneia before the 
sacrifice at Aulis," "A Southern fantaisie" (orch. score), 
"A song of evening from Alcestis," "Song of a young 
girl," "lo te amo," "Beauty's daughters." 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 75 

Turning to our representative music publishers, two 
gifts of extraordinary dimensions are to be reported and 
briefly described. 

In November, 1915, the John Church co. (Cincinnati, co jo ^ fl Churck 
Ohio, etc.), acting on a previous promise, transmitted to 
our custody a selection of more than 150 autograph com- 
positions, mostly illustrating the firm's long-established 
interest in American composers, as a list of the composers 
represented will show: R. Barrett, P. P. Bliss, G. Borch, 

F. L. Bristow, M. H. Brown, Dudley Buck, G. P. Centanini, 

G. Chadbourne, A. Claassen, K. V S. Clark, F. Morris Class, 
C. M. Currier, L. Dannenberg, R. De Koven, W. H. Doane, 
M. Douglas, J. Winchell Forbes, C. Edgar Ford, W. O. For- 
syth, J. Frank Frysinger, J. L. Gaynor, C. H. Grimm, 
M. Grosse, C. Hahn, F. Flaxington Harker, V. Harris, 
J. M. Jolley, A. W. Krauth, G. Lamothe, F. Langguth, 
Linger, A. MacFadyen, M. Maretzek, W. Milbank, L. 
Lockwood Moore, E. A. Mueller, H. v. Mysenburg, C. 
Nelius, E. Nevin, M. Paldi, E. A. Parsons, G. W. Persley, 
S. G. Pratt, Leroy M. Rile, R. Rochelle, H. Roemer, G. F. 
Root, A. Russell, W. A. Sabin, A. Saint Amory, H. R. 
Shelly, A. M. Shuey, A Sister of Loretto, W. G. Smith, J. 
P. Sousa, C. G. Spross, G. W. Stebbins, A. Terhune, A. 
Terschak, H. Ware, T. P. Westendorf, H. J. Zehm. 

This gift was followed in April and May, 1916, by that of Bigiow & Main 
Mr. Hubert P. Main, of the Bigiow & Main co. (New York)/ 
which has specialized for many years more or less on sacred 
American music, especially hymns. This side of American 
music was but poorly represented in our autograph collec- 
tions, and Mr. Main's generous gift is all the more appreci- 
ated for that reason. In passing, it may be mentioned that 
Mr. Hubert P. Main's famous collection of American psalm- 
ody, in which field he is one of the few recognized authori- 
ties, has been for some years in the possession of the New- 
berry Library, Chicago. 



j6 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Mr. Main's gift consisted principally of a very large num- 
ber of autograph letters, etc. (not yet sufficiently digested 
for report) of American musicians, poets, etc., and of about 
200 autograph pieces by the following : A. Abbott, S. Alman, 
P. Ambrose, R. S. Ambrose, O. R. Barrows, M. L. Bartlett, 
W. B. Bradbury, G. F. Bristow, W. U. Butcher, G. Coles, 
Ch. C. Converse, R. S. Cook, S. W. Cooper, T. Crampton, 
H. P. Danks, J. De Ricqles, W. H. Doane, C. Florio, R. G. 
Halls, J. Le Harding, E. Heginbotham, J. H. Hewitt, J. P. 
Hillis, A. J. Holden, R. Lowry, H. P. Main, S. B. Marsh, 
Lowell Mason, W. Mason, W. S. B. Mathews, W. Mingle, 
T. C. O'Kane, J. R. Osgood, H. R. Palmer, Th. E. Perkins, 
O. F. Pugh, P. Ritter, M. Ruger, F. Schilling, I. A. Sankey, 
Ch. A. Saunders, Th. F. Seward, W. F. Sherwin, D. B. 
Towner, H. Tucker, G. J. Webb, A. H. Wells, T. S. Wet- 
more, W. Whipple, I. B. Woodbury. 

Publications No publications issued from this Division except (in Oc- 
tober, 1915) the "Catalogue of first editions of Stephen C. 
Foster," mentioned in last year's report. 

My "Bibliography of first editions of MacDowell" was 
scheduled for publication in this fiscal year, but had to wait 
until after the close of the fiscal year before it could be 
transmitted to the printer. 

Except for the additional entry of scores to be acquired 
between now and publication, my "Catalogue of full scores 
of Operas, etc.," is ready for the printer. Formally, it is 
a revised and enlarged edition of the catalogue of 1 908 (now 
out of print), but actually it is a new and different work. 
The remark that it is designed as a companion work to the 
"Catalogue of Opera librettos printed before 1800" will 
suffice to indicate its character. 

In view of "the wreckage in wake of music journalism" 
in America as accumulated in the Library of Congress, it had 
been the plan for years to list with minute detail our collec- 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 77 

tion of American musical magazines, to gather further in- 
formation from publishers and editors, to fill in gaps, etc. 
Not until this fiscal year did an opportunity offer to carry 
this plan into effect; but now this descriptive list, also, is 
ready for publication. It incorporates the answers to a 
questionnaire sent to publishers and editors of musical mag- 
azines. An expression of thanks is here due to all those who 
answered the questionnaire, and not only furnished biblio- 
graphical data but single numbers, or even volumes, in an 
effort to complete our broken sets. 

Of exhibitions the Music Division had two: (i) con tin- Exhibits 
ued from last year, in the Main exhibition halls: First edi- 
tions of Stephen C. Foster (1826-1864) and specimen auto- 
graphs of Beethoven, Liszt, Rossini, Chopin, Spohr, Brahms, 
etc.; (2) in the Basement, in honor of the Shakespeare Ter- 
centenary, an exhibit of about 100 scores of "Dramatic and 
Symphonic music based on Shakespeare." It may be 
doubted that the exhibit could have been duplicated ex- 
actly either here or abroad. For this reason a certain sig- 
nificance attaches to the fact that European musical maga- 
zines took notice of the exhibit prior to our own magazines 
if the latter did so at all. 

All purchased music, regardless of class, is catalogued 
as a matter of course. Current copyrighted music is 
treated in two ways: (i) special selected classes are cata- 
logued according to the cataloguing rules of the Music 
Division; (2) for the remainder the "Catalogue of Copy- 
right Entries" issued by the Copyright Office in a form 
suitable to their needs acts as a substitute until it becomes 
feasible to add further classes catalogued according to the 
needs of the Music Division. 

Each catalogued composition is represented by a com- 
poser or compiler card, the necessary number of class, 
group, or form entries, specific title or first line cards. It 



7 8 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

will be understood that analytical entries for contents of 
collections can be indulged in but sparingly at present in 
such a vast collection as ours, a matter in which small 
libraries have a great advantage over us. 

An estimate of the number of volumes and pieces thus 
catalogued so far is impracticable. An idea of the pro- 
gress of the work may be gained from the statement that 
we now possess a practically permanent and complete type- 
written composer and class, group or form card cata- 
logue of the following: chamber music; orchestra and band 
music in score; oratorios, masses, sacred cantatas in full 
orchestra score; dramatic music (operas, incidental music, 
ballets, etc.) in full orchestra or vocal or piano score; songs 
with orchestra accompaniment; secular cantatas in or- 
chestra score; collections of secular part songs; national 
and folk-music (with the exception of some sheet music); 
hymn collections (Sunday school and Evangelical excepted) ; 
music for two or more pianos; manuscript music, whether 
transcripts or original; publications prior to 1800 of every 
description; American publications prior to 1820. 

Of course, such groups as vocal scores of oratorios and 
cantatas, secular or sacred, while not yet completed are 
very far advanced. Also, the plan of selecting certain 
composers, either because of their prominence or because 
of special interest shown in them by our readers, and 
of cataloguing all their works in our possession without 
regard to the general cataloguing project is making steady 
headway. Purchased music, to repeat, is catalogued irre- 
spective of class. Accordingly, the 75,000 items acquired 
by purchase alone during the past twelve years are duly 
represented in our catalogue. 

All music is classified and catalogued in the Music 
Division, not in the Catalogue Division. This is the 
reason why in the Librarian's previous annual reports 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 79 

no reference to such cataloguing illustrated by a yearly 
average of 25,000 catalogue cards may be discovered in 
the reports of the Chief Classifier or Chief of the Cata- 
logue Division. The latter's statistics, however, properly 
include books on music, since they are catalogued in 
the Catalogue Division, not in the Music Division. This 
catalogue of books on music is complete. We now pos- 
sess also complete catalogues or lists of opera librettos in 
the custody of the Music Division. This collection alone 
totals more than 17,000 and the entries were prepared in 
this Division. Finally, our subject list of articles in current 
musical periodicals has proved a useful tool, as well it might 
with about 40,000 cards added to it since 1902. 

The total number of cards added to our catalogue during 
the past fiscal year was 31,188, as against 28,455 in 1915. 
Of the total, 27,743 cards (of which 16,484 belong to M) 
were written in this Division and not supplied by the Cata- 
logue Division. The total includes 1,998 cards written by 
me, as usual, for our Index to articles in current musical 
periodicals; it does not include shelf -list cards. 

Principally should be noted 16,793 pieces of music pub- Classification of 
lished in America 1860-1869. They have also been filed 
and are now accessible. 

Practically all our music is now classified (hence easily 
available on the shelves) except certain minor American 
publications from 1870 to about 1897. Though the pieces 
number many thousands, the prospect of clearing them 
within a few years is fairly bright. Current music is 
classified daily. 

The total number of recorded readers (exclusive of mere PMC service 
visitors) during the fiscal year was 4,654; the total number 
of volumes, pamphlets, and pieces supplied 37,230 (M 28,508, 
MIy 5,146, MT 3,576). Last year figures: 3,316 readers; 
29,057 volumes, pamphlets, and pieces. 



80 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

PERIODICAL DIVISION 
(From the report of the Chief, Mr. Slade) 

^^ e num ^ )er f current periodicals received through the 
Periodical Division this past year was 8,154. This total 
includes second copies of periodicals taken up from the 
Copyright Office, now 1,193 i n number, and 977 journals 
received through the Smithsonian Institution. It should be 
noted, however, that only part of the serials currently re- 
ceived by the library are handled in the Periodical Divi- 
sion, much material which in other libraries is sometimes 
called "periodical" and counted as such, yearbooks, alma- 
nacs, annual reports, and similar serials, board of trade and 
official serial publications, municipal, state, federal, and 
foreign, being dealt with in other divisions. 

The whole number of periodicals received in the Periodical 
Division was 123,514. 

New titles added during the year included : Periodicals 
received by copyright, 248; by gift, 560; by subscription, 
44; through the Smithsonian Institution, 166. 

The number of newspapers received is 880, of which 776 
are American and 104 foreign. Of the American newspapers 
received 567 are published daily and 209 weekly. Of the 
foreign newspapers received 85 are daily and 19 weekly. 
Publishers of 91 newspapers send additional copies, the re- 
ceipt of which goes far to help answer all calls for them. 
Newspaper The number of newspapers retained for binding is as fol- 

binding 

lows: American, 217; foreign, 89; total, 306. 

The binding during the year was as follows : Newspapers, 
949 volumes; periodicals, 4,272 volumes. (Last year: News- 
papers, 1,517 volumes; periodicals, 4,795 volumes.) 

Funds for the binding of newspapers gave out early in 
the fiscal year, and this accounts for the small amount of 
newspaper binding done. In fact, the entire number of vol- 
umes of newspapers bound during the year was only 125 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 8 1 

volumes in excess of the arrears in binding on hand at the 
commencement of the fiscal year. The arrears were then 
824 volumes. They are now over 2,000 volumes. The diffi- 
culty in preserving these files in their present unbound 
condition is obvious. The wear while in use, the chances of 
mutilation, and the danger of loss of copies, are all greatly 
increased. Meanwhile the demand for these files is contin- 
uous. Unless relief can be found from the existing situation 
we are threatened with serious losses and gaps in our great 
newspaper collections. 

During the year 7,257 volumes of newspapers were served 
to readers (last year, 7,641 ; the year before, 7,246). Formerly 
bound volumes of newspapers were served to readers in the 
Main Reading Room. The service has now been transferred 
to the Periodical Reading Room. The results of the change 
have been highly satisfactory. 

The number of volumes of periodicals served to readers 
was 12,965 (last year, 11,628; the year before, 10,298). This 
exhibit, however, represents only the service from the chap- 
ter in the Library classification which contains general peri- 
odical material, this chapter (AP) being included in the 
direct service of the Periodical Division. If the service from 
the other chapters in the Library classification which contain 
special periodical material were taken into account, these 
figures would be very much greater. 

A notable addition was made to our collection of American Newspaper w 

cessions* 

eighteenth century newspapers through purchase in a single 
lot from among the duplicates in the possession of the Massa- 
chusetts Historical Society of nearly 750 items of unusual 
interest and importance. This purchase brought to the 
Library en bloc a large number of eighteenth century news- 
papers ordinarily very difficult to find. 

We have also been fortunate in acquiring a file of the very 
rare Edenton, North Carolina, newspaper, the State Gazette 
of North Carolina, printed by Hodge and Wills, printers to 



82 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

the state. The issues of this paper, which have come to us 
through purchase, cover the period September 8, i/SS-July 
23, 1790. It was during this period that North Carolina 
accepted the Federal Constitution. The file is rich in 
interesting material and is in excellent condition. 

Of very special interest likewise are the volumes of the 
North Carolina Journal, of Halifax, North Carolina, August 
i, i792-May 20, 1799, coming to us with the State Gazette 
of North Carolina as a part of the same purchase. This is a 
file such as is not often obtainable, and the two files together 
constitute an accession of eighteenth century newspaper 
material of unusual importance. 

Another collection of importance which has come to the 
Library is one of 544 numbers, including the Centinel of 
Liberty, and Georgetown Advertiser, January 4, 1799- 
November 14, 1800; its successor, the Museum and Wash- 
ington and George-Town Advertiser, November 18, 1800- 
January 22, 1802; and the Washington Federalist, April 18, 
i8oi-April i, 1802. Green and English, of Georgetown, in 
the District of Columbia, publishers of the Museum, sold 
their paper and printing office to Rind and Prentiss, pub- 
lishers of the Washington Federalist, and, after the suspen- 
sion of the Museum with the issue of January 22, 1802, the 
Federalist, of the same politics as the party of the name, was 
the only newspaper in Georgetown. Files of the Centinel of 
Liberty and of the Museum and Washington and George- 
Town Advertiser are very rare, those of the Washington 
Federalist less so. Their possession by the Library of Con- 
gress is peculiarly appropriate. 

Our collection of eighteenth century American newspapers 
printed in German was augmented through the purchase of 
a volume of the Neue Unpartheyische Readinger Zeitung 
und Anzeigs-Nachrichten for the period January 5, 1799- 
December 31,1 800. The numbers for the period December 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 83 

24, 1799-January 29, 1800, are in mourning bands on account 
of the death of Washington, and these issues contain inter- 
esting Washingtoniana. The whole file is in unusually good 
condition and fits well with our files of German newspapers of 
Lancaster, German town, and Philadelphia of the same years 
or earlier. 

Purchases made in the usual run at different times during 
the year, occasionally of individual owners, but more ordi- 
narily at auction sales, have brought to us over 500 other 
American eighteenth century newspapers. This is a sub- 
stantial and gratifying gain to our collections. In addition 
we have increased our own resources in this field by the pur- 
chase of photographic reproductions of the Georgia Gazette, 
May 21, i/66-May 23, 1770, and of the Boston News-Letter 
January 5, 1 7o8-December 29, 1718, both of these lots being 
in continuation of files of photographic reproductions previ- 
ously acquired. 

The accessions of nineteenth century newspaper material 
have been numerous but can not be listed in detail. 

The following Southern newspapers of the civil war 
period have been added to our collections: Augusta Daily 
Chronicle and Sentinel, March 13, June 16, September 22, 
1862, April 25, May 14, 1863; Chattanooga Daily Rebel, 
April 27, 1865; Southern Federal Union, Milledgeville, 
May 7, August 13, 1861, September 16, 1862; Southern 
Recorder, Milledgeville, May 14, June n, 18, July 30, 
August 20, 27, September 10, 1861, January 21, February 
18, March 4, 18, July 29, August 5, 26, September 9, 23, 
October 28, November 4, n, 25, December 2, 9, 23, 1862; 
New Orleans Picayune, February i , 1 864 ; New Orleans True 
Delta, February 9, 1864; Opelousas Courier, April 25, 1863 
(printed on wall paper); Palmetto Herald, Port Royal, 
March 24, 31, 1864; Richmond Daily Dispatch, July 27 
to December 23, 1861, 57 scattering numbers, January 7, 



84 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

ii, 13, 24, 25, 30, 31, 1862; Richmond Daily Whig, Septem- 
ber 3, December 31, 1862; Savannah Daily News, August 
22, September 3, 1863; Savannah Republican, October 20, 
November 21, 1862, January 24, February 3, 4, 1863; Florida 
Sentinel, Tallahassee, August 6, 1861. 

In a different field was the purchase of certain French 
journals, interesting for their caricatures and cartoons, 
humoristic and other literary content. 

Periodical acces- Among miscellaneous periodicals acquired were the 
Analectic magazine, Philadelphia, February-May, 1820, the 
March number containing an interesting plate showing 
"A back view of the Capitol, Washington"; Annals of 
sporting and fancy gazette, London, vols. 1-13, 1822-1828, 
containing the series of plates, colored and plain, by Cruik- 
shank, Alkin, and others; Asmonian, New York, vols. 1-8, 
10-12, 1849-1856; Christian pilot, Portland, Me., vol. i, 
July 19, i832-July n, 1833; Free press, New York, June 
i3-October 10, 1835; Illustrated monthly courier, Phila- 
delphia, vol. i, nos. 1-6, 1848; Illustrated New York news, 
New York, vol. i, nos. 1-6, 1851; Ladies' magazine and 
literary gazette, Boston, vol. 8, 1835; New York weekly, 
May 3o-August 9, 1860; North Carolina magazine, New- 
bern, vol. i, nos. 5-30, vol. 2, nos. 31-33* J ul Y 6 > 1764- 
January 8, 1765, a very rare eighteenth century item; 
Panoplist, Boston, new series, vol. 4, 1802; Political con- 
troversy, a weekly magazine, London, 36 numbers in 1762- 
1763; Southern monthly, Memphis, vol. i-vol. 2, no. i, 
September i86i-May, 1862, a civil war item of signal in- 
terest; Southern workman, Hampton, Virginia, vols. 3-12, 
1874-1883; Templar's magazine, Cincinnati, vol. i, 1850- 
1851 ; Youth's companion, Boston, vol. 17, 1843. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 85 

DIVISION OP PRINTS 

(From the report of the Acting Chief, Professor Rice) 
The increase of the collection has been : 

By copyright . 4, 9*3 

By purchase 873 

By transfer 706 

By gift 410 

By exchange 176 

7,148 

The collection of prints now numbers 392,905. 
The most important purchases of prints during the year PRINTS: 

Purchases 

have been: 

1. Sixty-one of miscellaneous subjects, by Wenceslaus 
Hollar (1607-1677), English school. 

2. Six by Mathilde de Cordoba, American school. 

3. Twenty-nine by contemporary American, Dutch, 
English, French, and German artists. 

4. Thirteen by the American marine painter, Charles H. 
Woodbury. 

5. Thirty reproductions (in color) of paintings by old 
and modern masters, the publications of the Medici Society 
of London. 

6. One hundred and thirty-nine reproductions (in color) 
of Louis Raemaeker's cartoons on the European war. 

7. Twenty reproductions in colored collotype, of early 
Italian and German paintings. 

8. Five hundred photographs of European architecture, 
and of celebrated paintings and sculpture in European 
galleries. 

9. Sixty-three prints purchased with a part of the income 
of the Mrs. Gardiner Greene Hubbard fund, as an addition 
to the Gardiner Greene Hubbard Collection; by Bauer (i), 
Buhot (i), Dodd (i), Howarth (5), Jongkind (i), Lalanne (4), 
Linnig (i), Lunois (i), Maris (i), Mauve (i), Palmer (4), 
Platt (15), Storm van's Gravesande (21), Webster (4), 



86 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Whistler (i), and Zilcken (i), representative of the American, 
PRINTS: Dutch, English, French, and German schools. 

Gifts 

1. Two hundred and fifty-two photographs of paintings 
by modern American artists and 98 photographs of sculpture 
by contemporary American sculptors. They were presented 
by the artists in response to requests for photographs of 
their works. 

2. Nineteen portraits of President R. B. Hayes. Pre- 
sented by Colonel Webb C. Hayes, Fremont, Ohio. 

3. Two original drawings and two prints by Storm van 
'sGravesande. Presented by Professor R. A. Rice, Library 
of Congress. 

4. Engraving, "Marching through Georgia," by A. H. 
Ritchie, after F. O. C. Darley, signed proof. Presented by 
Mrs. F. O. C. Darley. 

The war in Europe has possibly interfered more with 
accessions of importance to the various collections of the 
Division of Prints than with those in other Divisions of the 
Library ; a large number of recommendations for purchase 
are necessarily held up by lack of facilities for shipment. 

Noteworthy ac- 
cessions Among the books received during the fiscal year ending 

Tune 30, 1916, a few are selected for mention: 

Art 

Academic de France a Rome. Correspondance des directeurs. Paris, 

Charavay freres, 1887-1908. 

Binyon, Laurence. The art of Botticelli. London, Macmillan and 
Co., 1913. 

Bouchot, Henri Francois Marie Xavier. Lcs primitifs francais, 1292- 
1500. Paris, Librairie de 1'art ancien et moderne, 1904. 

Bullock, Albert Edward. Grinling Gibbons and his compeers. Lon- 
don, J. Tiranti and co., 1914. 

Cochin, Charles Nicolas. Memoires inedits de Charles Nicolas Cochin 
sur le comte de Caylus, Bouchardon, les Slodtz. Paris, Baur, 1880. 

Evelyn, John. Extracts from the diaries and correspondence of John 
Evelyn and Samuel Pepys relating to engraving. London, Ellis, 

i9 J 5- 
Falke, Otto von. Der Mainzer goldschmuck der kaiserin Gisela. 

Berlin, in kommission des Verlagsfur kunstwissenschaft, 1913. 
Fielding, Theodore Henry Adolphus. The art of engraving. London, 

M. A. Nattali, 1844. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 87 

Fons amoris sive Emblemata amatoria. Prima et secunda pars. Ex 

officina Crispiani Passei. [n. p., n. d.] 
Foster, Joshua James. A list of works of English miniature painters 

of the xvn century. London, Dickinsons, 1914-16. 

Samuel Cooper and the English miniature painters of the xvn 

century. London, Dickinsons, 1914-16. 
Gruyer, Gustave. L'art ferrarais a 1'epoque des princes d i 

Paris, E. Plon, Nourrit et cie, 1897. 

Hawkshaw, John Clarke. Japanese sword-mounts. London, 1910. 
Houbraken, Arnold. Arnold Houbraken's Grosse schouburgh der 

niederlandischen maler und malerinnen. Wien, W. Braumuller, 

1880. 
Locquin, Jean. La peinture dliistoire en France de 1747 a 1785. 

Paris, H. Laurens, 1912. 

Lyon, J. T. Creative and imitative art: decoration and ornamenta- 
tion. Brussels, M. Weissenbruch, 1873. 

Maximilian I, emperor of Germany. Freydal. Des kaisers Maxi- 
milian I. turniere und mummereien. Wien, A. Holzhausen, 1880- 

1882. 
Nomura, Shojiro. An historical sketch of nishiki and kinran brocades. 

Boston [N. Sawyer and son, inc., printers, 1914]. 
Oxford. University. Christ Church college. Library: Drawings by 

the old masters in the Library of Christ church Oxford. Oxford, 

Clarendon press, 1914. 
Siren, Osvald. Leonardo da Vinci. New Haven, Yale University 

press, 1916. 
Thiis, Jens Peter. Leonardo da Vinci i Florentinertiden. Kristi- 

ania og Kjobenhavn Gyldendal, Nordisk forlag, 1909. Translation 

into English by Jessie Muir. London, H. Jenkins, 1913. 
Unger, Friedrich Wilhelm. Quellen der byzantinischen kunstge- 

schichte. Wien, W. Braumuller, 1878. 

Vollard, Ambroise. Paul Cezanne. Paris, Galerie A. Vollard, 1914. 
Weese, Arthur. Die Bamberger domskulpturen. Strassburg, J. H. 

E. Heitz, 1914. 

Westall, William. Thirty-five views on the Thames. London, Rod- 
well and Martin, 1824. 
Quellenschriften fur kunstgeschichte und kunsttechnik des mittel- 

alters und renaissance, hrsg. von R. Eitelberger v. Edelberg. Wien, 

W. Braumuller, 1871. 

Begule, Lucien. L'eglise Saint-Maurice. Paris, H. Laurens, 1914. Architecture 
Britton, John. Historical and descriptive essays accompanying a 

series of engraved specimens of the architectural antiquities of 

Normandy. London, M. A. Nattali, 1833. 
Chambers, Sir William. A treatise on the decorative part of civil 

architecture. London, Lockwood and co., 1862. 
Cottingham, Lewis Nockalls. Plans, elevations, sections, details, and 

views, of the magnificent chapel of King Henry the Seventh at 

Westminster abbey church. London, Priestley and Weale, 1822-29. 
64394- 16 7 



88 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Dollmau, Francis Thomas. The priory of St. Mary Overie, South- 
wark. London, the author, 1881. 

Felibien, Andre. Memoires pour servir a ITiistoire des maisons 
royalles et bastimens de France. Paris, J. Baur, 1874. 

Gibbs, John. Domestic architecture and ornament in detail. Ox- 
ford, The author, 1868. 

Gotch, John Alfred. A complete account of the buildings erected 
in Northamptonshire, by Sir Thomas Tresham, between the years 
1575 and 1605. Northampton, Taylor and son, 1883. 

Jackson, Sir Thomas Graham. Gothic architecture in France, Eng- 
land and Italy. Cambridge, University press, 1915. 

Laborde, Leon Emmanuel Simon Joseph. Les comptes des butiments 
du roi (1528-1571). Paris, J. Baur, 1877-80. 

Lewis, George Robert. Illustrations of Kilpeck church, Hereford- 
shire. London, G. R. Lewis, 1842. 

Mawson, Thomas Hayton. Calgary; a preliminary scheme for con- 
trolling the economic growth of the city. London, New York, T. 
H. Mawson and sons, 1914. 

Rivoira, G. Teresio. Architettura musulmana. Milano, U. Hoepli, 
1914. 

Sadleir, Thomas Ulick. Georgian mansions in Ireland. [Dublin] 
Ponsonby and Gibbs, 1915. 

Tatham, Charles Heathcote. Etchings, representing the best exam- 
ples of Grecian and Roman architectural ornament. London, J. B. 
Nichols and son, 1843. 

The work of forming and arranging a collection of illus- 
trated books has been carried forward. It is intended to 
show the progress of "illustration" by representative 
examples of the work of the foremost masters of this art 
from the Middle Ages to the present time, either in originals 
or reproductions. 

For the art shown in the decoration and illustration of 
mediaeval manuscripts, the Library must depend mainly 
upon reproductions; this is also true of the best of the book- 
illustrations printed in the fifteenth and early sixteenth 
centuries, which have now become excessively rare and high 
priced. It is hardly necessary to say that an excellent 
reproduction or facsimile of the so-called original in an 
early impression is of greater service in a library than a 
worn impression or a late edition. On the other hand, it is 
of equal importance that when originals enter into the 
collection they should be in first editions when possible, 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 89 

as these alone render adequately the design of the artist. 
In every case the "state " of the illustration is to be examined 
and in virtue of its condition a decision reached as to 
whether it is fit to form a part of the collection or not. 

There are already in the Library a large number of illus- 
trated books, acquired for the most part without reference 
to the quality of the illustrations or even the fact of illus- 
tration, which may be found worthy material for this col- 
lection; these are now in process of sifting and selection. 

In connection with this work, as many of the works of 
the fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries exist only in a 
few copies, it has seemed advisable where such are to be 
found in public collections of this section of the country to 
make record of them, so that students may know where they 
can be seen and the Library of Congress be relieved of the 
demand for their acquisition. 

The following exhibitions were put in place during the 
year: 

1. Collection of 194 modern prints, representative of the 
American, Dutch, English, French, and German schools. 

2. Collection of 279 mezzotints from the T. Harrison 
Garrett, Gardiner Greene Hubbard, and Library collections. 

This exhibition has proved of great interest in a study of 
the development of this special process of engraving, and 
has afforded a comparison of the various schools represented. 

Of interest also were the portraits of celebrated people, 
forming the greater part of the exhibition. An opportunity 
was given to art students for the study of the works of artists 
of the most important schools of painting. 

3. Twenty-five lithographs published by the Senefelder 
Society of London, lent by the American Federation of 
Arts, Washington, D. C. 

4. Thirty-one original drawings by the American etcher, 
Lester George Hornby, illustrating Leupp's "Walks about 
Washington," lent by the artist. 



9O Report of the Librarian of Congress 

5. Seventy-five etchings by the American marine painter, 
Charles H. Woodbury, lent by the artist. 

6. Forty reproductions of Whistler's lithographs, plates 
from Kennedy's "Lithographs by Whistler" [New York, 
1914]. 

7. Eighty-two wood engravings by Timothy Cole, 
American school, presented by the Century Company 
(New York) in 1900. 

8. Collection of 30 prints and 49 books in commemora- 
tion of the Shakespeare tercentenary. 

It comprised portraits and statuary of Shakespeare, 
views of Stratford-on-Avon, early editions of Shakespeare's 
works, collected works, and specially illustrated editions. 

9. Collection of 52 prints, 77 books, and 3 illuminated 
manuscript Bibles, commemorating the one hundredth 
anniversary of the founding of the American Bible Society 
of New York City. 

10. Collection of 195 engravings of the Italian school, 
from the T. Harrison Garrett collection, lent to the Library 
of Congress for exhibition purposes. 

The prints date from the fifteenth to the nineteenth cen- 
turies and include impressions from the silver plates made 
by goldsmiths, called "nielli," and examples of chiaroscuro, 
line and stipple engraving, and etching. Work of repre- 
sentative men of their time is shown, many of them having 
been painters as well as engravers. There are chiaroscuros 
by Ugo da Carpi (i455?-i523); line engravings by Marcan- 
tonio Raimondi (i488?-before 1534) and his two best known 
pupils, Marco Dente (died 1527) and Agostino de' Musi 
(1490?-! 540?), as well as by the Scultore family (errone- 
ously called Ghisi), Giovanni Battista, the father (1503- 
1575), Diana (i535?-after 1587), and Adamo (before 1540- 
after 1584?), probably, respectively, daughter and son. 
Other representatives of the sixteenth century are: Parmi- 
giano (1503-1540); Giorgio Ghisi (1520-1582); the three 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 91 

Carracci, Lodovico (1555-1619), Agostino (1557-1602), and 
Annibale ( 1 560-1 609) ; Guido Reni ( 1 575-1 642) ; and Jusepe de 
Ribera (1588-1652). Engravers of the seventeenth century 
represented are: Stefano della Bella (1610-1664), Simone 
Cantarini (1612-1648), Salvatore Rosa (1615-1735), Luca 
Giordano (1632-1705), Elisabeta Sirani (1638-1665), and 
Antonio Canale (1697-1768). The eighteenth century is 
represented by such well-known engravers of pure line as 
Giovanni Volpato (1733-1803), Raffaello Morghen (1758- 
l8 33)> Giovanni Folo (1764-1836), Faustino Anderloni 
(1766-1847), Pietro Anderloni (1785-1849), Paolo Toschi 
(1788-1854), Samuele Jesi (1789-1853), and Antonio IVr- 
fetti (1792-1872). Of the early nineteenth century men may 
be named: Luigi Calamatta (1801-1869), Antonio Dalco 
(1802-1888), Vincenzo della Bruna (1804?-! 870), and Paolo 
Mercurj (1804-1884); and of the modern etchers: Kleuterio 
Pagliano (1826-1902 ?), Mose di Giosue Bianchi (1845-1904), 
and Antonio Piccinni. 

The Division has lent to 10 governmental departments, 
societies, and 35 educational institutions 15,524 photographs, 
etc., of paintings, sculpture, and architecture, and to the 
American Federation of Arts (Washington, D. C.) three col- 
lections of engravings for exhibition purposes. 

SEMITIC AND ORIENTAL DIVISION 
(From the report of Dr. Schapiro, in special charge of the Semitic) 

With the end of the last fiscal year nearly all of the 
Hebrew material contained in the two Deinard collections 
had been put in order. More than 16,000 books and pam- 
phlets of ancient and modern Hebrew have been placed on 
the shelves, arranged according to subject matter, and made 
ready for use. 

The work of the Division during the past year was mainly 
concentrated upon the preparation of the books of the 
Hebrew collections for binding and upon their cataloguing 



92 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

and classification. About 1,300 volumes were sent to the 
bindery. These included a very .small number which 
required lettering only. More than 700 books of the col- 
lections were catalogued and nearly 2,500 classified. Most 
of these books relate to Mishnah, Talmud, and Belles- 
lettres. Arrangements for printing the cards of the He- 
brew books already catalogued are now under considera- 
tion. The Division has also been engaged in devising and 
preparing a new classification scheme for Hebrew and 
Yiddish books. This new classification scheme is to be for 
permanent use, replacing the present one, which is merely a 
rough and temporary division of the books in order to make 
them accessible to readers generally. The basis of this new 
scheme has in view, of course, its adaptation to the estab- 
lished system of classification in the Library. 

Useful additions to the Hebrew collections, numbering 
about 500 books relating to various fields of Hebrew litera- 
ture were made through purchase, gift, and exchange. 
Yiddish utera- Special attention has been given to Yiddish literature. 
The number of Yiddish books in the Library, acquired mostly 
through copyright, was greatly augmented by those found 
in the two Deinard collections. The number of all Yiddish 
books now in possession of the Library is considerable in 
proportion to the entire field of Yiddish literature. It 
should be observed that Yiddish, though the native tongue 
of millions of Jews through centuries, could hardly have been 
considered as possessing a literature until the second half of 
the nineteenth century when Yiddish publications had under- 
gone an enormous expansion. The origin of Yiddish is the 
German dialect of the Rhineland of the fourteenth century, 
which was carried into Poland and southeastern Europe by 
enforced migration of the Jews. Thence it has been carried, 
in turn, by Jewish wanderings to every corner of the earth. 
As it stands to-day its basis is largely an old German dialect, 
written in Hebrew characters, containing in its vocabulary, 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 93 

besides Hebrew, numerous words and terms of every lan- 
guage from every land where Jews have since lived. The 
Yiddish of one country may thus be somewhat distinguished 
from that of another, owing to the historical fact that it 
incorporates numbers of household words of the newly 
adopted land, thus creating a sort of Yiddish vernacular in 
every country. The Yiddish literature in the United States 
assumes a respectable place as compared to other literatures ; 
and even if the predictions of some come true that the Yid- 
dish tongue will be dead before long, the Yiddish literature 
will still offer a wide and interesting field for historians, 
philologists, and students of comparative literatures. 

In connection with the Yiddish tongue may be mentioned ^ <M/W " hiefar 
another Jewish dialect, the so-called Ladino, which is tin- 
vernacular of the Mediterranean or Sephardic Jews. Just 
as Yiddish had its origin in the spoken language of south- 
western Germany in the fourteenth century, so the Ladino 
is based upon the Spanish of the fifteenth century, which 
was carried all over the Mediterranean region through the 
stress of Spanish persecution. Among the recent immi- 
grants to this country were many Ladino-speaking Jews, who 
have now developed a Ladino literature and press in the 
United States. The Library possesses a considerable 
number of books written in Ladino, which will be taken care 
of by this Division. 

The demand for Arabic, Hebrew, and Yiddish books has 
increased during the last year. Various learned institutions 
throughout the country availed themselves of the material 
under our system of interlibrary loans, while a number of 
students called for books for special studies in the Reading 
Room. Several scholars carried on research work in the 
Division and were provided with the necessary scientific 
apparatus. Inquiries and requests for references and in- 
formation on various literary, archaeological, and historico- 
political matters in connection with Semitica and Orientalia 



94 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

were made by official and private institutions, as well as by 
individuals, all of which were promptly dealt with. 
Chinese coiiec- The work of classifying and arranging the Chinese col- 
lections was resumed in the latter part of the year. A 
report concerning the work done on these collections was 
filed by Mr. Michael J. Hagerty, who had been temporarily 
appointed for this task. 

The Chinese books purchased by Dr. H. K. Fung, consist- 
ing of 445 works in 17,208 volumes, and also those bought by 
Dr. W. T. Swingle, consisting of 271 works, in 4,945 vol- 
umes, are now available for use. 

All the books comprising the old collection have been 
moved from their old location and merged with the Fung and 
Swingle purchases, the whole being now shelved on deck 28, 
southeast stack, occupying n bays (1-19). Suitable labels 
have been placed at the ends of these bays showing the loca- 
tion of the various classes of works. 

A large number of works purchased by Dr. Fung came 
unbound and also a few of those bought by Dr. Swingle. 
Work has been started in the bindery, and to date they have 
returned 100 cases of the Fung and 49 of the Swingle pur- 
chase. An estimate has been made of the materials needed 
for binding all unbound items and these have been ordered 
by the Government Printing Office. About 600 cases are 
yet to be made. 
Chinese cottec- Upon the advice of Mr. Mart el, Chief of the Catalogue Divi- 

tions Classifying . . . t 

and cataloguing sion, some changes have been made in the system of classi- 
fying the various parts of the Chinese collection. 

In the old collection the Manchu and Korean works were 
classified and shelved with the Chinese books of the same 
class, many of these works being bilingual in nature. These 
have all been extracted from the Chinese section and made 
to form a new one at the end of the Chinese books proper. 
In order to avoid confusion, the cards are all stamped with 
the name of the language in which the work is classified. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 95 

Other changes have been made in the Chinese class B 177 
(Geography and topography), an important class of Chinese 
literature, of which the Library already has a large number, 
and in all probability will acquire many more. 

The 271 Chinese works of the Swingle purchase have been 
classified and temporary cards made and placed in the shelf 
list of the collection. In addition to this, a fairly complete 
entry has been made for about 100 works of this lot, the 
cards being in manuscript and ready to be typewritten. 

Dr. Fung made two cards for each of his 445 items. These 
cards contain the Chinese title, transliteration, and classifica- 
tion according to the Chinese system of classification. One 
of these cards will remain in the shelf list ; the other may be 
used as a temporary title entry. 

A large number of collections of reprints were purchased Ts'ung shu (coi. 
by Dr. Fung, and some also by Dr. Swingle. These collec- 
tions contain a large number of individual works many of 
which have long since ceased to be published separately. To 
classify and make analytical cards for the contents of these 
collections, was a task of first importance ; and the Library 
of Congress was fortunate in having during the past summer 
the services of Professor Kiang Kang-hu, a Chinese scholar 
from the teaching staff of the University of California, to 
initiate it. Professor Kiang, whose interest was secured 
through the friendly mediation of Dr. Swingle, has also pre- 
pared the labels for the collection recently placed on exhibition. 

The Japanese books in the Swingle purchase have been J*t> anese *ks 

in Swindle pur- 

bo'okplated and labeled on the outside of the cases, but not ^ase 
marked, as the Japanese works have not been classified 
in the Library of Congress. At present they are classified 
roughly into four groups, as follows: A (Classics); B (His- 
tory); C (Philosophy); D (Belles-lettres). 

The 13 Chinese and Manchu works recently purchased 
from Dr. Berthold Laufer have been classified, bookplated, 
labeled, and shelved in the collection. 



96 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

BINDING 

The number of volumes bound (i. e., received back from 
the bindery) was 28,404. Of the total 7,159 were bound in 
leather, and 17,658 in buckram; the remainder in cloth and 
duck. 

CATALOGUING 
(From the report of the Chief, Mr. Mattel) 

The number of volumes catalogued was 102,465, of which 
78,077 were new accessions and 24,388 recatalogued, an in- 
crease in the total of 2 ,600 volumes over the preceding year. 

The recataloguing of English, German, and Italian litera- 
ture was continued during the year. About three-fifths of 
the number of volumes recatalogued belong to those classes, 
the remainder being distributed among all other classes, with 
American history and Law predominating. Mr. Waters re- 
ports the work on the George Washington collection com- 
plete and, for a beginning, some 500 volumes of American 
history from the Toner collection catalogued and made read- 
ily available, including a considerable proportion of works 
not otherwise represented in the collections of the Library. 
In Law' the recataloguing of the following classes of material 
has been continued: (i) Treatises shelved without entries; 
(2) Treatises for which entries had been made in old form 
and without subjects; (3) Publications received by copyright, 
purchase, gift, exchange and transfer; (4) Treatises, reports, 
dictionaries, etc., in the Law library at the Capitol, for which 
there were no printed cards; (5) All classes of law for weekly 
reprints. 

The copy prepared by the Card Distribution Division with 
the cooperation of the Smithsonian Institution for a com- 
plete set of analytical cards for all the Smithsonian publica- 
tions not heretofore analyzed was carefully revised, and 
uniform sets of printed cards are now available for distri- 
bution. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 97 

Assistance has been rendered to the Semitic section by 
Dr. Koenig in working out the classification of the Deinard- 
Schiff collection of Hebraicaand Judaica, making the classi- 
fication of the books a matter to be readily accomplished in 
the near future by Dr. Schapiro. 

Catalogue entries for several lots of technical books in 
Arabic, prepared by Dr. Schapiro, have been copied and 
duplicated for the general catalogue. 

The entire collection of uncatalogued dissertations has Dtssfrtatumt 
been arranged by years, subarranged alphabetically by 
author to the third or fourth letter, so that requests for 
theses can now be readily answered; incidentally the lot 
from which they are taken is placed in more strictly alpha- 
betical order. Theses thus furnished on demand are marked 
so as to insure their return and replacement in order. This 
work has been accomplished by Mr. Kletsch with the help 
of the messengers under his direction. If the dissertations 
called for in this way are of substantial interest and treat of 
subjects in which the Library specializes (Economics, Social 
and Political science, History, etc.), they are catalogued 
and shelf listed and transferred to the classified collections 
of the Library, instead of being returned to the uncatalogued 
collection. 

Some progress has been made in applying the method of Collect 
collective cataloguing, outlined in my last report, 1915, p. 
106-108, to various classes of pamphlets, leaflets, and other 
minor publications: separates, programs, announcements, 
official circulars, and other matter of routine character. It 
has proved practical and economical so far as there has been 
opportunity to test it, and the extension and wider appli- 
cation of the practice is limited only by the fact that 
assistants qualified to make the selection are needed for 
other tasks. There is, however, some prospect of continu- 
ing the work on a considerably enlarged scope the coming 
year. 



98 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

The assignment of subject headings is greatly facilitated 
especially in its most difficult aspect, systematization and 
consistency, by the compilation and publication in printed 
form of the List of subject headings with local subdivisions. 
Cooperating libraries and all the libraries using the printed 
cards have frequently desired it and it has been trouble- 
some to supply the information piecemeal by correspond- 
ence. Miss MacNair, the compiler, aided by the revisers, 
deserves much credit for the ability with which she has 
managed this laborious piece of work. In addition to this 
list she has prepared and now in galley proof a new edition 
of the Preliminary list of subject subdivisions under coun- 
tries, states, cities, and general subjects, increased more 
than threefold since the publication of the next preceding 
edition in 1910. 

The expansion of the Public card catalogue is a subject 
of concern requiring attention. Limited possibility of pro- 
vision for immediate necessity suggests consideration of 
determining a fixed policy. I am preparing a special 
report upon a variety of possibilities, which I expect to 
submit in the near future. 

As usual the Division has suffered a considerable number 
of changes in personnel. It is meet that special acknowl- 
edgment be here made of the value of the services of two 
members of the staff who resigned during the year: Julia 
Gregory entered the service October 4, 1900, and resigned 
March 4, 1916. In a lifetime of experience I have never 
known a cataloguer who held with more inflexible fidelity 
to the highest standard of accuracy and quality than Miss 
Gregory. The scholarly character of her work is exempli- 
fied and attested by the printed Catalogue of early works on 
music published before 1800, compiled by her. A highly 
competent professional critic in reviewing this work speaks 
of it as follows: " * * * Miss Julia Gregory's work is a 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 99 

credit, not merely to the Library of Congress, but to the 
nation. Apart from the wish that the typographical aids i , 
the study and use of the book had been followed in tin 
in the other Washington catalogues, we can have no feeling 
but that of delight mingled with respectful awe, at the clear- 
ness, accuracy, and scholarly reliability of the work done- in 
this list of early books on music." Mrs. Alice F. Stevens 
entered the service in 1898, and resigned June 19, 191^. 
For many years she has had charge of the cataloguing of 
public documents, supervising the work of several assistants. 
Endowed with exceptional good health and capacity of en- 
durance, she accomplished an astonishing amount of woik. 
The Library of Congress during these years acquired a col- 
lection of documents of all the countries of the civilized world 
equaled by few other libraries and probably surpassed by 
none. The body of catalogue cards representing this collec- 
tion is in large part her work and constitutes a monument to 
her knowledge, ability, and industry. But it is not only as a 
cataloguer of whom they were proud that she is remembered 
by her colleagues, but as a most cheerful, wise, and kindly 
associate, of impel turbably good temper, one from whom 
nothing but good had come to them through all these years. 

CLASSIFICATION 
(From the report of the Chief, Mr. Perley) 

The number of volumes classified during the fiscal year 
1915-16 was 104,304, of which 86,889 were new accessions 
and 17,415 were reclassified, including 6,121 transfers. The 
number of volumes shelf listed was 91,224, of which 79,930 
were new accessions. 

For the year preceding, the number of volumes classified 
was 101,095, f which 76,739 were new accessions and 
24,356 were reclassified, the number shelf listed being 88,984. 
The statistics by classes follow : 



ioo Report of the Librarian of Congress 

New classification Summary 





Volumes and pamphlets 


Cards 


Acces- 
sions 


Reclas- 
sified 


Totals 


A: 


Polygraphy (collections, en- 


2,981 


630 


3,6ii 


Stack lists: 




cyclopedias, etc.). 








Printed 39, 294 


B: 


Philosophy; Religion 


594 


275 


869 


Preliminary. .*8o, 278 


C: 


History (Auxiliary sciences). 


749 


287 


1,036 




CS: 


Genealogy 


336 




336 




D: 


History (except America) . . . 


4,808 


1,108 


5,9i6 




E,F: 


America 


7,385 


i ? 497 


8,882 


Shelf lists: 


G: 


Geography; Anthropology. . . 


1,019 


72 


1,091 


Printed 49,163 


H: 


Social sciences 


14)575 


672 


15,247 




J: 


Political science. . 


8,945 


299 


9,244 




L: 


Education 


4,850 


3 2 


4,882 




M: 


Music literature (reported by 


2, 167 




2, 167 






Music Division). 










N: 


Fine arts 


1 ,143 


94 


1,237 




P: 


Literature and language 


7,460 


5,253 


12,713 




PZ: 


Fiction 


2) O3I 


661 


2, 692 




Q: 


Science 


3,576 


35 


3,6n 




R: 


Medicine 


2,327 


43 


2,370 




S: 


Agriculture 


3,336 


5 


3,341 




T: 


Technology 


6, 253 


93 


6,346 




U: 


Military science 


i, 251 


21 


i, 272 




V: 


Naval science 


883 


17 


900 




X: 


Classification undetermined . 


8 


8 


16 




Z: 


Bibliography 


3.253 


192 


3,445 








79 '93 


11,294 


91,224 






Deinard collection (Hebra- 


2,500 




2,500 






ica, Judaica). 












Chapter 38: Literary history . 


3M 




314 






Transfers 




6, 121 


"6,121 






Old classification 


4, 145 




4,145 








86,889 


17,415 


104, 304 





* Estimated. 

The portion of the Library now classified under the new 
classification contains in round numbers 1,548,500 volumes, 
distributed as follows: Class A (Polygraphy), 86,500; B-BJ 
(Philosophy), 16,000; C-D (History, exclusive of America), 
136,000; E-F (America), 122,000; G (Geography), 26,000; 
H-J (Social and political science), 367,000; L (Education),. 
67,000; M (Music), 29,000; N (Fine arts), 36,000; P (Lan- 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 101 

guage and literature), 137,000; PZ (Fiction in English), 
5750o; Q (Science), 144,000; R (Medicine), 51,000; S (Agri- 
culture), 56,500; T (Technology), 100,000; U (Military 
science), 20,000; V (Naval science), 17,000; Z (Bibliography), 
79,500; Incunabula, etc., 500. 

The Classification Section during the past year has con- 
tinued its regular output with but slight variations from 
that of recent years. While the number of volumes reclas- 
sified has decreased the number of classified accessions has 
increased, the total for the year remaining about the same. 
The Section has been fortunate in retaining its personnel 
without important change and the Chief Classifier is able to 
speak with great satisfaction and pleasure of the high quality 
of the work rendered by his assistants. 

The most important feature of the year's work has been 
the publication of the historical schedules C and D, the 
former on the auxiliary sciences of History and the latter 
on general and old world History. Class D is a substantial 
volume of 633 pages, quite fully indexed, and it is expected 
that it will prove a valuable reference work on historical 
classification aside from its primary purpose in our own ad- 
ministrative work. While many hands have assisted in the 
preparation of these schemes they are in the main, and in 
their present finished form, the work of Mr. Schmidt, to 
whom the principal credit is due. 

During the year several new sections have been added to 
the reclassified portions of the library. With the assistance 
of Mr. Dieserud, of the Catalogue Division, Scandinavian 
literature (about 3,000 volumes) has been reclassified and 
shelf listed. Dutch and Flemish literature (about 700 
volumes) have also been reclassified. In preparing the 
classification scheme for old Icelandic literature, especially 
the sagas, we are much indebted to Professor Hermannsson, 
of Cornell University, who kindly gave us the benefit of his 
advice and criticism. Dr. Koenig has prepared schemes for 



IO2 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

the classification of several minor groups of literature, in- 
cluding Bohemian, Croatian, Serbian, Slovakian, Slovenian, 
Lithuanian, and Lettish. In collaboration with Dr. Scha- 
piro, of the Semitic Division, Dr. Koenig has also elaborated 
the classification of Hebraic literature, which is quite ex- 
tensively represented in the collections acquired by the 
Semitic Division. 

Much of the time of the classifiers during the past year 
has been devoted to the preparation of new classification 
schedules which are expected to be put into active opera- 
tion before the end of 1916. Dr. Koenig has done a great 
amount of work on the schemes for Classical literature and 
hopes to be able to begin the actual classification of books 
within a few months. Once begun this work should pro- 
ceed rapidly. The preliminary schedules for Religion and 
Church History have been prepared and reclassification is 
already in progress. 

Great progress has been made in eliminating remnants of 
the old classification. Practically all of the old chapters 
have now been reclassified except such as contain works on 
Religion, Law, and the few groups of literature the reclassi- 
fication of which has not yet been begun. An exception to 
this general statement must be made for certain special 
sections not shelved with the general collection, such as 
Orientalia, " Office books," kept in locked cases, and old 
almanacs and directories devoted to special interests. 
Progress in these classes is necessarily slow. Office books 
are preferably classified in conjunction with the cataloguing, 
from motives of safety and economy. In the case of the 
old directories, local, professional, etc., the large amount 
of space required in strict classification and the infrequency 
of the demand make the reclassification in many cases 
undesirable and their segregation with definite arrangement 
under the old class number 25.9 serves all practical purposes. 
For the Orientalia the knowledge of the specialist is re- 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 103 

quired, in order to treat them according to the methods of 
scientific classification. This has been applied in the case 
of Hebrew and Chinese, reports of which appear elsewhere. 
The services of one of our labelers has been given for assist- 
ance in the labeling of the 22,000 volumes of Chinese recently 
acquired by the library. 

The Toner collection, as mentioned in last year's report, 
was given a rough classification by class letters A to Z. Mr. 
Waters has during the past six months found time to cata- 
logue and classify several hundred volumes of the Americana 
in this collection, selecting those which were considered of 
special interest or value, and by having these volumes thus 
recorded he has been able to avoid considerable duplication 
from purchases for the general collection besides making 
these books available for consultation. The number of "books 
and pamphlets in the Toner collection relating to America 
is estimated as 5,300. Of the approximately 500 volumes 
already classified about 20 or 25 per cent are for works or 
editions not previously represented in the Library catalogue. 
When more pressing needs do not engage our attention we 
hope to be able to take up the medical works of the collection, 
which form a very large and important part of the Toner 
collection. 

Classification: Supplementary notes by the librarian 

In contrast with the card catalogue of the Library which, The scheme of 

classification 

owing to the sale of the printed cards is a matter of general 
concern to libraries, the classification of our collections was 
assumed to be of concern solely to ourselves that is, to the 
efficient administration of this Library within itself. Upon 
this assumption the scheme adopted has been devised with 
reference (i) to the character and probable development of 
our own collections, (2) to its operation by our own staff, 
(3) to the character and habits of our own readers, and (4) 
to the usages in vogue here, a distinguishing feature of which 

64394 16 8 



104 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

is the freedom of access to the shelves granted to serious 
investigators. 

With these considerations the resultant scheme, while or- 
ganic in the sense that certain fundamentals were the basis 
of each schedule, is unsymmetrical, since each schedule was 
devised with reference to its own utilities (as applied to that 
particular group of material) rather than with reference to 
its proportionate part in an integral whole. 

There was therefore no expectation that the scheme would 
be adopted by other libraries; much less was there any pro- 
fession that it would be suited to their needs. It is, more- 
over, still incomplete, and various schedules sufficiently 
advanced for our own use are yet unavailable in printed 
form. 

Under the circumstances the number of other libraries 
that are already adopting it in whole or in part is somewhat 
surprising. Below is the list, so far as known to us: 

List of libraries using the Library of Congress classification 
in -whole or in part 

American geographical society, New York. 

Bureau of railway economics, Washington, D. C. 

California Academy of sciences, San Francisco. 

Carnegie Endowment for international peace, Washington, D. C. 

Carnegie library, National soldiers' home, Tennessee. 

Chicago. Public library. (Social science finding list.) 

Cincinnati Hospital. 

Cuba. Congreso. Camara de representantes. Biblioteca. (Modified.) 

Georgia. Legislative reference library. 

Harvard university. Department of landscape architecture. 

Hispanic society of America, New York. 

Johns Hopkins university, Baltimore, Md. 

London school of economics Library. (Class Z modified.) 

Ohio State university, Columbus, Ohio. 

Philippine Islands. Bureau of public works (Department of commerce 

and police). 

Philippine Islands. Bureau of science. 
Rice institute, Houston, Tex. 

Riverside, California, Public library. (Class S, Agriculture.) 
Rutgers college, New Brunswick, N. J. 
U. S. Artillery school, Fort Monroe, Va. 
U. S. Bureau of education, Washington, D. C. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 105 

U. vS. Bureau of labor statistics, Washington, D. C. 

U. S. Bureau of manufactures, Washington, D. C. 

U. S. Bureau of mines, Washington, D. C. 

U. S. Bureau of standards, Washington, D. C. 

U. S. Department of commerce, Washington, D. C. 

U. S. Department of state, Washington, D. C. 

U. S. Geological survey, Washington, D. C. 

U. S. Interstate commerce commission, Washington, D. C. 

U. S. National monetary commission, Washington, D. C. (now in 

Library of Congress). 

U. S. Naval medical school, Washington, D. C. 
U. S. Naval war college, Newport, R. I. 
U. S. Soldiers' home library, Washington, D. C. 
U. S. War college, Washingon, D. C. 1 
U. S. War department library, Washington, D. C. 1 
University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B. C. 
University of California, Berkeley, Cal. 
University of Chicago, Chicago, 111. 
Virginia State library, Richmond, Va. 
Wales. National library, Aberystwith. 
Wales. National Museum of Wales, Cardiff Library. 
Western Reserve historical society, Cleveland, Ohio. 
Yale university. Forest school. New Haven, Conn. 

CARD DIVISION 
(From the report of the Chief, Mr. Hastings) 

During the year the number of subscribers to the printed 
cards has increased from 2,120 to 2,301. 

The cash sale of cards, including subscriptions to proof- 
sheets, amounted to $69,504.92, an increase of about 17 per 
cent over the cash sales of 1914-15. 

The sale of cards to the libraries of the departments of 
the United States government, paid for by transfer of credits, 
amounted to $1,728.35. 

Cards for aoout 40,000 different titles were added to the 
stock during the year, including about 7,000 cards printed 
for libraries in the District of Columbia and about 3,000 
printed for other cooperating libraries. 

The whole number of different titles now represented in 
the stock is approximately 697,000, including about 39,000 

1 Now being consolidated. 



io6 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

unrevised cards not included in the depository sets. The 
average stock of each card is estimated at 70, making the 
total number of cards in stock about 49,000,000. 

The depository set located at the New Orleans Public 
Library has been given up. The depository libraries now 
number 48. 

The full list of depositories is given below, the proof- 
sheet depositories being distinguished by asterisks : 

The American Antiquarian society, Worcester, Mass. 

Bowdoin College library, Brunswick, Me. 

Brooklyn Public library, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Brown University library, Providence, R. I. 

Buffalo Public library, Buffalo, N. Y. 

California State library, Sacramento, Cal. 

California University library, Berkeley, Cal. 

Chicago University library, Chicago, 111. 

Cincinnati Public library, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Cleveland Public library, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Columbia University library, New York City. 

Connecticut State library, Hartford, Conn. 

^Cornell University library, Ithaca, N. Y. 

*Dartmouth College library, Hanover, N. H. 

Harvard University library, Cambridge, Mass. 

Illinois University library, Urbana, 111. 

Indiana State library, Indianapolis, Ind. 

Institut International de Bibliographie, Brussels, Belgium. 

Iowa State University library, Iowa City, Iowa. 

John Crerar library, Chicago, 111. 

Johns Hopkins University library, Baltimore, Md. 

Kansas State historical society library, Topeka, Kans. 

*Kyoto University library, Kyoto, Japan. 

*Leland Stanford, Jr., University library, Stanford University, Cal. 

*Los Angeles Public library, Los Angeles, Cal. 

Louisville Public library, Louisville, Ky. 

McGill University library, Montreal, Canada. 

Massachusetts State library, Boston, Mass. 

Michigan University library, Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Minnesota University library, Minneapolis, Minn. 

*Missouri University library, Columbia, Mo. 

Nebraska University library, Lincoln, Nebr. 

New York Public library, New York City. 

New York State library, Albany, N. Y. 

Northwestern University library, Evanston, 111. 

Pennsylvania University library, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Philadelphia Free library, Philadelphia, Pa. 

^Philippines library, Manila, P. I. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 107 

Pittsburgh Carnegie library, Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Princeton University library, Princeton, N. J. 
St. Louis Public library, St. Louis, Mo. 
Seattle Public library, Seattle, Wash. 
Syracuse University library, Syracuse, N. Y. 
Texas University library, Austin, Tex. 
Virginia State library, Richmond, Va. 
*Wesleyan University library, Middletown, Conn. 
Wisconsin State Historical society, Madison, Wis. 
Yale University library, New Haven, Conn. 

A partial depository set covering finance, commerce, and 
economic and industrial history and relations has been as- 
signed to the Library of the Federal Trade Commission. 
Another such set covering medicine and related subjects 
has been furnished to the Library of the Surgeon-General's 
office. 

The full list of libraries of the United States government 
now having a partial depository set is as follows, those having 
dictionary sets being distinguished by asterisks: 

Army War College. 
Biological Survey. 
*Bureau of Education. 
Bureau of Entomology. 
Bureau of Fisheries. 
*Bureau of Labor Statistics. 
*Bureau of Mines. 

Bureau of Rolls and Library (State Department). 
Bureau of Science (Manila, P. I.). 
*Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce. 
^Children's Bureau. 
Civil Service Commission. 
Coast and Geodetic Survey. 
Coast Artillery School. 
*Department of Agriculture. 
Department of Justice. 
Department of the Interior, Law Division. 
Engineer School. 
Federal Trade Commission. 
Frankford Arsenal. 
"Geological Survey. 
Government Hospital for the Insane. 
Hydrographic Office. 
Interstate Commerce Commission. 
Military Academy, West Point. 
Mississippi River Commission. 



io8 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

^National Bureau of Standards. 

Naval Academy. 

Naval Observatory. 

Naval War College. 

Navy General Board. 

Navy Medical School. 

Office of Foreign Trade Advisers. 

Pan American Union. 
*Patent Office. 

Supervising Architect's Office. 

Surgeon-General's Office. 

Treasury Department. 

War Department. 

Weather Bureau. 

About 8,500 catalogue entries furnished by other libra- 
ries have been searched, verified, and forwarded to the 
printer by this Division. Although most of these entries 
are in good form when received, all must be carefully 
searched to prevent duplication, and the secondary entries 
indicated on them must in every case be verified and cor- 
related with those used by the Library of Congress. 

In addition to the above, this Division has made a sub- 
stantial direct contribution to the stock of cards. About 
1,400 analytical entries covering the Annual reports of the 
Smithsonian Institution from 1846 to 1907 have been pre- 
pared and printed. 

Valuable assistance in verifying the subject entries indi- 
cated on the above-mentioned cards and in supplying in- 
formation as to authors and circumstances of publication 
was received from Mr. Paul Brockett, Librarian of the 
Smithsonian Institution. 

Revised editions of Bulletins 14 and 15 covering series 
published by the United States Department of Agriculture and 
the United States Geological Survey have been issued during 
the year. 

All of the series of publications issued by the Smithsonian 
Institution and the United States National Museum and 
their bureaus having now been covered by printed cards so 
far as it is desired to cover them, Bulletin 23 was issued, 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 109 

giving particulars as to the sets of cards now available for 
these. 

For the past 10 years this Division has been endeavoring 
to bring it about that all of the important series of publica- 
tions thus far issued by the United States government 
which it is desirable and practicable to cover by analytical 
cards should be covered by such cards. This end has now 
been accomplished. Nearly 200 series have been covered, 
the number of different cards printed for them being about 
30,000. About 8,000 of these entries have been supplied by 
the Library of the Department of Agriculture, about 2,500 
by the Library of the Geological Survey, about i ,000 by the 
Library of the Bureau of Education, and about 1,400 by 
the Library of the Bureau of Fisheries. The bulk of the 
others has been contributed by the Catalogue Division of 
the Library of Congress. Substantial assistance in this 
direction has been received, however, from all the Govern- 
ment libraries now cooperating in the printing of cards, the 
full list being : 

Library of the United States Department of Agriculture, 1902. 

Library of the United States Geological Survey, 1904. 

Library of the Army War College, 1907. 

Library of the Bureau of Education, 1908. 

Library of the Bureau of Fisheries, 1910. 

Library of the Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1913. 

Library of the Bureau of Standards, 1913. 

Library of the Engineer School, 1913. 

Library of the Smithsonian Institution, 1913. 

Library of the Hygienic Laboratory. 1916. 

Library of the Surgeon-General's Office 1916. 

The first installment of copy from the Library of the 
Surgeon-General's Office has just been received. As that 
library is making a nearly exhaustive collection of the 
current books on medicine, the addition of cards for its 
entries will greatly strengthen the stock as regards this 
class. 

The necessity of giving close personal attention to items 
of work mentioned above, the absence of the First Assistant 



no 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 



and two other assistants in connection with the exhibit at 
San Francisco, and other circumstances, have prevented 
satisfactory progress in compiling the manual on the ar- 
rangement of cards which this Division has undertaken to 
issue. Much work has been done on this, however, and 
the prospect seems good that a provisional edition can be 
issued in 1917. 

PUBLICATIONS 

(From the report of the Chief of the Order and Publications Division) 
The following table exhibits the comparative statistics of 
the distribution of publications of the Library for the past 
three fiscal years: 





1913-14 


1914-15 


1915-16 


New publications 


" 1,0 


b 25 


a 2 c 


Reprints 


o 

7 


J 

7 



2 




/ 


/ 




Administrative and special distribu- 








tion through the Library of Con- 








gress 


4,929 


3,606 


3,903 


Distribution through the office of the 








Superintendent of Documents 


26 >353 


3 I > I 3 I 


3, 73 


Distribution through the Bureau of 








International Exchanges 


4,895 


1,760 


4,77! 


Special distribution of publications 








compiled but not printed by the 








Library of Congress 






2. O44 








O, *"rr 


Total number of publications 








distributed 


3 6 , J 77 


3 6 > 497 


42, 448 


Publications correspondence 


i, 449 


i, 203 


I, 145 


Envelopes addressed for circulars. . . 


3,893 


3,885 


205 


Sold by the Superintendent of Doc- 








uments (pieces) 


c 19, 422 


c 19, 6 3 


c 20, 901 


Received by the Superintendent for 








sales 


$1, 567. 90 


$i, 693. 25 


$i, 566. 43 











a Includes separate numbers of Subject headings and State publications (monthly 
list). 

b Includes separate numbers of State publications (monthly list). 
r Includes copyright publications. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 1 1 

The foregoing statistics include the distribution figures for 
five publications practically completed before June 30, 1915, 
and therefore properly included by title in last year's list of 
publications, but not received from the press until after 
July i, 1915. These publications were: 

List of references on prison labor. 

Class P. Language and literature. 

Guide to the law and legal literature of Spain. 

Catalogue of first editions of Stephen C. Foster. 

Catalogue of the John Boyd Thacher collection of Incunabula. 

The publications of the Library during the past year have Publication* 
been as follows : 
Administrative : 

Report of the Librarian of Congress for the fiscal year 
ending June 30, 1915. 1915. 221 p. Plates. 25 
cm. Cloth, 40 cents. 

Supplementary list of publications of the Library. 

January, 1916. 6 p. 20 cm. 
Reprints : 

Library of Congress publications issued since 1897. 
January, 1915. 50 p. 20 cm. 

Rules and practice governing the use and issue of 

books. 1915. 16 p. 13 cm. 
Catalogue Division: 

.Class A. General works. Polygraphy. Adopted 1911. 
2d issue. 1915. 63 p. 26cm. Paper, 10 cents. 

Class C. History Auxiliary sciences. 1916. 176 p. 
26 cm. Paper, 25 cents. 

Class D. Universal and Old World history. 1916. 
633 p. 26 cm. Paper, 75 cents. 

Class GR-GT. GR, Folklore; GT, Manners and Cus- 
toms. (Completing Class G, Geography, Anthropol- 
ogy, Sports and Games.) 1915. 43 p. 26 cm. 
Paper, 5 cents. 

Class HT. Social groups: Communities, Classes, Races. 
1915. 24 p. 26cm. Paper, 5 cents. 



H2 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Catalogue Division Continued 

Doctoral Dissertations. A list of American doctoral 
dissertations printed in 1913. 1914. 133 p. 23 1/2 
cm. Cloth, 30 cents. 

A list of American doctoral dissertations printed 
in 1914. 1915. 157 p. 23 1/2 cm. Cloth, 30 cents. 

Subject headings. Additions and revisions. No. 12. 

- Preliminary lists of subject headings, with local 
subdivision. 1916. 32 p. [Printed as manuscript 
for the use of cataloguers at L. C.] [Gratis to libraries 
which are supplying copy to be printed by I v . C.] 
Document Division: 

Monthly list of State publications. May-Dec., 1915; 
Jan.-May, 1916. Paper, 50 cents a year. 

Index and title-page for the year 1914. 
Map Division : 

Notes on the cataloging, care, and classification of maps 
and atlases. Including a list of publications com- 
piled in the Division of Maps and Charts. By P. L. 
Phillips, Chief, Division of Maps and Charts. 1915. 
20 p. 19 cm. 

The meagerness of the foregoing list of publications is not 
owing to lack of prepared material for publication. The 
inadequacy of the allotment provided by Congress for our 
printing and binding necessitated the total suspension in 
October, 1915, of work begun at the Government printing 
office in January, 1915, on volumes 24 and 25 of the Jour- 
nals of the Continental Congress. Lack of funds also caused 
the suspension of printing the forthcoming monumental 
catalogue of "Dramatic compositions copyrighted in the 
United States, July, 1870 to 1915," a work of about 3,500 
pages, the copy for all of which has long been ready. Only 
675 pages in signatures could be issued during the year. 

Lack of funds also prevented the Division of Bibliography 
from issuing any publications and induced it to turn to 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 1 3 

other departments of the government for assistance in 
publishing under other auspices several of its compilations. 
Since the burdens of compilation, editing, and proof reading 
were sustained by the Division of Bibliography and that of 
preparing mailing lists and mailing labels by the Publica- 
tions section, it is proper to note these lists here as Library 
of Congress undertakings, the- credit for whose publication 
belongs elsewhere, as indicated: 

List of references on Child labor. Prepared under the 
direction of Hermann H. B. Meyer, Chief Bibliogra- 
pher. Published by the Children's Bureau. 
U. S. Dept. of commerce. Bureau of foreign and domestic 
commerce. The cotton-spinning machinery industry. 
Washington, Govt. print, off., 1916. 99 p. 

Bibliography on Textile machinery, prepared by H. H. 
B. Meyer, Chief Bibliographer, Library of Congress: 
p. 91-98. 

- Post Office department. The United States postal 
money-order system. Washington [Govt. print, off.] 
1915. 156 p. 

List of references on the Postal money-order service, pre- 
pared by Hermann H. B. Meyer, Chief Bibliographer, 
Library of Congress: p. 125-156. 

List of references on Postal savings banks. Prepared 
under the direction of Hermann H. B. Meyer, Chief 
Bibliographer. Published by the Post Office de- 
partment. 

A catalogue of our very notable collection of the first 
editions of the compositions of Edward McDowell, compiled 
by Mr. Sonneck and ready for printing early in the fiscal 
year, was also deferred for lack of funds. 

Among the critical comments upon publications distrib- 
uted since July i, 1915, were the following regarding the 
"Guide to the law and legal literature of Spain;" pre- 
pared under the direction of E. M. Borchard, Law Librarian. 



114 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

By Thomas W. Palmer, jr. From the Harvard law review, 
volume xxix, No. 5, March, 1916: 

This book deals with an important part of one of the most important 
movements now current. The movement is the attempt to teach 
the people of one country something about the views and institutions 
of other countries; and the part of that movement with which this 
book has to do is the attempt to enable the lawyers of the United 
States to learn something about the system lying at the basis of the 
law of Latin America. 

[The reviewer then analyzes the work in detail and concludes:] 
In short, here is an intelligent plan, well executed, dealing with 
interesting subjects and facilitating a movement of importance to the 
American lawyer and to the whole world. 

From the Illinois law review, volume xi, No. i, May, 1916: 

This work is the third valuable contribution in a valuable series. 
It was preceded by a similar guide to the legal literature of Germany 
(1912), and a bibliography of international and continental law (1913). 
The present guide is to be the foundation of another book, now in 
preparation, dealing with the legal literature of Latin America. Among 
readers already familiar with the earlier issues of this series hardly 
anything more need be said, when it is stated that the present contri- 
bution is executed on the same general plan, and under the able 
direction of Dr. Borchard, the law librarian of the Library of Congress. 

[After an analysis and comment in detail the reviewer concludes:] 
As aguide, merely, to Spanish law writing and legislation, from a modern 
and practical point of view, this effort may be highly commended, 
and we may look forward with satisfaction to the forthcoming publi- 
cations in the series. 

From the University of Pennsylvania law review and 
American law register, volume 64, No. 3, January, 1916: 

This volume is worthy of its predecessors: "Guide to the Law and 
Legal Literature of Germany" (1912) and "Bibliography of Interna- 
tional Law and Continental Law" (1913), the aim of which was "to 
make more readily accessible to the investigator of foreign and com- 
parative law" the sources of his subject. The student, entering upon 
graduate work, who has his way to hew in a little explored field, and 
the librarian who aspires to build up a useful and well balanced sec- 
tion of foreign law, will welcome these guides heartily. It was sound 
foresight that induced the Library of Congress to undertake Spanish 
Bibliography 'before the richer fields of France and Italy. Brazil 
excepted, Spanish influence upon the law of Latin America has of 
course been paramount, and this guide to Spanish legal literature 
" contributes the foundation for a Guide to the Law and Legal Litera- 
ture of Latin America," which we learn is already in preparation. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 1 5 

In so difficult, useful, and interesting an undertaking we wish the 
compiler success. 

[After some comments of detail the review concludes:] 
The author's analysis of the various collections of laws and decisions 
is very valuable. The subject is invariably confusing, and we trust 
that in the difficult Latin American field this subject will be carefully 
and fully treated. The section of Administrative Law and Labor 
Legislation is particularly rich. 

The " Catalogue of the John Boyd Thacher Collection of 
Incunabula; " compiled by Frederick W. Ashley, chief of the 
Order Division, issued in September, 1915, has been the sub- 
ject of extended comment in European as well as American 
bibliographical journals, among which it is interesting to 
note that of Prof. Dr. Ernst Voullieme, Oberbibliothekar, 
Konigliche Bibliothek, Berlin, in Zentralblatt fur Biblio- 
thekswesen, 32: 398-99, December, 1915. Translated it 
runs as follows : 

The library of the American historian and statesman, John Boyd 
Thacher, who died on the 2$th of February, 1909, which besides the 
literature of his special fields of work (the explorations of Columbus and 
the history of the French Revolution) included a remarkable collection 
of autographs and old imprints, was intrusted to the Library of Con- 
gress as a deposit, by his widow on April 27, 1910, and the Library 
authorities took early steps to make useful to investigators the section 
of fifteenth century imprints by means of the completed catalogue now 
lying before us. 

Since the collector's effort was to bring together specimens from the 
greatest possible number of presses, there are represented in a total of 
840 works (exclusive of a small number of duplicates) no less than 500 
presses in 128 cities. Of the 840 works there were printed in Germany 
224; in Italy, 471; in Switzerland, 40; in France, 57; in Holland, 18; 
in Belgium, n; in Austria, 5; in Spain, 8; in Kngland, 4; in Sweden 
and Portugal, each i. Under each country the presses are arranged by 
cities in the order in which they appear in the history of printing, 
similar to Proctor's Index. Complete descriptions are given of only 
a small number of imprints those not yet elsewhere described; for 
the remainder the compiler with absolute propriety contents himself 
with a short title entry and a reference to the existing bibliographies 
and catalogues, such as Hain, Copinger, Campbell, Reichling, Proctor, 
British Museum, Pellechet, Collijn, etc. Statements concerning the 
peculiarities of the copies, rubrications, illuminations, binding, old 
notes of previous ownership and similar matters complete the entry. 
Numerous autograph notes of the collector concerning the circum- 
stances of acquisition and the significance of particular imprints as first 



1 1 6 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

issues of a press or of a printing locality indicate the interest which he 
knew how to derive from his treasures . . . 

The most valuable item in the collection is the Durandus of 1459 
(Ricci 65 No. 43), on parchment bound in 2 volumes. Unfortunately, 
leaves 119 and 120 are missing. Leaves i, 4-6, 79, 80, 82, 83, 85, and 
129, as well as duplicates of 3 and 46 (with typographical variations) 
are from a copy with smaller margins. This and the book plate of the 
Duke of Sussex, whose auction number and the Ashburnham sale num- 
ber 1449 in tne second volume, show its identity with the copy whose 
history was written by Ricci under No. 61. 

Of other rarities I mention only in addition No. 825, the Biblia Bo- 
hemica, Kuttenberg, 1489; No. 165, the Breviarium Moguntinense, 
Marienthal, 1474; No. 101, Heiligenleben, Augsburg Schonsperger, 
1487 (the Winterteil only), of which the copy at Kopenhagen seems 
to be the only other known (Shreiber 43 1 1 ) ; No. 7 1 , the same , Cologne : 
Ludwig vonRenchen, 1485; No. 219, Nitzschewitz, Novum psalterium, 
Zinna; No. 84, Vocabularius exquo, Eltville Nic Bechtermiinze, 21 
Dec. 1477 (or 1476?), the fourth edition printed from the type of Peter 
Drach in Speyer. 

Ashley 's work has been done with extraordinary care and exactness, 
so that suggestions for improvements are hardly to be made : No. 168 was 
printed by an unknown printer from type 2 of Nic Goetz in Cologne, as 
Zaretzky has shown, see Zeit. f. Bibw. v. 23, p. 260. No. 56, Hemmer- 
lin's Opuscula I hold now to be an imprint of Georg Husner in Strass- 
burg (see above, p. 311); to him are also to be credited numbers 37 
and 38. No. 303, the 24-line edition of Plutarch's Problimata, has 
rightly been identified in the final index of the Wooley-Photographs 
(1905) as an imprint of Andreas de Bellfortis' type 2. No. 762 is Pelle- 
chct 4048 (wrongly entered before Cumanus and so easily overlooked). 
Complete indexes of the countries, towns, printers, and publishers, as 
well as the Hain numbers, bring the work to a close. 

From the official organ of the British library association, 
the Library Association Record, volume xvni, No. 2, Feb- 
ruary 15, 1916, regarding the Thacher catalogue: 

This catalogue has been compiled on the same lines as the great 
bibliographical models of recent years, the British Museum Catalogue 
and Pollard's Catalogue of the Hawkins collection, to mention no more. 
It comprises entries of [840] books, all printed during the fifteenth 
century, and represents at least one of the publications from each of 
[more than] 500 presses flourishing in that century. No other private 
collection has so great a number of separate presses, and the fame of the 
Library of Congress is further enhanced by the custody of the collection, 
subject to the pleasure of the widow of the collector. The books are 
accessible to students and investigators for research purposes, and this 
should prove extremely valuable in a country where bibliography is so 
much valued and appreciated as it is in the United States of America. 
The late John Boyd Thacher, to whom this collection of incunabula 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 1 7 

belonged, was something more than a collector; besides glorying in the 
possession of the books, he loved to hunt for and describe his treasures. 
His publication " The Continent of America" is by far the most sump- 
tuous bibliographical and cartographical work on the discovery and 
naming of America that has ever appeared in English. His elaborate 
work of the Life and Work of Christopher Columbus is probably the 
most voluminous of its kind ever devoted to Columbus published in 
the United States, and it brought within reach a considerable range of 
material not hitherto accessible. 

The arrangement of the catalogue is chronological ; first, by countries 
in the order in which printing was introduced into each; second, by 
towns arranged on the same principle ; third-, by presses in the order of 
their establishment in the towns; and, fourth, by books in the probable 
order of their issue from the press. This method has the sanction of 
most modern authorities, and if it has any disadvantages they are cov- 
ered by full indexes of Places, Printers, Authors, Titles, and"Hain" 
numbers. The volume is admirably produced by the Government 
Printing Office at Washington on good, durable paper and well bound in 
a serviceable way suitable for constant use . The compiler has done his 
work with great care, and it is difficult to say whether it could be better 
done. 

From the Boston Evening Transcript, March 22, 1916: 

Of the many catalogues issued from time to time by the Library of 
Congress few are more important and worthy of permanent preservation 
than the recent "Catalogue of the John Boyd Thacher Collection of 
Incunabula," compiled by Frederick W. Ashley, Chief of the Order 
Division. The Thacher collection of incunabula, which includes 840 
specimens of the work of the earliest printers, more than 500 different 
printers before the year 1500 being represented, was deposited on 
April 27, 1910, in the Library of Congress, subject to the pleasure of 
Mrs. John Boyd Thacher. As the collection is accessible to the student, 
in accordance with her wishes, the preparation of a suitable catalogue 
was a necessity, and the work has been well performed by Mr. Ashley, 
the result being a handsome quarto volume, with a portrait of Mr. 
Thacher, and numerous facsimiles. Mr. Thacher was well known to 
all book collectors, and before his death, which occurred in 1909, the 
"Nation ' ' said of him : " It would be difficult to name any other Ameri- 
can collector who has expended equal sums for the possession of biblio- 
graphic treasures, who has given such good proof of understanding why 
each volume has a proper and necessary place upon his shelves. ' ' The 
catalogue fully bears out his assertion. The arrangement is that fol- 
lowed in Proctor's "Index," which has the sanction of high authori- 
ties. It is chronological, first, by countries in the order in which print- 
ing was introduced in each; second, by towns, arranged on the same 
principle; third, by presses in the order of their establishment; and, 
finally, by books in the probable chronological order of their issue. 
The list is by no means inclusive of the entire Thacher deposit, which 
has also many valuable sixteenth century issues works relating to 



1 1 8 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Columbus and the discovery of America and numerous editions of 
Ptolemy, Mexican imprints, and bibliographical works. It is, how- 
ever, a valuable working tool for the bibliographer and student of 
fifteenth century printing. 

From the Dial, January 6, 1916: 

To Mr. Frederick W. Ashley, Chief of the Order Division of the Lib- 
rary of Congress, we are indebted for a handsome quarto "Catalogue of 
the John Boyd Thacher Collection of Incunabula. " This collection is 
intrusted by Mrs. Thacher to the custody of the Library of Congress, and 
the present full and scholarly enumeration and description of its riches 
will greatly facilitate its intelligent use by those desiring access to it. 
An n-page biographical sketch of Mr. Thacher is prefixed. The Gov- 
ernment Printing Office issues the work. 

From the Library Journal, February, 1916: 

The most important bibliographical publication issued by the Lib- 
rary of Congress during the past year is the fine " Catalogue of the John 
Boyd Thacher Collection of Incunabula" compiled by Frederick W. 
Ashley, Chief of the Order Division of that Library. This is important 
both as a record of a rich collection now accessible to the research 
worker and because of the quality of the cataloguing and the biblio- 
graphical notes. 

From the Vice Director of one of the oldest of American 
library schools comes the comment: 

... It is one of the most beautiful pieces of catalogue making that 
American librarianship has yet produced . . . 

From the Bibliographical Society of America: Papers, vol- 
ume 10, No. i, 1916: 

The Catalogue of the John Boyd Thacher Collection of Incunabula, 
now deposited in the Library of Congress, discloses the contents of an 
important collection of early printed books and a valuable addition is 
made to the all too small number of catalogues of incunabula collec- 
tions in this country. The Thacher collection being now on deposit 
in the Library of Congress, the books it contains are made available to 
students. It would be interesting to make an analysis of the subjects 
of which the 840 volumes in the collection treat. A casual examina- 
tion of 68 titles reveals 40 works on theology, 5 volumes of classical 
authors, i of neo-Latin poetry, i book on oratory, 4 historical works, 4 
philosophical, 4 medical, 2 works dealing with scientific subjects, 2 
with mythology, 3 with law, and i encyclopedic work. That theology 
should prevail is, of course, natural, especially as the object of Mr. 
Thacher was not to collect books on the subjects that particularly in- 
terested him, such as history, but to gather together examples of the 
work of as many printing offices from the first half century of printing 
as possible. In this he succeeded remarkably well, as is shown by 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 1 9 

the 10^3 pages of index to printers that the editor of the catalogue has 
compiled. Mr. Ashley has wisely refrained from collating with 
minuteness all the books in the collection and confined himself to give 
full descriptions of such books as have not been described elsewhere, 
and of which the Thacher collection seems to contain quite a number. 
For the rest, enough is given to identify each book, with references to 
authorities. Much care has rightly been given to describing the copy 
in hand, including occasional notes on fly-leaves in Mr. Thacher 's own 
hand. Former owners are mentioned, but no index to these has been 
given, as might easily have been done. 

The following concerning the "Catalogue of first editions 
of Stephen C. Foster," by Walter R. Whittlescy and O. G. 
Sonneck, Chief, Music Division, is taken from the Music 
Student, London, June, 1916: 

Some months ago, when the Editor of The Music Student was in 
Washington, he had the pleasure of seeing something of the wonderful 
collection of Stephen Foster exhibits collected in the Music Section of 
the Library of Congress. Now we have received from the Library its 
Catalogue of First Editions of Stephen C. Foster (1826-1864), by Walter 
R. Whittlesey and O. G. Sonneck. 

This sort of thing is one of those they do supremely well in the United 
States, and the amount of information concerning the 158 Songs of 
Foster which has been collected is evidence of careful and prolonged 
research . . . 

Foster was not a "great composer," but he has probably given as 
much pleasure to the English-speaking peoples of the new world and 
the old as any musician who ever lived. The United States does well 
to cherish him as a national possession . . . 

The music critic of the New York Times comments as fol- 
lows: 

... It is needless to say that the volume embodies the utmost accu- 
racy and minuteness of research that characterize all Mr. Sonneck 's 
work and that of his assistants. 

DIVISION OF BIBLIOGRAPHY 
(From the report of the Chief, Mr. Meyer) 

Beside the compilation of select bibliographies which find 
their way into print (as illustrated for the past year under 
"Publications," supra) the activities of the Division include 
(i) the answer to requests for bibliographic information 
coming from the Members of Congress, Legislative Reference, 
Reading Room, (2) answers to similar requests by mail, 

64394-16 9 



1 20 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

and (3) the preparation of lists in typewritten form which 
are available in special exigencies. These latter differ 
from the printed lists only in the fact that they are im- 
printed. Below is a list of the subjects treated by the 
Division during the year. 

Typewritten Advertising (35 p.); Agricultural education in Denmark, 
England, France, and Germany (4 p.); Determination of 
alcohol in organic substances (4 p.); Sanitation and public 
hygiene in ancient Rome (2 p . ) ; Archives and their care in 
the United States (5 p.); Armed merchant vessels (6 p.); 
Ballot reform exclusive of the Short ballot (9 p . ) ; Bible in 
art, history, and literature (5 p.) ; Biographies of Americans 
prominent since the Civil war (n p.); Big brother and Big 
sister movements (2 p.) ; Canberra, capital of Australia 
(3 p.); Chain stores (4 p.); History of chemical industry 
(2 p.); City manager plan of municipal government (n p.); 
English translation of Italian classics (5 p.) ; English trans- 
lation of Spanish classics (4 p.) ; Cloture (7 p.) ; Cocoanuts and 
cocoanut oil (3 p.); Combustion of hydro-carbon gases 
(3 P-)i Commercial year-books and similar publications 
(7 p.) ; Commercialism (4 p.) ; Conservation and preservation 
of scenery, historic monuments, etc. (3 p.); Conservation of 
natural resources Speeches in Congress (2 p.) ; Contempt of 
court (3 p.); Continental Congress (6 p.); Cost of selling 
(5 p.); Czechs or Bohemians (3 p.); Supplementary list on 
the Danish West Indies (2 p.) ; Defenses of the United States 
(6 p.); Domestic science (especially food and cooking) in 
relation to working people (12 p.); Dumping (10 p.); Dye- 
stuffs (Chemistry, manufacture and trade) (n p.); East 
India Company (9 p.) ; Life and inventions of Thomas A. 
Edison (5 p.) ; Construction and operation of passenger and 
freight elevators (5 p.); Embargo. (12 p.); Additional 
references on Employers' liability and workmen's compen- 
sation (3 p.); Employers' liability insurance (especially 
mutual or cooperative) (8 p.); National and municipal en- 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 121 

dowed theaters (5 p.) ; Effect of European war on religion 
(3 p.); Financial influence of European war, especially on 
the United States (5 p.); Forecasts of the conditions of 
Europe after the war (5 p.) ; Manufacture, testing, and trans- 
portation of explosives (8 p) ; . Factors which determine rates 
of interest (5 p.) ; Recent books on Feminism (4 p . ) ; Finan- 
cial and banking relations between the United States and 
Latin America (9 p.); Fire prevention (Supplementary to list 
printed in Special Libraries Feb., 1913) (9 p.); Flour milling 
(3 p.) ; Fraudulent practices in the promotion of corporations 
and the sale of securities (9 p.) ; Freight classification (3 p.) ; 
Gadsden purchase (3 p.) ; Recent references on Garden cities 
(5 p) ; Uses of gases in warfare (2 p.) ; Explosion of gases (4 p.) ; 
. Substitutes for gasoline in motor cars, engines, etc. (2 p.) ; 
Speeches in Congress on Government ownership (2 p.); 
Speeches in Congress on Government ownership of railroads 
(3 p.); Speeches in Congress on Government ownership of 
telephone and telegraph (2 p.) ; Americanization of the immi- 
grant (4 p.) ; Imperialism, expansion, government of depend- 
encies, etc. (2 p . ) ; Industrial insurance (with special refer- 
ence to Accident insurance) (6 p.) ; Industrial surveys (3 p.) ; 
Information bureaus in Washington, D. C. (2 p.); Interna- 
tionalism (8 p.); Speeches in Congress on Intervention in 
Mexico (4 p.); Intervention in Nicaragua (i p.); Iodine, 
chiefly its occurrence and manufacture (2 p.) ; Jewelry indus- 
try (3 p.); Selection of judges, appointment vs. election 
(7 p.) ; Design and construction of small library buildings 
(3 p.) ; Lincoln highway (2 p.) ; Liquor question in its hygienic, 
economic, and social phases (24 p.); Local option (3 p.); 
Long distance telephone communication (Trans- Atlantic and 
Trans-Continental) (2 p.); Mercantile marine subsidies and 
government operation of steamship lines (ship purchase) 
(Supplementary to printed lists 1906, 1911) (9 p.); Militar- 
ism (n p.); Military and naval education in Germany (with 
special reference to the training of officers) (4 p.) ; Military 



122 Report of the Librarian of Congress 



m schools, colleges, and universities (9 p.); Militia 
(5 P-) J Commerce in munitions of war between United States 
and European belligerents, 1914-1915 (5 p.); Nautical edu- 
cation (6 p.) ; Bibliographies on New England states (4 p.) ; 
Nicaraguan treaty (2 p.); Fixation of atmospheric nitrogen 
(4 p.) ; Open door policy in China (4 p.) ; Brief list on Pan- 
ama-California Exposition (2 p.); Additional references on 
Panama- Pacific Exposition (2 p.) ; Patriotic societies (5 p.) ; 
Bibliographies on petroleum and animal and vegetable oils 
(5 p.); Independence of Philippines (n p.); Police power 
(5 p.) ; Populist party (3 p.) ; Potash deposits in Spain and 
Chile (2 p.) ; Military and naval preparedness (4 p.) ; Speeches 
in Congress on preparedness (64th Cong., ist sess.) (2 p.); 
Prison reform (7 p.) ; Recent references on Public service 
rates with special reference to regulation (Cabs, electricity, 
gas, street railways, telephone, water) (18 p.); Bibliographies 
on the Regulation of public utilities (4 p.) ; Publicity for 
the states (n p.); Quarries for road-making materials in 
the several states (15 p.) ; Recall or dismissal of foreign rep- 
resentatives by the Executive (6 p.); Reindeer industry 
(4 p.) ; Research facilities in American libraries (5 p.) ; Bibli- 
ographies on Retailing (2 p.); Rice industry (2 p.); Races 
of Russia (5 p.) ; Seamen in the merchant marine (in rela- 
tion to the Seamen's law of the United States, and Safety at 
sea) (14 p.); Secret diplomacy and a more democratic con- 
trol of foreign policy (2 p.) ; Serpent in folklore and mythol- 
ogy (6 p.) ; Ship purchase bill (Speeches in Congress) (4 p.) ; 
Manufacture, chemistry, and physiological effects of snuff 
(3 p.); Soap (6 p.); Social centers (4 p.); Spectroscopy 
(8 p.) ; State military police (3 p.) ; Thaddeus Stevens (5 p.) ; 
Swiss military system (9 p.) ; Taft's (William Howard) plan 
for international peace (2 p.) ; Brief list on tariff (3 p.) ; Tariff 
commissions (16 p.); Taxation of inheritances, Jan., 1910- 
Dec., 1915 (8 p.) ; Taxation of intangible property (with spe- 
cial reference to mortgages) (5 p.) ; Exemption from taxation 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 123 

of the property of churches and educational institutions 
(4 p.) ; Textile machinery (16 p.) ; Management and finance of 
the theater and show business (3 p.) ; Tobacco leaf curing 
(2 p.) ; Stability of trade (3 p.) ; Trade and commercial direc- 
tories of foreign countries (3 p.) ; Trade directories published 
in the United States (10 p.); Trade of the United States as 
affected by the war (Supplementary to list published in 
Special libraries, Dec., 1914) (14 p.); Trade organization in 
Germany (7 p.) ; Trade unions among government employees 
(6 p.); Traveling libraries (10 p.); International relations 
between United States and Russia (5 p.) ; Brief list on United 
States territorial possessions (2 p.); Relation between va- 
grancy and crime (3 p.) ; Valuation of real property for taxa- 
tion (7 p.) ; Water terminals, particularly municipal owned 
water terminals (5 p.); Welfare work for' laborers (12 p.); 
Wit, humor, laughter, satire, etc. (2 1 p.) ; History and de- 
velopment of Wyoming (3 p.). 

The following lists were published in "Special libraries": 

List of references on Government aid to farmers and immigrants. 
Special libraries, Sept. 1915, v. 6: 119-126. 

List of references on Traffic control in cities. Special libraries, Dec. 
1915, v. 6: 163-170. 

List of recent references on Public service rates with special reference 
to regulation. Special libraries, Feb. 1916, v. 7: 21-29. 

List of references on the Cost of selling. Special libraries, Mar. 1916, 
v. 7: 47-49- 

List of references on Advertising. Special libraries, Apr. 1916, v. 7: 
61-76. 

List of commercial year-books and similar publications (Supplemen- 
tary). Special libraries, May, 1916, v. 7: 86-88. 

SMITHSONIAN DEPOSIT 

(From the annual reports of the Custodian, Mr. Brockett, and the 
assistant in charge, Mr. Parsons) 

Mr. Brockett reports that the publications transmitted for 
the Deposit during the year amounted to 18,627 pieces, as 
follows: 3,101 volumes, 1,777 parts f volumes, 383 pam- 
phlets, 13,155 periodicals, and 211 charts. 



1 24 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

SMITHSONIAN Conditions at the beginning of the year made it apparent 

iBPOSIT 

that work upon our American sets, and those of countries 
least affected by the War, would be the most effective. 
Want lists of United States societies were prepared and the 
Smithsonian Institution and the Order Division of the Li- 
brary immediately undertook to obtain as much of the 
desired material as possible. The titles of 520 series having 
breaks were enumerated, and the results have been that 54 
were completed, and additions were received to 151 other 
series; also, in many instances, promises for continuations 
when published. 

The correspondence has given us much information con- 
cerning defunct societies, suspended and discontinued pub- 
lications, and listed books which have never been issued. 
Notes of this information have been placed on our cards by 
the cataloguers. 

This work has proved very profitable in other ways than 
in the mere addition to the number of volumes received for 
the library. 

The reprinting of cards for the many society series cata- 
logued some years ago has involved the necessity of recata- 
loguing these sets, and much additional information has been 
added to that originally recorded; this work also shows in 
a very gratifying way the results of our efforts in the past 
years to complete our sets. 

The Card Catalogue of all printed Smithsonian titles 
(books in the Smithsonian Deposit) has been kept up to 
date. The list of titles for the proposed Serial List has been 
completed for the letter "C"; and all cards added to the 
main Catalogue of the Library have been checked for the 
letters A, B, and C. 

There have been completed 1,438 volumes, and 2,183 vol- 
umes have been sent to the bindery during the year, a slight 
increase over 1914-15, in spite of the small amount of for- 
eign material received; only a small portion of the above 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 25 

has been rebinding, but much more will soon be required 
for sets that have been much in circulation. 

The circulation of unbound material from the- "War 
Zone" has been necessarily somewhat restricted in order 
to preserve and bind as promptly as possible our serial sets, 
to make them available for general reference. Unbound 
material is frequently damaged or lost in circulation, and 
replacements involve delay even if ultimately obtained. 

A large amount of transfer material has been searched, 
a small per cent retained, and the balance added to our 
store of duplicates. 

The duplicates of serials are being rearranged and a rough 
index is being prepared to facilitate the ready reference to 
them, which is occasionally required. 

Early in the year the Smithsonian Institution undertook 
the completion and binding of many of their entomological 
sets. In this we assisted to the best of our ability. Later, 
the American want lists brought in many engineering and 
technical society publications. 

The acquisitions of the publications of South American 
societies have received an impetus from the meeting in 
this city of the Second Pan American Scientific Congress 
in January last. The files of Canadian and Australasian 
publications are being reviewed and needed volumes ac- 
quired as we are able to obtain them. Decided progress in 
the acquisition of all of the foregoing items has been made. 

The manuscript material for the Foreign section of the 
Handbook of Learned Societies has been of much use to us 
since it was collected. Quite a number of other libraries 
have called upon us for information from its stores during 
the past year. The Columbia University and the New 
York Public library have had an employee engaged for 
nearly a month in culling from our catalogue and from 
these manuscripts the history of various Societies and 
their publications and about 200 titles have been written up 
from these sources. 



126 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

READING ROOM FOR THE BLIND 
(From the report of the assistant in charge, Mrs. Rider) 
READING ROOM The following table shows the collection of books, music 

FOR THE BLIND: 

Collection scores, and periodicals, by types : 

Volumes: 

American Braille 366 

English Braille 459 

Line type 394 

Moon type. 562 

New York point i, 42 1 

Standard dot 22 



Total 3 , 224 

Music scores : 

Braille '. 131 

New York point 124 



Total 255 

Magazines : 

American Braille 6 

English Braille 1 1 

Moon type . i 

New York point 7 

Ink 10 



Total 35 

The collection comprises : 

Volumes 3, 224 

Music scores 255 

Periodicals 35 

Maps and plans 158 

Total 3, 672 

The year closed with one-third more borrowers registered 
and a normal increase in circulation. Loans were made to 
blind persons in 38 states. 

A large percentage of the books sent out of the District of 
Columbia went to readers in the Middle West and South, 
where there are few embossed books available for the adult 
blind. Of the total borrowers, a considerable number only 
supplemented their reading with matter from the Library 
of Congress not obtainable in their own states. We con- 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 27 

sistently avoided sending regular loans into territory sup- 
plied by large library centers. 

A few small loans were made to libraries having no em- 
bossed reading matter, and the books were changed from 
time to time. 

The resources of the Room for the Blind had increased 
local circulation in the last month of the year. In March, 
1916, resident blind people undertook volunteer home- 
teaching in the District of Columbia and placed at the 
disposal of "shut-ins" and newly blinded, the books and 
appliances available here. 

Five hundred and fifty-eight volumes were accessioned 
during the year; of this number 145 new publications were 
gifts. 

On account of the uncertainty about type the American 
presses printed fewer books than usual. Several new periodi- 
cals and weekly news sheets started during the year, passed 
the experimental stage, and obtained supporting circulation. 

The National Institute for the Blind, London, embossed 
a large number of books in English Braille and in Moon type, 
among them timely titles on matters relating to the war. 

The adoption of a uniform type seems imminent. In 
April, 1916, the Commission on Uniform Type for the Blind 
invited co-workers in Great Britain to appoint a committee 
of three, having authority to work with a like committee in 
America, toward the improvement of English Braille, with a 
view to the possibility of its adoption as the uniform type 
of the English-speaking world. Certain changes in English 
Braille were suggested to the proper authorities in Great 
Britain, and these changes are the basis of the committee's 
report to the Halifax Convention of American Instructors of 
the Blind, July, 1916. It is anticipated that a substantial 
agreement on a revised Braille may lead to its acceptance 
in America. 



128 Report of the Librarian of Congress . 

In the fall of 1915, to relieve the crowded condition of 
Room 44 and anticipate the requirements of a growing 
collection, temporary wooden shelving was erected in the 
basement, and a thousand books transferred there. To-day 
1,500 volumes are shelved in the basement. For a 20- 
minute period each morning and longer in the afternoons, a 
messenger has, when possible, been sent from the Reading 
Room to assist in the daily exchange of books kept there. 

Following custom, a musical program or lecture was pro- 
vided for the blind of the city one evening a week from 
November to May. The attendance registered for the 
season shows no diminution of interest or appreciation. 

A device to enable the blind to read print by sound was 
brought to the attention of educators and workers for the 
blind assembled in conference at Berkeley in July, 1915. It 
is known as the Crystal Phonopticon and is described briefly 
as follows : 

A little box called the "eye" is moved by the blind operator over a 
line of print, then through telephone receivers fastened to his ears, 
tones are heard. Each letter gives out a certain combination of tones 
which blind people are able to distinguish without previous experience. 
The invention is yet in the laboratory stages. 

In June and July, 1915, the assistant in charge visited 
several western libraries, schools, and industrial training 
shops for the blind, and attended the combined conferences 
of the American Association of Workers for the Blind and 
the American Association of Instructors of the Blind at 
Berkeley, Cal. Proceeding to Japan in July she there 
inspected the educational institutions for the blind and 
gathered information on the status of the Japanese blind. 
During the year two important libraries for the blind were 
revisited those of the Perkins Institution and Massa- 
chusetts School for the Blind at Watertown and of the 
New York Public Library. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 29 

As chairman of the committee of the American Library 
Association on work with the blind, the assistant in charge 
compiled an inventory of Canadian libraries for the blind 
and prepared a re'sume' of the year's library work for the 
blind in America. 

LEGISLATIVE REFERENCE DIVISION 

(From the reports of the Legislative assistant, Mr. Thompson, and the 
Administrative assistant, Mr. Collins) 

The original appropriation for "Legislative Reference" 
defined the function of the new service in the words : 

To prepare such indexes, digests, and compilations of law as may be 
required by Congress or for other official use. 

The actual demands from Members and committees dur- 
ing the third session of the Sixty-third Congress, however, 
showed a wider range of requirement, as was indicated in 
the last annual report, and the terms of the appropriation 
for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1916, were accordingly 
varied from those of the preceding year so as to read : 

To gather, classify, and make available, in translations, indexes, 
digests, compilations, and bulletins, and otherwise, data for or bearing 
upon legislation, and to render such data serviceable to Congress and 
committees and Members thereof. 

In view of this extension of the scope of the Legislative LEGISLATIVE REP- 
Reference service it was considered desirable to modify its Legal section 
tentative plan of organization, so that inquiries involving an 
examination and report upon law would be treated by a special 
group of investigators. From the beginning of the session, 
therefore, such inquiries have been segregated and referred 
to the Legislative Assistant, who has been held responsible 
for their treatment. The field assigned to this legal section 
was defined to include : 

(i) The preparation of digests and compilations of statutes, statutory 
rules and orders, constitutional provisions and court decisions in any 



130 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

jurisdiction, United States, state, or foreign, including comparative 
legislation studies; 

(2) The preparation of briefs on the constitutionality of proposed 
legislation and on the judicial construction of words and phrases and 
other technical matters in the text of bills and resolutions, introduced 
or intended to be introduced in Congress; 

(3) Any indexing of the United States, State, and foreign legislation 
which may be undertaken from time to time; 

(4) The preparation of digests and compilations on international law 
topics from treaties, conventions, proceedings of conferences., and from 
American and foreign international law writers. 

As this branch of the work involves primarily the use of 
the law collections and the card Index of the Federal statutes, 
it has been carried on in close proximity to the Law Division 
in the main Library and in the room assigned for legislative 
reference purposes at the Capitol where the Index apparatus 
was located. It was found, however, that this separation 
involved some administrative difficulties and that more 
prompt and efficient service could be rendered if the two 
offices were consolidated by transferring the Index apparatus 
and the assistants engaged on it to the main Library. 
During the session it also became clear that the mainte- 
nance of this room at the Capitol for the receipt of inquiries 
was, on account of its inconvenient location, of little advan- 
tage to Members, who generally preferred to make their 
requests for information by letter or telephone or in person 
at the Library. In fact, during the year only 3 per cent of 
the inquiries received were made at the office in the Capitol. 
Consequently in the latter part of June the transfer of the 
Index files to the main Library was carried out and the 
Capitol office was closed temporarily. 

The following statement of the work of the legal section 
from the beginning of the session to the end of the fiscal 
year includes only digests, compilations, or translations 
actually undertaken and completed. It omits those re- 
quests which were met by reference to material already 
available in print in convenient form. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 131 

Of the inquiries treated those calling for the preparation f>i#*t*a*<icom 

filiation! of United 

of digests or compilations of Federal statute law constituted stales laws 
the largest class numerically. The range of inquiry is indi- 
cated by the following list of subjects covered, in which 
related topics have been grouped together: 

Commerce. Exclusion of articles from interstate com- 
merce; Collection of statistics of commerce on navigable 
waters ; Prohibition of exportation or importation in certain 
cases. 

Courts and civil procedure. Jurisdiction of the Court of 
Claims; United States Court for China; Appeals and writs 
of error; Appointment of Federal judges in Hawaii and 
Alaska; Interchange of judges; Appointment of receivers for 
corporations; Assignability of personal injury claim; Prima 
facie evidence 

Criminal law. Capital punishment in the District of Co- 
lumbia, in the Territories, Insular possessions, and other 
places within Federal jurisdiction. 

Executive departments. Delegation of powers of Congress 
to departments and commissions; Discretionary powers of 
heads of departments. 

Finance and treasury. Collection districts; Internal rev- 
enue laws, 1789-1915; Federal inheritance taxation; Sub- 
treasuries of the United States; Customs division of the 
Treasury department ; Appropriations, Sixty-fourth Congress. 

Insular affairs. Civil government for Porto Rico. 

Liquor traffic. Revocation of liquor clauses in Indian 
treaties; Appropriations for International Congress against 
alcoholism. 

Merchant marine. Restrictions on clearance of vessels; 
Safety of passengers on steamships; Transportation of ex- 
plosives in passenger vessels. 

Military and naval affairs. National Guard in active serv- 
ice; Employment for honorably discharged soldiers; Rein- 



132 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

statement; Prosecution for sale of food unfit for the Army; 
Medals granted by Congress. 

Postal affairs. Blue-tag second-class matter; Discretion- 
ary powers of the Postmaster-General; Exclusion of articles 
from the mails ; Franks and franking privileges ; Use of mails 
for transmitting spurious rituals; Carrying the mail land 
grants and compensation to railroads. 

Public property. Sale of public property and disposal of 
proceeds; Purchase of land for agricultural experiment 
farms ; Land grants to various states ; Use of flag on govern- 
ment buildings. 

Public works. Construction of Panama railroad; Direct 
employment of labor or contracts for public works. 

Miscellaneous. Legal holidays; Extension of patents for 
designs; Standard time; Protection of American citizens 
abroad; Naturalization of honorably discharged soldiers; 
Quarantine stations; Consent of Congress to contracts and 
agreements between states. 

The purpose of the Member making inquiry was often not 
disclosed, but it was evident that in most cases he desired to 
obtain a compact and reliable statement of existing law, 
either as a preliminary to drafting a bill to amend or sup- 
plement it, or as a means of determining what changes some 
pending bill would effect if enacted into law in fact a report 
on such changes was specifically requested and furnished in 
the case of the bill to provide civil government for Porto 
Rico, various bills relating to the Court of Claims, and 
certain provisions of the Farm Loan bill. 

statutory prece- In certain cases, however, he desired to find statutory 
precedents for a bill or resolution which he wished to intro- 
duce. Closely related to these were the inquiries for 
standard forms of bills and resolutions for particular pur- 
poses, e. g., creation of a joint congressional committee of 
inquiry or an international joint commission, establishment 
of a collection district, reinstatement in the Army or Navy, etc, 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 33 

Another type of assistance rendered is represented by a statutory con- 

struction 

schedule of recent decisions in the Federal courts constru- 
ing the Bankruptcy Acts, prepared for the House Commit- 
tee on Revision of the Laws to accompany its draft of a 
bill to revise, consolidate, and amend these laws, and by 
memoranda on the interpretation of various words and 
phrases. 

Statements regarding attempted legislation in previous c ^ 
Congresses on matters of recurrent interest were also called 
for during the session, e. g., the inheritance-tax provisions 
in the Payne tariff bill and the dumping duty clause in the 
Underwood tariff bill, passed by the House of Representa- 
tives but stricken out in the Senate, and the various pro- 
posals for the Federal incorporation or licensing of concerns 
engaged in interstate commerce. 

A large and important group of inquiries related to con . ^ o 
stitutional questions and involved the digesting of Federal 
court decisions and the compilation of pertinent material 
from the debates in the Federal Convention and other docu- 
ments of constitutional history, the collections of congres- 
sional precedents, and the leading treatises on constitutional 
law. As might be expected, the majority of these queried 
whether a particular piece of proposed legislation came 
within the scope of the powers of Congress. Among such 
matters were delegation to a tariff commission of power to 
fix tariff rates, regulation of ocean freight rates, prohibition 
of interstate commerce in convict-made goods, Federal 
jurisdiction concerning game, and over land purchased by 
the United States without the consent of the State in which 
it is located, taxation of aliens and of American income and 
property of persons living abroad. These required discus- 
sion of the limits of powers expressly granted to Congress. 
But in other cases authorities were cited to indicate the line 
of demarcation between the legislative and executive powers, 
as, for instance, in reference to control of foreign affairs and 



134 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

the delegation of powers to the heads of departments ; or to 
outline the field from which Congress is excluded by powers 
expressly granted to the President, e. g., in relation to par- 
dons and recess appointments, or by privileges of the Judi- 
ciary, as in the case of the proposal for superannuation of 
Federal judges. 

Two questions involving the constitutional status and 
qualifications of Senators and Representatives became of 
special interest during the session and briefs were prepared 
in response to inquiries regarding them, viz, whether a 
Member of Congress is an officer of the United States and 
under what conditions a National Guard officer becomes 
disqualified to serve as a Member of Congress. 

Another subject involving points of both constitutional 
and parliamentary law, viz, contempt of Congress, may be 
included here, although in the pending case only compara- 
tive material, which bore on the question indirectly by 
analogy, was actually prepared. This consisted of digests 
of court decisions on contempt by publication, contempt of 
a grand jury, and unlawful interference with witnesses in 
Federal courts, together with a memorandum on the juris- 
diction of British courts in cases of contempt of Parlia- 
ment. 
Constitutional The efforts to secure submission to the States of the 

amendments 

woman suffrage and prohibition amendments to the Federal 
Constitution brought requests for information regarding 
the actual operation of Article v in the' matter of ratifica- 
tion, and reports were accordingly prepared showing dates 
of proposal and ratifications of Amendments I to xvii, 
the history of amendments proposed but not ratified by 
three-fourths of the States, attempts in Congress to regu- 
late ratification, provisions of State constitutions relating to 
ratification of amendments to the Federal Constitution, and 
a record of all applications of State legislatures for a con- 
vention for proposing amendments. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 135 

On the other hand, a report on recent amendments of 
State constitutions and a memorandum on the constitu- 
tionality of a referendum in the absence of specific constitu- 
tional authorization were prepared in response to requests 
from Members desiring data bearing on the opposing con- 
tention that qualifications for voting and regulation of the 
liquor traffic should be left to the individual States. 

State laws of direct importance to Congress are mainlv Digests and com 

" pUatitms of State. 

confined to those relating to matters on which the Federal laws 
legislative power may be exercised either to supplement or 
to supersede the enactments of the State legislatures, or 
which fall within the scope of the legislative powers of both 
the Federal and the State Governments. This is illus- 
trated by the list of the subjects of digests and compilations 
of State laws prepared in response to requests. 

Thus in connection with the consideration of the child- 

p 

labor bill, a tabular comparison of certain features of the 
child-labor laws of the States was prepared; and for use in 
the discussion of rural-credits legislation, digests were made 
of the State laws relating to cooperative associations, estab- 
lishment of branches of State banks, establishment and 
regulation of markets, and taxation of farm mortgages. A 
digest of State inheritance tax laws served to indicate the 
extent to which the several States had availed themselves 
of this source of revenue. 

A statement regarding State regulation of water-power 
development in Colorado and Utah was needed in the dis- 
cussion of the water-power bill. National defense legisla- 
tion brought inquiries for State laws giving preference in 
employment to honorably discharged soldiers and sailors 
and a digest of court decisions under 'State military laws on 
the subject of the militia in the service of the United States. 
A report on the assignability of personal injury claims was 
furnished as data for certain committee amendments to the 
bill providing compensation for Government employees in 

64394 16 10 



1 36 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

case of injury or death. A digest of State laws providing 
for registration of stallions was needed in connection with a 
bill for Federal supervision of pedigree records. An in- 
quiry into the feasibility of adopting a "daylight-saving" 
plan in this country required a statement of existing State 
laws relating to standard time. 

The approaching elections and the pending bill to regulate 
campaign expenditures were doubtless responsible for the 
considerable interest shown in questions of election law. 
The special topics on which digests or tabular comparisons 
were prepared were as follows: Delegates to national con- 
ventions; presidential primaries; open and closed primaries; 
registration of voters; powers of local registration officials; 
property qualifications for electors; poll taxes; limitations 
on campaign expenses of candidates for United States 
Senator and Representative in Congress and of party 
committees under State laws in force. 

Regulation of lobbying, proposed in several bills, was 
another matter directly affecting Congress itself, on which 
a digest was prepared showing how the State legislatures 
had attacked the problem by statute or rule of procedure. 

With such exceptions as these, the field of legislation 
which belongs particularly to the States is, as a rule, of 
interest to Congress only, in so far as it is suggestive for 
the framing of similar statutes for one of the local divisions 
of the Federal jurisdiction, i. e., the District of Columbia, 
Alaska, the Territories and insular possessions. Thus, 
there were prepared in connection with the consideration 
of bills relating to the District of Columbia, digests and 
compilations of State laws on the use of the public schools 
as community centers, fraudulent advertising, the use of 
the flag in advertising, the unlawful use of insignia of 
fraternal and similar organizations, and in connection with 
the Alaskan fisheries bill a tabular comparison of license 
.taxes on fisheries in Washington, Oregon, and Alaska. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 137 

The most extensive group of translations and digests of 
foreign laws prepared during the session were those fur- 
nished to the Ways and Means Committee for use in fram- 
ing the revenue bill. They covered: Income taxation in 
Great Britain, Australia, France, Italy, and Russia; In- 
heritance taxation in Great Britain, France, and Germany; 
Taxation of war profits in Great Britain, Canada, France, 
Germany, Italy, Denmark, and Sweden; the German tariff 
commission of 1901; the French tariff revision of 1910; 
the French customs valuation commission, etc. 

To supply information bearing on various projects 
submitted during consideration of the Army reorganization 
bill and on the question of making provision for the depend- 
ents of members of the National Guard called to service on 
the Mexican border, the following compilations were made : 
System of military defense adopted by the Union of South 
Africa in 1912; constitutional provisions relating to mili- 
tary service in Switzerland and Serbia; civil employment 
for ex-soldiers and sailors in Great Britain; Government 
positions for honorably discharged soldiers in Austria, 
France, Germany, and Italy; requisitioning of automobiles 
by the French ministry of war; allowances to families of 
soldiers in European countries and in Canada. 

The reports on foreign merchant marine legislation, pre- 
pared by the Legislative Reference Division last year, were 
utilized by the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce 
in the preparation of its publication "Government aid to 
merchant shipping; study of subsidies, subventions, and 
other forms of State aid in principal countries of the world," 
issued last May, which supplied most of the information on 
foreign laws needed in connection with the shipping bill. 
Additional data required were furnished by translations of 
the recent laws and decrees prohibiting the sale of ships to 
foreigners, viz, in Great Britain, France, Italy, Belgium, 
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Denmark, Sweden, Spain, and 



1 38 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Brazil; of the French law providing Government guaranty 
for purchase of British prizes by French shipowners; and 
of bills introduced in the French Chamber of Deputies to 
provide for loans' to shipowners, Government purchase of 
ships, and a Government shipbuilding yard. 

Among other special topics arising out of the emergency 
legislation of European countries on which reports have been 
made are the following: Restrictions on aliens in Great 
Britain, France, Italy, Germany, and Austria-Hungary since 
the outbreak of the war ; regulation of prices in Great Britain ; 
daylight saving in Great Britain and France. 

The child-labor legislation of European countries was sum- 
marized and the provisions for a literacy test in the immigra- 
tion laws of Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa were 
compiled for use in discussion of the bills on these subjects. 

Special investigations undertaken by individual Members 
required the preparation of the following : A series of studies 
of the laws relating to negroes and aboriginal natives cover- 
ing the French, British, and German colonies, the Belgian 
Congo, and the Dutch East Indies; consolidated texts of the 
laws in force in Australia and New Zealand relating to 
Government advances to settlers; memoranda on the agra- 
rian decrees and sale of the national domains during the 
French Revolution; reports on official herd books and stud 
books in France. 
international The demand for information on matters of international 

IQW 

law was largely confined to the period of the controversy 
over armed merchant ships. Every discussion of the sub- 
ject that could be found in the writings of international law 
authorities of all countries, both treatises and periodical 
articles, in the proceedings of the Institute of International 
Law and the International Law Association, in court deci- 
sions, diplomatic correspondence and other official docu- 
ments, was extracted, translated, or digested, and made 
available for the use of the Foreign Affairs Committees and 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 39 

other Members of both Houses. A small part of this material 
was included in the compilation "Armed merchantmen" 
issued as Senate Document No. 332; other portions were 
printed in the Record by Members taking part in the dis- 
cussion. 

Other material supplied in this field included a compilation 
of translated extracts from foreign international law writers 
on the limitations of blockade in relation to neutral ports and 
international rivers; discussion in the British Parliament of 
the articles of the Declaration of London relating to block- 
ade; translations of French prize court decisions affecting 
American vessels; ^provisions of treaties between the United 
States and Mexico referring to pursuit of marauders across 
the international boundary. 

For responding promptly and authoritatively to requests Index analysis 

of Federal statutes 

for such statements about United States laws as have been 
indicated above, the Index analysis of the Federal statutes 
is the most important piece of apparatus used. At the time 
of the last annual report the index of the permanent general 
law, which in the printed volumes was carried to the year 
1907, had been brought down to date and a beginning had 
been made with the indexing of the temporary general, 
local, and private laws. This work has been continued during 
the session whenever any assistants have had time available 
for the purpose. Progress made during the year is reported 
by the chief indexer as follows : 

(i) Permanent General. There has been no volume of 
Statutes at Large or session laws issued later than volume 
38, which had been completely indexed at the time of the 
last report. The slip laws of the present session have, 
however, been indexed in temporary form, and the cards 
made have been incorporated in the general file, thus bring- 
ing this file constantly within a few days of the current 
legislation. As soon as the session laws for 1915-16 are 
published, the cards will be changed from the temporary 



140 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

to the permanent form by adding the page reference to the 
session laws (which is the same page reference in which they 
will be ultimately published in volume 39 of the Statutes 
at Large). 

(2) Temporary General, Local, and Private. The purpose 
here has been to complete as rapidly as possible the indexing 
of the volumes subsequent to the Consolidated Index to the 
Statutes at Large (vols. i to 32), in order to make available 
a comprehensive index to every kind of legislation from 
1789 to date. In carrying out this purpose progress has 
been made as follows : 

(a) Temporary General, which includes appropriations 
and all general legislation not of a permanent character; 
volumes 33 to 38, inclusive, have been completely indexed. 

(6) Local: Volumes 33, 34, 36, and 37, and about half of 
volumes 35 and 38, have been indexed, except appropriation 
acts. 

(c} Private: Everything subsequent to the Consolidated 
Index has been indexed, except appropriation acts and such 
private legislation as occurs in the local laws not yet indexed 
in volumes 35 and 38. 

In order to complete the immediate program, therefore, 
it will be necessary to index 

(i) local and private in appropriation acts, volumes 33 to 
38, inclusive; (ii) local and private, not in appropriation 
acts, for the parts of volumes 35 and 38 not yet covered. 

At present, the indexing work is being concentrated upon 
these, together with the permanent general legislation in the 
slip laws. When everything subsequent to the Consolidated 
Index has been completely indexed, the indexing, except in 
the case of private laws, will be gradually carried back *o 
include earlier volumes, in order to provide a more exten- 
sive index arranged in accordance with the general plan of the 
printed volumes of the Index Analysis of the Federal Statutes. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 141 

Although the terms of the appropriation do not include BUI drafting 
any authorization of the drafting of bills, a number of re- 
quests for such service were made. During the greater part 
of the first session of the Sixty-fourth Congress the legisla- 
tive drafting department of Columbia University, New York 
(a department of the University which is endowed for re- 
search in legislation and administration with a view to the 
better drafting of statutes and which frequently applies the 
results of its research in the actual drafting of bills), main- 
tained two members of its staff in Washington, for the pur- 
pose of carrying on research in the methods and form of 
Congressional legislation. We were able to make with them 
an informal arrangement by which their services were avail- 
able for Members and committees of Congress desiring as- 
sistance in the preparation of bills. To them, .therefore, were 
turned over all requests for such assistance, and it is believed 
that in every instance the service afforded was completely 
responsive, to the need. It is hoped that the arrangement 
may be continued at least during the coming session. 

As during the first session, the subjects dealt with by LEGISLATIVE 

REFERENCE: 
the Legislative Reference Division included rather a wide investigations 

range of historic, economic, and social questions. Among 
them were the following: Revenue, domestic and foreign, 
including statistics and legal provisions relating to customs, 
income and inheritance taxes, at home and abroad; tariff 
and tariff commissions, domestic and foreign; budgetary 
procedure in foreign countries; public debt, domestic and 
foreign; imports and exports of various commodities for 
several countries; information on price maintenance; rail- 
road rates; land grants; freight congestion and theory of 
evaluation; merchant marine, domestic and foreign, includ- 
ing ship building, ship subsidy, ocean freight rates, safety 
at sea, seamen and shipping statistics; agricultural credit in 
various phases, domestic and foreign; roads and road build- 



142 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

ing; water power and water rights; flood prevention and 
control; forestry; liquor traffic; labor; child labor; educa- 
tion, including military and vocational; immigration; fish- 
eries; foreign affairs, including diplomatic correspondence, 
historical questions, and matters of international law arising 
out of the Mexican situation and the European war, and 
peace proposals relating thereto; Alaska, resources and sta- 
tistics; Philippine Islands; Indians; national defense, in- 
cluding expenditures, strength, and other data on the armies 
and navies of the world, discussions of questions of military 
science, historical and legal history of the military and naval 
academies and the national guard ; departments of the Gov- 
ernment, including the civil service, postal affairs and par- 
cel post; parliamentary procedure, including foreign prac- 
tice on questions of limitation of debate and cloture; bill 
statistics; matters of legislative history; constitutional law, 
State and Federal, bearing on a large number of questions 
for which decisions and precedents were brought together; 
comparative foreign and state law, especially of Great Brit- 
ain, Germany, France, and the Scandinavian countries bear- 
ing on a number of the subjects in connection with those 
above enumerated; international law, including the bring- 
ing together, by translation or otherwise, the leading au- 
thorities on a large number of subjects, such as embargo, 
contraband, continuous voyage, rights of passengers at sea, 
duties of neutrals, restrictions on belligerents, mails, and 
military intervention. 

Among the investigations made under the direction of 
che administrative assistant, for which memoranda were 
prepared, the following may be specially noted : 

A digest of the recommendations of the Presidents, 
from Grant to Wilson, relating to the Army and the 
Navy. 

Historical sketches, with chronological tables of legis- 
lation, of the Military Academy and the Naval Academy. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 43 

Appropriations for the Navy department, 1906-1915, 
and for the War department for the same period. 

Amount spent for ammunition only, for the United 
States Army and Navy, 1899-1912. 

Rate of pay in foreign armies. (Printed in Cong. Rec. , 
Apr. 6, 1916, p. 6441-3, and Jan. 29, 1916, p. 11722-4.) 

The organization, function, and method of procedure 
of the medical service of the French army. (Printed 
in House hearings, Committee on military affairs, 64th 
Cong., ist sess., Vol. I, p. 693-703.) 

Method of procedure in appropriating money for the 
Navy in Great Britain, France, and Germany. 

Data relating to the Swiss Army. (Printed in Sen. 
doc. 360, p. 70-76, 64th Cong., ist sess.) 

Photostat extracts on the objects and proceedings of 
the Paris economic conference. (Printed in Sen. doc. 
491, 64th Cong., ist sess., p. 17-60.) 

Data concerning Scandinavian vessels sunk during 
the European war. (Printed in Cong. Rec., Jan. 20, 
1916, p. 1461-2.) 

Data on foreign commissions for the control of trade 
after the war. 

Extracts showing the position of publicists on the 
question of a nonpartisan tariff commission. 

Total exports of nitrate from Chile to all countries. 

Additional expenditure, by years, caused by the 
Spanish-American war and the additional revenue 
from the Spanish-American war taxes. 

Receipts from inheritance taxes and from income 
taxes in the leading foreign countries for a period before 
the war. 

The revenue derived in foreign countries from 
tobacco. 

Organization and procedure of the British Board of 
Trade. 

A comparative analysis of the British, French, and 
German budget systems. 

A report on a supposed British warning to its citizens 
not to travel on belligerent ships during the Russo- 
Japanese War. (Printed in Cong. Rec. Mar. 4, 1916, 
p. 4015.) 



144 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Historical sketch of imprisonment for debt. 

Historical sketch of bankruptcy. 

Extracts bearing on the government of the Indians. 

Data on the United States merchant marine/ with 
special references to foreign ships admitted to regis- 
tration. 

Ocean freight rates on certain commodities. 

A sketch of the government steamship service of 
Western Australia. 

Method of inland waterway regulation in Austria, 
England, France, and Prussia. 

Method of reclaiming overflowed lands in foreign 
countries. 

Immigration to the United States in relation to the 
European War. 

Historical sketch of the House Committee on labor. 

Information on the status of raw material for the 
paper industry in the United States and foreign 
countries. 

Data on the cost of rice production. 

Data on the production, consumption, and average 
prices of petroleum, gasoline, and copper. 

The rights of a minority in a legislative body in 
relation to cloture. 

A digest of discussions of the Senate as a continuing 
body. 

Digest of Senate filibusters from earliest times to 
date. 

A collection of Senate debates on cloture. 

For use as a part of the apparatus of the Division a card 
index has been made of the speeches of the President, 
beginning with his first public utterances since his inaugu- 
ration. It is on file in the House Reading Room. It in- 
cludes a chronological list of the speeches, a list by place 
and subject, and a topical index, alphabetically arranged, 
of what might be regarded as the more striking expressions 
in his speeches and communications. 

The photostat machine rendered valuable aid in connec- 
tion with a number of inquiries. One hundred and forty 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 45 

separate pieces were photostated. These were extracts 
from books, documents, periodicals, neswpapers, and other 
sources. 

While the actual number of requests by Members for 
translations from foreign languages was not large, the 
greater portion of the inquiries involving research into for- 
eign sources necessitated the work of translating. This 
phase of the Service has been in continuous operation, the 
chief languages being the French, the German, the Russian, 
the Italian, and the Scandinavian. 

COMPILATION OF UNITED STATES PUBLIC LAND LAWS 

In the course of the session of 1914-15 the House Com- 
mittee on Public Lands requested the Division to make a 
complete compilation of the Land Laws of the United 
States. The purpose was a publication which, with other 
material already sufficiently available in print, would place 
in the hands of the members of the Committee a compre- 
hensive exhibit of such laws, properly arranged, annotated, 
and indexed. 

The request was complied with, and for 10 months received 
the attention of certain members of the Division and of an 
expert special adviser and editor. At the end of that 
period the resulting manuscript was reported to the Com- 
mittee as ready for the compositor subject only to certain 
decisions as to inclusion or exclusion which were for the 
Committee itself to make. 

It has not yet been printed. As, however, it stands a 
completed undertaking so far as our staff is concerned, and 
as it furnishes an instructive example of a type of work 
which can be done most effectively and most economically 
by a permanent corps of experts, a detailed description of 
it seems desirable. 



146 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Scope of compi- The compilation is limited to the present constitution 

lotion 

and acts of Congress thereunder relating to 

(a) I,ands held by the Federal government for dis- 
posal or for the control of natural resources ; 

(b) The governmental organization and procedure for 
the administration thereof; and 

(c) The nature and extent of the jurisdiction of the 
Federal government over the land it holds. 

Laws included: 

(A) The public land laws in the Revised Statutes and 
subsequent volumes of the Statutes at Large (18-38), 
except the laws enumerated below under (D), (E), and 
(F) , which are omitted because they relate, to classes 
of lands of the United States excluded by the above 
definition or are repealed, expired, obsolete or of 
petty significance, or have been already compiled in 
Kappler's Indian Laws and Treaties: 

(B) the following laws enacted prior to 1873 from vols. 
i to 17 of the Statutes at Large, which were not in- 
cluded in the Revised Statutes: 

(1) Acts as to the acquisition of the public do- 
main by cession from the States to the United 
States; 

(2) Acts granting subsidies in land to private cor- 
porations (either directly or through the medium 
of the several States) for canals, river improve- 
ments, wagon roads or railroads; 

(3) Acts granting subsidies to the several States,* 
either 

(a) swamp lands for reclamation, or 

(b) lands granted in quantity for the support 
of state agricultural and mechanical colleges ; 

(4) Acts imposing upon the several States, when 
admitted to the Union, disclaimers of jurisdic- 
tion over or property right in the lands of the 
United States within their borders. 

* The admission or enabling act grants before 1873 have now all been sustantially 
satisfied and adjusted, and are therefore not included. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 47 

Laws excluded: 

(C) treaties, foreign and Indian; 

(D) laws touching lands of the United States in the 
following classes : 

(1) those in foreign countries, 

(2) in the District of Columbia, 

(3) in the insular and other dependencies of the 
United States (except Alaska, any "guano island," 
and the Luquillo national forest in Porto Rico) ; 

(4) national cemeteries and national military 
parks ; 

(5) Indian lands, whether tribal or several (except 
laws for the disposal of tribal lands to non- 
Indians, or for the control of the national re- 
sources thereof) ; 

(6) lands held as administrative sites for govern- 
mental use (except laws for the disposal of such 
sites or for control of the natural resources 
thereof) ; 

(7) lands acquired in the enforcement of tax liens 
or for debt, or by compromise of claims made 
by the United States, or by devise, or by gift 
(with like exceptions) ; 

(8) lands held by the United States as lessee. 

(E) the following statutes repealed, expired, obsolete 
or of slight importance : 

(1) laws repealed before January, 1896; 

(2) laws under which private rights must have 
been initiated or official duties performed (if at 

' all) before January, 1896; 

(3) laws creating, abolishing, or defining particular 
land districts (instead of which a list of existing 
land districts is given) ; 

(4) laws disposing of lands to particular persons or 
corporations, except for public or charitable uses; 

(5) laws granting sites to States or subdivisions 

thereof for mere administrative occupancy 
and not for the control of natural resources ; 

(6) limitations imposed upon specific appropria- 

tions for a single fiscal year (except the fiscal 
year 1916); 



148 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

(7) laws disposing of proceeds; 

(8) laws affecting single building sites or otherwise 

of petty significance. 

(F) laws which have been already compiled in Kappler's 
Indian Laws and Treaties (except a few of unusual 
importance which have been included notwithstand- 
ing). 

In selecting the material within the limits above defined, 
Method of com- use was fi rs t ma( j e o f the two published volumes of the 

pilativn 

Index Analysis of the Federal statutes, covering the general 
and permanent law to 1907, and of the supplementary card 
index, bringing it down to date, recently prepared in the 
Legislative Reference Division. A check was made of the 
United States Compiled Statutes and of compilations made 
by the several public -land bureaus for their own use; also 
of statutes cited by Departmental regulations, instructions, 
and other documents. This was supplemented by a page 
to page search of the Revised Statutes and Statutes at 
Large and a further check of all statutes cited in the mate- 
rial thus collected. A card list was made of the whole col- 
lection and has served as a control throughout the work. 

The material -thus selected has been mounted Upon large 
Arrangement Manila sheets and arranged as follows : 

(1) Revised Statutes in order of sections; 

(2) Statutes at Large in order of volume and page. 

This is believed to be the most useful arrangement for 
printing, but the form of the collection (loose sheets) per- 
mits rearrangement for printing in some other order, if 
desired. 

Each section of the Revised Statutes is given in the form 
that is now in force (i: e., in the words in which it was recast 
in the latest amending act). The footnotes show the 
changes made by successive amendments. This style has 
also been followed for statutes recast by the Penal Code, 
and in a few other cases. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 49 

Each section of the Revised Statutes and each act taken 
from the Statutes at Large is annotated to show 

^i) The place where it is found in United States 
Compiled Statutes, 1913, or, if not found therein be- 
cause" local" or for other reason, the reference to analo- 
gous matter; also, for each section of the Revised Stat- 
utes, the place where it is found in the Federal Statutes 
Annotated and supplements to 1914, thus making 
available a large body of interpretative court decisions 
and opinions of the Attorney General; 

(2) Earlier and later statutes on the same subject; 

(3) Earlier statutes cited by or in the margin of the 
principal statute; 

(4) Later statutes that cite the principal statute, 
with indication of repeals and amendments made by 
such later statutes; 

(5) Other statutes affecting land grants for railroad, 
wagon-road, canal, or river improvement subsidy, made 
or affected by the principal statute; 

(6) Regulations and instructions with express refer- 
ence to and in administration of the principal statute 
issued by the Department of the Interior since the 
beginning of the Land Decisions (July, 1881); 

(7) Like regulations issued by the Secretary of Agri- 
culture since the transfer of National Forest Adminis- 
tration to him (Feb. i, 1905); and 

(8) Other explanatory matter. 

The following supplementary material has been prepared : 

(1) A list of land statutes printed in Kappler's Indian 
Laws and Treaties (nearly all omitted from this com- 
pilation as explained above) showing where each is 
found in that collection; 

(2) A list of other land statutes in volumes 18-38 of 
the Statutes at Large that have been found and omitted; 

(3) A similar list for volumes 1-17 of the Statutes at 
Large. 

It is recommended that the titles in (i) and (2) be 
printed as inserts in their proper chronological places 
in the text of the compilation. These lists may, how- 
ever, be printed in an appendix -either separately or 
as a consolidated list, possibly omitting (3) as obso- 
lete. 



1 50 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

(4) A chronological list of circulars, instructions, 
etc., issued since the beginning of the Land decisions, 
(July, 1884) by the Department of the Interior in 
administration of public land laws, but without exact 
reference to any particular statute. This list gives the 
volume and page of the Land decisions with date and 
title of the circular or instruction; 

(5) A statement by the Commissioner of the General 
Land Office giving the acreage patented to the several 
states under the quantity, school, and agricultural 
college grants. 

index f h e .usefulness of this compilation to members of the 

committee and others who may consult it will depend 
largely on the care with which the subject index is prepared. 
This, of course, can not be made until the compilation is in 
page proof. It is estimated that it will take an experienced 
law indexer three or four months to prepare such an index 
as this material requires, for it can not be treated in a sum- 
mary fashion like the ordinary documents, but must be 
precise and thorough so as to expose the whole of the ex- 
isting law on a particular subject. It should cover not only 
the material here compiled, but also the land laws in Kapp- 
ler's Indian Laws and Treaties, the latter to be distinguished 
in the index by the letter K. Such an index will be a key 
to all the public land laws of the United States of present 
practical importance. As an aid to the indexer there has 
been prepared a classified list of the statutes which have been 
included in the compilation according to a systematic 
arrangement of subject headings. 

Coincidently with the completion of the manuscript and 
its submission to the Committee there was reported as 
already in type another compilation of Land laws whose 
publication had been ordered by the Senate Committee on 
Public Lands, but of whose preparation no word had reached 
us. This (compiled by Mr. J. W. Keener, of the General 
Land Office) is, however, a much smaller work, of limited 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 151 

scope. It is a selection "of the principal United States 
Statutes of practical importance al the present time relating 
to the public lands." It contains only about one-third of 
the number of public land laws now in force, and comprises 
in print only 424 octavo pages, as against an estimated i ,792 
pages for the compilation prepared by us. While repro- 
ducing marginal notes from the "Revised Statutes and 
Statutes at Large, it has practically no other annotations. 
Our compilation, on the other hand, is very thoroughly 
annotated throughout, with reference to other statutes, ad- 
ministrative regulations, etc., and other explanatory 
matter. 

However convenient, therefore, to the administrative 
work of the Land Office, the Keener compilation does not 
appear adequate to the need of the Committees desiring to 
have before them all the existing legislation. We believe, 
therefore, that its issue should in no way debar the publica- 
tion of the other compilation also. 

Respectfully submitted 

HERBERT PUTNAM 

Librarian of Congress 
The Honorable 

THE PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE 
The Honorable 

THE SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 

64394 16 11 



REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT 

OF THE LIBRARY BUILDING 

AND GROUNDS 



153 



REPORT 

OF 

THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE LIBRARY 
BUILDING AND GROUNDS 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 
Washington, D. C., December 4, 1916 

SIR: The Library building service during the fiscal year 
1916 was conducted in about the same manner as heretofore 
and covered the same field, comprising the custody, care, 
and maintenance of the building and grounds, the operation 
of the mechanical plant, purchase of upkeep materials and 
library equipment, repairs to furniture and equipment, 
and the disbursing of appropriations. 

The operations are shown in the following tables: 

FUEL, LIGHTS, REPAIRS, AND MISCELLANEOUS SUPPLIES 



Watch and housekeeping department : 

Ice (498,870 pounds) 

Painting in and about the building (labor) . 

Painting (materials) 

Repairs (floors, windows, etc.) 

Washing towels -. 

Dry goods (cleaning cloths, etc.) 

Soap powders 

Soaps 

Paper towels and fixtures 

Housekeeping (brooms, buckets, brushes, 

etc.) 

Toilet supplies 

Miscellaneous supplies 

Power la wnmower 

Soap dispensers 

Tools 

Weather strips 

Miscellaneous appliances 

Safety equipment for window cleaners 



$1. 408. 22 

40. oo 
232. 39 

394- 93 
91. 26 

i37- 65 

J 9 6 - 35 

288. 49 

i, 182. 71 

511. 14 
96.94 

414. 02 

250. oo 
106. 70 

12. OI 

126. 46 

72-57 
163. 40 



5, 7 2 5- 2 4 
155 



156 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 



Engineer department : 

Mail and delivery service upkeep and 

repair of motor vehicles $705. 16 

Motorcycle and side van 321. 30 

Hardware and tools 231. 86 

Repairs 453. 99 

Plumbing supplies 299. 50 

Removing refuse 156. 15 

New high-pressure steam main and fittings. . 140. 47 

Oils 23. 74 

Gas 69.87 

Miscellaneous supplies m. 83 

Paint for roof-. 14. oo 

Caf6 repairs 89. 35 

Repairs to ceiling lights 438. 37 

Ventilating blower 135. oo 

Foot driers 290. 98 

Repairs to driveway 26. 32 

- $3- 507- 8 9 
Electrical department: 

Lamps i,i37-3 2 

Miscellaneous supplies (condulets, holders, 

shades, fixtures, wire, conduit, tape, etc.). 367. 01 

Tools 15.93 

Repairs to electrical equipment 125. 55 

Refinishing Periodical reading room in con- 
nection with new lighting system i, 095. 09 

New lighting fixtures in alcoves, main Read- 
ing room 214. 49 

Intercommunicating telephones 154-63 

Electric outlets above ceiling lights 95-22 

Lighting fixtures (miscellaneous) 151. 23 

- 3' 35 6 - 47 
Office: 

General telephone service of Library (i cen- 
tral station, 83 substations, and 6 trunk 

lines) i,i55,34 

Stationery 128. 90 

Car tickets 20. oo 

Additional services 2. oo 

Express and freight charges 9. 91 

Travel 45. 60 

Telegrams i. 50 

Directory 7. 50 

I >37-75 

Total expended 13, 960. 35 

Unexpended balance 39-65 

Appropriation 14, ooo. oo 



Superintendent of Building and Grounds 1 57 
FURNITURE 

Typewriting machines : 

New machines (21) $i, 264. 50 

Repairs and parts 223. 26 

- $1,487.76 

Desk fans 14. 82 

Repairing and fitting of miscellaneous furniture (including 

labor and materials) i, 2 12. 47 

Book trucks 269. 60 

Miscellaneous furniture (including tables, desks, stands, 

cases, hardware, etc.) i, 837. 44 

Card catalogue cases 437. 43 

Carpets and runners i, 428. 58 

Express, freight, and drayage 5. 66 

Partitions and screens i, 438. 80 

Awnings 857. 73 

Clocks 45-co 

Dictating machines 396. oo 

Bottle water coolers 149. 36 

Comptometer for Card Division 250. oo 

Book supports 166. 20 

Total expended 9, 996. 85 

Unexpended balance 3. 15 

Appropriation 10, ooo. oo 

CARD DIVISION STACK 

Expended $6, 995. oo 

Unexpended balance 5. oo 

Appropriation 7, ooo. oo 

APPROPRIATIONS AND EXPENDITURES 

All appropriations for the Library and the Library Build- 
ing and Grounds, also those for the United States Botanic 
Garden and others under the control of the Joint Committee 
on the Library, are disbursed by this office. 

The table following presents the funds accordingly ex- 
pended for the fiscal year 1916, also the corresponding appro- 
priations for the preceding and succeeding years. 



158 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 



Object of appropriations 


Appropria- 
tions, 1915 


Appropria- 
tions, 1916 


Expendi- 
tures, 1916 


Appropria- 
tions, 1917 


library and Copyright Office: 










Salaries 


"$437,628.33 


b $443,369-86 


$440, 747- 75 


$454,060- oo 


Special and temporary service 


2,000.00 


2,000.00 


1,954-26 


2,000.00 


Contingent expenses 


c 7, 305- 95 


d 7, 307- 79 


7, 254. 06 


7,300.00 


Increase of Library 










Purchase of books 


90,000.00 


90,000.00 


>/90,000- 00 


90,000.00 


Purchase of law books . . . 


3,000- oo 


3,000. oo 


'3,000. oo 


3,000.00 


Purchase of periodicals. . . 


5,000.00 


5,000- oo 


e 5,000- oo 


5,000.00 


Total Library and 










Copyright Office... 


544,934.28 


550,677.65 


547,956-07 


561,360.00 


Building and Grounds: 










Care and maintenance 


80, 205.00 


79,645.00 


79,459-83 


83,245.00 


Fuel, lights, etc 










Furniture 


10,000. oo 


17,000-00 


< 16,991.85 


IO.OOO.OO 


Total Building and Grounds 


106,205.00 


no, 645-00 


110,412.03 


119,745.00 


Grand total 


651,139.28 


661,322. 65 


658,368.10 


681,105.00 


Botanic Garden: 










Salaries 






17, 296 88 


800 


Improving garden 










Improving buildings 


A 7-315-35 


6,000.00 


5,999-91 


9,000-00 


Total Botanic Garden 


32, 209- 10 


31,300-00 


31,296. 76 


40,703-00 


Repairs of paintings in the Capitol 


1,500.00 


1,500.00 


1,500-00 


1 , 500. 00 


Marking historical places in Dis- 










trict of Columbia . . . 










Removing Botanic Garden fence. 


i 2, 5OO-OO 


j 2, 5OO. OO 




j 2 , 500. OO 


Portrait of the late Chief Justice 










Fuller 


* 1 , 500. 00 


* 1,500.00 


1,500.00 




Bequest of Gertrude M. Hubbard 










(interest account) 


il,902-55 


* 2,702.55 


530- 10 


1 2, 972. 45 



a Including increase of $1,468.33 by sale of cards. 

b Including credits of $1,120.66 by sale of cards and $89.20 yet to be credited. 

c Including increase of $0.65 by sale of photostat duplications and $5.30 for return of 
photostat spools. 

d Including increase of $1.30 by sale of photostat duplications and $5.85 for return of 
photostat spools: also $0.64 account of refund by defaulting contractor. 

Including unfilled orders. 

/ Any unexpended balance to be available for succeeding year. 

3 Including deficiency appropriation of $2,000 (act of Mar. 4, 1915). 

A Including deficiency appropriation of $1,315.35 (act of Mar. 4, 1915). 

Including $4,000 for resurfacing west driveway and repairs to stone curb in Library 
Grounds and $2,500 for refitting of boiler room and coal vaults. 

3 Appropriation of previous year continued. 

* Balance available from preceding year. 

I Including balance available from preceding year and additional appropriation of 
$800. 



Superintendent of Building and Grounds 1 59 

MISCELLANEOUS RECEIPTS 

Discarded government property consisting of scrap 
copper, brass, and iron, a sandpapering machine, a wagon, 
furniture, carpets, iron pipe, electrical materials, etc., was 
advertised and sold at public auction, held at the building 
on January 20, 1916. 

A quantity of anthracite furnace coal which had remained 
in the vaults of the building after the discontinuance of the 
local power and heat-generating plant in 1911 was disposed 
of, after advertising, to the highest bidder, on January 27 
last. 

The proceeds of the. sales are accounted for as follows: 

Gross receipts from sale of discarded property. . $2, 036. 85 
Advertising and auctioneer's charge 66. 41 

Net proceeds deposited in the Treasury to 

the credit of the United States $i, 970. 44 

Gross receipts from sale of coal, 226^$ tons, 

at $3.50 per ton 793. 25 

Advertising 5. 91 

Net proceeds deposited in the Treasury to 
the credit of the United States 787. 34 

Total 2, 757. 78 

Withheld under income-tax law, on account of 
salaries paid during the calendar year 1915, and 
remitted to collector of internal revenue 25. oo 

UNEXPENDED BALANCES 

All known claims chargeable to the appropriations for the 
fiscal year 1914 have been settled, including those paid on 
auditor's certificates, and the unexpended balances have 
been deposited to the credit of the surplus fund of the Treas- 
ury as follows : 

Library : 

Salaries $2, 563. 09 

Special and temporary service 10. 71 

Contingent expenses 2 1. 03 

- $2, 594. 83 



i6o 



Report oj the Librarian of Congress 



Building and Grounds: 

Care and maintenance (salaries) . 

Furniture 

Fuel, lights, etc 

Botanic Garden : 

Salaries. 

Improving Botanic Garden 

Improving buildings 



$165.35 

25.80 

595- 28 

648. 75 

4-37 
.07 



Repairs of paintings in the Capitol 

Marking historical places, District of Columbia.. 

Total.. 



$786. 43 



. 20 

755- 75 
4, 790. 40 



VISITORS TO THE LIBRARY 



Visitors to or users of the Library during the year were 
counted at the entrances as follows : 



Date 


From 
9 a. m. 
to 6 p. m. 


From 
6 p. m. 
to 10 p. m. 


Maxi- 
mum 


Mini- 
mum 


Daily 
average 


Days 
in 
month 


July 


26, 834 


18, 721; 


2, 411 


762 






August 


31,900 


22,571 




5 12 


J ,757 


3 1 


September 


44,604 


5, lg o 


14,416 


580 


3, : 59 


30 


October 


42,066 


26, 767 


4,035 


1,481 


2, 220 


31 


November 


37, 562 


20, 522 


3,436 


833 


1,871 


30 


December 


38, 206 


i7,3 2 4 


3, 2 72 


764 


1,851 


3 


1916 














January 


40, 473 


18, 798 


2,864 


1,518 


1,912 


3 1 


February 


39, 184 


17,782 


2,927 


1,250 


1,964 


29 


March 


46, 699 


23, 199 


3,520 


1,480 


2,255 


3i 


April 


53,5oo 


44,062 


5,529 


!,934 


3,254 


30 


May 


44, 760 


3 2 , OI2 


4, 8 so 


j -j 


2, 477 


31 


June 


38,865 


26, 263 


3,582 


24 


2, I7 1 


30 


Total 


484, 653 


318, 205 








364 

















Total visitors during the year, 802,858. 
Average, 364 days, 2,206. 



Superintendent of Building and Grounds 1 6 1 

CHANGES IN PERSONNEL 

The few changes in the personnel of employes which oc- 
curred during the year were entirely in the subordinate 
positions, and are classified as follows : 





Resigned 


Dropped 


Died 


Total 


Watchmen . 




I 


I 


2 


Skilled laborers 


I 






2 


Laborers 


2 








Attendant, ladies' room 
Charwomen 




2 


I 
I 


7 


Check boys . 




















Total 


12 


4 


3 


J 9 



Of those who resigned almost all stated that they could 
better their condition elsewhere. 

CEILING LIGHTS 

The ornamental leaded glass ceiling lights throughout the 
building were found to have gradually sagged from weight 
and required immediate repairs. These have all been raised 
to the original position, additional supports installed, and 
broken glass replaced. Electric outlets have been installed 
above the ceiling lights, so that hereafter the glass can be 
kept clear of dust by use of small vacuum cleaners. 

DRINKING WATER 

The difficulty of obtaining perfectly clear, clean ice 
and handling it to insure absolute safety caused this office 
to begin the elimination of the tank water coolers and adopt 
the bottle type of cooler. This has considerably increased 
the expense of distribution, and it is to be hoped that pro- 
vision can soon be made for a circulating system for drink- 
ing water. 



1 62 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

TOILET SOAP 

Sanitary considerations prompted the installation of soap 
dispensers throughout the building and the use of a plastic 
toilet soap in lieu of the cake toilet soap heretofore used. 
No cake toilet soap has been purchased since the above 
installation. 

FOOT DRIERS 

Steam foot driers have been installed in all the lavatories 
used by women. These were obtained by substituting a 
horizontal radiator for the vertical type and placing a per- 
forated plate above. The radiator heats the room as before 
and also furnishes a dryer for wet shoes and clothing. The 
work was done by the building employees quite inex- 
pensively and answers the purpose perfectly. 

ROOF COVERING 

The repairs to the copper roof covering under the appro- 
priation of $2,000 for the fiscal year 1915 served to keep it 
in fairly good condition through the succeeding year, but as 
the deterioration is -progressive an appropriation of the 
same amount was recommended and granted for the fiscal 
year 1917. This will place the roof in fair condition for an- 
other year. The continued high price of sheet copper pre- 
cludes a recommendation for general roof repairs. 

PAINTING 

So far as practicable under the general appropriations, 
plain painting of ceilings, walls, and finish is being con- 
tinued in the present year in the places most in need. A 
number of rooms were repainted during this year for the 
first time since the completion of the building. No repaint- 
ing of decorative work can be attempted under the gen- 
eral appropriations, although the need is becoming quite 
apparent. 



Superintendent of Building and Grounds 1 63 
LIGHTING 

The condition of the lighting in parts of the building re- 
ferred to in the last report might be repeated. The main 
reading room, the branch printing office, the bindery, I he- 
map division, and parts of other divisions are insufficiently 
lighted, but the usual appropriation for fuel, lights, etc., can 
not be depleted to make the desired improvements. 

CAPITAL BOOK CARRIER AND TUNNEL 

The brick tunnel connecting the Library Building with 
the Capitol, in which is the cableway for carrying books and 
under which the railway tunnel on First Street was run 
some years ago, was badly damaged by a considerable set- 
tlement and cracking at the point of crossing. A careful 
survey shows a maximum settlement of 2 feet, which forms 
a bad sag, where water sometimes accumulates by running 
through the cracks in the walls. This tunnel has no drain- 
age connections. In several instances books have been 
damaged in transit through the tunnel during and after 
heavy rains. 

The settlement has also made i.t increasingly difficult to 
keep the Capitol carrier in constant operative condition, as 
many of the castings which support the tracks and cables 
have been broken. 

It will now be necessary to make thorough repairs to both 
the carrier and tunnel for same. 

UTILIZATION OF CELLAR 

In the last report the necessity of fitting up parts of the 
cellar for library use was referred to. 

It would be possible to utilize large spaces in the cellar if 
they are made available by lighting, ventilation, and equip- 
ment. 

The large amount of open wood shelving in the cellar 
stored with inflammable material is worthy of attention. 



1 64 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

The substitution of steel shelving and cases as soon as 
practicable is recommended. 



THE GROUNDS 

It is desired to credit the Office of Public buildings and 
grounds (War department) for the advice and material 
assistance rendered in the upkeep of the Library grounds. 

The only change in layout of grounds during the year was 
the planting of flowers for the first time here in two 2o-foot 
beds in the two west courts, where it is believed a certain 
bareness will be relieved. 

Respectfully submitted 

FRANK L. AVERILL 

Superintendent Library Building and Grounds 
The Honorable 

THE PRESIDENT OP THE SENATE 
The Honorable 

THE SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE OP REPRESENTATIVES 



APPENDICES 

Patje 

Appendix la. Appropriations and expenditures (tables) 167 

Ib. Appropriation acts, 1916-17 171 

II. Report of the Register of Copyrights 177 

III. Manuscripts and Broadsides: List of Accessions, 

5 211 

165 



APPENDIX la 
APPROPRIATIONS AND EXPENDITURES, 1915-16 



Object of appropriation 


Appropriations 


Expended 


Unexpended 


Library and Copyright Office : 








Salaries 








General 


$264, 1 20. oo 


$262, 063. 08 


$2, 056. 92 


Sunday 


IO, OOO. OO 


9, 991. 75 


8.25 


Special 


2, 000. 00 


1,954.26 


45-74 


Carrier service 


960. oo 


95^49 


8.51 


Distribution of card 








indexes 


a 40, 709. 86 


40, 302. 42 


407.44 


Legislative reference . 


25,000. oo 


24, 886. 54 


113.46 


Copyright Office 


1 02, 580. oo 


102, 552. 47 


27. 53 










Increase of Library 








Purchase of books . . . 


90, ooo. oo 


c 90, ooo. oo 




Purchase of period- 








i Ceils 


e OOO. OO 


5, ooo. oo 




Purcli3,sc of l<iw books 


d -j ooo. oo 


C -j OOO. OO 












Contingent expenses 


6 7, 307- 79 


7, 254. 06 


53- 73 


Total, Library and 








Copyright 


550,677.65 


547, 956. 07 


2,721.58 



Appropriation includes credits of $1,120.66 on account of sales of cards to Government 
institutions and $89.20 yet to be credited. 

*> Includes credits $1.30 on account of sales of photo duplications to Government insti- 
tutions and a credit of $5.85 through return of photostat spools. Includes also a credit 
of $0.64 on account of refund by defaulting contractor. 

c Includes outstanding indebtedness. 

d Exclusive of $2,000 to be expended by the marshal of the Supreme Court for new 
books of reference for that body. 

64394 10 12 l6 7 



i68 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 



Object of appropriation 


Appropriations 


Expended 


Unexpended 


Building and grounds: 








Care and maintenance, in- 








cluding Sunday service . 


$79, 645. oo 


$79, 459. 83 


$185. 17 


Fuel, lights, and miscel- 








laneous 


14, ooo. oo 


C IT,. O6O. 1$ 


m 6^ 


Furniture and shelving . . 


17, ooo. oo 


^16,991.85 


8.15 


Total Building and 








grounds 


no, 645. oo 


no, 412. 03 


232. 97 


Grand total 


661 322 6^ 


6c8 368 10 


2 O^A ^ ^ 










Bequest of Gertrude M. Hub- 








bard (interest account) 


"2,702.55 


53- I0 


2,172.45 


Printing and binding (allot- 








ment not appropriation) .... 


&200, 518. 49 


200, 312. 17 


206. 32 



o Includes balance from preceding year in addition to appropriation of $800. 

*> Allotment includes credits $480.26 on account of sales of cards to Government insti. 
tutions and $38.23 yet to be credited. Does not include $9,000 provided in Deficiency 
Act approved September 8, 1916. 

c Includes outstanding indebtedness. 



A ppropriations and Expenditures 1 69 

CONTINGENT EXPENSES IN DETAIL LIBRARY PROPER 



Object of expenditure 



Amount 



Stationery supplies $5, 240. 72 

Typewriter supplies 146. 55 

Dies, presses, rubber stamps, and numbering machines. . . . 196. 07 

Travel expenses 470. 14 

Street car tickets 75. oo 

Postage stamps and international postal cards (foreign cor- 
respondence) 273. oo 

Telegrams and long-distance telephone messages 42. 09 

Transfer charges (expressage, etc.) 52. 43 

Post-office box rent July i, 1915, to June 30, 1916 16. co 

Tools 5. 49 

Mail-bag repairs 4. 75 

Duplicator supplies 42. 91 

Photostat paper and developing powders *6Sj. 91 

Photostat miscellaneous supplies i. oo 

Total 7, 254. 06 



* $743. 15 covered into the Treasury on account of sales of photo duplications. 



APPENDIX Ib 

APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS AS CON- 
TAINED IN "AN ACT MAKING APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE 
LEGISLATIVE, EXECUTIVE, AND JUDICIAL EXPENSES OF 
THE GOVERNMENT FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDING JUNE 
30, 1917, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES " 

General administration: Librarian, $6,500; chief assist- 
ant librarian, $4,000; chief clerk, $2,500; Librarian's secre- 
tary, $1,800; clerks one $1,200, two at $1,000 each; ste- 
nographers and typewriters one $1,200, one $840; messen- 
ger, $840; messenger to chief assistant librarian, $540; junior 
messenger, $420; operator of photographic copying machine, 
$600; in all, $22,440. 

Mail and delivery: Assistants one in charge $1,500, one 
$960, one $780, one $600; junior messenger, $420; in all, 
$4,260. 

Order and accession: Chief of division, $2,500; assist- 
ants one $i ,500, one $i ,200, three at $960 each, two at $840 
each, two at $600 each, one $580; two junior messengers, 
at $420 each; in all, $12,380. 

Catalogue, classification, and shelf: Chief of division, 
$3,000; chief classifier, $2,000; assistants four at $1,800 
each, seven at $1,500 each, six at $1,400 each, twelve at 
$1,200 each, six at $1,000 each, fourteen at $960 each, four 
at $920 each, thirteen at $846 each, thirteen at $600 each, 
four at $540 each; six junior messengers, at $420 each; in 
all, $92,020. 

Binding: Assistants one in charge $1,500, one $960; ju- 
nior messenger, $420; in all, $2,880. 

Bibliography: Chief of division, $3,000; assistants one 
$1,500, two at $960 each, one $840; stenographer and type- 
writer, $960; junior messenger, $420; in all, $8,640. 

Reading rooms (including evening service) and special col- 
lections: Superintendent, $3,000; assistants two at $1,800 
each, five at $i ,200 each (including one in room for the blind) , 

171 



172 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

two at charging desk at $1,080 each, three at $960 each, ten 
at $840 each, four at $600 each; stenographer and type- 
writer, $960; attendants Senate reading room $960, Rep- 
resentatives' reading room one $960, one $840, two in 
cloakroom at $780 each, one in Toner library $960, one in 
Washington Library $960, two for gallery and alcoves at 
$540 each; telephone operator, $660; four junior messengers, 
at $420 each; two watchmen, at $780 each; evening service, 
assistants five at $960 each, fifteen at $840 each, two at 
$600 each; in all, $59,220. 

Periodical (including evening service): Chief of division, 
$2,000; assistants chief $1,500, two at $960 each, five at 
$840 each; stenographer and typewriter, $960; two junior 
messengers, at $420 each; in all, $i 1,420. 

Documents: Chief of division, $3,000; assistants one 
$1,500, one $840; stenographer and typewriter, $960; junior 
messenger, $420; in all, $6,720. 

Manuscript: Chief of division, $3,000; assistants chief 
$1,500, one $960; junior messenger, $420; in all, $5,880. 

Maps and charts: Chief of division, $3,000; assistants 
one $1,500, two at $960 each, one $840; junior messenger, 
$420; in all, $7,680. 

Music: Chief of division, $3,000; assistants one $1,500, 
one $i ,000, two at $840 each ; junior messenger, $420; in all, 
$7,6oo. 

Prints: Chief of division, $2,000; assistants one $1,500, 
two at $960 each; junior messenger, $420; in all, $5,840. 

Smithsonian deposit : Custodian, $i ,500; assistant, $i ,500; 
messenger, $780; junior messenger, $420; in all, $4,200. 

Congressional Reference Library: Custodian, $1,500; as- 
sistants one $1,200, one $960, one $840; two junior mes- 
sengers, at $420 each; in all, $5,34- 

Law Library: Librarian, $3,000; assistants two at 
$1,400 each, one $960, one $540, one (evening service), 
$1,500; junior messenger, $420; in all, $9,220. 

Semitic and Oriental Literature: Chief of division, 
$3,000; assistant, $1,500; junior messenger, $420; in all, 
$4,920. 

COPYRIGHT OFFICE: Register, $4,000; assistant register, 
$3,000; clerks four at $2,000 each, four at $1,800 each, 
seven at $1,600 each, one $1,500, eight at $1,400 each, ten 



A ppropriation Acts 1916-17 173 

at $1,200 each, ten at $1,000 each, eighteen at $960 each, 
two at $860 each, ten at $780 each, four at $600, two at $480 
each ; four junior messengers, at $360 each. Arrears, special 
service: Three clerks, at $1,200 each; porter, $780; junior 
messenger, $360; in all, $104,440. 

Legislative Reference: To enable the Library of Congress 
to employ competent persons to gather, classify, and make 
available, in translations, indexes, digests, compilations, and 
bulletins, and otherwise, data for or bearing upon legislation, 
and to render such data serviceable to Congress and com- 
mittees and Members thereof, $25,000. 

DISTRIBUTION OF CARD INDEXES: For service in connection 
with distribution of card indexes and other publications of 
the Library: Chief of division, $3,000; chief assistant 
$i ,800; assistants one $i ,600, three at $i ,500 each, three at 
$1,400 each, three at $1,200 each, three at $1,100 each, four 
at $i,ooo each; for services of assistants at salaries less than 
$1,000 per annum and for piecework and work by the hour, 
$17,000, including not exceeding $500 for freight charges, 
expressage, traveling expenses connected with such distribu- 
tion, and expenses of attendance at meetings when incurred 
on the written authority and direction of the Librarian, 
$43,000. 

TEMPORARY SERVICES: For special and temporary service 
including extra special services of regular employees at the 
discretion of the Librarian, $2,000. 

CARRIER SERVICE: For service in connection with the 
Senate and House Office Buildings, $960 ,or so much thereof 
as may be necessary 

SUNDAY OPENING: To enable the Library of Congress to 
be kept open tor reference use from two until ten o'clock 
post meridian on Sundays and legal holidays, within the 
discretion of the Librarian, including the extra services of 
employees and the services of additional employees under 
the Librarian, $10,000, or so much thereof as may be 
necessary. 

INCREASE OF LIBRARY OF CONGRESS: For purchase of 
books for the Library, including payment in advance for 
subscriptions books and society publications, and for freight, 
commissions, and traveling expenses, and all other expenses 
incidental to the acquisition of books by purchase, gift, 



1 74 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

bequest, or exchange, to continue available during the fiscal 
year nineteen hundred and eighteen, $90,000, together with 
the unexpended balance of the sum appropriatiod for this 
object for the fiscal year nineteen hundred and sixteen; 

For purchase of books and for periodicals for the law 
library, under the direction of the Chief Justice, $3,000; 

For purchase of new books of reference for the Supreme 
Court, to be a part of the Library of Congress, and purchased 
by the marshal of the Supreme Court, under the direction of 
the Chief Justice, $2,000; 

For purchase of miscellaneous periodicals and newspapers, 
$5,000; 

In all, $100,000. 

CONTINGENT EXPENSES: For miscellaneous and contin- 
gent expenses, stationery, supplies, stock and materials 
directly purchased, miscellaneous traveling expenses, post- 
age, transportation, incidental expenses connected with the 
administration of the Library and the Copyright Office, in- 
cluding not exceeding $500 for expenses of attendance at 
meetings when incurred on the written authority and direc- 
tion of the Librarian, $7,300. 

LIBRARY BUILDING AND GROUNDS: Superintendent, $3,000; 
clerks one $2,000, one $1,600, one $1,400, one $1,000; 
property clerk, $900; messenger; assistant messenger; tele- 
phone switchboard operator; assistant telephone switch- 
board operator; captain of watch, $1,400; lieutenant of 
watch, $1,000; eighteen watchmen, at $900 each; two car- 
penters, painter, and foreman of laborers, at $900 each; 
fourteen laborers, at $540 each; two attendants in ladies' 
room, at $480 each; four check boys, at $360 each; mistress 
of charwomen, $425; assistant mistress of charwomen, $300; 
fifty-eight charwomen; chief engineer, $1,500; assistant en- 
gineers one $1,200, three at $900 each; electrician, $1,500; 
machinists one $1,000, one $900; two wiremen, at $900 
each; plumber, $900; three elevator conductors, and ten 
skilled laborers, at $720 each; in all, $80,445. 

For extra services of employees and additional employees 
under the superintendent to provide for the opening of the 
Library Building from two until ten o'clock post meridian 
on Sundays and legal holidays, $2,800. 



Appropriation Acts 191617 175 

For fuel, lights, repairs, miscellaneous supplies, electric 
and steam apparatus, city directory, stationery, mail and 
delivery service, and all incidental expenses in connection 
with the custody, care, and maintenance of said building 
and grounds, including $4,000 for waterproofing parts of east 
driveway and over machinery, and $2,000 for temporary 
repairs and painting of roof, $20,000. 

For resurfacing west driveway and repairs to stone curb 
in Library grounds, $4,000. 

For refitting of boiler room and coal vaults, $2,500. 

For furniture, including partitions, screens, shelving, and 
electrical work pertaining thereto, $10,000. 

Provisions in "An act making appropriations for sundry 
civil expenses of the Government for the fiscal year ending June 
thirtieth, nineteen hundred and seventeen, and for other pur- 
poses." 

For such trees, shrubs, plants, fertilizers, and skilled labor 
for the grounds of the Library of Congress as may be re- 
quested by the superintendent of the Library Building, 
$1,000. 

Public printing and binding : For the Library of Congress, 
including the copyright office and the publication of the 
Catalogue of Title Entries of the copyright office, and bind- 
ing, rebinding, and repairing of library books, and for build- 
ing and grounds, Library of Congress, $200,000. 

Provisions in "An act making appropriations to supply defi- 
ciencies in appropriations for the fiscal year ending June thir- 
tieth, nineteen hundred and sixteen, and prior fiscal years, and 
for other purposes." 

For printing and binding for the Library of Congress, in- 
cluding the copyright office and the publication of the 
Catalogue of Title Entries of the copyright office, and bind- 
ing, rebinding, and repairing of library books, and for build- 
ing and grounds, Library of Congress, $9,000. 



APPENDIX II 

REPORT OF THE REGISTER OF COPYRIGHTS FOR THE FISCAL 
YEAR 1915-16 

WASHINGTON, D. C., July 10, 1916 

SIR: The copyright business and the work of the Copy- 
right Office for the fiscal year July i, 1915, to June 30, 1916, 
inclusive, are summarized as follows: 

RECEIPTS 

The gross receipts during the year were $115,663.42. A 
balance of $9,257.35, representing trust funds and unfinished 
business, was on hand July i, 1915, making a total of 
$124,920.77 to be accounted for. Of this amount, the sum 
of $2,711.39 received by the Copyright Office, was refunded 
as excess fees or as fees for articles not registrable, leaving a 
net balance of $122,209.38. The balance carried over to 
July i, 1916, was $9,222.53 (representing trust funds, 
$7,839.26, and total unfinished business since July i, 1897 
19 years $1,383.27), leaving fees applied during the fiscal 
year 1915-16 and paid into the Treasury $112,986.85. 

The yearly copyright fees have more than doubled since 
the reorganization of the office in 1897, reaching above the 
$100,000 mark during the first year of operation under the 
new copyright law which went into effect on July i, 1909. 
The annual applied fees since July i, 1897, are: 



1897-98 

1808-00. .. 


.... $55, 926. 50 
c;8, 267. oo 


1908-9 

IQOQ JO. . 


.... $83,816.75 

I O4, 644. CK 


18001000 


65, 206 oo 


I9IOI I 


IOQ OI3 O< 


1900-1901 


61, 687. qo 


191 I 12 


116 68? oc 


1901-2 
1002-3 


.... 64, 687. oo 
68, 874 co 


i9 I2 -!3 


114, 980. 60 


1903-4 


.... 72, 629. oo 


10141 c 


III O22 7C 


1904-1; . . 


.... 78, 058. oo 


191516 


112 986 8^ 










^QS- 6 
I 006- 7 


.... 80, 198. oo 
84, 68c oo 


Total.... 


1,649,776. 15 


IOO7-8. . 


- 82, 787. so 







177 



1 78 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

EXPENDITURES 

Salaries The appropriation made by Congress for salaries in the 

Copyright Office for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1916, 
was $102,580. The total expenditures for salaries was 
$102,552.47, or $10,434.38 less than the net amount of fees 
earned and paid into the Treasury during the corresponding 
year. The expenditure for supplies, including stationery 
and other articles and postage on foreign mail matter, etc. 
was $1,064.63. 

Copyright re- During the 19 fiscal years since the reorganization of the 
ceiptsandfees Copyright Office (from July i, 1897, to June 30, 1916) the 
copyright fees applied and paid into the Treasury have 
amounted to more than a million and a half dollars 
($1,649,776.15), the articles deposited number over three 
and a half millions (3,642,856), and the total copyright 
registrations exceed two millions (2,051,541). 

Excess of fees The fees ($1,649,776.15) were larger than the appropria- 
tion for salaries used during the same period ($1,409,087.75) 
by $240,688.40. 

Value of copy- In addition to this direct profit, a large number of the 
3,642,856, books, maps, musical works, periodicals, prints, 
and other articles deposited during the 19 years were of 
substantial pecuniary value and of such a character that 
their accession to the Library of Congress through the 
Copyright Office effected a saving to the purchase fund of 
the Library equal in amount to their price. 

Money value of The exact money value of the copyright deposits is not 
obtainable. The books deposited by the leading publishers 
usually are accompanied by a statement of selling price, 
but a large number still come to us without any indication 
of value. Of the books received during the first five months 
of 1916 costing $10 or more each there were 126 items, mak- 
ing a total actual value of more than $6,000. The greater 
number of the books deposited, however, are sold at less 
than $10 each. It is believed that a conservative estimate 
of the value of the books alone received during the fiscal 
year would amount to $50,000. In addition, among the 
30,000 musical works deposited there are many of consider- 
able money value, and many prints and engravings of high 
price are included in the fine arts deposit. 



Register of Copyrights 1 79 

COPYRIGHT ENTRIES AND 1 

The registrations for the fiscal year numbered 115,967. 
Of these, 105,454 were registrations at $i each, including a 
certificate, and 8,885 we *"e registrations of photographs with- 
out certificates, at 50 cents each. There were also 1,628 
registrations of renewals, at 50 cents each. The fees for 
these registrations amounted to a total of $110,710.50. 

The number of registrations in each class from July i, 
1910, to June 30, 1916, as compared with the number of 
entries made in the previous year, is shown in Exhibit F. 

COPYRIGHT DEPOSITS 

The various articles deposited in compliance with the Artides 
copyright law which have been registered, stamped, indexed, 
and catalogued during the fiscal year amount to 201,802. 
The number of these articles in each class for the 19 fiscal 
years is shown in Exhibit G. 

The copyright act which went into force on July i, 1909, 
provides for the gradual elimination of the accumulated copy- Books 
right deposits (sees. 59 and 60.) During the year books desired 
for the Library to the number of 6,563 volumes (including 
1,487 foreign books and pamphlets) have been forwarded 
through the Order Division. These selected books were in 
addition to the "first" copies of copyright books sent for- 
ward as received from day to day, numbering 1 1 ,794 for the 
fiscal year. In addition, there has been transferred upon 
the Librarian's order a collection of books and pamphlets 
relating to American poetry and printed dramas by Ameri- 
can authors, numbering 1,144 pieces, thus making a total of 
19,501 books and pamphlets delivered to the Library from 
the Copyright Office during the year. 

Of musical compositions, 20,644 were deposited and regis- Othcr artidl 
tered during the year, and of these, 18,633 were transferred > r *,<*.' >**' 
to the Music Division. There were also transferred 1 9,735 raphs ' and peri ' 

odicals 

musical compositions that were registered prior to 1909 
under the old law. All of the 1,612 maps registered during 
the year were placed in the Map Division. Out of the total 
of 23,348 photographs, engravings, and other "pictorial 
illustrations" entered, 4,438 were selected and forwarded 
to the Print Division for permanent deposit. Of the 24 
daily newspapers registered, both copies of 18 (6 being . 



1 80 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

rejected) were promptly sent to the Periodical Division, 
and i , 1 93 magazines and periodicals, including weekly news- 
papers, out of the 1,589 different journals received, were 
also transferred to that division; while the copies received 
in the case of 396 of the least important publications regis- 
tered under the designation "periodical," have been re- 
turned during the year to the copyright claimants. 
Books trans- fhe act of March 4, 1909 (sec. 59), provides for the trans- 

ferred to other 

libraries ^ er to other governmental libraries in the District of 

Columbia "for use therein" of such copyright deposits as 
are not required by the Library of Congress, and during 
the present fiscal year 5,452 books were selected by the 
librarians and thus transferred to the libraries of the follow- 
ing: Departments (Agriculture, Commerce, Navy, and 
Treasury); Bureaus (Education, Fisheries, Mines, Stand- 
ards); Engineer School, Federal Trade Commission, Hy- 
gienic Laboratory, Internal Revenue Office, Pension Office, 
Soldiers' Home, Surgeon General's Office, and the Public 
Library of the District of Columbia. 

Scandinavian ^ special collection consisting of 635 works by Scandina- 
vian authors (Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish) were trans- 
ferred for use in the Public Library of the District. They 
were all duplicate copies. 
Return of de- Under the provisions ot the act of March 4, 1909, authority 

^iai!nanis P ' "' 1S granted also for the return to the claimants of copyright 
of such copyright deposits as are not required by the Library 
or Copyright Office. The notice required by section 60 has 
been printed for all classes of works deposited and registered 
during the years January i, 1900, to June 30, 1909. In 
response to special requests, 13 dramatic or musical com- 
positions and 9,917 motion-picture films have been returned 
to the copyright claimants, and of the current deposits not 
needed by the Library of Congress the following have also 
been so returned: 12,177 "books" (pamphlets, leaflets, etc.), 
19 photographs, 13,753 prints, 8,642 periodicals, music (old) 
14,735; a total of 59,256 pieces. The total number of arti- 
cles thus transferred during the year or returned to the 
copyright claimants amounts to more than one hundred and 
seventy thousand pieces (177,089). 

Request for j n response to inquiries during the year from the Card 
Section, the Order Division, and the Reading Room in re- 



Register of Copyrights 181 

gard to 639 books supposed to have been copyrighted but not 
found in the Library, it was discovered that 94 of these 
works were actually in the Library, 90 of the books had 
been deposited and were still in the Copyright Office, 94 
works were either not published, did not claim copyright, or 
for other reasons could not be deposited, and in the case of 
191 works no answers to our letters of inquiry had been re- 
ceived up to June 30, 1916. Copies were received of 170 
works in all in response to requests made by the Copyright 
Office during the period of 12 months for works published 
during recent years. 

THE COPYRIGHT INDEX AND CATALOGUE, BULLETINS, AND 
CIRCULARS 

The copyright registrations are indexed upon cards. The '<f ** 
cards made are first used as copy for the printed catalogue 
and after printing are added to the permanent card indexes 
of the copyright entries. The temporary cards made for 
the indexes to the printed catalogue (numbering 83,351 
during the fiscal year) have been eliminated, and the re- 
maining cards (105,591 for the fiscal year) were added to 
the permanent card indexes, now numbering over 2,930,000 
cards. By revision and condensation 520 cards were can- 
celed and withdrawn from the indexes during the year. 
The printing of the catalogue of dramas copyrighted from 
1870 to 1915 will permit the elimination of more than 
130,000 cards and to that extent relieve the pressure for 
space in the index. 

The Catalogue of Copyright Entries, has been continued, Catalogue / 
as required by law, by the publication of five volumes for 6 ' 
the calendar year 1915, containing a total of 7,320 pages of 
text and indexes. 

Each part of the catalogue is sold separately at a nominal subscription 
annual subscription rate within the maximum price estab- 
lished by law, as follows: 

Part i, Groups i and 2, Books and Pamphlets, etc $i. oo 

Part 2, Periodicals 50 

Part 3, Musical Compositions i. oo 

Part 4, Works of Art, Photographs, etc 50 

The price of the entire catalogue is $3 for the year. The 
subscriptions, by express provisions of the copyright act, 
are required to be paid to the Superintendent of Docu- 



1 82 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

ments (Office of the Public Printer, Washington, D. C.), arid 
all subscriptions must be for the complete year for each part 
desired. 

Bulletins A new edition of Bulletin No. 14, containing the copy- 

right law in force, was called for during the year, and was 
printed (60^ pp. 8) with the following explanatory matter 
added : (i) The Pan-American Copyright Convention, signed 
at Buenos Aires in 1910, and proclaimed by the President on 
July 13, 1914; (2) the British Order in Council dated Feb- 
ruary 3, 1915, providing that the provisions of the British 
Copyright Act of 1911 shall apply to works by authors who 
are citizens of the United States "in like manner as if the 
authors had been British subjects," and that residence of 
such authors in the United States shall be held equivalent to 
residence in Great Britain; (3) the Proclamation by the 
President of January i, 1915, extending to British subjects 
the benefits of section i (e) of the Copyright Act of 1909. 

Copyright con- ^ he text of the Fourth International American Convention 

vention, IQIO , . i 1 1 

on Literary and Artistic Copyright, proclaimed July 13, 1914, 
was printed as Information Circular No. 55. (6 pp. 8.) 
Catalogue of f he printing of the Catalogue of Copyright Dramas was 

Dramas, 1870- 

1915 begun on September 22, 1915, and proceeded very slowly 

until February 7, 1916, when 672 pages had been printed, 
including 13,887 titles, out of a total of about 60,000 dramas 
registered between July 8, 1870, and December 31, 1915. 

SUMMARY OP COPYRIGHT BUSINESS 

Summary of Balance on hand July i, 1915 $9, 257. 35 

copyright business Gross receipts July i, 1915, to June 30, 1916. . 115, 663. 42 

Total to be accounted for 124, 920. 77 

Refunded 2,711. 39 

\ 

Balance to be accounted for $122, 209. 38 

Applied as earned fees 112, 986. 85 

Balance carried over to July i, 
1916: 

Trust funds $7, 839. 26 

Unfinished business July i, 
1897, to June 30, 1916, 19 
years 1,383-27 9. 222 - S3 

122, 209. 38 



Tptal fees earned and paid4nto the Treasury during the 19 

years from July i, 1897, to June 30, 1916 1,649,776.15 

Total unfinished business for 19 years i, 383. 27 



Register of Copyrights 



183 



FOR FISCAL YEAR 

Fees for registrations, including certificates, Fees 

at $i each $105, 454. oo 

Fees for registrations of photographs without 

certificates, at 50 cents each 4, 442. 50 

Fees for registrations of renewals, at 50 cents 

each 814. oo 

Total fees for registrations recorded Si 10, 710. 50 

Fees for certified copies of record, at 50 cents 

each 371. 50 

Fees for recording assignments i, 556. oo 

Searches made and charged for at the rate of 

50 cents for each hour of time consumed. . 146. 50 

Notices of user recorded (Music) 138. 25 

Indexing transfers of proprietorship 64. 10 

2,276.35 

Total fees for fiscal year 1915-16 112, 986. 85 

ENTRIES 

Number of registrations 1 14, 339 Entries 

Number of renewals recorded i, 628 

" 5967 

Number of certified copies of record 743 

Number of assignments recorded or copied i, 083 

The greater part of the business of the Copyright Office is cor 
done by correspondence. The total letters and parcels re- 
ceived during the fiscal year numbered 146,853, while the 
letters, parcels, etc., dispatched numbered 150,353. Letters 
received transmitting remittances numbered 44,141, includ- 
ing money orders to the number of 30,1 1 8. During the last 
19 fiscal years the money orders received numbered more 
than half a million (505,900). 

CONDITION OF COPYRIGHT OFFICE WORK 

(a) Current work 

At this date (July 10, 1916) the remittances received up Condition 
to the third mail of the day have been recorded. The ae-*" 
count books of the bookkeeping division are written up and 
posted to June 30, and the accounts rendered to the Treasury 
Department are settled up to and including the month of 
June, while earned fees to June 30, inclusive, have been paid 
into the Treasury. 

'16 13 



1 84 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

All copyright applications received up to and including 
June 30 have been passed upon and refunds made. The 
unfinished business amounted on June 30, 1916, to $1,383.27. 
Of this, however, a large sum represented business for the 
fiscal year, held awaiting answers to letters from the Copy- 
right Office in regard to informalities, etc. 

At the close of business on July 10, 1916, of the works 
deposited for copyright registration up to and including June 
30 all had been recorded. There remained to be indexed: 
Class A, Books, 836; Class E, Music, 342; Class I, Technical 
Drawings, 46. 

(6) Deposits received prior to July i, 1807 
Deposits prior During the fiscal year 1915-16 about 2,1 50 articles re- 

iojuly 1,1897 j T i ji j 4-u 1 r 

ceived prior to July i, 1897, were handled in the work of 
crediting such matter to the proper entries. Of these arti- 
cles, 1,037 pieces (comprising 414 pamphlets and leaflets, 
599 periodical contributions, and 24 miscellaneous articles) 
were credited to their respective entries and properly filed. 
Entries were found for 900 more pamphlets, etc., and they 
have been arranged for crediting. Careful search was made 
in the case of about 200 other pamphlets, etc., but no cor- 
responding entries were found. In addition, about 18,657 
printed titles filed prior to July 8, 1870, have been arranged 
by classes (Books, Music, Prints, Labels, etc.) to facilitate 
examination. The examination of this old material be- 
comes proportionately slow and its identification more 
difficult as the remaining material presents fewer clues 
under which search can be made for possible entries. Mean- 
time the pressure of the currenf copyright business has been 
so great as to oblige the transfer, from time to time, of the 
clerks from work upon the old unfinished material to the 
current work. 

(c) Branch Copyright Office at San Francisco 
Branch office at The appropriation of $30,000, made in the sundry civil 

San Francisco . . 

appropriation act for the fiscal year 1915, for the Copyright 
and Patent Branch Office at the Panama-Pacific Inter- 
national Exposition, was continued and made available for 



Register of Copyrights 185 

expenditure during the first half of the fiscal year 1916, by 
an item to that effect in the sundry civil appropriation act 
for the fiscal year 1916. This branch oflice went out of 
existence on December 4, 1915, with the closing of the 
Panama-Pacific International Exposition. It had bec-n 
established when the exposition was opened under authority 
given by the act approved September 18, 1913, with a view 
to register copyright proprietorship in behalf of foreign ex- 
hibitors at the exposition. Owing to the European war, 
the expected demand for copyright registration was not 
made, and only four certificates of copyright proprietorship 
were issued under the provisions of the act cited. The actual 
expenditures finally incurred upon the part of the Copy- 
right Office only amounted to a total of $7.25. The cost 
involved in maintaining the branch office, however, was 
borne by the Patent Office, whose representative at San 
Francisco, under arrangements made with the Commis- 
sioner of Patents, courteously received and forwarded such 
applications and correspondence which it was found re- 
lated to copyright protection rather than to patent rights. 
The unexpended balance of the Library's share of the 
appropriation of March 4, 1914, namely $14,992.75, re- 
verted to the Treasury of the United States on December 
31, 1915, in accordance with the provision of the sundry 
civil appropriation act for 1915-16, referred to above. 

Mr. Crisfield's appointment as Assistant Register 

On May 18, 1916, Mr. Arthur Crisfield was appointed Assistant Regis- 
Assistant Register of Copyrights. 

COPYRIGHT LEGISLATION AND INTERNATIONAL COPYRIGHT 
RELATIONS 

/. Legislation 

No new copyright legislation was finally enacted during 
the fiscal year just closed, but two amendatory acts were 
passed by the House of Representatives and now await 
action by the Senate. 

The first of these bills (H. R. 8356) was originally intro- 
duced by Hon. Martin A. Morrison, chairman of the House R. 3356 



1 86 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

H. R. ft*?*? Committee on Patents, on January 8, I9I6, 1 and was favor- 
ably reported to the House on February 26. 2 The purpose 
of the bill is explained at length in the report submitted by 
the House Committee on Patents. In section 25 of the 
Copyright Act of 1909, providing remedies in the case of 
infringement, the language used is "that if any person shall 
infringe the copyright in any work protected under the copy- 
right laws of the United States such person shall be liable" to 
an injunction and the payment of damages. In section 28, 
however, the language used is " that any person who willfully 
and for profit shall infringe any copyright secured by this act 
* * * shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon 
conviction thereof shall be punished by imprisonment for not 
exceeding one year or by a fine of not less than $100 nor 
more than $1,000, or both, in the discretion of the court." 
The result of this change from the words "shall infringe the 
copyright in any work protected under the copyright laws of 
the United States" in section 25, to "shall infringe any copy- 
right secured by this Act," in section 28, has resulted in deci- 
sions by the courts holding that the words "secured by this 
act," as used in section 28, apply only to rights originally 
procured under the act of March 4, 1909, and do not include 
rights subsisting in any work at the time when that act went 
into effect. 

The House committee report says: 

As a result the penalty provided in section 28, as so construed, 
applies only to infringements of copyrights originally procured under 
the present act. The courts have held that the penalty for infringements 
of rights subsisting at the time when the present statute went into 
effect, and continued under and protected by the present law, is the 
penalty provided in the statute that was in force at the time of the 
enactment of the present law, and which has been for the most part 
superseded by the present law. This construction of section 28 adds 
greatly to the difficulty of preparing indictments based upon infringe- 

1 1916 (Jan. 8). A bill to amend sections 28 and 30 of an act entitled "An act to amend 
and consolidate the acts respecting copyright," approved Mar. 4, 1909. Presented by 
Mr. Morrison. H. R. bill No. 8356, 6 4 th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 2 pp. 4. [Referred 
to the Committee on Patents.] 

2 1916 (Feb. 26). Amendment of laws relating to copyrights. Mr. Morrison, from the 
Committee on Patents, submitted the following report (to accompany H. R. 8356). 
64th Cong., ist sess., H. R. Report No. 265. Printed, 3 pp. 8. 

1916 (Feb. 26). A bill to amend sections 28 and 30 of an act entitled "An act to amend 
and consolidate the acts respecting copyright," approved Mar. 4, 1909. Reported with 
an amendment; referred to the House Calendar. H. R. bill 8356. (H. R. Report No. 
265.) Printed, 2 pp. 4. 



Register of Copyrights 187 

ments of copyrights. The proposed amendment is intended to accom- 
plish what the Committee on Patents manifestly intended to accom- 
plish by the language in section 28. It will simplify the work of the 
Department of Justice in its enforcement of the copyright laws. 

The House act further amends section 30 of the Copyright 
Act of March 4, 1909, prohibiting the importation of "any 
piratical copies of any work copyrighted in the United 
States," to prohibit the importation of "any infringing 
copies, matter or material of any work copyrighted in the 
United States." 

The House report says: 

The practical importance of section 30 is to authorize the officers of 
the customhouse to retain possession of works alleged to be infringing 
until the rights of the parties can be determined. It has been held, 
however, thai the language of the section, "piratical copies," includes 
only textual reproductions and does not include infringing matter or 
material or the original in any form other than that of a textual repro- 
duction. This construction, of which the committee make no criticism, 
makes section 30 ineffectual to protect the rights of the parties in a large 
proportion of the cases that arise. It is the opinion of the committee 
that the protection afforded by section 30 should be as large as the 
rights granted and the protection afforded by the remaining sections 
of the bill. 

The bill (H. R. 8356) was passed by the House of Repre- 
sentatives on April 3, and on April 4 (legislative day, Mar. 
30 *) it was read twice in the Senate and referred to the Com- 
mittee on Patents. The full text of the House act is 
printed on pages 203-204, and House report No. 265, on 
pages 204-206 of this report. 

The second copyright bill passed by the House (H. R. House Aci n 
13981) was introduced by Hon. Woodson R. Oglesby on 
March 3O, 2 and was referred to the Committee on Patents. 
It proposes to amend section 12 of the Copyright Act of 
March 4, 1909, by adding a proviso permitting in the case 
of bulky, fragile, or dangerous articles, that in lieu of copies, 
identifying photographs or prints of such articles with writ- 

1 1916 (Mar. 30, calendar day, Apr. 4). An act to amend sections 28 and 30 of an act 
entitled "An act to amend and consolidate the acts respecting copyright," approved 
Mar. 4, 1909. In the Senate of the United States. Read twice and referred to the Com- 
mittee on Patents. H. R. Act No. 8356. Printed, 2 pp. 4. 

2 1916 (Mar. 30). A bill to amend the copyright law. Presented by Mr. Oglesby. 
H. R. bill No. 13981. 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 2 pp. 4. [Referred to the Com- 
mittee on Patents.] 



188 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

ten or printed descriptions may be deposited. The bill also 
provides that deposit and registration made for motion pic- 
tures under the provisions of the act of August 24, 1912, 
shall be held to be sufficient. A public hearing on this bill 
was held before the Committee on Patents of the House on 
April 5, the stenographic report of which has been printed. 1 
H. R. report The bill was reported with verbal amendments on May 5, 2 

no. 640 

and was passed by the House on July i. On July 3 (leg- 
islative day of June 30) it was read twice in the Senate by 
its title and referred to the Committee on Patents. 3 House 
Report No. 640, which contains the text of the bill as re- 
ported, is printed in full on pages 207-208 of this report. 

Copyright bills j n addition to the two bills favorably acted upon by the 
House, repoited above, the following bills have been intro- 
duced during the fiscal year, and are still pending. 

//. R.biii 5 8s On December 6, 1915, Hon. William S. Bennet introduced 
a bill (H. R. 588) 4 to amend section 1 5 of the Copyright 
Act of March 4, 1909, to except foreign periodicals from the 
requirement of American typesetting by inclusion in the 
clause in section 15 of the act, which excepts foreign books 
in foreign languages from typesetting within the limits of 
the United States. On January 7, 1916, the bill was re- 
ferred to the House Committee on Patents, 5 and a public 
hearing was held before that committee on April 26, the 

1 Additional copyright identification motion-picture photoplays. Hearing before 
the Committee on Patents, House of Representatives, 64th Cong., ist sess., on a bill 
[H. R. 13981] relating to motion-picture photoplays, also providing for additional iden- 
tification of works of copyright. April 5, 1916. 8 pp. 8. Washington, Government 
Printing Office, 1916. 

2 1916 (May 5). Copyright law. Mr. Oglesby, from the Committee on Patents, sub- 
mitted the following Report (to accompany H. R. 13981). 64th Cong., ist sess. H. R. 
Report No. 640. Printed, 2 pp. 8. 

1916 (May 5). A bill to amend the copyright law. Reported with amendments, 
referred to the House Calendar. H. R. bill No. 13981. (Report No. 640). Printed, 
2 pp. 4. 

3 1916 (June 30, calendar day July 3). An act to amend the copyright law. In the 
Senate of the United States. H. R. act No. 13981. 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 2 pp. 
4. [Read twice and referred to the Committee on Patents.] 

4 1915 (Dec. 6). A bill to amend section 15 of the act of Mar. 4, 1909, as amended by the 
acts of Aug. 24, 1912, and Mar. 28, 1914, in relation to periodicals. Presented by Mr. 
Bennet. H. R. bill No. 588. 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 2 pp. 4. [Referred to 
the Committee on Patents.] 

5 1916 (Jan. 7). A bill to amend section 15 of the act of Mar. 4, 1909, as amended by 
the acts of Aug. 24, 1912, and Mar. 28, 1914, in relation to periodicals. The Committee 
on Printing discharged, and referred to the Committee on Patents. H. R. bill No. 588. 
64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 2 pp. 4. 



Register of Copyrights 

stenographic report of which was printed. 1 The bill has not 
been reported from the committee. 

On December ib, 1915, a bill (H. R. 3630) was intro- 
duced in the House of Representatives by Hon. Charles 1 1 . 
Randall for the deposit of manuscript copies of scenarios. * 
It was ordered to be printed and was referred to the Com- 
mittee on Patents. The same bill was presented in the s.biuar*> 
Senate by Hon. Boies Penrose on December 17, 1915 (S. 
2740), and referred to the Committee on the Library. 3 On 
March 24, 1916, on motion of Hon. Francis G. Newlands 
the bill was transferred to the Senate Committee on Pat- 
ents. The bill proposes to add to the schedule of copy- 
right works in section 5 of the Copyright Act of March 4, 
1909, class " (n) scenarios," and adds, in agreement there- 
with, the words "or scenario," in the proper places in sec- 
tions 12 and 25, and a proviso in section 9, to the effect 
"that any person entitled thereto under the provisions of 
this act may secure a copyright for a scenario by type- 
writing the same with notice of copyright required by this 
act." It also amends section n, to require the deposit "if 
the work be a scenario, of two typewritten copies of the 
title and description, with cast of scenes, without prints or 
other identifying reproductions thereof." No action on this 
bill has been reported. 

On January 5, 1916, Hon. Andrew J. Barchfeld intro- 
duced a bill (H. R. 7624)"* to amend section 62 of the copy- 
right act of 1909, by adding at the end the words: 

And the term "public performance for profit" shall include any pub- 
lic performance in any place of business operated for gain, though no 

1 Amendment of copyright laws. Hearing before the Committee on Patents, House 
of Representatives, 64th Cong., ist sess. A bill [H. R. 588] to amend the copyright laws 
relating to printing of periodicals. Apr. 26, 1916. 20 pp. 8. Washington, Govern- 
ment Printing Offke, 1916. 

2 1915 (Dec. 10). A bill to amend sections 5, 9, n, 12, and 25 of an act entitled "An 
act to amend and consolidate the acts respecting copyright," approved Mar. 4, 1909, 
and as amended Aug. 24, 1912. Presented by Mr. Randall. H. R. bill No. 3630. 64th 
Cong., ist sess. Printed, 8 pp. 4. [Referred to the Committee on Patents.] 

3 1915 (Dec. 17). A bill to amend sections 5, 9, n, 12, and 25 of an act entitled "An 
act to amend and consolidate the acts respecting copyright," approved Mar. 4, 1909, 
and as amended Aug. 24, 1912. Presented by Mr. Penrose. S. bill No. 2740. ~64th 
Cong., ist sess. Printed, 8 pp. 4. [Referred to the Committee on Library.) 

4 1916 (Jan. 5). A bill to amend section 62 of the act entitled "An act to amend nd 
consolidate the acts respecting copyright," approved Mar. 4, 1909. Presented by Mr. 
Barchfeld. H. R. bill No. 7624. 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, a pp. 4. [Referred 
to the Committee on Patents.] - 



190 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

direct pecuniary charge or admission fee to such performance is made 
unless such performance is given exclusively for a religious, charitable, 
or educational purpose. 

The House bill was referred to the Committee on Patents 
and ordered to be printed. The same bill was presented to 
the Senate on January 10, 1916, by Hon. Thomas W. Hard- 

s. bin 3342 w i c k (S. 3342), 1 and was read twice and referred to the 
Committee on Patents. Neither committee has reported 
the bill. 

On March 9, 1916, Hon. Blair Lee introduced in the vSenate 

s. bills 4 8oo & a bill (S. 4890)2 to amend section 25 of the copyright act of 
1 909 to provide that the maximum damages for infringement 
by a newspaper reproduction of a copyrighted photograph 
shall be $250 in lieu of $200 and extends this limit of dam- 
ages in the case of such infringement of a "print or pictorial 
illustration." The bill also proposes to add a proviso at the 
end of section 40, providing for the costs of a suit, to the 
effect "that if only the minimum amount specified in this 
Act for damages shall be awarded, each party shall pay his 
his own costs." A new print of the bill with textual amend- 
ments (S. 5183) was presented to the Senate on March 22, 3 
and referred to the Committee on Patents; while the original 
bill had meantime been introduced in the House of Repre- 
sentatives on March 17, by Hon. Charles B. Smith, of New 

H.R. biu 13348 York (H. R. 1 3348), 4 and referred to the House Committee 
on Patents. No action by either committee has been 
reported. 

1 1916 (Jan. 10). A bill to amend section 62 of the act entitled "An act to amend and 
consolidate the acts respecting copyright," approved Mar. 4, 1909. Presented by Mr. 
Hardwick. S. bill No. 3342, 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 2 pp. 4. [Referred to the 
Committee on Patents.] 

8 1916 (Mar. 9). A bill to amend the provision regarding newspapers in clause (6) of 
section 25 of an act entitled "An act to amend and consolidate the acts respecting copy- 
right," approved Mar. 4, 1909, as amended by an act approved Aug. 24, 1912, and also 
to amend section 40 of said act. Presented by Mr. I^ee of Maryland. S- bill No. 4890. 
64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 2 pp. 4. [Referred to the Committee on Patents.] 

* 1916 (Mar. 22). A bill to amend the provision regarding newspapers in clause (6) of 
section 25 of an act entitled "An act to amend and consolidate the acts respecting copy- 
right," approved Mar. 4, 19059, as amended by an act approved Aug. 24, 1912, and also to 
amend section 40 of said act. Presented by Mr. Hardwick. S. bill No. 5183. 64th 
Cong., ist sess. Printed, 2 pp. 4. [Referred to the Committee on Patents.] 

4 1916 (Mar. 17). A bill to amend the provision regarding newspapers in clause (6) of 
section 25 of an act entitled "An act to amend and consolidate the acts respecting copy- 
right," approved Mar. 4, 1909, as amended by an act approved Aug. 24, 1912, and also to 
amend section 40 of said act. Presented by Mr. Smith of New York. H. R. bill No. 
13348. 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 2 pp., 4. [Referred to the Committee on Patents.] 



Register of Copyrights 19! 

On April 5, 1916, Hon. William D. Stephens, of California, 
introduced (by request) a bill (H. R. 14226)* to amend sec " R- ^1114226 
tion i, paragraph (6), of the copyright act of 1909, to secure 
to the copyright proprietor the exclusive right to make "any 
abridgment, amplification, augmentation, adaptation, or ar- 
rangement' ' of a copyrighted work. The bill was referred 
to the House Committee on Patents. It has not been 
reported. The text of this bill is printed in this report, 
page 209. 

The following bills which deal directly with copyright or 
contain certain provisions in relation to copyright have been 
referred to in my previous reports, but have been reintro- 
duced in the present Congress, and referred, in each case, 
to the committee noted. H. R. 24925 (2d sess., 62d Con- 
gress; printed in full in my Annual Report for 1911-12, pp. 
179-180), was again presented by Hon. Luther W. Mott on 
December 6, 1915, and referred to the House Committee on 
Patents. The bill (now H. R. 42o) 2 deals with the copyright BUIH. R. 420 
of labels and other commercial advertisements, and proposes 
to extend the misdemeanor clause in section 28 of the copy- 
right act of March 4, 1909. 

H. R. 21137 (3d se^s., 63d Cong.; summarized in my 
Annual Report for 1914-15, pp. 166-167) was reintroduced 
by Hon. William A. Oldfield on December 7, 1915, in an 
amended form (H. R. 3053), 3 reading as follows: BUI H.R. 3053 

Upon the expiration of the copyright of a book, or the renewal thereof 
should the same be renewed, there shall exist no superior rights of any 
nature whatsoever in the publisher or former proprietor thereof to the 
matter w r hich has been the subject of copyright or to the name or title 
thereof, but both the matter which has been the subject of copyright 
and its name or title shall fall into the public domain and thereafter 
be forever free to the unrestricted use of the public. 

The bill was referred to the House Committee on Patents, 
and public hearings were held before that committee on 

1 1916 (Apr. 5). A bill to amend section i, subdivision (6), of the act entitled "An art 
to amend and consolidate the acts respecting copyright," approved Mar. 4, 1909. Pre- 
sented by Mr. Stephens of California (by request). H. R. bill No. 14226, 64th Cong., 
ist sess. Printed 2 pp. 4. [Referred to the Committee on Patents.) 

2 1915 (Dec. 6). A bill to amend the copyright law passed Mar. 4, 1909. Presented 
by Mr. Mott. H. R. bill No. 420. 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 3 pp. 4. [Referred 
to the Committee on Patents.] 

8 1915 (Dec. 7). A bill to amend section 23 of the art entitled "An art to amend and 
consolidate the arts respecting copyright," approved Mar. 4, 1909. Presented by Mr. 
Oldfield. H. R. bill No. 3053. 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 2 pp. 4- [Referred to 
the Committee on Patents.] 



192 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

May 3. The stenographic report was duly printed. 1 This 
bill has not been reported by the committee. 

BUiH.R. 10231 H. R. 20695 (3d sess. 63d Congress; printed in my last 
year's report, pp. 189-190) was again presented to the 
House on January 27, 1916, by Hon. Daniel A. Driscoll 
(H. R. 10231) 2 and referred to the Committee on Patents. 
It proposes to increase the term of ad interim copyright from 
30 days to 90 days, and to make the importation of author- 
ized copies of English books, now permitted under the law 
in force, contingent upon the express "consent of the pro- 
prietor of the American copyright or his representative," 
i. e., the American publisher or republisher of the English 
author's book. No action has been taken by the com- 
mittee on this bill. 

Motion-picture H. R. 14895 (2d sess. 63d Congress; referred to in my last 

censorship bills 

U.K. 45 6 years report, pp. 167-168) was remtroduced on December 

6, 1915, by Hon. Dudley M. Hughes in the House (H. R. 
456) 3 and on December 16, 1915, by Hon. Hoke Smith in 
the Senate (S. 2204) . 4 It proposed a Commission of Cen- 
sorship for motion pictures, and provided in section 9 
"that no copyright shall be issued for any film which has 
not previously received the certificate and seal of this 
commission." A substitute bill was reported from the 
House Committee on Education by the Hon. Mr. Hughes 
BUIH.R. 15462 on May 8j I9l6f and in this b in ( H . R. 15462) 5 the copy- 
right clause has been omitted. 

1 Amendment of copyright laws. Hearing before the Committee on Patents, House 
of Representatives, 64th Cong., ist sess. A bill [H. R. 3053] to amend the copyright 
laws relating to rights existing after expiration of copyright. May 3, 1916. 41 pp. 8. 
Washington, Government printing office, 1916. 

'1916 (Jan. 27). A bill to amend sections 2 1 and3i of the act entitled " An act to amend 
and consolidate the acts respecting copyright, " approved Mar. 4, 1909. Presented by Mr. 
Driscoll. H.R. bill No. 10231. 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 4 pp. 4. [Referred to the 
Committee on Patents.] 

3 1915 (Dec. 6). A bill to create a new division of the Bureau of Education, to be known 
as the Federal Motion Picture Commission, and defining its powers and duties. Pre- 
sented by Mr. Hughes. ' H. R. bill No. 456. 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 6 pp. 4. 
[Referred to the Committee on Education.] 

4 1915 (Dec. 16). A bill to create a new division of the Bureau of Education", to be 
known as the Federal Motion Picture Commission, and defining its powers and duties. 
Presented by Mr. Smith of Georgia. S. bill No. 2204. 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 
6 pp. 4. [Referred to the Committee on Education and Labor.] 

6 1916 (May 8). A bill to create a commission to be known as the Federal Motion Pic- 
ture Commission, and denning its powers and duties. Presented by Mr. Hughes. H. 
R. bill No. 15462. 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 10 pp. 4. [Referred to the Committee 
on Education.] 



Register of Copyrights 1 93 

H. R. 15902 (2d sess., 63d Congress, the public printing plMic 
bill, referred to in my last year's report, p. 168) was rein- 
troduced on December 6, 1915, by Hon. Henry A. Barn- 
hart (H. R. 323).* It retains the provision that "no Gov- BMH.R.SZB 
ernment publication nor any portion thereof shall be copy- 
righted." A substitute bill was introduced in the Senate 
by Hon. Duncan U. Fletcher (S. 1107) on December 7, Bias. 1107 
I9i5, 2 and the same copyright clause is contained in section 
82. A bill was favorably reported in lieu of H. R. 323 from 
the House Committee on Printing by Hon. Henry A. 
Barnhart on January n, 1916 (H. R. 8664; House Report BUIH.R.SMV 
No. 32), 3 which retains the copyright clause as quoted " 2 * 
above. On February 25, 1916, Hon. Duncan U. Fletcher 
favorably reported from the Senate Committee on Printing, 
with amendments, S. bill 1107 (Senate Report i83), 4 which 
contains the following explanatory statement : 

SEC. 82. This paragraph defines the term "Government publica- 
tion" to mean and include all publications printed at Governmen 
expense or published or distributed by authority of Congress. It also 
continues the present prohibition against the copyrighting of Govern- 
ment publications. The definition here used is similar to that which 
has been adopted by the Superintendent of Documents for many 
years in his work of classifying and cataloguing Government publica- 
tions. 

No final action has been taken upon these bills. 

1 1915 (Dec. 6). A bill to amend, revise, and codify the laws relating to the public 
printing and binding and the distribution of Government publications. Presented by 
Mr. Barnhart. H. R. bill No. 323. 64 th Cong. , ist sess. Printed, 125 pp. 4. [Referred 
to the Committee on Printing.] 

2 1915 (Dec. 7). A bill to amend, revise, and codify the laws relating to the public 
printing and binding and the distribution of Government publications. Presented by 
Mr. Fletcher. S. bill No. 1107. 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 129 pp. 4. [Referred 
to the Committee on Printing.] 

3 1916 (Jan. n). A bill to amend, revise, and codify the laws relating to the public 
printing and binding and the distribution of Government publications. Reported from 
the Committee on Printing by Mr. Barnhart, in lieu of H. R. 323; committed to the 
Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union. H. R. bill No. 8664. 64th 
Cong., ist sess. Printed, 129 pp. 4. 

1916 (Jan. n). Revision of printing laws. Mr. Barnhart, from the Committee on 
Printing, submitted the following report (to accompany H. R. 8664). 64th Cong., ist 
sess. H. R. Report No. 32. Printed, 132 pp. 8. 

4 1916 (Feb. 25). A bill to amend, revise, and codify the laws relating to the public^ 
printing and binding and the distribution of Government publications. Reported by 
Mr. Fletcher, with amendments. S. bill No. 1107. 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 132 
pp. 4 . 

1916 (Feb. 25). Revision of printing laws. Mr. Fletcher, from the Committee on 
Printing, submitted the following report (to accompany S. 1107). 64th Cong., ist sess. 
S. Report No. 183. Printed, 134 pp. 8. 



194 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Designs copy- j n p rev ious Annual Reports (more especially in my re- 
port for 1912-13, pp. 148-149), I have pointed out the 
urgent need for better protection for artistic designs for 
articles of manufacture, with the recommendation that 
such amendment of the copyright laws be suggested as 
would secure protection of ornamental designs for articles 
of manufacture; provide for suitable remedies in case of in- 
fringement, and for a sufficient and reasonably economical 
registration. There was considerable evidence that a wide- 
spread need was felt for such legislation, and on January 12, 
1914, the then chairman of the Committee on Patents of the 
House of Representatives introduced an elaborate and de- 
tailed "Bill providing for the registration of designs." 

BUIH. R. 11321 (H. R. 11321, 2d sess. 63d Cong.). 1 Public hearings on 
this bill were held before the House committee on April 22, 
24, 28, 29 and May 5, 6, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, and 27, 1914, and 
the stenographic report of the discussions was printed. 2 
Following this hearing, revised bills were introduced by the 
chairman of the House Committee on Patents, on August 
' 223 4, 1914 (H. R. 18223, 2d sess. 63d Cong.) 3 and on Decem- 
ber 17, 1915 (H. R. 6458, ist sess. 64th Cong.). 4 

A second series of public hearings were held before the 
House committee on March 22, 23, 24, 29, April 5 and 19, 
1916, the stenographic reports of which were printed. 5 The 
present chairman of that committee, Hon. Martin A. Morri- 

1 1914 (Jan. 12). A bill providing for the registration of designs. Presented by Mr. 
Oldfield. H. R. bill No. 11321. 6$d Cong., ad sess. Printed, 17 pp. 4. [Referred to 
the Committee on Patents.] 

z Registration of designs. Hearing before the Committee on Patents, House of Rep- 
resentatives, 6jd Cong., 2d sess., Apr. 22-[May 27], 1914. 250 pp. 8. Washington, 
Government Printing Office, 1914. [Each day's hearing was printed separately.) 

3 1914 (Aug. 4). A bill providing for the registration of designs. Presented by Mr. 
Oldfield (by request). H. R. bill No. 18223. 63d Cong., 2d sess. Printed, 21 pp. 4. 
[Referred to the Committee on Patents.] 

4 1915 (Dec. 17). A bill providing for the registration of designs. Presented by Mr. 
Morrison (by request). H. R. bill No. 6458. 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 22 pp. 
4. [Referred to the Committee on Patents.] 

5 Registration of designs. Hearings before the Committee on Patents, House of Repre- 
sentatives, 64th Cong., ist sess., on the bills H. R. 6458 and H. R. 13618, providing for 
the registration of designs, Mar, 22, 23, 24, 29 and Apr. 5, 1916. [Part i.] 267 pp. 8. 
Washington, Government Printing Office, 1916. 

Registration of designs. Hearings before the Committee on Patents, House of Rep- 
resentatives, 64th Cong., ist sess., on the bill H. R. 6458, providing for the registration 
of designs. Apr. 19, 1916. Part 2, title page, pp. 269-273. 8. Washington, Govern- 
ment Printing Office, 1916. 



Register of Copyrights 195 

son, introduced a new bill (H. R. 14666) on April 15, 1916,' H - 
to enact "that the author of any design, new and original, 
as embodied in or applied to any manufactured product of 
an art or trade, or his assignee, may have copyright therein 
by registering such design in the United States Patent Office 
and obtaining from the Commissioner of Patents a certificate 
of such registration." 

The bill provides in considerable detail for the proposed 
registration in the Patent Office and makes provision for 
remedies in case of infringement, for practice and pro- 
cedure, etc.* 

//. International Copyright Relations 

During the year covered by this report official notification Pan-American 
has been received that Brazil, Costa Rica, and Salvador**, wo 
have ratified the Fourth Pan-American Copyright Conven- 
tion, which was signed at Buenos Aires on August n, 1910, 
and proclaimed by the United States on July 13, 1914. 

1 1916 (Apr. 15). A bill providing for the registration of designs. Presented by Mr. 
Morrison. H. R. bill No. 14666. 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 22 pp. 4. [Referred 
to the Committee on Patents.] 

* Since the above was written a new draft of the bill was presented by Hon. Martin A. 
Morrison, on Aug. 4, 1916 (H. R. I7290) 1 . It includes as subject matter of protection 
"any new and original surface design," and makes the necessary changes throughout the 
bill to correspond to this addition. This bill was favorably reported from the House 
Committee on Patents on Aug. 18, 1916 (H. R. 17290. H. R. Report No. nas). 2 The 
House report explains the bill as follows: 

"The bill does not undertake to repeal or amend existing patent law as to patents 
or design patents. It leaves all such laws in full force and effect. It proposes that new 
and original designs, and designs new and original as embodied in or applied to any 
manufactured product of an art or trade, may be registered in the United States Patent 
Office by the author or inventor, or his assignee, and that the registrant may have copy- 
right in such design. The subject matter of the pending bill is practically the same 
as the subject matter of design patents under existing law. The present bill does not 
cover any subject matter embraced within the present patent laws other than those 
relating to design patents, but is expressly limited to designs having no functional or 
mechanical purpose cr producing no functional or mechanical result. It is expressly 
provided that designs shall not be given copyright protection under the pending bill 
if they come within the purview of the statutes providing patent protection upon 
inventions." 

1 1916 (Aug. 4). A bill providing for the registration of designs. Presented by Mr. 
Morrison. H. R. bill No. 17290. 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 23 pp. 4. [Referred 
to the Committee on Patents.] 

2 1916 (Aug. 18). A bill providing for the registration of designs. Committed to the 
Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union, H R. bill No. 17290. (H. R. 
Report No. 1125.) 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 23 pp. 4. 

1916 (Aug. 18). Registration of designs. Mr. Morrison, from the Committee on Pat- 
ents, submitted the following report (to accompany H. R. 17290). 64th Cong., ist 
sess. H. R. Report No. 1125. Printed, 3 pp. 8. 



196 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

This Convention is now in force between the United States 
and the following countries : Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, the 
Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, 
Nicaragua, Panama, and Salvador. 

This international agreement provides that "The signa- 
tory States acknowledge and protect the rights of Literary 
and Artistic Property in conformity with the stipulations of 
the present Convention" (art. i); and that "The acknowl- 
edgment of a copyright obtained in one State, in conformity 
with its laws, shall produce its effects of full right in all the 
other States, without the necessity of complying with ny 
other formality, provided always there shall appear in the 
work a statement that indicates the reservation of the 
property right" (art. 3). The full text of this Convention 
was printed in the Report of the Register of Copyrights for 
1914-15, pages 197-200. 
Respectfully submitted 

THORVALD SOLBERG 

Register of Copyrights 
HERBERT PUTNAM 

Librarian of Congress 



Register of Copyrights 



197 



EXHIBIT A Statement of gross receipts, refunds, net receipts, and fees 
or fiscal year ending June JO, !Qi6 



Month 


Gross cash 
receipts 


Ui-fumls 


Net 
receipts 


Pecs 

applii-d 


1915 
July 
August 
September 


$9- 770. 88 
8,023.64 


$199.02 
217-55 


$9,571-86 
7,806.09 


$9, 201. 30 

8, 518. 10 


October 










November 


9,572.61 


177.60 


9,395-01 


9,816.30 


1916 
January 


12,303.96 
8,875.53 


329- 75 


11,974. 21 
8, 646. 58 


10,421. 20 


March 
April 


9, 733- 65 
8 768 05 


308.88 


9>424.77 


9> 793- 05 
8,682. *<; 


May 


8, 038. 54 








June. . 


9, 638. 61 


182. oo 
















Total 


115, 663. 42 


2, 711. 39 


112,952. O3 


112, 986. 85 













Balance brought forward from June 30, 1915 $9, 257. 35 

Net receipts July i, 1915, to June 30, 1916: 

Gross receipts $115,663. 42 

Less amount refunded 2 , 71 1. 39 

112,952.03 



Total to be accounted for 122, 209. 38 



Copyright fees applied July i, 1915, to June 30, 1916. 
Balance carried forward to July r, 1916: 

Trust funds 

Unfinished business 



112,986.85 



7-839-26 
1-383-27 



122,209. 38 



198 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

KXHIBIT B Statement of fees paid into Treasury 



Date 


Check 
No. 


Amount 


Date. 


Check 
No. 


Amount 


1915 






1916 
Jan. 3 ... 






July 19 
July 26. 


2474 


2, 2OO.OO 


Jan. 7 
Jan. 10 


347i 
3486 


163.50 
i, 500.00 




















Jan 24 






Aug. 9 
Aug. 16 .... 


2567 


i. 700- oo 


Jan. 31 
Feb. s 


3606 
3643 


2,800.00 
82*1. 20 




2661 




Feb 7 


3655 




Aug. 30 
Sept. 7 


2701 
2741 


1,800.00 
1,318- 10 


Feb. 14 
Feb. 21 


3709 
3744 


1,900-00 
2,300.00 


Sept. 13 


2755 
278? 


1,600.00 


Feb. 28 
Mar 4 


3777 
3825 


2,100-00 


Sept 27 


2828 




Mar 6 


3838 




Oct. 4 
Oct. 6 
Oct ii 


2853 
2865 


1 . 400. 00 

402. 30 


Mar. 13 
Mar. 20 
Mar. 27 


3881 
3956 
4001 


1,900.00 

2,200.00 
2,3OO.OO 


Oct 1 8 


2961 










Oct. 25 
Nov. i 


2999 
3036 


2,300.00 
2,000.00 


Apr. 6 
Apr. 10 


4080 
4109 


293-05 
I, 7OO.OO 


Nov. 6 


3068 


497.85 


Apr. 17 


4138 


2,000.00 


Nov 8 


3080 




Apr. 24 


4179 


I, 7OO-OO 


















2, 6OO.OO 


May 4 


4242 


182.35 


Nov. 29 
Dec. 4 
Dec 6 


3189 
3215 


2,000.00 
I,4l6.30 


May8 
May 15 


4258 
4314 


2,OOO-OO 
2,3OO-OO 


Dec 13 




2, 7OO.OO 


May 29 


4384 


2,200-00 


Dec. 20 ... 




2, 5OO.OO 


Junes 


4400 


866-35 


Dec. 27 


3386 


2,3OO.OO 


June 12 
June 19 


4437 
4482 


2,400.00 

2, IOO-OO 













2, 7OO-OO 












1,800-00 








July 10 


4563 


572.25 








Total 




112,986.85 



Register of Copyrights 

EXHIBIT C Record of applied fees 



I 99 





a u 




Jl 


1 


fa 

E 

"3 


1 


! 


1 


Month. 


1! 


1 


li 

Hi 


! 

8, 


ll 
*1 

v-.JU 


50 cents 


*1 


S 3 




jj .a 


ta 




rt 


I 


a 









1.S 
* 


I 


la* 


1 


1 


i 


1 


i 






fa 


* 







fa 


H 


H 


1915 


















July 


8,647 


$8,647.00 


798 


$399-oo 


25 


$12.50 


9,470 


$9,058.50 


August 


7,918 


7,918.00 


789 


394- 50 


30 


15-00 


8,737 


8,327-50 


September 


6,785 


6,785-00 


845 


422. 50 


46 


23-00 


7,676 


7 230. 50 


October 


10,095 


10,095.00 


910 


455-00 


79 


39-50 


11,084 


10, 589. 50 


November 


9, 222 


9,222.00 


732 


366.00 


138 


69.00 


10,092 


9,657-00 


December 


9, 260 


9, 260.00 


949 


474- 50 


94 


47-oo 


10, 303 


9,781.50 


1916 


















January 


9,580 


9,580.00 


652 


326.00 


631 


3I5-50 


10,683 


10,221.50 


February 


8,583 


8,583-00 


751 


375-50 


141 


70.50 


9,475 


9,029.00 


March 


9,251 


9,251.00 


635 


3I7-50 


83 


41.50 


9,969 


9, 6ic. oo 


April 


8, roo 


8, 100.00 


627 


3I3' 5O 


128 


64.00 


8,855 


8,477- 50 


May 


8,959 


8,959-oo 


557 


278. 50 


159 


79-50 


9,675 


9,3i7-oo 


June 


9,054 


9,054-00 


640 


320.00 


74 


37-oo 


9,768 


9,411.00 


Total 


105, 454 


IO 5j 454- oo 


8,885 




| 
I;628 8l4OO 


1 1 tj 967 


no, 710. 50 
















= 








8 









"S 










1 


o 


& 


.s 


i 

*ts 


g 


1 




1 


Month 


of record 


50 cents 


nents an 


1 


J1 


r notice c 


|o 


10 cents 


1 


Ji 

1 
I 




I 


3 

1 


I 


5 


1 


S 


1 


1 


1 


a 
1 




o 




^ 


fa 





fa 






* 


H 


1915 






















July 


;S 


$14. oo 


IOO 


$107. oo 


'9 


$4- oo 




&! 3O 


|i6. 50 


$9, 201. 20 


August 


48 


24.00 


77 


138.00 


27 


14.50 


6 


.60 


13-50 


8,518.10 


September 


53 


26.50 


93 


124-00 


30 


12. OO 


8 


.80 


8.50 


7,402.30 


October 


ict, 


53-oo 


101 


122.00 


32 


12-75 


21 


2. 10 


18.50 


10,797.85 


November 


Oj 


31-00 


85 


IO6.OO 


12 


3-50 


28 


2.80 


16. oo 


9,816.30 


December 


65 


32-50 


128 


205.00 


45 


I7.OO 


140 


14-00 


13-50 


10,063.50 


1915 






















January 


91 


45-50 


79 


I26.OO 


44 


16.00 


42 


4-20 


8.00 


10,421.20 


February 


62 


31-00 


84 


144-00 


32 


10. 50 


218 


21. 80 


16.00 


9,252.30 


March 


82 


41.00 


85 


121.00 


35 


12.75 


13 


1-30 


7.00 


9,793-05 


April 


36 


18.00 


94 


163.00 


32 


xi-75 


41 


4-10 


8.00 


8,682.35 


May 


- - 


27. 5O 


64 


o 




.. 

' 2 


81 


n 




* 


June 


^ !J 


27. 5O 


93 


1 15. oo 


23 


7-25 




3- oo 


8-50 


9t S72 25 


Total 
















64.10 






743 


371-50 


1,083 


1,556.00 


380 


138.25 


641 


146- 50 


112,986.85 



64394 16 14 



2OO 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 



EXHIBIT D Comparative monthly statement of gross cash receipts, applied 
fees, number of registrations, daily averages, etc. 



Month 


Monthly 
receipts 


Applied 
fees 


Number of registrations. 


Tctals 


In- 
crease 


De- 
crease 


Daily 
average 


1915 
July 


$9,770-88 
8,023.64 
9,074.14 
9,727-03 
9,572-61 
12,136.78 

12,303-96 
8,875.53 
9,733-65 
8,768.05 
8,038.54 
9,638.61 


$9, 201.30 

8,518.10 
7,402.30 
10, 797- 85 
9,816.30 
10,063.50 

10,421- 20 
9,252.30 
9,793-os 
8,682.35 
9,466.35 
9,572.25 


9,47o 
8,737 
7,676 
11,084 
10,092 
10,303 

10,863' 
9,475 
9,969 
8,855 
9,675 
9,768 




746 
733 
1,061 

992 

1,388 
i, 114 
448 


364 
336 
320 
426 
404 
396 

435 
395 
369 
354 
372 
375 


August 
September 
October 




3,4o8 


November 


December 


211 
560 


1916 
January 


February 


March . 


494 
735 


April 
May 
June 


Total 




115,663.42 


112,986.85 


"5,967 















EXHIBIT E Statement of gross cash receipts, yearly fees, number of reg- 
istrations, etc., for ig fiscal years 



Year 


Gross 
receipts 


Yearly 
fees 


Number of 
registra- 
tions 


Increase 

in regis- 
trations 


Decrease 

in regis- 
trations 


1^7-98 
I ijS-99 


$61,099.56 
64, 185. 65 


$55,926.50 


75,545 
80,968 














13,830 








63,687. 50 








1901-2 
1902-3 


68,405.08 
71, 533. 91 


64,687.00 
68,874.50 


92,978 


627 
















1904-5 
1905-* 
1906-7 


80, 440. 56 
82, 610- 92 
87,384-31 


78,058-00 
80, 198-00 
84,685.00 


"3,374 
117,704 
123,829 


10,244 
4, 330 
6, 125 


4,087 




87,085. 53 


83,816. 75 




389 




1909-10 
1910-11 
1911-12 


113,662.83 
113,661.52 
i 20, 149. 51 


104, 644. 95 
109,913-95 
116, 685-05 


109,074 
115,198 
120,931 


6,124 

5, 733 


11,057 




118,968. 26 










1913-14 
1914-15 
1915-16 


122,636. 92 

115,594-55 
115, 663.42 


I2O, 219. 25 

111,922.75 

112,986. 85 


123,154 
H5,I93 
115,967 


3,659. 

774 


7,961 














"Total 


i. 724.024.97 


1,649/776- 15 


2,051,541 







NOTE. Detailed statement for 18 fiscal years, 1897-98, etc., to 1914-15, by months, 
may be found in Annual Report of Register of Copyrights for year 1914-15 (pp. -177-178, 
Report of the Librarian of Congress for 1914-15). 



Register of Copyrights 



201 



EXHIBIT F Table of registrations made during fiscal years 1910-11, 
1911-12, 1912-13, 1913-14, 1914-15, and 1915-16, arranged by classed 





1910-11 


I9II-I3 


I9i-i3 


1913-14 


94-5 


1915-16 


Class A. Books (including pamph- 














lets, leaflets, and contri- 














butions to periodicals): 














(a) Printed in the United States 


24,840 


26, 540 


26, 784 


28,591 


29, 704 


3L3" 


(6) Printed abroad in a foreign 














language 






2 \<) 


2,860 


1,843 


1,276 


(c) English books registered for 






* 3y 








ad interim copyright 


423 


452 


419 


440 


379 


309 


Total 


26t 97O 


29, 286 




31 , 891 


31 j Q26 


32^ 897 


Class B. Periodicals (numbers) 


23393 


22,580 


23,002 


24.134 


24.938 


26, 553 


Class C. Lectures, sermons, ad- 














dresses 


IO2 


1 06 


185 


*59 


142 


I 57 


Class D. Dramatic or dramatico- 














musical compositions 


3- 4' 5 


3.767 


3-700 


3.957 


3.797 


3.223 


Class K Musical compositions 


25. 5 2 S 


26, 777 


* 


28, 493 


2 1 , 406, 


20, 644 


Class F Maps 


2, 318 


2,158 


2> OI I 


I ? 950 


j j 772 


I, 6l2 


Class G. Works of art; models or de- 














signs 


3,355 


3> 224 


2,871 


3,021 


2,965 


2, 22O 


Class H. Reproductions of works of 














art 


222 


47 


*3 


3 


o 


O 


Class I. Drawings or plastic works 














of a scientific or technical 














character 


232 


500 


462 


339 


513 


445 


Class J. Photographs 


14.469 


13.498 


12,778 


10,390 


10, 523 


10, 626 


Class K. Prints and pictorial illus- 














trations 


14,269 


17)639 


16,591 


IS.438 


12,935 


12, 722 


Class I y . Motion-picture photoplays. 






892 


2,039 


2, 757 


2,934 


Class M. Motion pictures not photo- 














plays 






61 


109 


193 


306 


Renewals 


928 


1.349 


1,065 


1,231 


1,3* 


1,628 


Total 


115; 198 


120,931 


i 19, 495 


I2J, 154 


115, 193 


115,967 

















* For detailed statement of registrations made for fiscal years from 1901 to 1909-10 see 
Annual Report of Register of Copyrights for 1914-15. 



202 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 



EXHIBIT G Table of articles deposited during 1913-14, 1914-75, and 

1915-16 





1913-14 


1914-15 


1915-16 


Total, 
1897-1916 


i. Books: 
(a) Printed in the United States: 
Volumes 










Pamphlets, leaflets, etc 




25,696 


25,682 




Contributions to newspapers 
and periodicals 


T>,o76 


6, 886 


8, 251 














(6) Printed abroad in a foreign language 
English works registered for ad in- 
terim copyright 


51)337 
4,916 

440 


52-878 
1,894 

380 


54.6o8 

i,i97 

299 




2 Periodicals 


56,693 


55.I52 


56, 104 


903,837 


3. Lectures sermons etc 










4. Dramatic or dramatico-musical composi- 
tions 


48io 








5 Musical compositions 










6. Maps 








68 460 


7. Works of art; models or designs 
8. Reproductions of works of art 
8a. Chromos and lithographs 
9. Drawings or plastic works of a scientific 
or technical character 


3.I7I 
6 


2,969 

o 

682 


2,227 



646 


58,123 
2*030 
48,712 


10. Photographs 
ii. Prints and pictorial illustrations 
12. Motion-picture photoplays 
13. Motion pictures not photoplays 


19,184 
24,925 
3-692 


19.357 

20,811 

6,596 


18, 785 
19. 265 
10, 784 


478,491 
341,125 
22,814 


14. Miscellaneous (unclassified articles) 
15. Foreign books received under act of Mar. 
3, 1905 








778 

2,527 












Total . 





















NOTB. For detailed statement of articles deposited during fiscal years 1897-8 to 19x2 
13 see Annual Report of Register of Copyrights for 1914-15. 



Addendum to the Report of the Register of Copyrights, 1915-16 



CONTENTS 

Copyright bills and reports, Sixty-fourth Congress, first session: 

H. R. act No. 8356; passed the House of Representatives April 3, 

and referred to Senate Committee on Patents April 4, 1916; 

page 203. 
H. R. Report No. 265, to accompany H. R. 8356; February 26, 

1916; page 204. 
H. R. Report No. 640, to accompany H. R. 13981; May 5, 1916; 

page 207. 
H. R. bill No. 14226; introduced by Hon. William D. Stephens 

April 5, 1916; page 209. 



[64th Cong., ist sess. H. R. 8356. In the Senate of the United States. g ^ R - Act No - 
March 30 (calendar day, April 4), 1916. Read twice and referred to 
the Committee on Patents.] 

AN ACT To amend sections twenty-eight and thirty of an Act entitled "An act to 
amend and consolidate the acts respecting copyright," approved March fourth, nine- 
teen hundred and nine. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United 
States of America in Congress assembled, That sections twenty-eight and 
thirty of the act entitled "An act to amend and consolidate the acts 
respecting copyright," approved March fourth, nineteen hundred and 
nine, be amended to read as follows: 

"SEC. 28. That any person who willfully and for profit shall infringe 
any copyright in any -work protected under the copyright laws of the 
United States, or who shall knowingly and willfully aid or abet such 
infringement, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon con- 
viction thereof shall be punished by imprisonment for not exceeding 
one year or by a fine of not less than $100 nor more than $1,000, or 
both, in the discretion of the court: Provided, however, That nothing in 
this act shall be so construed as to prevent the performance of religious" 
or secular works, such as oratorios, cantatas, masses, or octavo choruses 
by public schools, church choirs or vocal societies, rented, borrowed, 
or obtained from some public library, public school, church choir, 
school choir, or vocal society, provided the performance is given for 
charitable or educational purposes and not for profit. 

" SEC. 30. That the importation into the United States of any arti- 
cle bearing a false notice of copyright when there is no existing copy- 

203 



204 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

right thereon in the United States, or of any infringing copies, matter, 
or material of any work copyrighted in the United States, is pro- 
hibited." 

Passed the House of Representatives April 3, 1916. 
Attest: 

SOUTH TRIMBLE, 

Clerk. 



Ret>ori [64th Cong., istsess. House of Representatives. Report No. 265.] 
AMENDMENT OF LAWS RELATING TO COPYRIGHTS 



FEBRUARY 26, 1916. Referred to the House Calendar and ordered to 
be printed 



Mr. MORRISON, from the Committee on Patents, submitted the follow- 
ing report (to accompany H. R. 8356). 

The Committee on Patents, to whom was referred House bill 8356, 
respectfully report that they have had the same under consideration 
and recommend that the bill be amended and that the bill as amended 
do pass. 

In line 3 of page 2 of the printed bill the word "oratorios," as found 
in the existing statute, is spelled "oratories." It was not the purpose 
of the author of the bill or of the committee to make any change in 
the present statute other than the ones included in the printed bill 
as hereinafter set forth. The change in the spelling of the word re- 
ferred to is the result of inadvertence either by the author or at the 
Government Printing Office. The committee, therefore, recommend 
that the word "oratories" in the printed bill be stricken out and the 
word "oratorios" be inserted in lieu thereof. 

The bill proposes to amend sections 28 and 30 of the existing copy- 
right statute. 

The bill proposes to amend section 28 to read as follows: 

SEC. 28. That any person who willfully and for profit shall infringe any copyright in 
any work protected under the copyright laws of the L'nited Stales, or who shall knowingly 
and willfully aid or at>et such infringement, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, 
and upon conviction thereof shall be punished by imprisonment for not exceeding one 
year or by a fine of not less than $100 nor more than $1,000, or both, in the discretion of 
the court: Provided, however, That nothing in this act shall be so construed as to prevent 
the performance of religious or secular works, such as oratorios, cantatas, masses, or 
octavo choruses by public schools, church choirs, or vocal societies, rented, borrowed, 
or obtained from some public library, public school, church choir, school choir, or vocal 
society, provided the performance is given for charitable or educational purposes and 
not for profit. 

The section as proposed is in the identical language of the corre- 
sponding section of the present law, except the typographical error 



Register of Copyrights 205 

above referred to and except the language italicized as hereinabove 
printed. The effect of the proposed amendment to section 28 will be 
to strike out of the existing statute the words "secured by this act," 
and inserting in lieu thereof the words " in any work protected under 
the copyright laws of the United States." 

When the present copyright statute was reported to this House by 
Hon. Frank Currier, the then chairman of the Committee on Pat. nis, 
on February 22, 1909, Mr. Currier submitted to the House a most 
elaborate and valuable statement of the purpose of the committee as 
to each section and subdivision of the act as submitted. It was the 
manifest intention of the committee that the words proposed to be 
stricken out, "secured by this act," should have the effect to bring 
under section 28 all copyrights thereafter protected by the copyright 
laws of the United States, whether such protection had been procured 
prior to the enactment of the new statute or would be procured there- 
after and thereunder. On page 16 of the report of the committee the 
following language was used in assigning the reason why, in the opinion 
ef the committee", the language as then proposed in section 28 should 
be adopted by the Congress. 

As far as the report relates to the language of the statute affected by 
the proposed amendment, it was in the following language: 

Section 28 provides that a willful infringement for profit of a copyright shall be a mis- 
demeanor. Such an infringement when affecting a dramatic work or musical com- 
position is a misdemeanor under existing law and punishable by imprisonment for a 
term not exceeding one year, with no alternative sentence. This section, as we have 
it in the bill, applies to all copyrights, but materially modifies the sentence which may 
be imposed by adding an alternative sentence, as follows: " Or by a fine of not less than 
$100 nor more than $1,000, or both, in the discretion of the court." 

It is evident that the Committee on Patents used the words " secured 
by this act" in the same sense in which in section 25 they used the 
words "protected under the copyright laws of the United States" 
upon the assumption that after the enactment of the present statute 
all rights protected under the copyright laws of the United States would 
be " secured by this act. " At a later time the courts were called upon 
to construe the words "secured by this act." The fact that the com- 
mittee had used substantially different phraseology in the opening 
sentence of section 25 relating to civil remedies and the opening 
sentence of section 28 relating to criminal proceedings doubtless led 
the court to infe- that the Congress intended section 28 to be given 
a more limited scope than section 25. In the opening sentence of 
section 23 the words " secured by this act" are used in contradistinction 
to the words " subsisting in any work at the time when this act goes into 
effect. " This fact may also have influenced the decision of the court. 
At any rate, the courts have held that the words "secured by this act, " 
as used in section 28, apply to rights originally procured under this 
act and do not include rights subsisting in any work at the time when 
this act went into effect. 

As a result the penalty provided in section 28, as so construed, 
applies only to infringements of copyrights originally procured under 



206 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

the present act. The courts have held that the penalty for infringe- 
ments of rights subsisting at the time when the present statute went 
into effect, and continued under and protected by the present law, 
is the penalty provided in the statute that was in force at the time of 
the enactment of the present law, and which had been for the most 
part superseded by the present law. This construction of section 28 
adds greatly to the difficulty of preparing indictments based upon 
infringements of copyrights. The proposed amendment is intended 
to accomplish what the Committee on Patents manifestly intended 
to accomplish by the language in section 28. It will simplify the work 
of the Department of Justice in its enforcement of the copyright laws. 
The pending bill proposes to amend section 30 to read as follows: 

SEC. 30. That the importation into the United States of any article bearing a false 
notice of copyright when there is no existing copyright thereon in the United States, 
or of any infringing copies, matter, or material of any work copyrighted in the United 
States, is prohibited. 

The proposed section is in the identical language of the correspond- 
ing section of the present law, except as to the words printed in italic*. 
The effect of the proposed amendment is to strike out of the present 
statute the words "piratical copies" and to insert in lieu thereof the 
words "infringing copies, matter, or material." 

Section 30 is intended to give to the holders of rights protected 
under the copyright laws of the United States additional protection by 
prohibiting the importation of articles bearing false notice of copy- 
right or infringing publications of copyrighted works. Prior sections 
of the act refer to copyrighted works and also to the materials of such 
works whether translated into other languages, recast into other ver- 
sions, or otherwise modified, as in the dramatizing of a nondramatic 
work or the novelizing of a dramatic work or the recasting of it into 
some other literary form. The practical importance of section 30 is to 
authorize the officers of the customhouse to retain possession of works 
alleged to be infringing, until the rights of the parties can be deter- 
mined. It has been held, however, that the language of the section, 
"piratical copies," includes only textual reproductions, and does not 
include infringing matter or material or the original work in any form 
other than that of a textual reproduction. This construction, of which 
the committee make no criticism, makes section 30 ineffectual to pro- 
tect the rights of the parties in a large proportion of the cases that arise. 
It is the opinion of the committee that the protection afforded by sec- 
tion 30 should be as large as the rights granted and the protection af- 
forded by the remaining sections of the bill. 



Register of Copyrights 207 

[64th Cong., istsess. House of Representatives. Report No. 640.] I/. K. Report 

No. 640 

COPYRIGHT LAW 



MAY 5, 1916. Referred to the House Calendar ?.nd ordered to be 

printed. 



Mr. OGLESBY, from the Committee on Patents, submitted the following 
report (to accompany H. R. 13981). 

The Committee on Patents, to whom was referred House bill 13981, 
respectfully report that they had the same under consideration, and 
recommend that the bill be amended and that the bill as amended 
do pass. 

Amendment No. i: In line 4 of page 2 of the printed bill change 
"numbered" to "number." 

Amendment No. 2 : In line 6 of page 2 insert the word "hundred" in 
the date, so that this last shall read "August twenty-fourth, nineteen 
hundred and twelve." 

Amendment No. 3: In line 8 on page 2, in the phrase reading "such 
deposit and registration shall hereafter be held to be sufficient for all 
purposes, " strike out the words "for all purposes, " so that the phrase 
shall read, "such deposit and registration shall hereafter be held to be 
sufficient." 

It is the intention in the bill to make such deposit and registration 
as it provides for a sufficient compliance with the requirements of the 
law as to deposit and registration, but not to go beyond that to validate 
an otherwise possibly defective claim. 

The bill proposes to amend section 12 of the copyright act of March 
4, 1909, by adding thereto the following: 

Provided, however, That in the case of any work referred to in this section wherein 
copyright has been secured by publication of the work with notice of copyright, which 
by reason of its character, bulk, fragility, or because of dangerous ingredients can not be 
expediently filed, the register of copyrights may determine that there shall be deposited, 
in lieu of two complete copies of such work, such identifying photographs or prints, 
together with such written or printed descriptions of the work as he shall find sufficient 
to identify it: And provided further, That in the case of motion-picture photoplays and 
motion pictures other than photoplays, whenever deposit has been made as required 
by the provisions of the act of Congress (Public, Number Three hundred and three) 
approved August twenty-fourth, nineteen hundred and twelve, and registration has 
been secured thereunder, such deposit and registration shall hereafter be held to be suffi- 
cient, and shall exempt the copyright proprietor from the deposit of two complete copies 
of such photoplay or motion picture if it is later reproduced in copies for sale, and the 
provisions of the amendatory act of August twenty-fourth, nineteen hundred and 
twelve, are hereby made to apply to motion-picture photoplays and motion pictures 
other than photoplays that have been reproduced in copies for sale or otherwise pub- 
lished. 

Among the classes of works enumerated in section 5 of the copyright 
act which may have secured copyright by publication of the work with 
the prescribed notice of copyright, as provided in section 9 of the act, 
there are a few works which are of such character that they are not de- 



208 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

sired by the Library of Congress, or of which because of their bulk, or 
because they are fragile or contain dangerous (inflammatory) ingre- 
dients, it is not expedient that actual copies should be filed. It is 
proposed that in lieu of two copies of such works the register of copy- 
rights shall determine that there shall be deposited such identifying 
photographs or prints, together with such written or printed descrip- 
tions of the work, as he shall find sufficient in each case to identify it. 
Examples of the classes of works which will be affected by the proposed 
act are commercial, theatrical, circus, or other large pictorial posters; 
casts of busts, statuettes, or other similar articles; relief maps; motion 
pictures, etc. 

In the case of motion pictures the act provides that deposit and 
registration under the provisions of the act of Congress (Public, No. 
303) shall be sufficient whether such motion pictures may have been 
reproduced in copies for sale or otherwise published, and that the 
copyright proprietor of the motion picture shall be exempt from the 
deposit of two complete copies (i.e., two complete reels) of such motion 
picture if it has been reproduced in copies for sale. 

Motion pictures were declared subject matter of copyright by the 
act of August 24, 1912. Registration of copyright motion pictures was 
provided for in section n of the copyright act as amended, upon the 
deposit of title and description, and of the specified prints taken from 
the different sections or from each scene or act. respectively, depending 
upon whether the motion picture is a photo play or otherwise. The 
registration under section 1 1 , however, was for works not reproduced 
for sale, and the concluding sentence of that section further provided 
that "the privilege of registration of copyright secured hereunder 
shall not exempt the copyright proprietor from the deposit of copies, 
under sections 12 and 13 of this act, where the work is later reproduced 
in copies for sale." Section 12 requires that after copyright has been 
secured by publication of the work (i. e., sale or public distribution) 
two complete copies of the best edition of the work must be promptly 
deposited after such publication. In view of the proviso in section n 
and the requirement of the deposit of two complete copies in section 12, 
motion -picture proprietors have felt obliged to make deposit of two 
complete reels in the case of all motion pictures which have been re- 
produced in copies for sale (i. e., published). This has imposed a 
burdensome obligation upon such proprietors which was not intended. 
The complete reels are expensive, sometimes very expensive, and they 
are practically of no greater value for the identification of the motion 
picture in which copyright is claimed than the selected prints together 
with the title and description required by section n to be deposited 
in the case of a motion picture. The deposit of the complete reels is of 
no service to the Copyright Office, and these articles are of no value to 
the Library of Congress, and by reason of their inflammable character 
are dangerous. Such deposit also imposes an added burden upon the 
Copyright Office to no purpose. Motion-picture manufacturers have 
expressed approval of the purpose and the language of the bill. It is 
the opinion of the committee that it should become law. 



Register of Copyrights 209 

[64th Cong., ist sess. H. R. 14226. In the House of Representatives. Hill 11 
April 5, 1916.] 

Mr. STEPHENS, of California (by request), introduced the following bill; 
which was referred to the Committee on Patents and ordered to be 
printed. 

A BIL,!, to amend section one, subdivision (b), of the act entitled "An act to amend 
and consolidate the acts respecting copyright," approved March fourth, nineteen 
hundred and nine. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United 
States of America in Congress assembled, That paragraph (b), section one, 
of the act entitled "An act to amend and consolidate the acts respecting 
copyright," approved March fourth, nineteen hundred and nine, be 
amended to read as follows: 

" (b) To translate the copyrighted work into other languages or dia- 
lects, or make any abridgment, amplification, augmentation, adapta- 
tion, or arrangement, or any other version thereof, if it be a literary 
work; to dramatize it if it be a nondramatic work; to convert it into a 
novel or other nondramatic work if it be a drama; to arrange or adapt 
it if it be a musical work; to complete, execute, and finish it if it be a 
model or design for a work of art. " 



APPENDIX III 

MANUSCRIPTS AND BROADSIDES 
I. GIFTS, 1915-16 

From the American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass. : 

Abraham Weatherwise 's Town and Country Almanac for 1782 
with ms. diary of Jacob Cushing on interleaved pages, i v. 8. 
From Frank J. Barteman, Washington, D. C.: 

Scrap book of Albert Fierbaum while serving with the Eighteenth 
United States Infantry at Fort Assinniboine, Mont., 186-. i v. 
From Montgomery Blair, Washington, D. C.: 

Decorated Civil War envelopes, unused, (n pieces.) 
From Franchot H. Boyd, Washington, D. C.: 

Campaign badge of the Young Men's Whig national convention 

at Baltimore, 1844. On white satin. 
From Harry E. Browne, Greenwich, Conn.: 

Promissory note of Eleazer Williams, 1822, Aug. 

From Charles M. Bruce, administrator of estate of Mrs. Charles Bruce, 
Washington, D. C.: 

Executive pardon to Charles Bruce for participating in the 

Rebellion, 1865, July. 
From the Comite du Secours national, Paris: 

" Collection de 4 affiches vendues 20 francs au profit de L'Oeuvre. " 
From John D. Crimmins, New York City: 

Letter from Speaker James L. Orr to Joseph Hamlin, 1858, Jan., 
and typewritten copy of letter from Robert R. Livingston to 
Governor William Greene, 1783, Jan. 
From Mrs. J. C. Bancroft Davis, Washington, D. C.: 

J. C. Bancroft Davis 's journal of the Treaty of Washington nego- 
tiations, 1871 , Jan.-May . 3 v. ; Record of the Geneva Arbitration, 
being 4 volumes of the diary of Judge Davis, copies of corre- 
spondence, newspaper clippings, etc., 1871-72; Letterpress copy 
books of the Geneva Arbitration, 3 v.; Geneva Arbitration, Let- 
ters received, 1871-72, 4 v. (14 volumes in all) 

From Miss Harriet F. Donaldson, West River, P. O. Anne Arundel 
county, Maryland : 

Admiral David D. Farragut's general order, 1862, Apr., thanking 
the officers and men of the fleet for their conduct in running 
the Mississippi forts below New Orleans. D. S. i p. 
From Mrs. Helen Fox Engle, Washington, D. C.: 

Playbill of the performance of "Our American Cousin " at Ford's 

Theater, Apr. 14, 1865. 
From Dr. Allan McLane Hamilton, Great Barrington, Mass.: 

Miscellaneous personal papers of Alexander Hamilton. (About 50 
pieces.) 



212 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

From Clarence L. Hay, Washington, D. C., for Mrs. Helen Hay Whit- 
ney,. Mrs. Alice Hay Wadsworth, of New York City, and for himself: 
The first and second drafts of Lincoln 's Gettysburg Address and 
the original of the Second Inaugural Address. (3 pieces, all in 
Lincoln 's handwriting. ) 
From Charles Fred. Heartman, New York City: 

Facsimiles of six broadside poems and one manuscript of Phillis 

Wheatley, 1767-78. i v. 

From Josiah Hedden, Spring Lake Beach, N. J., representing the 
grandchildren of George Ashmun: 

Abraham Lincoln's last writing, being a penciled card of admission 
to the White House, to George Ashmun, 1865, Apr. 14. (De- 
posit.) 
From William A. Hildebrand, Jersey City Heights, N. J.: 

Facsimile miniature of theatrical program of "Our American 
Cousin "at Ford's Theatre, 1865, Apr. 14, with mourning border. 
From Hon. Robert Todd Lincoln, Chicago: 

Reprint of John G. Nicolay's article in the Century Magazine, 

Feb., 1894, " Lincoln 's Gettysburg Address. " 
From Robert J. Lowry, Atlanta, Ga.: 

Miscellaneous bank notes and script of State and private banks 
and loan associations in Georgia, Alabama, and Tennessee, 
1861-64 (186 pieces); also 26 envelopes of the same period, with 
Confederate post-office stamps affixed. 
From Hon. George B. McClellan, Princeton, N. J.: 

Additions to the McClellan papers. 
From Charles F. Mclntosh, Norfolk, Va.: 

Letters to George Mclntosh from Andrew Jackson, 1833, July; 
from James Monroe, 1828, May, and from William Wirt, 1828, 
Nov. 
From George C. Mann, Milton, Mass.: 

Letters from Ethan Allen Hitchcock to Mrs. Horace Mann, 1862- 
65 (22 pieces); Letters to Maria R. .Mann from the Freedmen's 
Camp, Helena, Ark., 1863, Feb.-Apr.; Letters to Mrs. Horace 
Mann from various Spanish individuals in South America, New 
York, and Washington, 1865-76 (63 pieces). 

From the Maryland Society of Colonial Dames for the National Society 
of Colonial Dames, through Mrs. Alice Garrett, Baltimore, Md.: 
Photographic prints of miscellaneous historical documents relating 
to Maryland and typewritten copies of similar material. (De- 
posit.) 
From Mrs. Robert M. Mixson, Williston, S. C.: 

The Thomas Flournoy papers orderly book of Wilkinson and 
Flournoy, 1812-14, orderly book of Flournoy, 1813, and mis- 
cellaneous letters and documents. (About 70 pieces.) 
From Charles H. Morss, West Medford, Mass. : 

George Y. Bradley 's diary of the first Powell expedition through 
the Grand Canyon of the Colorado, 1869, May-Aug. 



Manuscripts Gijts 213 

From Edward Lind Morse, Stockbridge, Mass.: 

The Samuel F. B. Morse papers. 
From Duane Mowry, Milwaukee, Wis.: 

Miscellaneous letters to James R. Doolittle from Lord Napier, C. 
M. Clay, Winfield S. Hancock, Edgar T. Welles, and others, 
1858-66. (15 pieces.) 
From J. Bentley Mulford, Washington, D. C.: 

A card from Abraham Lincoln, 1864, Dec., introducing S. F. Head- 
ley to Asst. Secy, of War Dana. 
From Mrs. Fred Myers, Savannah, Ga.: 

Memoirs of a Hungarian Lady (Phila., 1850), with an autograph 

signed letter from the author, Theresa Pulszky. 
From the Newark, N. J., Committee of One Hundred: 

Poster, in colors, and poster stamps of same, of the 25oth Anni- 
versary celebration of the settlement of Newark. 
From Miss Helen Nicolay, Washington, D. C.: 

Lincoln's autograph memorandum of Aug. 23, 1864, indorsed by 

the entire Cabinet. 
From Henry Olerich, Omaha, Nebr. : 

Moral substitute for war Proposed cosmopolitan constitution. 

Broadside, 1916. 
From the Parliamentary recruiting committee, London: 

A collection of recruiting war posters and leaflets, in color, 1915. 
From P. Lee Phillips, Washington, D. C. : 

Additions to the Phillips papers; account book of pew rents of the 
Unitarian Church in Washington, D. C., 1839-46; Confederate 
and Mexican currency, 1864 and 1914. 
From Theodore J. Pickett, Washington, D. C.: 

Motion made in the House of Representatives of the Confederate 
States of America [n. d.]; Letter from Edmund J. Forstoll to 
C. G. Memminger, 1862, Jan.; Letters to John T. Pickett from 
Ben E. Green, 1876, July, and R. P. Trabue [n. d.], and from 
W. J. Pickett, 1872, Sep. 
From John Gilbert Reid, Shanghai, China: 

One volume (Chiian, 14,131) of the Chinese Encyclopedia Yung 

Loh Ta Tien. (A loan.) 
From Dr. James A. Robertson, Washington, D. C. : 

Apolinario Mabini's Manifesto [1904?]. Typewritten copy from 

Mabini's English translation. 
From George Sinclair, Oxford, Maryland: 

Journal of a cruise in the U. S. S. Vincennes, 1834-42 (The Wilkes 

expedition), i v. (Deposit.) 
From Ramon Soler, Toa Baja, Porto Rico: 

lottery tickets of the Porto Rico Lottery of 1830. (2 pieces.) 
From Mrs. Charles S. Sperry, through her son, Charles S. Sperry, 
Boulder, Colo. : 

Papers of William Learned Marcy, 1806-57. (Deposit.) 



214 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

From Mrs. Alice Hay Wadsworth, New York City: 

Joint donor with Mr. Clarence L. Hay and Mrs. Helen Hay Whit- 
ney of Lincoln's Gettysburg and Second Inaugural Addresses. 
From the War College Division of the War Department: 

Orderly books of the Second Massachusetts Regiment, 1777-83. 

24V. (Deposit.) 
From Mrs. Max West, Washington, D. C.: 

[Max West's] Law notes on the Inheritance tax, 19 . 2 v. 
From Mrs. Helen Hay Whitney, New York City: 

Joint donor with Mr. Clarence L. Hay and Mrs. Alice Hay Wads- 
worth of Lincoln's Gettysburg and Second Inaugural Addresses. 
From Albert T. Witbeck, Brookhaven, Miss.: 

Portions of 4 bills issued as money in 1862 by St. Tammany's 

Parish, La. 
From Dr. Caldwell Woodruff, Hyattsville, Md.: 

Letters from Thomas Tudor Tucker to John Page, 1791-1808. 

(38 pieces.) 
From Mrs. John Russell Young, Washington, D. C.: 

Autograph album of Mrs. James G. Dow (nee Vance), 1832-40, 
i v., and scrap book of newspaper clippings. 



II. GENERAL LIST OF ACCESSIONS, 1915-16 

UNITED STATES 

Confederate States of America: 

Report of the sick and wounded near Pensacola, west Florida, 
1861, Oct.: Motion made in the House of Representatives 
[n. d.]; Bank notes and script of State and private banks and 
loan associations in Alabama, Georgia, and Tennessee, 1861- 
1874 (186 pieces); Miscellaneous Confederate currency and en- 
velopes. 

Continental Congress: 

Orders of the Board of war, 1777, Dec.; Letter from Richard Peters 
to Robert Morris, 1779, May. 

Diplomacy: 

Journal of J. C. Bancroft Davis of the Treaty of Washington, 1871, 
Jan. -May, 3 v.; Records of the Geneva Arbitration, 1871-72 
diary of J. C. Bancroft Davis, 4 v., letter press-copy books, 3 v., 
letters received, 4 v. (14 vols. in all.) 

Legislative: 

Letter from the Speaker of the House of Representatives, James L. 
Orr, to Joseph Hamlin, 1858, Jan.; Additions to the House of 
Representatives collection, from the office of the Clerk of the 
House, from the First to the Thirty-sixth Congress. 



Manuscripts A ccessions 2 1 5 

Revolution : 

Receipt for bread from Thaddeus Fitch, 1776, July; Lottery ticket 
for the Continental lottery of 1776; Account book of the Commis- 
sary general of prisoners of accounts of American officers, pris- 
oners to the British, 1777-78. i v.; Ration account of William 
Annin, 1778, Sep.; Ration account of John Chaloner, 1779, Feb.; 
Letter from James Searle to John Adams and Francis Dana, 
1780?; Edward Carrington's estimate of quartermaster stores to 
be supplied by the state of Delaware for the southern campaign, 
1781, Jan. 

INDIVIDUAL, STATES 

District of Columbia: 

Minutes of the proceedings of the Commissioners of Georgetown, 
1751-89; Beatty and Hawkins' addition to George town, 1758?; 
Record of Bye-Laws and Ordinances, 1791-1816; Robert King's 
survey note-book of Washington streets, 1793-95 ; Plats of squares 
with numerous ms. statistics by John Sessford; A volume of city 
statistics by John Sessford, 1801-57; Petition to Congress, 1811, 
Jan. 4; Minutes of the Levy court, 1835-47; Assessment and 
condemnation record of land on the Chesapeake and Ohio canal, 
1865-67; Canal and sewerage scrap book, record of transactions 
with Robert Peter and miscellaneous papers; Surveys and note 
books of sundry surveys in the western part of the District of 
Columbia, Rock Creek, Georgetown, and Prince George county, 
Maryland, 4 v. 

Louisiana: 

New Orleans tax receipt, 1840, Apr.; Portions of 4 bills issued by 
the Parish of St. Tammany as money, 1862. 

Massachusetts: 

Jeremiah Page's receipt for rum, 1763, Feb.; Commissary's receipt 
for provisions furnished by the town of Westford, 1787, Jan. 
[Shays' rebellion] 

Maryland: 

John Oakley's resurvey of Pleasant Plains, 1791; Scrap-book of 
newspaper clippings relating to Maryland history; Photographic 
and typewritten copies of historical documents relating to the 
history of Maryland. 

New Jersey: 

Stiles, Hezekiah and Ebenezer Blackley, jr. Bill of complaint, 
by their attorney against Samuel Lewis, 1790; Tickets of the 
Paterson lottery of the Society for establishing useful manufac- 
tures, 1796 (3 pieces); Clinton manufacturing company, Inden- 
ture of land transfer, 1838, May. 

New York: 

Indictment of John Davis for passing counterfeit bills of credit of 
the colony of New Jersey, 1766, Apr.; Narrative of John Law- 
rence, as attorney, in case in trespass before the Mayor's court, 
New York City, Waldron vs. Horsen, 1784; United States Citi- 
zenship certificate granted by the New York Supreme court, 
1803, Nov. 

64394 16 15 



216 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Pennsylvania: 

Indictment by the grand jury of Chester county, 1775, Nov.; 

License certificate for a Philadelphia merchant, 1778, Nov. 
South Carolina and Georgia: 

Miscellaneous papers, land grants, indentures, Confederate bonds, 
fire insurance policies, etc. 

MISCELLANEOUS 

Account Books: 

Cruikshank, R. Letter-book and Day-book, 1827-31. 

Fairfax estate. Executor's account with the estate of Thomas, 

Ix>rd Fairfax, 1781-98. 
Falls Bridge and Turnpike company and Georgetown & Leesburg 

Turnpike company, Day-book, 1816-36 and Day-book of the 

Falls Bridge Turnpike company, 1836-52. 
Gray, Samuel. Memorandum -account book, 1746-54. 
Nicholas, Robert Carter. Miscellaneous papers, accounts, receipts, 

etc., of the settlement of the estate of Lord Botetourt, 1768-71. 

(68 pieces.) 
Smith, Huie, Alexander & company. Ledger and Day-book, 

1784-87. 
Almanac : 

Abraham Weatherwise 's Town and Country almanack for 1782, 

with ms. diary of Jacob Cushing on interleaved pages. 
America, British Colonies in : 

Transcripts of correspondence between the British and Spanish 

authorities relative to controversies and other matters regarding 

the colonies in America and the West Indies. Contemporary 

official copies, 1722-1739. 6 v. 
Spanish Colonies in : 

Additions to the Schuller collection on the native languages 

of South America, bibliographical lists, notes, annotations, etc., 

cartographical lists, and sundry copies of maps. 
Autograph album : 

Mrs. James G. Dow (nee Vance). 1832-40. 
China: 

One volume (Chuan, 14,131) of the Chinese Encyclopedia Yung 

Loh Ta Tien. (Loan.) 
Great Britain: 

Miscellaneous log books of various vessels of the British Navy, 

1808-1840, 6 1 vessels, 360 volumes; Record of the Court of Sal- 
ford, various briefs, 1865-1867. 
Journals and Diaries: 

Beauregard, Pierre G. T. 1847, Jan.-Sept. 

Bradley, George Y. First Powell expedition through the Grand 

Canyon of the Colorado, 1869, May- Aug. 
Fierbaum, Albert. Memorandum and scrap-book while serving 

with the Eighteenth United States Infantry at Fort Assinni- 

boine, Mont., 186-. 
Lever, Charles. Voyage to rescue Dr. Kane's Arctic expedition, 

1855, May-Sept. 



Manuscripts .4 ccessions 217 

Journals and Diaries Continued. 

Malsburg, Friedrich Wilhelm von der. Diary in America, 1776. 
(In German.) 

Nisqually House. Journal of occurrences, 1833-59. (Photostat 
copy.) 

Rush, Richard. Diary, 1821, Jan. -June. 

Wilkes expedition. Journal of a cruise in the U. S. S. Vincennes, 

1838-42. 
Mexico and Central America: 

Miscellaneous material on Indian languages, chronicles, etc.: 
Francisco de Alvarado. Vocabulario en lengua Misteca, 1593, 
recent copy. Guatemala. Calendario de los Indios, 1685 
(Barendt copy and photo, reproduction). Avedano chronicle; 
deals with Itzas-Cehaches of Yucatan and has a map of the 
Peten-Itza region, 1695-6 (Photo, reproduction). Pedro Bel- 
tran. Declaracion de la doctrina Christiana en el idioma Yuca- 
teco, 1746 (Photo, reproduction of Yucatan imprint). Arte 
Divocionario and vocabulary of the Cholti language, 1689-95 
(Photo, reproduction of ms.). Juan Coronel. Discursos predi- 
cables con otras diversas materias espirituales con la doctrina 
cristiana, etc. 1620 (Photo, reproduction of ms.). Thomas Coto. 
Vocabulario de la lengua Cakchiquel y Guatemateca, etc. (Photo, 
reproduction). Doctrina y Confessionario en lengua Ixil, 1824 
(Photo, reproduction of ms.). Notes and extracts of Maya chro- 
nology from the Brinton collection (Photo, reproduction). 
Maya language, Algunes apuntes sobre la historia antigua de 
Yucatan (Photo, reproduction). Maya language, Collection de 
Platicas doctrinales y sermones, 1868 (Photo, reproduction of 
ms. ) . Vocabulario Maya y Espanol (The Maya-Motul dictionary) 
(Photo, reproduction of the original in the American Philosoph- 
ical Society). Libro de Judio. Collection of folk-lore, medicine, 
and sooth-sayings of Yucatan Indians (Photo, reproduction of 
ms. of 1797-1802). Noticias de la Provincia de Oaxaca [1800]. 
Francisco Moran. Arte en lengua Cholti, 1645 (Photo, reproduc- 
tion of ms.). Vocabulario en lengua Cholti (Photo, reproduc- 
tion. Nakuk-Pech Chronica, in Maya language (Photo, reproduc- 
tion). Antonio de Remesal. Indice biografico por orden alfa- 
betica dt los nombres, etc. [1850?]. In ms. of Jose Fernandez 
Ramirez. Joaquin Ruz. Gramatica Yucateca (Photo, repro- 
duction of Yucatan imprint of 1844). Jose Antonio Sanchez de 
Luque. Arte Novissima de Lengua Mexicana dispuesto, 1779. 
Paul Wilkinson. Material for a bibliography of the Maya 
Indians of Yucatan. Francisco Ximenez. Empiezan la his- 
toria del origen de los Indios de esta provincia de Guatemala 
(Photo, reproduction). Arte de las tres lenguas Kakchiquel, 
Quiche y Tzutuhil (Photo, reproduction). Xiu Family record, 
xvi-xix centuries (Photo, reproduction). 

Tlaxcala Province: Miscellaneous orders, correspondence, etc., 
relating to Tlaxcala, 1788-94. (In Spanish, i v.) 

One peso notes of the state of Chihuahua, 1914. (2 pieces.) 



2 1 8 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Orderly books: 

1777-83, Second Massachusetts Regiment, 24 v. 

1812-14, James Wilkinson and Thomas Flournoy. 

1813, May-No v., Thomas Flournoy. 

1814-15, Northern Army of the United States at Plattsburg and 

elsewhere. 
Philippine Islands: 

Apolinario Mabini. Manifesto [1904?]. Typewritten copy from 

Mabini's English translation. 
Religion : 

Account book of pew rents in the Unitarian Church at Washington, 

D. C., 1839-46. 
Science : 

Book of mathematical exercises. 
Slave papers: 

Letters from John W. Pittman to John B. Williams relating to the 

purchase and marketing of slaves, 1835-37. ( 6 pieces.) 
West Indies: 

Lottery tickets of the Porto Rico lottery of 1830 (2 pieces); Letter 
book of James Redpath, general agent of emigration to Hayti, 
1861, Mar.-Dec. 

PERSONAL 

Argenteau papers. Additions. 

Beauregard, Pierre G. T. Letter, order, despatch books, etc., 1844-83. 

5 1 v. 

Benton, Thomas H. Letter to ?, 1844, Mar. 
Bruce, Charles. Executive pardon for participation in the Rebellion, 

1865, July. 

Buchanan, James. Letter to Henry A. Wise, 1852, Apr. 
Butler, Pierce. Letter to Elbridge Gerry, 1788, Mar. 
Calhoun, John C. Letter to Prof. Henry Vethake, 1838, Oct. 
Carroll, Daniel "of Duddington." Letter book and miscellaneous 

papers, 1787-99. 
Clay, Henry. Letter to Edmund W. Rootes, 1818, Nov.; letter to 

Nicholas Biddle, 1823, Feb.; letter to E. C. Wines, 1835, Feb. 
Dickinson, John. Letters to Thomas Jefferson, 1801-3. (8 pieces.) 
Duane, William. Letters to Joel Barlow and Fulwar Skipwith, 1801, 

Jan., and to Joseph Reed, 1827, Aug. 
Farragut, David G. General order thanking officers and men of the 

fleet under him, 1862, Apr. 

Flournoy, Thomas. Miscellaneous papers, 1812-20. (About 70 pieces.) 
Forstoll, Edmund J. Letter to C. G. Memminger, 1862, Jan. 
Gaines, Edmund Pendleton. Letter to Governor Andrew B. Roman, 

1831, Nov. 

Granger, Gideon. Letter to Erastus Granger, 1814, Dec. 
Green, Ben E. Letter to John T. Pickett, 1876, July. 
Grosvenor, Thomas P. Letter to his uncle, 1813, Feb. 
Hamilton, Alexander. Legal papers and account books and miscella- 
neous personal papers. (About 1,250 pieces*) 



Manuscripts A ccessions 219 

Hardie, James A. Papers, 1844-86. (About 345 pieces.) 

Hitchcock, Ethan Allen. Letters to Mrs. Horace Mann, 1862-65. (22 
pieces.) 

Jackson, Andrew. Letter to George Mclntosh, 1833, July; letter to 
?, 1817, Dec. 

Jesup, Thomas S. Letter to Governor W. C. C. Claiborne, 1816, Aug. 

Jones, Roger. Letter to Col. Duncan L. Clinch?, 1829, Mar. 

Julian, George W. Letter to E. A. Stansbury, 1855, Sep. 

Kendall, Amos. Letters to Thomas M. Clark, 1846-47. (.13 pieces.) 

Key, Philip Barton. Letter to Ephraim K. Wilson, 1800, Oct. 

L'Enfant, Pierre Charles. Miscellaneous, memoranda relating to, col- 
lected by Hugh Taggart. 

Lincoln, Abraham. First and second autograph drafts of the Gettys- 
burg Address; autograph draft of the Second Inaugural address; card 
of introduction to S. F. Headley, 1864, Dec. ; card of admission to the 
White House to George Ashmun, 1865, Apr. 14, the last writing of 
Abraham Lincoln; Reprint of John G. Nicolay's article in "The 
Century magazine" "Lincoln's Gettysburg Address." 

Livingston, Robert R. Letter to Governor William Greene, 1783, Jan. 
(Typewritten copy.) 

McClellan, George B. Additions to the McClellan papers. 

Macomb, Alexander. Letter to Nathan Morse, 1831, Oct. 

Madison, James. Preface to Memoir of Thomas Jefferson [n. d.]. 

Mann, Maria R. Letters to her from the Freedman's Camp at Helena, 
Arkansas, 1863, Feb. -Apr. 

Mann, Mary (Mrs. JHorace Mann). Letters from various Spanish indi- 
viduals in South America, New York, and Washington, 1865-76. 
(63 pieces.) 

Marcy, William Learned. Papers, 1806-57. (About 5,000 pieces.) 

Marshall, John. Letters to Bushrod Washington, 1819-27. (9 pieces.) 

Mazzie, Philip. Letter to John Page, 1776, June. 

Monroe, James. Letter to George Mclntosh, 1828, May. 

Morse, Samuel F. B. Papers. 

Peale, Rembrandt. Letter to Bushrod Washington, 1824, Jan. 

Phillips, Philip and William Hallett. Letter books, 1858-97 (26 v.); 
Additions to the Phillips papers; miscellaneous letters, 1862-64 ( JI 
pieces). 

Pickett, W. J. Letter to John T. Pickett, 1872, Sep. 

Pulszky, Theresa. Memoirs of an Hungarian Lady (Phila., 1850) with 
an autograph signed letter enclosed therein. 

Quigley, Thomas. Bill of sale of one eighth portion of a prize brigan- 
tine, 1782, Sep. 

Rush, Richard. Opinion on transfer of Cuba to England, 1823. 

Schuyler, Philip. Memorandum book, 1776-79, i v.; Miscellaneous 
letters, 1783-98 (12 pieces). 

Scott, Gustavus. Letters to John Nicholason, 1797, Apr. 

Shippen, William. Account against Edward Shippen for medicine and 
medical attention, 1752-65. 

Stoddert, Benjamin. Letter to John Templeman, 1799, July- 



22O Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Stoughton, Edwin H. Letter to Schuyler Colfax, 1876, Nov. 

Sumter, Thomas. Papers, 1761-1832 (2 v.). 

Swan, Robert. Sale catalogue of books. 

Taggart, Hugh T. Miscellaneous papers. 

Ten Eyck, Jacob S. Indenture of land transfer, 1793, Aug. 

Trabue, R. P. Letter to John T. Pickett [n. d.]. - 

Tucker, Thomas Tudor. Letters to John Page, 1791-1808 (38 pieces). 

Washington, Henry. Indenture of royal land grant for the benefit of 
the four daughters of Col. Henry Washington, 1674, May. 

West, Max. Law notes on the inheritance tax [19-?]. 

Wilkinson, James. Letters and miscellaneous papers, 1796-1806 (i v.). 

Williams, Eleazer. Promissory note, 1822, Aug. 

Winder, William H. Letter to Henry B. Dawson, 1860, Mar. 

Wirt, William. Letter to George Mclntosh, 1828, Nov.; Letters to 
Lawrence Washington, 1845, Aug.-Nov. (5 pieces). 

Wise, Henry A. Letters to George W. Mumford, 1855, Aug.-Dec. (3 
pieces.) 

W'olcott, Roger. Photostat prints of Wolcott letters in the Massachu- 
setts historical society, 1750-54. 

Youle, Amelia and others. Indenture of land transfer, 1822, Feb. 
Youle, John and others. Indenture of land transfer, 1825, Feb. 

BROADSIDES 
Alabama: 

Ik-aurcgard, Pierre G. T. Announcement of his assumption of 

command of the military division of the West, 1864, Oct. 
Connecticut: 

Resolve of the General Assembly, 1773, Oct.; Address of the Gen- 
eral Assembly, 1789, Oct. 
Confederate States of America : 

Address of President Davis to the People of the free States, 1863, 

Jan. 
France: 

" Collection de 4 Affiches vendues 20 francs au profit de L'Oeuvre. " 
Georgia: 

Address of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in 

the Confederate states, held at Augusta, Ga., 1861, Dec. 
Great Britain: 

London imprint of 1782 of the Magna Carta; Recruiting posters, 
leaflets, etc., in color, issued by the Parliamentary recruiting com- 
mittee, 1915. 
Illinois: 

Chicago Prices current, 1855, Dec. 
Iowa: 

Gower's Land agency advertisement, 1855. 
Louisiana: 

John de Neufville & Sons, circular letter to the merchants of the 
United States with list of prices current in Amsterdam, 1783, 
Feb.; Particulars of affairs at New Orleans, 1862, Apr. 



Manuscripts A ccessio ns 221 

Maine: 

Meeting of conservative Republicans at Augusta, 1841, Jan. 

Massachusetts: 

The Closet Companion or an help to serious persons in the impor- 
tantdutyof self-examination [1800]; To all the- di-rtnrsof Massa- 
chusetts of whatsoever political party they may be, Boston, 
1808, Mar.; Boston and Albany merchandise transportation 
rates, 1844, Apr. ; Miscellaneous photostat prints of Colonial and 
Revolutionary broadsides from the collections of the Massachu- 
setts historical society. 

Mississippi ; 

Gen. Earl Van Dorn's plan for organizing a Confederate regiment 
or brigade, [1862, May]; Braxton Bragg's Address to the Army 
of the Mississippi, 1862, May; Gen. Richard Taylor's general 
orders announcing his surrender to Gen. Canby, 1865, May. 

Nebraska: 

Henry Olerich's Moral substitute for war Proposed cosmopolitan 
constitution, 1916. 

New Hampshire : 

Blodget, Samuel. Advertisement of the sale of his farm at Derry- 
field, 1806, Dec. 

New Jersey: 

To the electors of Middlesex County, 1793, Feb.; Address to the 
Young Men of Essex county, 1827, Dec.; Poster and poster- 
stamps, in color, of the 25oth anniversary celebration of the 
founding of Newark, 1916. 

New York: 

Abolition meeting, 1837; Anti-Slavery society convention,Dutchess 
County, 1837; Lecture by Thomas Austin at Po'keepsie, 1840; 
Andrew Jackson Allen, Invitation to birthday celebration of 
the birth of William Shakespeare, 1843, Apr.; Subscription 
blank for the "New York Reveille," 184-?; Cornelius Vander- 
bilt's Memorial to Congress for award of contract to carry the 
mails to San Francisco, 1852, Jan.; Masons, Lafayette Lodge, 
Annual ball, 1852, Nov.; Mass meeting .to be held in Union 
Square Loyal National League [1864, Apr.]; Miscellaneous 
broadsides issued in Herkimer county respecting the draft and 
filling the county's quota of troops, 1864-65 (9 pieces). 

North Carolina: 

Appeal of Gen. Beauregard to obstruct the roads to impede the 
advance of the enemy, 1865, Feb. 

Ohio: 

Legislative act to incorporate the Castalia Manufacturing Company, 
1847, Feb.; Eighth annual report of the Medina County Mutual 
Fire Insurance Co. and notice of an assessment, 1849, with a list 
of losses; Castalia Manufacturing Co., Blank coupon bond for 
$500, 1850; Hahnemannian Life Insurance Co., advertisement, 
Cleveland, 1854; National Union Association. To the Citizens 
of Ohio [1863]. 



12 1 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Pennsylvania: 

Council of Safety To the Freemen of the City and Liberties of 
Philadelphia, 1776, Nov.; Articles of Privateer agreement, 177-; 
Meteorological observations for the month of January, 1787; 
Mathew Carey, Prospectus of Family Bible, 1801, Nov.; Reso- 
lutions of synodical meeting of German Lutheran ministers, 
1805, June 12; William Tilghman's opinion in case of Charles 
Lockington, 1813, Nov.; Epitaph on the Constitution, 1832, 
Feb.; The Election of McClellan [1864]; "Three specimens of 
the same thing" [1864]. 

South Carolina: 

Charleston mulattoes to Thomas J. Gantt, Esq. [1861]; Hatch, 
L. M. To the officers and men of the Coast Rangers [1862?]; 
Trowbridge, C. T. Farewell orders to the 33d U. S. Colored 
troops, 1866, Feb. 

Songs: 

"Cornwallis's Surrender" [1783?]; "The Sailor Boy" [1783?]; 
Miscellaneous broadside songs issued during the period of the 
Civil War (23 pieces). 

Tennessee : 

Southern Convention, 1850, Nov. 

Theatrical programs: 

Ford's Theatre, April 14, 1865, "Our American Cousin"; also a 
facsimile miniature of similar bill, with a mourning border; 
Ohio playbill, an allegory and tableau, "The Great Rebellion," 
186-; Miscellaneous playbills of theatres in Baltimore, Nash- 
ville, Washington, D. C., and elsewhere, 1861-71. (About 135 
pieces.) 

United States: 

Campaign badge of Young Men's Whig National Convention at 
Baltimore, 1844 (On white satin); "White Slavery" [1856?]; "To 
the Legislators" [n. d.]. 

Virginia: 

Resolves of the House of Delegates, 1796, Dec.; Thomas H. Boyles. 
To the Governors and executive councils of Virginia, North 
Carolina, South Carolina, etc., etc., and the President of the 
Confederate States of America, 1861, Oct.; "To the Citizens of 
Richmond: By command of the Secretary of War and by order 
of the Governor of Virginia," 1863, June. 

Washington, D. C.: 

Congressional Union Committee "A Traitor's Peace," 1863, Oct. 

Miscellaneous : 

Facsimiles of six broadside poems and one manuscript of Phillis 
Wheatley, 1767-78; Photostat prints of miscellaneous broadsides 
of various States fron the originals in the Massachusetts Historical 
Society, 1689-1823 (60 pieces). 



Manuscripts List of Transcripts 



223 



III. LIST OF TRANSCRIPTS FROM MANUSCRIPTS 
IN THE BRITISH MUSEUM; THE PUBLIC RECORD 
OFFICE AND THE FULHAM AND LAMBETH 
PALACE LIBRARIES 

BRITISH MUSEUM: 

Selections from the following volumes 
Additional manuscripts 

Newcastle Papers: Official correspondence of Thomas Pelham 
Holies, Duke of Newcastle. 
(Diplomatic correspondence.) 

32744 Vol. LIX. 24 July-Dec. 1725. 

32745 Vol. LX. Jan.. 

[32746 contains no papers relating to the colonies.] 

32747 Vol. LXII. 14 July-Sept. 1726. 

32748 Vol. LXIII. Oct.-Dec. 1726. 

32749 Vol. LXIV. Jan.-Mar., 1727. 

Vol. LXVII. 15 Sept.-g Nov., 1727. 
Vol. LXVIII. ii Nov.-Dec., 1727. 
Vol. LXIX. Jan.-i5 Mar., 1728. 
Vol. LXX. 15 Mar .-14 May, 1728. 



32753 
3 2 754 
32755 



32757 



Vol. LXXI. 16 May-June, 1728. 
Vol. LXXII. July-August, 1728. 



(General correspondence.) 

32943 Vol. CCLVIII. 1-23 Oct., 1762. 

32944 Vol. CCLIX. 24 Oct.-i2 Nov., 1762. 

32945 Vol. CCLX. 14 Nov.-Dec., 1762. 

32946 Vol. CCLXI. Jan.-H Feb., 1763. 

32947 Vol. CCLXII. 15 Feb.-March, 1763. 

32948 Vol. CCLXIII. Apr.-May, 1763. 

32949 Vol. CCLXIV. June-July, 1763. 

32950 Vol. CCLXV. Aug.-io Sept., 1763. 

32951 Vol. CCLXVI. ii Sept.-i5 Oct., 1763. 
[32952 and 32953, no American material found.] 

32954 Vol. CCLXIX. 16-31 Dec., 1763. 

32955 Vol. CCLXX. Jan.-is Feb., 1764. 

32956 Vol. CCLXXI. 16 Feb. -i 2 March, 1764. 

32957 Vol. CCLXXI I. 13 March-4 April, 1764. 

32958 Vol. CCLXXIII. 5 April-2o May, 1764. 

32959 Vol. CCLXXI V. 2iMay-2oJune, 1764. 

32960 Vol. CCLXXV. 21 June-July, 1764. 

32961 Vol. CCLXXVI. August, 1764. 

32962 Vol. CCLXXVII. Sept.- 20 Oct., 1764. 

32963 Vol. CCLXXVIII. 21 Oct.-is Nov., 1764. 
[32964 no American material.] 

32966 Vol. CCLXXXI. March-May, 1765. 

32967 Vol. CCLXXXI I. June-is July, 1765. 

32968 Vol. CCLXXXIII. 16 July- 9 August, 



224 Report of the Librarian of Congresj 

BRITISH MUSEUM Continued 

Additional manuscripts Continued 

32969 Vol. CCLXXXIV. 10 August-2o Sept., 1765. 

32970 Vol. CCLXXXV. 21 Sept.-2oOct., 1765. 

32971 Vol. CCLXXXVI. 21 Oct.-i 9 Nov., 1765. 

32972 Vol. CCLXXXVI I. 2oNov.-Dec., 1765. 

32973 Vol. CCLXXXVIII. Jan.-i 4 Feb., 1766. 
PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE: 

Colonial Office, Class 5 

Vol. 761, [old A. W. I. 173] 

pp. 459-466. [1772, October 23, cov. let.] 

State of the claim of Massachusetts Bay to the 
country between the Rivers Kennebeck and St. 
Croix. 
Vol. 1330, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 27] 

Contains correspondence, etc., dated from 1760 to 

May, 1764. 
Vol. 1331, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 27] 

Volume marked: Virginia, Bundle 2. Feb. i3th, 
1765, to Oct. 5, 1767. (Actually begins \vith a 
letter dated Dec. 24, 1764.) 
Vol. 1332, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 29] 

Correspondence, etc., 1767-1770. 
Vol. 1333, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 30] 

Correspondence, etc., 1770-1772. 
Vol. 1334, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 31] 

Correspondence, etc., 1769-1781. (Marked as being 

from 1772 to 1781.) 
Vol. j 3 45, [old A. W. I. 205] 

Volume lettered: Virginia, from 1762 to 1767. 
Vol. 1346, [old A. W. I. 206] 

Volume lettered: Virginia, 1768. (Begins \vith letter 

dated Nov. 24, 1767.) 
Vol. 1347, [old A. W. I. 207] 

Volume lettered: Virginia, 1769. (First letter dated 

November 5, 1768.) 
Vol. 1348, [old A. W. I. 208] 

Volume lettered: Virginia, 1770. (First letter dated 

November 15, 1769.) 
Vol. 1349, [old A. W. I. 209] 

Volume lettered: Virginia, 1771. 
Vol. 1350, [old A. W. I. 210] 

Volume lettered : Virginia, 1772. 
Vol. 1351, [old A. W. I. 211] 

Volume lettered: Virginia, 1773. (First letter dated 

November 16, 1772.) 
Vol. 1352, [old A. W. I. 212] 

Volume lettered : Virginia, 1774. 



Manuscripts List of Transcripts 225 

PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE Continued 
Audit Office: Declared Accounts 

Customs (Receivers General and Cashiers, Various). 

Bundle 821, Roll 1071, to Bundle 829, Roll 1086. 
4th instalment and end; January 5, 1766, to January 

5> 1784- 

Selected items relating to the Plantations. 

War Office: Class i. (Correspondence with Officers in America.) 
Vol. i, [old Volume n] 

Volume lettered: North America Various, 175610 1763. 
Vol. 2, [old Volume 12] 

1773-1776. Gage. Howe, etc. 
Vol. 4, [old Volume 14] 

1756-1757. Selected folios: 65, 181, 289-291, 381-500, 
507. (Mainly correspondence of William Shirley, 
including some bearing on his controversy w r ith 
Loudoun. Most of the Shirley letters in the volume 
duplicate with those in C. O. 5, 46 and 47. Only 
those not already copied are given here.) 
Vol. $, Volume lettered: North American Correspondence, 
1758 to 1764. (Chiefly correspondence of Sir 
Jeffery Amherst.) 
Vol. 7, [old Volume 17] 

1766. Correspondence of General Gage. 
Vol. 8, [old Volume 18] 

Jan., i767~June, 1769. Correspondence of General 

Gage. 
Vol. 9, [old Volume 19]. 

July, 1769, to Dec.. 1774 [includes some earlier 

papers]. Correspondence of General Gage. 
Vol. 10, [old Volume 20]. 

Aug., 1776, to Oct., 1780. Correspondence of Gen- 
erals Howe and Clinton. 
Vol. n, [old Volume 21]. 

Volume lettered: Quebec and Canada, Carleton, 
Haldimand, etc. From 1776 to 1780. (Chiefly 
correspondence of Generals Sir Guy Carleton and 
Frederick Haldimand, but includes letters and 
memorials of a number of others. ) 
Vol. 12, [old volume 23]. 

Volume lettered: Sr. Hen? Clinton & Sr. Guy Carle- 
ton & other Miscellany. From Jan., 1781 to 1782. 
Vol. 13, [old Volume 24]. 

Volume lettered: Sr. G. Carleton. No. 5 to No. 66. 

Sept., 1782, to Nov., 1783. 
State Papers Domestic, Elizabeth: 



226 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE Continued 
War Office: Class i Continued 

Vol. 118, No. 12. 1577, November 6. 

Discourses (2) how his Majestic may annoy the King 
of Spayne. [Supposed by Sir Humphrey Gilbert.] 
State Papers Domestic, George III: Correspondence 
Vol. i, 1760-1761. 
Vol. 2, 1763. 
Vol. 3, 1764-1765. 
Vol. 4, 1765- 
Vol. 5, 1766. 
Vol. 6, 1767. 
Vol. 7, 1769-1770. 
Vol. 8, 1771. 
Vol. 9, 1772. 
Vol. 10, 1773-1774. 
Vol. ii, 1775-1776. (Most of these were, at one time, in 

bundles 2, 83, 88, or 89.) 
Vol. 12, 1777-1778. (Some of these were, at one time, in 

bundles No. 2 and No. 90.) 
Vol. 13, 1779. 
Vol. 14, 1779-1780. 
Vol. 15, 1781-1782. (Some of these were, at one time, in 

bundles numbered 18, 96, 97, and 98.) 
Home Office, Class 42 Original correspondence, George III. 

Selected items. 
(Continuation of State Papers Domestic, Geo. Ill) 

Vol. i, 1782. (This bundle includes papers at one time clas- 
sified as State Papers, Dom. Geo. Ill, 98 arid 99.) 
Vol. 2, 1783 first part. (Includes papers formerly in State 

Papers Dom. Geo. Ill, 99 and 100.) 
Vol. 3, 1783 second part. (Includes papers formerly in 

State Papers Dom. Geo. Ill, 99 and 100.) 
FULHAM PALACE MANUSCRIPTS : 

Archives of the Bishop of London 

[Chiefly letters to the Bishop of London, from clergymen and 
leading members of the Church of England in the colo- 
nies, together with memorials, petitions, and miscel- 
laneous papers, treating of religious affairs. The docu- 
ments in each box are numbered, but not in chronological 
order. The dates for each colony range from 1710 to 1770 
(about); except that in the Connecticut box there is 
nothing of consequence earlier than 1724, and in Mary- 
land, Virginia, and South Carolina there are a few docu- 
ments of earlier date than 1710.] 
Partially listed in Andrews and Davenport's Guide, pp. 

302-329. 

Massachusetts. Box II. 
Connecticut. One box. 
Maryland. One box. 



Manuscripts List of Transcripts 227 

FULHAM PALACE MANUSCRIPTS Continued 

Archives of the Bishop of London Continued 
Virginia. Box III. ' 
South Carolina. One box. 

North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. One box. 
Leeward Islands. One box. [Ther,e is a list of the docunu nts 
at the beginning of this volume 173 items in all nearly 
all being dated in the i8th century; but there are two docu- 
ments of the i yth century, and several of the lyth.J 
LAMBETH PALACE MANUSCRIPTS: 

The Library of the London residence of the Archbishop of Can- 
terbury 

250. Voyages and discoveries, 1595-1613. Selected folios. 
494. folios 470-479. Richard Whitbourne to Lord Carew. 

Material points relating to Newfoundland. 
645. No. 45: Duke of York to Charles II; Portsmouth, 15 

November [1664]. 
711. No. 16: Account of Porto Rico. 

No. 17: Letter from several Indians, Boston, July 21, 1710, 

to Archbishop Tenison, thanking him and the 

Society for kindness to them when in Britain. 

No. 18: Bishop of London's Paper about a Suffragan for 

America; December, 1707 (or 1747?). 
930. No. 24: Lord Somers to Archbishop Tenison, May 30, 

1698. 
933. Volume lettered: Gibson papers, Vol. 5. 

No. 91: Proposition for obtaining some acquisition from 
the Spaniards in the West Indies and the Isth- 
mus of Darien, "there being a war declared 
against France and Spain." n. d. 
No. 92: Method proposed for execution of the aforesaid 

design, n. d. 
937. Volume lettered: Gibson papers, Vol. 9. 

No. 20: An abstract of Mr. Cordiner's Journal. 
941. No. 4: Minutes of the Society for the Propagation of the 

Gospel in Foreign Parts. June 19, 1704. 
No. 9: Letter to Archbishop Tenison from James Blair, 

Williamsburgh, Virginia, Sept. 2, 1706. 
No. 16: Address to the Bishop of London from Episco- 
palians in Connecticut, complaining of ill- 
treatment from Dissenters; April i, 1707. [As 
this is printed in Hawks and Perry, only the 
variations from the printed copy are noted 
here.] 
No. 24: Letter from Col. Francis Nicholson to Archbishop 

Tenison, May 22, 1710. 

No. 39: Queen Anne to Archbishop Tenison, asking for a 
collection in the City of London and elsewhere 
for the Society for Propagating the Gospel in 
Foreign Parts, May 18, 1714. 



228 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

LAMBETH PALACE MANUSCRIPTS Continued 

The Library of the London residence of the Archbishop of Can- 
terbury Contin ue d 

941. No. 71: "The Memorial of Thomas Bray, D. D., Relating 

to the Libraries sent into America. " 1704. 

No. 72: "ADraught of a Bill for converting the Negros, 
etc., in the Plantations." 

No. 73: Missionaries' library, etc., Approved by the So- 
ciety, 15 March, 1705. 

942. No. 45: "Extract from the Journalls of Virginia and 

Maryland, showing how acceptable Coll: Fran- 
cis Nicholson hath been and is to those Govern- 
ments." 1691-92-1694. 

No. 48: Manuscript copy of the Charter of William and 

Mary College, with some remarks on it. Dated 

8 Feb. 4 Win. and Mary. [The Charter is not 

here transcribed. For the remarks see No. 49.] 

No. 49: Remarks from [on] the charter of William and 

Mary College in Virginia. 

No. 50: Paper beginning "Sr. E. Andr. [os] is an enemy 
to the College of W. & M. in Virga., as appears 
by" [12 reasons enumerated], n. d. 
No. 82: Memorial of Geo. Everett, Shipwright, on the 
Navy Board's report; addressed to the Lords 
of the Counsell, Feb. 25, 1694/5. 
No. 98: Letter to Archbishop Tenison from the Maryland 

Assembly, May 22. 

No. 149: Letter to Archbishop Tenison from church war- 
dens and vestry of Trinity Church, New York, 
May 22, 1699, concerning the enmity of the 
then governor to the church . [This document 
is printed in O'Callaghan's Documents re- 
lating to the Colonial History of New York, 
and is not transcribed here, only the varia- 
tions from the printed copy being" noted.] 

952. No. 24: Address in behalf of Mr. Honeyman, of Rhode 

Island, n. d. [Probably between 1706 and 
1709.] 

953. No. 24: Council and Burgesses of Maryland to the Bishop 

of Lincoln, Oct. 18, 1694. [This document is 
printed in Perry's Collections, Maryland, p. i, 
and is not here transcribed, only the variations 
from the printed copy being noted.] 

No. 65: William Blathwayt to Archbishop Tenison, con- 
cerning Dr. Bray, Sept. i/n, 1699. 

No. 103: John Chamberlayne to Archbishop Tenison, 
August i, 1713. 



INDEX 



Page 

Accessions, 1915-16 19-21 

Documents, statistics 5 2 ~53 

Law library, statistics 56 

Manuscripts, list of 2 14-222 

Maps and charts, statistics .- 61-62 

Music, statistics 70 

Noteworthy 23-39 

Periodicals, statistics 80 

Printed books and pamphlets, statistics 19-20 

Prints, statistics 85 

American antiquarian society, gift 211 

American newspapers, noteworthy accessions 81-84 

Americana, noteworthy accessions 36-38 

Appropriation acts, 1916-17 171-175 

Appropriations, 1915-1917 11-13 

Appropriations and expenditures, 191516 (tables) 167169 

Appropriations and expenditures, 1915-1917 (tables) 158 

Art and architecture, noteworthy accessions 86-88 

Barteman, Frank J., gift. 211 

Beauregard, Pierre G. T., papers - 46-47 

Bequests to the Library of Congress, form 4 

Bibliography, Division of, report of 119-123 

Publications 112-113, 123 

Typewritten lists 120-123 

Biglow & Main co., gift * 75~76 

Bill drafting 141 

Binding 96 

Blair, Montgomery, gift 211 

Blind, Reading room for the 126-129 

Books, purchases 2 3~39 

Borchard, Edwin M 10 

Botanic Garden, appropriations and expenditures 158 

Boyd, Franchot H. , gift 211 

Broadsides, accessions 220-222 

Browne, Harry E., gift 211 

Bruce, Charles M., gift 211 

Bruncken, Ernest 9 

Building and grounds, report of the Superintendent 153-164 

Cadman, Charles W., gift 74 

Card Division, report of 105-1 10 

Cards, sale of , 105 

229 



230 Index 

Page 

Card Division, Cards, stock of 105-106, 108-109 

Depositories 106-108 

Stack, expenditures 157 

Subscribers 112 

Catalogue Division, report of 96-99 

Collective cataloguing 97 

Publications 98, 111-112 

Catalogue of the John Boyd Thacher collection of Incunabula . 1 1 5-1 19 

Cataloguing, statistics 96 

Chelminski, Jan V., gift 21 

Chinese literature, purchases 24-31 

Classifying and cataloguing 94~95 

Gifts 34-35 

Church, John, co. , gift 75 

Classification 99~ I0 5 

Printed schedules 101 

Comite du Secours national, Paris, gift 211 

Commendations of publications 1 13-1 19 

Contents of the library, statistics 19-20 

Contingent expenses (table) 169 

Copyright legislation, 1915-16 185-195, 203-209 

Copyright legislation and international copyright relations. . . . 185-196 

Copyright Office, report of 177-209 

Articles deposited, 1915-16 16, 179 

Articles deposited, 1913-1916 (tables) 202 

Branch office, Panama- Pacific exposition 18-19, 184-185 

Bulletins and circulars 181 

Business (monthly comparison), 1915-16 (tables) 197-200 

Business prior to July i, 1897 18, 184 

Catalogue of copyright dramas, 1870-1915 182 

Catalogue of copyright entries 181 

Circulars f. '. 182 

Copyright bills and reports 203-209 

Correspondence, statistics 16, 183 

Current business 17-18 

Current work 183-184 

Deposits, return of 180 

Value of 178 

Elimination of copyright deposits 18, 180 

Entries 183 

Expenditures 16, 178 

Fees, etc . 16, 177, 178 

Fees, 1915-16 (tables) . 198-199 

Index cards 181 

Publications 181-182 

Receipts 16, 177, 178 

Receipts, 1915-16 (tables) i97> 200 

Registrations 179 



Index 231 



Registrations, 1910-1916 (tables) 201 

Salaries 17, 178 

Statistics, 1915-16 16, 197-202 

Statistics, 1897-1916 (tables) 197-202 

Summary of business 182-183 

Transfer of copyright deposits 18, 40-41, 179-180 

Crimmins, John D., gift 211 

Crisfield, Arthur 10, 185 

Barley, Mrs. F. O. C., gift 86 

Davis, Mrs. John Chandler Bancroft, gift 44~45, 211 

Davis, John Chandler Bancroft, papers 44~45, 211 

Dissertations 97 

Documents, Division of, report of 52-56 

Accessions, statistics 52-53 

Documents, foreign 54~55 

Want lists! 53 

International exchange 55 

Latin-American documents 54~55 

Noteworthy accessions 35~36 

Publications 112 

State documents, monthly list 55 

Statistics 55 

Donaldson, Miss Harriet F. , gift 211 

East Asiatic collection 2 3~35 

Engle, Mrs. Helen -Fox, gift 211 

Exchanges 56 

Exhibits: 

Music 77 

Prints. ..." 89-91 

Expenditures, appropriations and, 1915-16 (tables) 167-169 

Expenditures, appropriations and, 1915-1917 (tables) '. 158 

Expenditures, fuel, lights, etc I 55~ I 57 

Federal Statutes; index 139-140 

Finance 10-15 

Fine arts, noteworthy accessions 86-87 

Form of gift or bequest to the Library of Congress 4 

Foster catalogue of first editions 119 

French transcripts 51 

Fuel, lights, etc., expenditures I 55~ I 57 

Fung, Dr. King Kwai 31, 94, 95 

Funk and Wagnalls company, gift 23 

Furniture, screens, etc 157 

Garrison, Dr. Fielding H., gift 74 

Gift or bequest to the Library of Congress, form 4 

Gifts . 21-23 

Chinese books 34~35 

Hindi books 22-23 

64394 16 1C 



232 Index 

Page 

Gifts, Japanese books 35 

Laws 57 

Manuscripts 42-5 1 

Manuscripts, 1915-16, list of 211-214 

Music 73-76 

Prints 86 

Gregory, Miss Julia 9, 98-99 

Guide to the law of Spain 60-61, 113-115 

Guides to foreign law 61 

Guptee, Shiva Prasad, gift 22-23 

Hamilton, Alexander, papers 42-43, 211 

Hamilton, Dr. Allan McLane, gift 42-43, 74, 211 

Harvard university fellowship 61 

Hay, Clarence L., gift 47, 48, 212 

Hayes, Col. Webb C., gift 86 

Heartman, Charles Fred., gift 212 

Hebraica collection 9 I- 93 

Hedden, Josiah, deposit 49-5 1 * 212 

Hermaiinsson , Prof 101 

Hildebrand, William A., gift 212 

Hindi books, gift 22-23 

Humiston, W. H., gift 74 

Illustrated books, noteworthy accessions 38, 88-89 

Increase of salaries I 3~ I 5 

Increase of the Library , 19-41 

Incunabula, Thacher collection of, catalogue 115-119 

Index analysis of Federal statutes 139-140 

International copyright relations 195-196 

Japanese literature, purchases .'. 26, 31-34, 95 

Gifts 35 

Kiang Kang-hu, Professor 95 

Koch, Theodore Wesley 10 

Ladino literature 93 

Land laws, U. S. public, compilation of 145-151 

Lane, John, company, New York, gift. 23 

Law library, report of 56-61 

Accessions, statistics 56 

Foreign law 58 

Gifts 57 

Guide to Spanish law 60-61 

Latin-American laws 58-60 

Noteworthy accessions, list of 56-57 

Recataloguing of collections 57-58 

Session laws and State reports 57 

Supreme Court records and briefs 58 

Legislative Reference Division, report of 7, 129-151 

Bill drafting 141 

Constitutional amendments 134 

Constitutional law 133-134 



Index 233 

Page 

Digests and compilations of state laws 1 35~ I 36 

United States laws 131-132 

Foreign law, translations and digests 137-138 

Indexing 139-140 

International law 138 

Investigations under direction of legislative assistant 142-144 

President's speeches, Index to 144 

Statutory construction 133 

Statutory precedents and forms 132 

Subjects treated 141-144 

United States public land laws, compilation of 145-151 

Librarians, 1802-1916 5 

Libraries using L. C. classification 104-105 

Library staff, list 5-6 

Lighting system, improvement in 163 

Lincoln, Abraham, Gettysburg address, MS. 47~49 

Last writing of 49-5 1 

Second inaugural address, MS 47~49 

Lincoln, Hon. Robert Todd, gift 212 

List of subject headings 98 

Lorenz publishing co., gift 74 

Lowry, Robert J., gift 212 

McClellan, Hon. George B., gift 212 

McClellan papers 212 

Mclntosh, Charles F., gift 212 

Main, Hubert P., gift v 74, 75, 76 

Mann, George C., gift -^ 212 

Manuscripts, Division of, report of 41-52 

Accessions, general list of, 1915-16 214-222 

Gifts and deposits 42-51 

Gifts, 1915-16, list of 211-214 

Transcripts, list of 223-228 

Use of collections 5 1-52 

Maps and Charts, Division of, report of 61-69 

Accessions, statistics 61-62 

Atlases, noteworthy accessions 62-64 

California, list of maps 65 

Copyright maps 64-65 

County maps 65 

European war maps 66 

Exhibits 65 

Noteworthy accessions 62-64, 66-69 

Publications 65-66, 112 

Reproductions, noteworthy accessions 67-69 

Sanborn insurance maps 62 

Washington, list of maps 66 

Marcy, William Learned, papers 43~44 



234 Index 

Page 

Maryland society of colonial dames, deposit 212 

Miersch, Paul Th. , gift 74 

Miscellaneous receipts 159 

Mitchell, George D., gift - 4 

Mixson, Mrs. Robert M., gift 212 

Morse, Edward Lind, gift 45, 213 

Morse, Samuel Finley Breese, papers 45> 213 

Morss, Charles H., gift 212 

Mowry, Duane, gift / 213 

Mulford, J. Bentley, gift 213 

Munson, Mrs. A. M 8 

Music, Division of, report of 70-79 

Accessions, statistics 70 

Cataloguing 77~79 

Classification 78, 79 

Contents, statistics 70-71 

Exhibits 77 

Gifts 73-76 

Manuscript scores 74 

Noteworthy accessions 7 I- 73 

Public service 79 

Publications 76, 113, 119 

Purchases 72-73 

Myers, Mrs. Fred, gift 213 

National Guard, employees serving in 9 

Newark, N. J., Committee of One hundred, gift 213 

Newspapers, American, noteworthy accessions 81-84 

Nicolay, Miss Helen, gift 47, 48, 213 

Noteworthy accessions 2 3~39 

Officers, list of 5-6 

Ogden, Miss Lucy 8 

Ohsol, J. G 8 

Olerich, Henry, gift 213 

Palmer, Thomas W. , jr 61 

Palmieri, A 10 

Panama- Pacific International exposition, Branch Copyright 

office jS-ig, 184-185 

Parliamentary recruiting committee, London, gift 213 

Periodicals, Division of, report of 80-84 

Accessions, statistics 80 

Binding of newspapers 80-81 

Newspaper statistics 80 

Noteworthy accessions 81-84 

Phillips, P. Lee, gift 23, 213 

Pickett, Theodore J. , gift 213 

Prints, Division of, report of 85-91 

Accessions, statistics 85 

Exhibits 89-91 



Index 

Page 

Gifts 86 

Loans 91 

Purchases 85 

Publications Section, report of i IQ-I 19 

Publications, commendations 1 13-1 iy 

Publications, list of 111-113 

Publications, statistics no 

Purchases, noteworthy accessions 23-39 

Reading room for the blind 126-129 

Reference division, Legislative ;, 129-151 

Reid, John Gilbert, gift 34~35 

Loan 213 

Reid, Mrs. Whitelaw, gift 21 

Repairs to buildings '. 161-164 

Rice, Prof. Richard A 9 

Gift 86 

Robertson, Dr. James A., gift 213 

Salaries, Increases of I 3~ I 5 

Semitic and Oriental Division, report of 9 r ~95 

Service 8-10 

Sheldon fellowship 61 

Sinclair, George, gift 213 

Smithsonian Deposit 123-125 

Soler, Ramon, gift 2 13 

Spanish transcripts 51 

Speek, P. A 8 

Sperry, Charles S., deposit 43~44, 213 

Sperry, Mrs. Charles S., deposit 43~44, 213 

Stevens, Mrs. Alice F 9, 99 

Stoeckel, Carl, gift 74 

Stokes, Frederick A., company, gift 23 

Stuyvesant, Mrs. Rutherfurd, gift 21 

Sumter, Thomas, papers 43 

Superintendent of the Library Building and Grounds, Report. 153-164 

Swingle, Dr. Walter T 23-24, 26-34 

Taggart, Hugh T. , papers 46 

Thacher, J. B., Collection of Incunabula, catalogue 115-119 

Thompson, James David 8, 10 

Transcripts from foreign archives 51 

Transcripts of English records, list of 223-228 

Transfers 39~4* 

Tregina, Arthur, gift 74 

Unexpended balances 159-160 

United States public land laws, compilation of . 145-151 

Visitors to the Library, statistics 160 

Wadsworth, Mrs. Alice Hay, gift . 47. 48; 214 

War College division, War Department, deposit 214 

West, Mrs. Max, gift 214 



236 Index 

Page. 

Whitney, Mrs. Helen Hay, gift 47, 48, 214 

Witbeck, Albert T., gift 214 

Woodruff, Dr. Caldwell, gift 214 

Yamawaki, H., gift 21 

Yiddish literature 9 2 ~93 

Young, Mrs. John Russell, gift 214 

o 






U.S. Library of Congress 
733 Report of the Librarian 

U57A2 of Congress 

1915/16 



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